Search results for 'J. Dervin O'Brien' (try it on Scholar)

677 found
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  1.  37
    Mark Siderits & J. Dervin O'Brien (1976). Zeno and Nāgārjuna on Motion. Philosophy East and West 26 (3):281-299.
  2.  53
    Lucy O'Brien, Final Version: O'Brien, L. F. , 'Solipsism and Self-Reference', European Journal of Philosophy 4:175-194.
    In this paper I want to propose that we see solipsism as arising from certain problems we have about identifying ourselves as subjects in an objective world. The discussion will centre on Wittgenstein’s treatment of solipsism in his Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus. In that work Wittgenstein can be seen to express an unusually profound understanding of the problems faced in trying to give an account of how we, who are subjects, identify ourselves as objects in the world. We have in his (...)
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  3.  20
    Sean O'Brien (1997). Video Tools for Teaching Ethics: Two Video Reviews by Sean O'Brien. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (2):120 – 122.
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  4.  3
    Mark O'Brien (2006). Global Unions? Theory and Strategies of Organised Labour in the Global Political Economy, Edited by Jeffrey Harrod and Robert O'Brien. Historical Materialism 14 (2):229-239.
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  5.  3
    G. O'Brien & J. Opie, The Multiplicity of Consciousness and the Emergence of Self.
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  6.  3
    G. O'Brien & J. Opie, How Do Connectionist Networks Compute?
    Although connectionism is advocated by its proponents as an alternative to the classical computational theory of mind, doubts persist about its computational credentials. Our aim is to dispel these doubts by explaining how connectionist networks compute. We first develop a generic account of computation—no easy task, because computation, like almost every other foundational concept in cognitive science, has resisted canonical definition. We opt for a characterisation that does justice to the explanatory role of computation in cognitive science. Next we examine (...)
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  7.  12
    Mark Collard, Briggs Buchanan, April Ruttle & Michael J. O'Brien (2011). Niche Construction and the Toolkits of Hunter–Gatherers and Food Producers. Biological Theory 6 (3):251-259.
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  8.  7
    R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock (2014). Mapping Collective Behavior in the Big-Data Era. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):63-76.
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  9.  14
    Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman‐House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao‐Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, Leroy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart (2003). Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  10.  4
    Alex Mesoudi & Michael J. O'Brien (2008). The Learning and Transmission of Hierarchical Cultural Recipes. Biological Theory 3 (1):63-72.
    Archaeologists have proposed that behavioral knowledge of a tool can be conceptualized as a “recipe”—a unit of cultural transmission that combines the preparation of raw materials, construction, and use of the tool, and contingency plans for repair and maintenance. This parallels theories in cognitive psychology that behavioral knowledge is hierarchically structured—sequences of actions are divided into higher level, partially independent subunits. Here we use an agent-based simulation model to explore the costs and benefits of hierarchical learning relative to holistic learning, (...)
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  11.  14
    John J. O'Brien (1939). Metaphysica Generalis. Modern Schoolman 17 (1):17-17.
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  12.  6
    Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Mark Greene, Patricia King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel & Davor Solter (2003). Safety Issues In Cell-Based Intervention Trials. Fertility and Sterility 80 (5):1077-1085.
    We report on the deliberations of an interdisciplinary group of experts in science, law, and philosophy who convened to discuss novel ethical and policy challenges in stem cell research. In this report we discuss the ethical and policy implications of safety concerns in the transition from basic laboratory research to clinical applications of cell-based therapies derived from stem cells. Although many features of this transition from lab to clinic are common to other therapies, three aspects of stem cell biology pose (...)
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  13.  12
    James J. O'Brien (1934). Desertion of the Alabama Troops From the Confederate Army. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):329-331.
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  14.  19
    James J. O'Brien (1934). The Mission to Spain of Pierre Soulé, 1853-1855. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):511-512.
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  15.  18
    John J. O'Brien (1943). God Infinite, the World and Reason. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):732-733.
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  16.  18
    Kevin N. Laland & Michael J. O'Brien (2011). Cultural Niche Construction: An Introduction. Biological Theory 6 (3):191-202.
  17. Alex Mesoudi & Michael J. O'Brien (2008). The Learning and Transmission of Hierarchical Cultural Recipes. Biological Theory 3 (1):63-72.
