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James Ladyman [73]J. Ladyman [6]
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Profile: James Ladyman (Bristol University)
  1. James Ladyman, Structural Realism.
    Structural realism is considered by many realists and antirealists alike as the most defensible form of scientific realism. There are now many forms of structural realism and an extensive literature about them. There are interesting connections with debates in metaphysics, philosophy of physics and philosophy of mathematics. This entry is intended to be a comprehensive survey of the field.
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  2. James Ladyman, Intellectual Terrorism or a Just War? By.
    Whether we think of the routine conviction or acquittal of suspects on the basis of scientific evidence in the law courts, the trust placed in scientific medicine and the extraordinary interventions it makes possible, or the importance that policy makers attach to the opinions of scientists, it is clear that those making up our scientific institutions are among the most authoritative and respected people that there are. Among intellectual endeavours science has an unrivalled dominance in terms of funding, status and (...)
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  3. James Ladyman, Review Symposium.
    The second edition of Peter Lipton’s classic text contains new and important material on the causal model of explanation, the relation of inference to the best explanation to the Bayesian account of scientific reasoning, how exactly explanation guides inference, and why we ought to think that explanatory virtues are truth-tropic. Lipton is a wonderfully clear writer and a thorough and subtle philosopher, and his book is both a student-friendly introduction to the issues addressed, and essential reading for expert epistemologists and (...)
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  4. Martha Nussbaum, Richard Smith & James Ladyman (forthcoming). Gordon Finlayson's Website. Philosophy.
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  5. James Ladyman, James Lambert & Karoline Wiesner (2013). What is a Complex System? European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (1):33-67.
    Complex systems research is becoming ever more important in both the natural and social sciences. It is commonly implied that there is such a thing as a complex system, different examples of which are studied across many disciplines. However, there is no concise definition of a complex system, let alone a definition on which all scientists agree. We review various attempts to characterize a complex system, and consider a core set of features that are widely associated with complex systems in (...)
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  6. James Ladyman, Øystein Linnebo & Tomasz Bigaj (2013). Entanglement and Non-Factorizability. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):215-221.
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  7. James Ladyman & Katie Robertson (2013). Landauer Defended: Reply to Norton. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):263-271.
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  8. James Ladyman & Don Ross (2013). 1. Science and Fundamental Ontology. In Don Ross, James Ladyman & Harold Kincaid (eds.), Scientific Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. 108.
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  9. Don Ross & James Ladyman (2013). Quantum Probability, Choice in Large Worlds, and the Statistical Structure of Reality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):305-306.
    Classical probability models of incentive response are inadequate in where the dimensions of relative risk and the dimensions of similarity in outcome comparisons typically differ. Quantum probability models for choice in large worlds may be motivated pragmatically or metaphysically: statistical processing in the brain adapts to the true scale-relative structure of the universe.
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  10. Don Ross, James Ladyman & Harold Kincaid (eds.) (2013). Scientific Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
    Original essays by leading philosophers of science explore the question of whether metaphysics can and should be naturalized--conducted as part of natural science.
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  11. Nora Berenstain & James Ladyman (2012). Ontic Structural Realism and Modality. In Elaine Landry & Dean Rickles (eds.), Structural Realism: Structure, Object, and Causality. Springer.
  12. Alexander Bird & James Ladyman (eds.) (2012). Arguing About Science. Routledge.
    Arguing About Science is an outstanding, engaging introduction to the essential topics in philosophy of science, edited by two leading experts in the field. This exciting and innovative anthology contains a selection of classic and contemporary readings that examine a broad range of issues, from classic problems such as scientific reasoning; causation; and scientific realism, to more recent topics such as science and race; forensic science; and the scientific status of medicine. The editors bring together some of the most influential (...)
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  13. Otávio Bueno, Steven French & James Ladyman (2012). Empirical Factors and Structure Transference: Returning to the London Account. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (2):95-104.
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  14. Otávio Bueno, Steven French & James Ladyman (2012). Models and Structures: Phenomenological and Partial. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 43 (1):43-46.
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  15. James Ladyman (2012). A Field Guide to the Higgs. The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):21-22.
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  16. James Ladyman (2012). Review of 'Naturalizing Epistemology', by Fred D'Agostino. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):605-608.
