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John B. Davis [42]John Davis [36]John W. Davis [16]John K. Davis [15]
J. Davis [13]Jennifer Davis [9]J. B. Davis [8]James H. Davis [7]

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Profile: John Jefferson Davis (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary)
Profile: John Davis
Profile: John Davis
Profile: John K. Davis (California State University, Fullerton)
Profile: Jonathan Davis (Champlain College)
Profile: Jared Davis (University of Chicago)
Profile: Jeremy Davis (University of Toronto)
Profile: Johnathan Davis
Profile: Jade Davis (University of Manchester)
Profile: Jeffrey K. Davis (Eastern Michigan University)
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  1.  21
    Lutz Antoine, H. A. Slagter, L. L. Greischar, A. D. Francis, S. Nieuwenhuis, J. M. Davis & R. J. Davidson, Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources.
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  2.  23
    M. Lynnette Smyth & James R. Davis (2004). Perceptions of Dishonesty Among Two-Year College Students: Academic Versus Business Situations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):63-73.
    This study statistically analyzes two-year college students' attitudes toward cheating via a survey containing academic and business situations that the students evaluated on a seven point scale from unethical to ethical. When both the general questions concerning attitudes about cheating and the opinions on the ethical statements are considered, the business students were generally more unethical in their behavior and attitudes than non-business majors. These results indicate a need for more ethical exposure in business courses to help students distinguish ethical (...)
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  3.  14
    Christof Koch & J. Davis (eds.) (1994). Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain. MIT Press.
    This book originated at a small and informal workshop held in December of 1992 in Idyllwild, a relatively secluded resort village situated amid forests in the ...
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  4.  36
    James H. Davis & John A. Ruhe (2003). Perceptions of Country Corruption: Antecedents and Outcomes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):275 - 288.
    Globalization has increased the need for managers (and future managers) to predict the potential for country corruption. This study examines the relationship between Hofstede''s cultural dimensions and how country corruption is perceived. Power distance, individualism and masculinity were found to explain a significant portion of the variance in perceived corruption. A significant portion of country''s risk, trade flow with U.S.A., foreign investment, and per capita income was explained by perceived corruption.
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  5. John K. Davis (2010). An Alternative to Relativism. Philosophical Topics 38 (2):17-37.
    Some moral disagreements are so persistent that we suspect they are deep : we would disagree even when we have all relevant information and no one makes any mistakes. The possibility of deep disagreement is thought to drive cognitivists toward relativism, but most cognitivists reject relativism. There is an alternative. According to divergentism, cognitivists can reject relativism while allowing for deep disagreement. This view has rarely been defended at length, but many philosophers have implicitly endorsed its elements. I will defend (...)
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  6.  36
    James R. Davis & Ralph E. Welton (1991). Professional Ethics: Business Students' Perceptions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (6):451 - 463.
    Professional ethics, a contemporary topic of conversation among business professionals, is discussed using the perceptions of college business students as the focal point. This research relates to the issues of college instruction in professional ethics, differences in perceptions of ethical behavior attributed to gender, and whether or not students' perceptions of ethical behavior can be modified. After presenting a review of the more important historical developments and research related to professional ethics, this paper focuses on the results of a study (...)
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  7. Jake H. Davis & Evan Thompson (2013). From the Five Aggregates to Phenomenal Consciousness: Toward a Cross-Cultural Cognitive Science. In Steven M. Emmanuel (ed.), A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons
    Buddhism originated and developed in an Indian cultural context that featured many first-person practices for producing and exploring states of consciousness through the systematic training of attention. In contrast, the dominant methods of investigating the mind in Western cognitive science have emphasized third-person observation of the brain and behavior. In this chapter, we explore how these two different projects might prove mutually beneficial. We lay the groundwork for a cross-cultural cognitive science by using one traditional Buddhist model of the mind (...)
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  8. John Bryan Davis (2003). The Theory of the Individual in Economics: Identity and Value. Routledge.