    Archaeologists have proposed that behavioral knowledge of a tool can be conceptualized as a “recipe”—a unit of cultural transmission that combines the preparation of raw materials, construction, and use of the tool, and contingency plans for repair and maintenance. This parallels theories in cognitive psychology that behavioral knowledge is hierarchically structured—sequences of actions are divided into higher level, partially independent subunits. Here we use an agent-based simulation model to explore the costs and benefits of hierarchical learning relative to holistic learning, (...)
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  18.  8
    John J. O'Brien (1940). The Establishment of the University of Being in the Doctrine of Meister Eckhart of Hochheim. Modern Schoolman 17 (3):59-59.
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  19.  15
    William J. O'Brien (1974). Toward Understanding Original Sin in Augustine's. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 49 (4):436-446.
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  20.  7
    John J. O'Brien (1945). Philosophical Understanding and Religious Truth. Modern Schoolman 23 (1):49-50.
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  21.  7
    John J. O'Brien (1978). "The Science and Ethics of Equality," by David Hawkins. Modern Schoolman 55 (4):425-426.
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  22.  7
    Hilary Bok Mueller Agnew, Danw Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'brien, David H. Sachs & Kathryn E. Schill (2003). Public Stem Cell Banks. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
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  23.  3
    J. O'Brien (2003). Confidentiality and the Duties of Care. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):36-40.
    Doctors have an ethical and legal duty to respect patient confidentiality. We consider the basis for this duty, looking particularly at the meaning and value of autonomy in health care. Enabling patients to decide how information about them is disclosed is an important element in autonomy and helps patients engage as active partners in their care.Good quality data is, however, essential for research, education, public health monitoring, and for many other activities essential to provision of health care. We discuss whether (...)
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  24.  11
    John J. O'Brien (1943). A Companion to the Summa, Volume IV. Modern Schoolman 20 (2):105-106.
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  25.  5
    John J. O'Brien (1941). On the Pursuit of Catholic Wisdom. Modern Schoolman 18 (2):24-27.
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  26.  21
    William J. O'Brien (1978). The Liturgical Form of Augustine's Conversion Narrative and its Theological Significance. Augustinian Studies 9:45-58.
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  27.  4
    John J. O'Brien (1942). A Companion to the Summa. Modern Schoolman 19 (4):77-77.
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  28.  8
    J. O'Brien & J. Spencer (2004). Perceptual Deficits in Autism and Asperger Syndrome: Form and Motion Processing. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing 33--28.
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  29.  16
    William J. O'Brien (1974). Toward Understanding Original Sin in Augustine's "Confessions". Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 49 (4):436-446.
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  30.  2
    Peter O'Brien (2015). Ammianus Book 28. J. Den Boeft, J.W. Drijvers, D. Den Hengst, H.C. Teitler Philological and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXVIII. Pp. XXXVI + 364, Map. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2011. Cased, €130, Us$178. Isbn: 978-90-04-21599-3. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 65 (1):159-161.
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  31.  4
    David J. O'Brien, Valery V. Patsiorkovsky, Inna Korkhova & Larry Dershem (1993). The Future of the Village in a Restructured Food and Agricultural Sector in the Former Soviet Union. Agriculture and Human Values 10 (1):11-20.
    Personal observations and survey data are used to examine the future of the village in a restructured food and agricultural sector in the former Soviet Union. Specific comparisons are made between the subjective quality of life of residents in two villages in the former Soviet Union (one in southern Russia and one in eastern Ukraine) and two villages in northwest Missouri. Residents of the Russian and Ukrainian villages have substantially lower assessments of specific domains of their lives than do American (...)
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  32.  6
    John J. O'Brien (1943). For Contemplation in Time of War. Modern Schoolman 21 (1):3-11.
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  33.  3
    John J. O'Brien (1942). A Companion to the Summa. Modern Schoolman 19 (4):77-77.
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  34.  2
    Carl O'Brien (2009). Platonism (K.) Corrigan, (J.D.) Turner (Edd.) Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern. (Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Texts and Contexts 4.) Pp. Xii + 278. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007. Cased, €199, US$167. ISBN: 978-90-04-15841-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 59 (02):379-.