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 90, Issue 3, Page 605-608, September 2012.
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  17. James Ladyman (2012). Science, Metaphysics and Method. Philosophical Studies 160 (1):31-51.
    While there are many examples of metaphysical theorising being heuristically and intellectually important in the progress of scientific knowledge, many people wonder how metaphysics not closely informed and inspired by empirical science could lead to rival or even supplementary knowledge about the world. This paper assesses the merits of a popular defence of the a priori methodology of metaphysics that goes as follows. The first task of the metaphysician, like the scientist, is to construct a hypothesis that accounts for the (...)
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  18. James Ladyman, Øystein Linnebo & Richard Pettigrew (2012). Identity and Discernibility in Philosophy and Logic. Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (1):162-186.
    Questions about the relation between identity and discernibility are important both in philosophy and in model theory. We show how a philosophical question about identity and dis- cernibility can be ‘factorized’ into a philosophical question about the adequacy of a formal language to the description of the world, and a mathematical question about discernibility in this language. We provide formal definitions of various notions of discernibility and offer a complete classification of their logical relations. Some new and surprising facts are (...)
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  19. Steven French & James Ladyman (2011). In Defence of Ontic Structural Realism. In. In Alisa Bokulich & Peter Bokulich (eds.), Scientific Structuralism. Springer Science+Business Media. 25--42.
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  20. James Ladyman (2011). Philosophy That's Not for the Masses. The Philosophers' Magazine 53 (53):55-60.
    I do not see why all philosophers should be interested in communicating their thoughts to the world. Philosophy is no different in this regard from pure mathematics or microbiology. The idea that every scientist should be a part-time public speaker is absurd.
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  21. James Ladyman (2011). Structural Realism Versus Standard Scientific Realism: The Case of Phlogiston and Dephlogisticated Air. Synthese 180 (2):87 - 101.
    The aim of this paper is to revisit the phlogiston theory to see what can be learned from it about the relationship between scientific realism, approximate truth and successful reference. It is argued that phlogiston theory did to some extent correctly describe the causal or nomological structure of the world, and that some of its central terms can be regarded as referring. However, it is concluded that the issue of whether or not theoretical terms successfully refer is not the key (...)
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  22. James Ladyman (2011). The Scientistic Stance: The Empirical and Materialist Stances Reconciled. Synthese 178 (1):87 - 98.
    van Fraassen (The empirical stance, 2002) contrasts the empirical stance with the materialist stance. The way he describes them makes both of them attractive, and while opposed they have something in common for both stances are scientific approaches to philosophy. The difference between them reflects their differing conceptions of science itself. Empiricists emphasise fallibilism, verifiability and falsifiability, and also to some extent scepticism and tolerance of novel hypotheses. Materialists regard the theoretical picture of the world as matter in motion as (...)
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  23. James Ladyman, Otávio Bueno, Mauricio Suárez & Bas van Fraassen (2011). Scientific Representation: A Long Journey From Pragmatics to Pragmatics. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (3):417-442.
    Scientific representation: A long journey from pragmatics to pragmatics Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9465-5 Authors James Ladyman, Department of Philosophy, University of Bristol, 9 Woodland Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TB UK Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Mauricio Suárez, Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Journal Metascience Online (...)
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  24. P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross (2010). Protecting Rainforest Realism. Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
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  25. J. Ladyman (2010). Tim Maudlin: The Metaphysics Within Physics. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 72 (3):411-416.
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  26. James Ladyman & Tomasz Bigaj (2010). The Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles and Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 77 (1):117-136.
    It is argued that recent discussion of the principle of the identity of indiscernibles (PII) and quantum mechanics has lost sight of the broader philosophical motivation and significance of PII and that the `received view' of the status of PII in the light of quantum mechanics survives recent criticisms of it by Muller, Saunders, and Seevinck.
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  27. Don Ross & James Ladyman (2010). The Alleged Coupling-Constitution Fallacy and the Mature Sciences. In Richard Menary (ed.), The Extended Mind. Mit Press.
     
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  28. P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross (2010). Protecting Rainforest Realism. Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
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  29. Robin Brown & James Ladyman (2009). Physicalism, Supervenience and the Fundamental Level. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):20-38.