    The concept of the individual and his/her motivations is a bedrock of philosophy. All strands of thought at heart contain to a particular theory of the individual. Economics, though, is guilty of taking this hugely important concept without questioning how we theorize it. This superb book remedies this oversight. The new approach put forward by Davies is to pay more attention to what moral philosophy may offer us in the study of personal identity, self consciousness and will. This crosses the (...)
     
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  9.  73
    J. A. Davis (1985). The 'Baby Brown' Case and the Dr Arthur Verdict. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (3):159-160.
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  10.  49
    John K. Davis (2015). Faultless Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and Epistemic Peers. Synthese 192 (1):1-24.
    Relativism and contextualism are the most popular accounts of faultless disagreement, but Crispin Wright once argued for an account I call divergentism. According to divergentism, parties who possess all relevant information and use the same standards of assessment in the same context of utterance can disagree about the same proposition without either party being in epistemic fault, yet only one of them is right. This view is an alternative to relativism, indexical contextualism, and nonindexical contextualism, and has advantages over those (...)
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  11.  7
    Jonathan C. Davis & Marilyn C. Smith (1972). Memory for Unattended Input. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):380.
  12.  19
    Justin L. Davis, G. Tyge Payne & Gary C. McMahan (2007). A Few Bad Apples? Scandalous Behavior of Mutual Fund Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (3):319 - 334.
    Recent scandals in the business world have intensified the demand for an explanation of the causes of corporate wrongdoing. This study empirically tests the effects of mutual fund management fees and control structures on the likelihood of illegal activity within mutual fund organizations. Specific attention is given to the presence of agency duality issues in the mutual fund industry and how this influences the motivations and decisions of fund managers. Findings provide support for the hypothesized relationship that higher levels of (...)
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  13.  14
    Joshua Ian Davis, Adam Benforado, Ellen Esrock, Alasdair Turner, Ruth C. Dalton, Leon van Noorden & Marc Leman (2012). Four Applications of Embodied Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):786-793.
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  14. John Davis (2007). Identity and Commitment: Sen's Conception of the Individual. In Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), Rationality and Commitment. OUP Oxford
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  15. John Jefferson Davis (1987). The Design Argument, Cosmic “Fine Tuning,” and the Anthropic Principle. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 22 (3):139 - 150.
  16.  77
    John K. Davis (2007). Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the instant case. However, intuitions are widely thought to lack epistemic justification, and many ethicists urge that such decision procedures dispense with intuition in favor of forms of reasoning that provide discursive justification. I argue that discursive justification does not eliminate or minimize the need for intuition, or (...)
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  17.  29
    John K. Davis (2004). Conscientious Refusal and a Doctors's Right to Quit. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):75 – 91.
    Patients sometimes request procedures their doctors find morally objectionable. Do doctors have a right of conscientious refusal? I argue that conscientious refusal is justified only if the doctor's refusal does not make the patient worse off than she would have been had she gone to another doctor in the first place. From this approach I derive conclusions about the duty to refer and facilitate transfer, whether doctors may provide 'moral counseling,' whether doctors are obligated to provide objectionable procedures when no (...)
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  18.  14
    John B. Davis (2007). The Turn in Economics and the Turn in Economic Methodology. Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):275-290.
  19.  11
    John B. Davis & Robert McMaster (2007). The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. This provides (...)
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  20.  2
    John Davis (2016). Notes on Contributors. Journal of Economic Methodology 23 (3):347-348.
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  21.  4
    John B. Davis (2013). Person-Centered Health Care: Capabilities and Identity. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):61-62.
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  22.  7
    John B. Davis (2006). Social Identity Strategies in Recent Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (3):371-390.
    This paper reviews three distinct strategies in recent economics for using the concept of social identity in the explanation of individual behavior: Akerlof and Kranton's neoclassical approach, Sen's commitment approach and Kirman et al.'s complexity approach. The primary focus is the multiple selves problem and the difficulties associated with failing to explain social identity and personal identity together. The argument of the paper is that too narrow a scope for reflexivity in individual decision?making renders the problem intractable, but that enlarging (...)
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  23.  25
    John B. Davis & Matthias Klaes (2003). Reflexivity: Curse or Cure? Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (3):329-352.