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  35.  5
    J. O'Brien (1974). Mind and Brain. Philosophical Studies 23:281-282.
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  36.  5
    J. J. O'Brien (1938). Mind and the Mystery. Modern Schoolman 15 (2):43-43.
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  37.  5
    John J. O'Brien (1965). Samuel Hartlib's Influence on Robert Boyle's Scientific Development. Annals of Science 21 (4):257-276.
  38.  2
    John J. O'Brien (2012). Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. Modern Schoolman 22 (2):113-113.
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  39.  9
    Michael J. O'Brien (1993). Ivor Ludlam: Hippias Major: An Interpretation. (Palingenesia, 37.) Pp. 190. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1991. Paper, DM 60. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (01):185-186.
  40.  7
    R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & Paul Ormerod (2011). Quality Versus Mere Popularity: A Conceptual Map for Understanding Human Behavior. Mind and Society 10 (2):181-191.
    We propose using a bi-axial map as a heuristic for categorizing different dynamics involved in the relationship between quality and popularity. The east–west axis represents the degree to which an agent’s decision is influenced by those of other agents. This ranges from the extreme western edge, where an agent learns individually (no outside influence), to the extreme eastern edge, where an agent is influenced by a large number of other agents. The vertical axis represents how easy or difficult it is (...)
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  41.  1
    R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock (2014). More on Maps, Terrains, and Behaviors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):105-119.
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  42.  3
    Gerard J. O'Brien (1993). The Connectionist Vindication of Folk Psychology. In Scott M. Christensen & Dale R. Turner (eds.), Folk Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. L. Erlbaum 368--87.
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  43. Dan O'Brien (2004). Robert J. Fogelin, A Defense of Hume on Miracles Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 24 (2):100-102.
     
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  44.  8
    Michael J. O'Brien (2006). Archaeology and Cultural Macroevolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):359-360.
    Given the numerous parallels between the archaeological and paleontological records, it is not surprising to find a considerable fit between macroevolutionary approaches and methods used in biology – for example, cladistics and clade-diversity measures – and some of those that have long been used in archaeology – for example, seriation. Key, however, is recognizing that this methodological congruence is illusory in terms of how evolution has traditionally been viewed in biology and archaeology. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  45.  9
    John T. O'Brien, Michael J. Firbank, Urs P. Mosimann, David J. Burn & Ian G. McKeith (2005). Change in Perfusion, Hallucinations and Fluctuations in Consciousness in Dementia with Lewy Bodies. Psychiatry Research 139 (2):79-88.
  46.  5
    J. O'Brien (1974). A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Philosophical Studies 23:283-287.
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  47.  4
    John J. O'Brien (1942). Sentimental Fideism. Modern Schoolman 20 (1):3-5.
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  48.  4
    Michael J. O'Brien (1985). Xenophanes, Aeschylus, and the Doctrine of Primeval Brutishness. Classical Quarterly 35 (02):264-.
    The belief that primitive men lived like beasts and that civilisation developed out of these brutal origins is found in numerous ancient authors, both Greek and Latin. It forms part of certain theories about the beginnings of culture current in late antiquity. These are notoriously difficult to trace to their sources, but they already existed in some form in the fifth century b.c. One idea common to these theories is that of progress, and for this reason a fragment of Xenophanes (...)
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  49.  4
    Michael J. O'Brien (1988). Pelopid History and the Plot of Iphigenia in Tauris. Classical Quarterly 38 (01):98-.
    The plot of Iphigenia in Tauris is usually thought to be Euripides' own invention. Its basic assumption can be found in Proclus' summary of the Cypria, viz. that a deer was substituted for Iphigenia during the sacrifice at Aulis and that she herself was removed to the land of the Tauri. Her later rescue by Orestes and Pylades, however, cannot be traced with probability to any work of art or literature earlier than Euripides' play. In this play, in which Orestes (...)
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  50.  4
    Carl O'Brien (2010). Philosophy, Theology and History (J. M.) Schott Christianity, Empire, and the Making of Religion in Late Antiquity. Pp. Viii + 254. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Cased, £39, US$59.95. ISBN: 978-0-8122-4092-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 60 (01):189-.
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