    We provide a formulation of physicalism, and show that this is to be favoured over alternative formulations. Much of the literature on physicalism assumes without argument that there is a fundamental level to reality, and we show that a consideration of the levels problem and its implications for physicalism tells in favour of the form of physicalism proposed here. Its hey elements are, fast, that the empirical and substantive part of physicalism amounts to a prediction that physics will not posit (...)
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  30. James Ladyman (2009). Review of Anjan Chakravartty, A Metaphysics for Scientific Realism: Knowing the Unobservable. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (6).
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  31. James Ladyman (2009). Weak Physicalism and Special Science Ontology. In. In Hieke Alexander & Leitgeb Hannes (eds.), Reduction, Abstraction, Analysis. Ontos Verlag. 11--113.
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  32. James Ladyman (2008). Beyond a Joke. The Philosophers' Magazine 42 (42):105-107.
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  33. James Ladyman (2008). Structural Realism and the Relationship Between the Special Sciences and Physics. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):744-755.
    The primacy of physics generates a philosophical problem that the naturalist must solve in order to be entitled to an egalitarian acceptance of the ontological commitments he or she inherits from the special sciences and fundamental physics. The problem is the generalized causal exclusion argument. If there is no genuine causation in the domains of the special sciences but only in fundamental physics then there are grounds for doubting the existence of macroscopic objects and properties, or at least the concreteness (...)
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  34. James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell & Anthony J. Short (2008). The Use of the Information-Theoretic Entropy in Thermodynamics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (2):315-324.
    When considering controversial thermodynamic scenarios such as Maxwell's demon, it is often necessary to consider probabilistic mixtures of states. This raises the question of how, if at all, to assign entropy to them. The information-theoretic entropy is often used in such cases; however, no general proof of the soundness of doing so has been given, and indeed some arguments against doing so have been presented. We offer a general proof of the applicability of the information-theoretic entropy to probabilistic mixtures of (...)
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  35. Hannes Leitgeb & James Ladyman (2008). Criteria of Identity and Structuralist Ontology. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (3):388-396.
    In discussions about whether the Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles is compatible with structuralist ontologies of mathematics, it is usually assumed that individual objects are subject to criteria of identity which somehow account for the identity of the individuals. Much of this debate concerns structures that admit of non-trivial automorphisms. We consider cases from graph theory that violate even weak formulations of PII. We argue that (i) the identity or difference of places in a structure is not to be (...)
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  36. James Ladyman (2007). Does Physics Answer Metaphysical Questions? Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82 (61):179-201.
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  37. James Ladyman (2007). Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
    Every Thing Must Go aruges that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it ...
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  38. James Ladyman (2007). Ontological, Epistemological and Methodological Positions. In Theo A. F. Kuipers (ed.), General Philosophy of Science. North Holland. 303--376.
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  39. James Ladyman (2007). On the Identity and Diversity of Objects in a Structure. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81:23--43.
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  40. James Ladyman (2007). Review of Steven French, Dcio Krause, Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (6).
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  41. James Ladyman (2007). Scientific Structuralism: On the Identity and Diversity of Objects in a Structure. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):23–43.
  42. James Ladyman (2007). The Epistemology of Constructive Empiricism. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
  43. James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell, Anthony J. Short & Berry Groisman (2007). The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamic Irreversibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (1):58-79.
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kTln2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and Maroney offers (...)
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  44. James Ladyman & Don Ross (2007). Ontic Structural Realism and the Philosophy of Physics. In , Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
     
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  45. James Ladyman & Don Ross (2007). Scientific Realism, Constructive Empiricism, and Structuralism. In , Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
     
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  46. Don Ross & James Ladyman (2007). Conclusion : Philosophy Enough. In James Ladyman (ed.), Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
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  47. Don Ross, James Ladyman & John Collier (2007). Rainforest Realism and the Unity of Science. In James Ladyman (ed.), Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
  48. Don Ross, James Ladyman & David Spurrett (2007). Causation in a Structural World. In James Ladyman (ed.), Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
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  49. Don Ross, James Ladyman & David Spurrett (2007). In Defence of Scientism. In James Ladyman (ed.), Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford University Press.
  50. K. Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross (2007). Protecting Rainforest Realism. Metascience 19:161-185.
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