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Profile: James Bogen (University of Pittsburgh)
  1. Jim Bogen (2013). Aristides Baltas . Peeling Potatoes or Grinding Lenses: Spinoza and Young Wittgenstein Converse on Immanence and Its Logic . Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012. Pp. Vii+290. $65.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (2):352-356.
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  2. Jim Bogen (2011). Occasion-Sensitivity – Charles Travis. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):196-201.
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  3. Jim Bogen (2011). 'Saving the Phenomena' and Saving the Phenomena. Synthese 182 (1):7-22.
    Empiricists claim that in accepting a scientific theory one should not commit oneself to claims about things that are not observable in the sense of registering on human perceptual systems (according to Van Fraassen’s constructive empiricism) or experimental equipment (according to what I call liberal empiricism ). They also claim scientific theories should be accepted or rejected on the basis of how well they save the phenomena in the sense delivering unified descriptions of natural regularities among things that meet their (...)
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  4. Jim Bogen & Peter Machamer (2011). Mechanistic Information and Causal Continuity. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oup Oxford.
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  5. Jim Bogen (2010). Noise in the World. Philosophy of Science 77 (5):778-791.
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  6. Jim Bogen, Theory and Observation in Science. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Scientists obtain a great deal of the evidence they use by observingnatural and experimentally generated objects and effects. Much of thestandard philosophical literature on this subject comes from20th century logical positivists and empiricists, theirfollowers, and critics who embraced their issues and accepted some oftheir assumptions even as they objected to specific views. Theirdiscussions of observational evidence tend to focus on epistemologicalquestions about its role in theory testing. This entry follows theirlead even though observational evidence also plays important andphilosophically interesting roles (...)
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  7. James Bogen (2008). The Criterion of Truth. Ancient Philosophy 10 (2):324-327.
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  8. Jim Bogen (2008). Causally Productive Activities. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):112-123.
    This paper suggests and discusses an answer to the question what distinguishes causal from non-causal or coincidental co-occurrences based on Elizabeth Anscombe’s idea that causality is a highly abstract concept whose meaning derives from our understanding of specific causally productive activities (e.g., pulling, scraping, burning), and her rejection of the assumption that causality can be informatively understood in terms of general regularities of some sort.
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  9. Jim Bogen (2008). The Hodgkin‐Huxley Equations and the Concrete Model: Comments on Craver, Schaffner, and Weber. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):1034-1046.
    I claim that the Hodgkin‐Huxley (HH) current equations owe a great deal of their importance to their role in bringing results from experiments on squid giant action preparations to bear on the study of the action potential in other neurons in other in vitro and in vivo environments. I consider ideas from Weber and Craver about the role of Coulomb’s and other fundamental equations in explaining the action potential and in HH’s development of their equations. Also, I offer an embellishment (...)
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  10. Jim Bogen (2008). The New Mechanical Philosophy. Metascience 17 (1):33-41.
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  11. J. Bogen (2007). Review: Tracking Truth. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (462):472-478.
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  12. James Bogen (2007). The Possibility of Language: Internal Tensions in Wittgenstein's Tractatus (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):167-169.
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  13. Joseph E. Bogen (2007). The Thalamic Intralaminar Nuclei and the Property of Consciousness. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge.
  14. James Bogen & Jim Woodward (2005). Evading the Irs. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):233-268.
    'IRS' is our term for the logical empiricist idea that the best way to understand the epistemic bearing of observational evidence on scientific theories is to model it in terms of Inferential Relations among Sentences representing the evidence, and sentences representing hypotheses the evidence is used to evaluate. Developing ideas from our earlier work, including 'Saving the Phenomena'(Phil Review 97, 1988, p.303-52 )we argue that the bearing of observational evidence on theory depends upon causal connections and error characteristics of the (...)
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  15. Jim Bogen (2005). Regularities and Causality; Generalizations and Causal Explanations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (2):397-420.
    Machamer, Darden, and Craver argue (Mechanism) that causal explanations explain effects by describing the operations of the mechanisms (systems of entities engaging in productive activities) which produce them. One of this paper’s aims is to take advantage of neglected resources of Mechanism to rethink the traditional idea (Regularism) that actual or counterfactual natural regularities are essential to the distinction between causal and non-causal co-occurrences, and that generalizations describing natural regularities are essential components of causal explanations. I think that causal productivity (...)
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  16. Jim Bogen (2004). Analysing Causality: The Opposite of Counterfactual is Factual. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):3 – 26.
    Using Jim Woodward's Counterfactual Dependency account as an example, I argue that causal claims about indeterministic systems cannot be satisfactorily analysed as including counterfactual conditionals among their truth conditions because the counterfactuals such accounts must appeal to need not have truth values. Where this happens, counterfactual analyses transform true causal claims into expressions which are not true.
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  17. Joseph E. Bogen (2004). The Experience of Will: Affective or Cognitive? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):660-661.
    Wegner vacillates between considering the experience of will as a directly-sensed feeling and as a cognitive construct. Most of his book is devoted to examples of erroneous cognition. The brain basis of will as an immediately-sensed emotion receives minimal attention.
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  18. James Bogen (2002). Experiment and Observation. In Peter K. Machamer & Michael Silberstein (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Blackwell. 128--148.
  19. James Bogen (2002). Epistemological Custard Pies From Functional Brain Imaging. Philosophy of Science 69 (3):S59-S71.
  20. James Bogen (2002). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Blackwell.
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  21. J. Bogen (2001). `Two as Good as a Hundred': Poorly Replicated Evidence in Some Nineteenth-Century Neuroscientific Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):491-533.