    Reflexivity has been argued to be self?defeating and potentially devastating for the sociology of scientific knowledge. We first survey various meanings associated with the concept of reflexivity and then provide an interpretation of Velázquez's Las Meñinas to generate a three?part taxonomy of reflexivity, distinguishing between ?immanent?, ?epistemic? and ?transcendent? reflexivity. This provides the basis for engaging with reflexivity as a problem in the economic methodology literature, focusing on recent contributions to the topic by Hands, Sent, Mäki and Mirowski. Employment of (...)
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  24.  32
    Joel J. Davis (1992). Ethics and Environmental Marketing. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (2):81 - 87.
    Corporations have scrambled to bring to market products positioned and advertised as addressing the needs of the environmentally-conscious consumer. The vast majority of claims presented in support of these products are best described, however, as confused, misleading or outright illegal. Ethical considerations have not yet been integrated into environmental marketing, and as a result, long-term harm on both the individual and societal level may result. A framework for reversing this trend is presented. It identifies the sequence of actions necessary for (...)
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  25.  32
    John K. Davis (2008). How to Justify Enforcing a Ulysses Contract When Ulysses is Competent to Refuse. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (1):pp. 87-106.
    Sometimes the mentally ill have sufficient mental capacity to refuse treatment competently, and others have a moral duty to respect their refusal. However, those with episodic mental disorders may wish to precommit themselves to treatment, using Ulysses contracts known as “mental health advance directives.” How can health care providers justify enforcing such contracts over an agent’s current, competent refusal? I argue that providers respect an agent’s autonomy not retrospectively—by reference to his or her past wishes—and not merely synchronically—so that the (...)
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  26.  56
    John K. Davis (2004). Precedent Autonomy and Subsequent Consent. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):267-291.
    Honoring a living will typically involves treating an incompetent patient in accord with preferences she once had, but whose objects she can no longer understand. How do we respect her precedent autonomy by giving her what she used to want? There is a similar problem with subsequent consent: How can we justify interfering with someone''s autonomy on the grounds that she will later consent to the interference, if she refuses now?Both problems arise on the assumption that, to respect someone''s autonomy, (...)
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  27.  1
    Jennifer Nerissa Davis (1997). Birth Order, Sibship Size, and Status in Modern Canada. Human Nature 8 (3):205-230.
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  28.  80
    John Davis (2008). Selecting Potential Children and Unconditional Parental Love. Bioethics 22 (5):258–268.
    For now, the best way to select a child's genes is to select a potential child who has those genes, using genetic testing and either selective abortion, sperm and egg donors, or selecting embryos for implantation. Some people even wish to select against genes that are only mildly undesirable, or to select for superior genes. I call this selection drift– the standard for acceptable children is creeping upwards. The President's Council on Bioethics and others have raised the parental love objection: (...)
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  29. John B. Davis (2004). Collective Intentionality, Complex Economic Behavior, and Valuation. In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Publishers 386-402.
     
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  30.  10
    James H. Davis, John A. Ruhe, Monle Lee & Ujvala Rajadhyaksha (2007). Mission Possible: Do School Mission Statements Work? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):99 - 110.
    Does ethical content in organizational mission statements make a difference? Research regarding the effectiveness and results of mission statements is mixed. Krohe (1995, Across the board, 32, 17–21) concluded that much of the good results do not come from the mission statements themselves but from the strategic re-education that happens in producing one. We attempted to discover whether universities that explicitly state their ethical orientation and vision in their mission statements had students with higher perceived character trait importance and activities (...)
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  31.  21
    John W. Davis (1987). Going Out the Window. Hume Studies 13 (1):86-97.
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  32.  27
    John B. Davis (2009). 35 Individualism. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar 261.
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  33.  11
    J. K. Davis (2008). Futility, Conscientious Refusal, and Who Gets to Decide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):356-373.
    Most discussions of medical futility try to answer the Futility Question: when is a medical procedure futile? No answer enjoys universal support. Some futility policies say that the health care provider will answer this question when the provider and patient cannot agree. This raises the Decision Question: who has the moral authority to decide what to do in cases where futility is disputed? I look for a procedural answer to this question, an answer that does not turn on whether a (...)
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  34.  60
    J. M. Davis (2013). Pictorial Irony, Parody, and Pastiche: Comic Interpictoriality in the Arts of the 19th and 20th Centuries. British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (3):365-367.
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  35.  19
    Joe Lee Davis (1949). The Aesthetic Validity of Sociological Criticism. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):72-82.
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  36.  10
    James Calvin Davis (2005). William Ames's Calvinist Ambiguity Over Freedom of Conscience. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (2):333 - 355.
    Reformed Christianity's qualified embrace of freedom of conscience is per- haps best represented by William Ames (1576-1633). This essay explores Ames's interpretation of conscience, his understanding of its relationship to natural law, Scripture, and civil authority, and his vacillation on the sub- ject of conscientious freedom. By rooting his interpretation of conscience in natural law, Ames provided a foundation for conscience as an authority whose convictions are binding and worthy of some civil respect and free- dom. At the same time, (...)
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  37.  68
    John K. Davis (2005). Life-Extension and the Malthusian Objection. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):27 – 44.
    The worst possible way to resolve this issue is to leave it up to individual choice. There is no known social good coming from the conquest of death (Bailey, 1999). - Daniel Callahan Dramatically extending the human lifespan seems increasingly possible. Many bioethicists object that life-extension will have Malthusian consequences as new Methuselahs accumulate, generation by generation. I argue for a Life-Years Response to the Malthusian Objection. If even a minority of each generation chooses life-extension, denying it to them deprives (...)
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  38. J. Davis (2011). Ecopsychology, Transpersonal Psychology, and Nonduality. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 30 (1-2):137-147.
     
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  39.  48
    John B. Davis, Identity and Individual Economic Agents: A Narrative Approach.
    This paper offers an account of how individuals act as agents when we employ a narrative approach to explaining their personal identities. It applies Korsgaard's idea of a "reflective structure of consciousness" to provide foundations for a richer account of the individual economic agent, and uses this to explain and distinguish the concepts of personal identity, individual identity, and social identity. The paper argues that individuals' personal identities may be in conflict with their socially constructed individual identities. Individuals' social identities (...)
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  40.  4
    John M. Davis, William J. Giakas, Jie Qu, Pavan Prasad & Stefan Leucht (2011). Should We Treat Depression with Drugs or Psychological Interventions? A Reply to Ioannidis. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):8.
    We reply to the Ioannidis's paper "Effectiveness of antidepressants; an evidence based myth constructed from a thousand controlled trials." We disagree that antidepressants have no greater efficacy than placebo. We present the efficacy from hundreds of trials in terms of the percentage of patients with a substantial clinical response (a 50% improvement or more symptomatic reduction). This meta-analysis finds that 42-70% of depressed patients improve with drug and 21%-39% improve with placebo. The response benefit of antidepressant treatment is 33%-11% greater (...)
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  41.  71
    Jessica Hoffmann Davis (2010). Learning From Examples of Civic Responsibility: What Community-Based Art Centers Teach Us About Arts Education. Journal of Aesthetic Education 44 (3):82-95.
    Throughout the United States, beyond school walls, there struggles and soars a sprawling field of community art centers dedicated to education.1 Most frequently clustered on either coast in bustling urban communities, these centers provide arts training that enriches or exceeds what is offered in schools. They serve artists who need space for work or performance, students who crave instruction and direction, and the broader community that enjoys attendant cultural enrichment. At the core, they create safe havens for arts learning that (...)
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  42.  12
    G. Stephen Taylor & J. Stephen Davis (1989). Individual Privacy and Computer-Based Human Resource Information Systems. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (7):569 - 576.
    The proliferation of computers in the business realm may lead to ethical problems between individual and societal rights, and the organization's need to control costs. In an attempt to explore the causes of this potential conflict, this study examined the varying levels of sensitivity 223 respondents assigned to different types of information typically stored in computer-based human resource information systems. It was found that information most directly related to the job — pay rate, fringe benefits, educational history — was considered (...)