  22. James Bogen (2001). Functional Imaging Evidence: Some Epistemic Hotspots. In Peter K. Machamer, Peter McLaughlin & Rick Grush (eds.), Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. University of Pittsburgh Press. 173--199.
  23. Jim Bogen, What We Talk About When We Talk About Causality.
    This paper compares the relative merits of two alternatives to traditional accounts of causal explanation: Jim Woodward's counterfactual invariance account, and the Mechanistic account of Machamer, Darden, and Craver. Mechanism wins (a) because we have good causal explanations for chaotic effects whose production does not exhibit the counterfactual regularities Woodward requires, and (b)because arguments suggested by Belnap's and Green's discussion of prediction (in'Facing the Future' chpt 6)show that the relevant counterfactuals about ideal interventions on non-deterministic and deterministic systems lack truth (...)
     
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  24. Joseph E. Bogen (2001). An Experimental Disconnection Approach to a Function of Consciousness. International Journal of Neuroscience 111 (3):135-136.
  25. Jim Bogen, 'Two as Good as One Hundred'--Poorly Replicated Evidence is Some 19th Century Neuroscientific Research.
    According to a received doctrine, espoused, by Karl Popper and Harry Collins, and taken for granted by many others, poorly replicated evidence should be epistemically defective and incapable of persuading scientists to accept the views it is used to argue for. But John Hughlings Jackson used poorly replicated clinical and post-mortem evidence to mount rationally compelling and influential arguments for a highly progressive theory of the organization of the brain and its functions. This paper sets out a number of Jackson's (...)
     
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  26. Joseph E. Bogen (1998). Locating the Subjectivity Pump: The Thalamic Intralaminar Nuclei. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A.C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press.
  27. Joseph E. Bogen (1997). An Example of Access-Consciousness Without Phenomenal Consciousness? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):144-144.
    Both Block and the commentators who accepted his P versus A distinction readily recognize examples of P without A but not vice versa. As an example of A without P, Block hypothesized a computationally like a human but without subjectivity. This would appear to describe the disconnected right hemisphere of the split-brain subject, unless one alternatively opts for two parallel mechanisms for P?
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  28. Joseph E. Bogen (1997). Some Neurophysiologic Aspects of Consciousness. Seminars in Neurology 17:95-103.
  29. J. Bogen (1995). Fire in the Belly. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 76 (3-4):3-4.
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  30. Joseph E. Bogen (1995). On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part I: An Overview. Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62.
  31. Joseph E. Bogen (1995). On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part II: Constraining the Semantic Problem. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-58.
  32. Joseph E. Bogen (1995). On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: 1. An Overview. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):52-62.
  33. James Bogen (1994). The Nature of All Being. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):643-664.
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  34. Joseph E. Bogen (1994). Descartes' Fundamental Mistake: Introspective Singularity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):175.
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  35. J. T. Bogen (1993). Neurosis: A Ms-Diagnosis. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (2):263-274.
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  36. James Bogen (1992). Change and Contrariety in Aristotle. Phronesis 37 (1):1-21.
  37. James Bogen (1992). Knowledge and the State of Nature. An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis. Philosophical Books 33 (3):156-159.
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  38. James Bogen (1992). Change and Contrariety in Aristotle. Phronesis 37 (1):1-21.
  39. Jim Bogen & Jim Woodward (1992). Observations, Theories and the Evolution of the Human Spirit. Philosophy of Science 59 (4):590-611.
    Standard philosophical discussions of theory-ladeness assume that observational evidence consists of perceptual outputs (or reports of such outputs) that are sentential or propositional in structure. Theory-ladeness is conceptualized as having to do with logical or semantical relationships between such outputs or reports and background theories held by observers. Using the recent debate between Fodor and Churchland as a point of departure, we propose an alternative picture in which much of what serves as evidence in science is not perceptual outputs or (...)
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  40. James Bogen (1991). Aristotelian Contraries. Topoi 10 (1):53-66.
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  41. James Bogen (1990). The Criterion of Truth: Essays Written in Honour of George Kerlerd Together with a Text and Translation (with Annotations) of Ptolemy's on the Criterion and Hegemonikon. Ancient Philosophy 10 (2):324-327.
  42. James Bogen (1989). On Being and Saying: Essays for Richard Cartwright. Philosophical Books 30 (2):92-94.
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  43. James Bogen (1989). Wittgenstein. Teaching Philosophy 12 (3):344-345.
  44. James Bogen (1988). Human Knowledge. Teaching Philosophy 11 (2):183-185.
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  45. James Bogen (1988). Symposium Papers, Comments and an Abstract: Comments on "the Sociology of Knowledge About Child Abuse". Noûs 22 (1):65-66.
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  46. James Bogen & James Woodward (1988). Saving the Phenomena. Philosophical Review 97 (3):303-352.
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  47. James Bogen (1987). Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Vol. I, 1985. Ancient Philosophy 7:256-258.
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  48. James Bogen & J. E. McGuire (1986). Aristotle's Great Clock. Philosophy Research Archives 12:387-448.
    This paper offers a detailed account of arguments in De Caelo I by which Aristotle tried to demonstrate the necessity of the perpetual existence and the perpetual rotation of the cosmos. On our interpretation, Aristotle’s arguments are naturalistic. Instead of being based (as many have thought) on rules of logic and language, they depend, we argue, on natural science theories about abilities (δυνάμεις), e.g., to move and to change, which things have by nature and about the conditions under which these (...)
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  49. James Bogen (1985). Traditional Epistemology and Naturalistic Replies to its Skeptical Critics. Synthese 64 (2):195 - 224.
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