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  43. John Davis (2011). How Personal Agents Are Located in Space: Implications for Worship, Eucharist, and Union with Christ. Philosophia Christi 13 (2):437-444.
     
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  44.  16
    Jake H. Davis (2015). Maria Heim: The Forerunner of All Things: Buddhaghosa on Mind, Intention, and Agency. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 77 (3):261-266.
    Philosophers interested in what Buddhist ethics has to offer contemporary debates have largely focused on finding distinctively Buddhist reasons to choose to act ethically. But this may be to miss the point. Maria Heim’s recent study illustrates vividly how a very different conception of intention, agency, and ethics emerges from the canonical Pāli texts and the extensive commentaries on these attributed to the fifth-century author Buddhaghosa. She finds in this textual tradition a sophisticated moral anthropology and moral phenomenology, one that (...)
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  45.  21
    Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis (2012). Identity Problems: An Interview with John B. Davis. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (2):81-103.
    In this interview, professor Davis discusses the evolution of his career and research interests as a philosopher-economist and gives his perspective on a number of important issues in the field. He argues that historians and methodologists of economics should be engaged in the practice of economics, and that historians should be more open to philosophical analysis of the content of economic ideas. He suggests that the history of recent economics is a particularly fruitful and important area for research exactly because (...)
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  46.  19
    John B. Davis (1995). Personal Identity and Standard Economic Theory. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (1):35-52.
    This paper investigates the topic of personal identity in standard neoclassical theory. It looks first at the traditional utility theory of maximizing consumers and then at the extension of that analysis in the time-allocation-household-production model to see how relatively settled ontological commitments in the neoclassical research program undergo modification with its development. David Hume's skeptical treatment of personal identity is employed to assess the traditional view. The time-allocation model is shown to escape some of Hume's problems, but encounters difficulties of (...)
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  47.  6
    Andrew Garrod, Carole R. Beal, William Jaeger, Joshua Thomas, Jay Davis, Nicole Leiser & Almin Hodzic (2003). Culture, Ethnic Conflict and Moral Orientation in Bosnian Children. Journal of Moral Education 32 (2):131-150.
    Previous research has identified two moral orientations in people's reasoning about moral dilemmas: an orientation to rights, fairness, and justice and another based on care, compassion and concern for others and the self. To investigate the association of political violence and ethnic conflict with children's preferred moral orientation, two studies were conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the first with 10-12-year-olds and the second with 6-8- and 9-11-year-olds. In the first study, children's solutions to dilemmas involving animal characters were most likely (...)
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  48.  45
    John K. Davis (2012). Applying Principles to Cases and the Problem of Judgment. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):563 - 577.
    We sometimes decide what to do by applying moral principles to cases, but this is harder than it looks. Principles are more general than cases, and sometimes it is hard to tell whether and how a principle applies to a given case. Sometimes two conflicting principles seem to apply to the same case. To handle these problems, we use a kind of judgment to ascertain whether and how a principle applies to a given case, or which principle to follow when (...)
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  49.  5
    Jeff Davis & Daniel Werre (2008). A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Uncertainty on Reproductive Behaviors. Human Nature 19 (4):426-452.
    Uncertainty exerts powerful influences on life history decisions. This has been demonstrated in experiments on nonhumans and in mathematical models. Studies of human populations are suggestive of the effects of uncertainty, but they rely on measures of environmental stress. In this paper, we derive a new measure of uncertainty, upsilon (υ), for use in non-experimental studies. We estimate its association with reproductive behaviors in a longitudinal panel sample of adolescents in the United States. Results show upsilon’s internal structure is consistent (...)
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  50.  57
    John K. Davis (2009). Subjectivity, Judgment, and the Basing Relationship. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (1):21-40.
    Moral and legal judgments sometimes depend on personal traits in this sense: the subject offers good reasons for her judgment, but if she had a different social or ideological background, her judgment would be different. If you would judge the constitutionality of restrictions on abortion differently if you were not a secular liberal, is your judgment really based on the arguments you find convincing, or do you find them so only because you are a secular liberal? I argue that a (...)
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