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Profile: Jamie Lennox
  1. James G. Lennox (2001). Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science. Cambridge University Press.
    In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. He was the first thinker to treat the investigations of the living world as a distinct inquiry with its own special concepts and principles. This book focuses on a seminal event in the history of biology - Aristotle's delineation of a special branch of theoretical knowledge devoted to the systematic investigation (...)
     
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  2. James G. Lennox (1993). Darwin Was a Teleologist. Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):409-421.
    It is often claimed that one of Darwin''s chief accomplishments was to provide biology with a non-teleological explanation of adaptation. A number of Darwin''s closest associates, however, and Darwin himself, did not see it that way. In order to assess whether Darwin''s version of evolutionary theory does or does not employ teleological explanation, two of his botanical studies are examined. The result of this examination is that Darwin sees selection explanations of adaptations as teleological explanations. The confusion in the nineteenth (...)
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  3.  41
    James G. Lennox (2010). The Darwin/Gray Correspondence 1857–1869: An Intelligent Discussion About Chance and Design. Perspectives on Science 18 (4):456-479.
    This essay outlines one aspect of a larger collaboration with John Beatty and Alan Love.2 The project’s focus is philosophical, but for reasons that will become clear momentarily, the method of approach is historical. All three of us share the conviction that philosophical issues concerning the foundations of the sciences are often illuminated by investigating their history. It is my hope that this paper both provides support for that thesis, and illustrates it. The focal philosophical issue can be stated in (...)
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  4.  28
    James G. Lennox (2014). Aristotle on the Emergence of Material Complexity: Meteorology IV and Aristotle’s Biology. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 4 (2):272-305.
    In this article I defend an account of Meteorology IV as providing a material-level causal account of the emergence of uniform materials with a wide range of dispositional properties not found at the level of the four elements—the emergence of material complexity. I then demonstrate that this causal account is used in the Generation of Animals and Parts of Animals as part of the explanation of the generation of the uniform parts (tissues) and of their role in providing nonuniform parts (...)
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  5.  38
    James G. Lennox (2005). Darwin's Methodological Evolution. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):85 - 99.
    A necessary condition for having a revolution named after you is that you are an innovator in your field. I argue that if Charles Darwin meets this condition, it is as a philosopher and methodologist. In 1991, I made the case for Darwin's innovative use of "thought experiment" in the "Origin." Here I place this innovative practice in the context of Darwin's methodological commitments, trace its origins back into Darwin's notebooks, and pursue Darwin's suggestion that it owes its inspiration to (...)
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  6. Allan Gotthelf & James G. Lennox (eds.) (2013). Concepts and Their Role in Knowledge: Reflections on Objectivist Epistemology. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The philosopher and novelist Ayn Rand is a cultural phenomenon. Her books have sold more than twenty-eight million copies, and countless individuals speak of her writings as having significantly influenced their lives. Despite her popularity, Rand’s philosophy of Objectivism has received little serious attention from academic philosophers. _Concepts and Their Role in Knowledge_ offers scholarly analysis of key elements of Ayn Rand’s radically new approach to epistemology. The four essays, by contributors intimately familiar with this area of her work, discuss (...)
     
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  7.  32
    James G. Lennox (2011). Aristotle on Norms of Inquiry. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):23-46.
    Where does Aristotle stand in the debate between rationalism and empiricism? The locus classicus on this question, Posterior Analytics II. 19, seems clearly empiricist. Yet many commentators have resisted this conclusion. Here, I review their arguments and conclude that they rest in part on expectations for this text that go unfulfilled. I argue that this is because his views about norms of empirical inquiry are in the rich methodological passages in his scientific treatises. In support of this claim, I explore (...)
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  8.  36
    James G. Lennox & Bradley E. Wilson (1994). Natural Selection and the Struggle for Existence. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (1):65-80.
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  9.  7
    James Lennox (2015). Aristotle’s Empiricism: Experience and Mechanics in the 4th Century BC. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 69 (2):379-381.
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  10.  47
    Fred Evans, Allan Gotthelf, James G. Lennox, Jesus Ilundain-Agurruza, Michael W. Austin, Timothy O'Connor, Constantine Sandis, Graham Oppy, Michael Scott & Roland Pierik (2011). Chalmers, David J. The Character of Consciousness, Oxford University Press, 2010, 624 Pp. Cliteur, Paul. The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, 328 Pp. Cochran, Molly. The Cambridge Companion to Dewey, Cambridge Uni. [REVIEW] Metaphilosophy 42 (3):0026-1068.
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  11. J. Lennox (2008). Review: David Bostock: Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (465):170-174.
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  12.  41
    James G. Lennox (1995). Health as an Objective Value. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (5):499-511.
    Variants on two approaches to the concept of health have dominated the philosophy of medicine, here referred to as ‘reductionist’ and ‘relativis’. These two approaches share the basic assumption that the concept of health cannot be both based on an empirical biological foundation and be evaluative, and thus adopt either the view that it is ‘objective’ or evaluative. It is here argued that there are a subset of value concepts that are formed in recognition of certain fundamental facts about living (...)
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  13.  46
    Gregory Salmieri, David Bronstein, David Charles & James G. Lennox (2014). Episteme, Demonstration, and Explanation: A Fresh Look at Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics. [REVIEW] Metascience 23 (1):1-35.
  14.  22
    James Lennox, Darwinism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Darwinism designates a distinctive form of evolutionary explanation for the history and diversity of life on earth. Its original formulation is provided in the first edition of On the Origin of Species in 1859. This entry first formulates ‘Darwin's Darwinism’ in terms of five philosophically distinctive themes: (i) probability and chance, (ii) the nature, power and scope of selection, (iii) adaptation and teleology, (iv) nominalism vs. essentialism about species and (v) the tempo and mode of evolutionary change. Both Darwin and (...)
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  15.  21
    James Lennox, Aristotle's Biology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Aristotle is properly recognized as the originator of the scientific study of life. This is true despite the fact that many earlier Greek natural philosophers occasionally speculated on the origins of living things and much of the Hippocratic medical corpus, which was written before or during Aristotle's lifetime, displays a serious interest in human anatomy, physiology and pathology. Even Plato has Timaeus devote a considerable part of his speech to the human body and its functions (and malfunctions). Nevertheless, before Aristotle, (...)
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  16.  40
    James G. Lennox (1994). Teleology by Another Name: A Reply to Ghiselin. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 9 (4):493-495.
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  17.  83
    James G. Lennox (1982). Teleology, Chance, and Aristotle's Theory of Spontaneous Generation. Journal of the History of Philosophy 20 (3):219-238.
  18.  24
    Allan Gotthelf & James G. Lennox (eds.) (1987). Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's biological works - constituting over 25% of his surviving corpus and for centuries largely unstudied by philosophically oriented scholars - have been the subject of an increasing amount of attention of late. This collection brings together some of the best work that has been done in this area, with the aim of exhibiting the contribution that close study of these treatises can make to the understanding of Aristotle's philosophy. The book is divided into four parts, each with an introduction (...)
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  19.  58
    James G. Lennox (1984). Aristotle on Chance. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 66 (1):52-60.
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  20.  35
    James Lennox (1999). The Place of Mankind in Aristotle’s Zoology. Philosophical Topics 27 (1):1-16.
    Historians of psychology often treat Aristotle’s De Anima as the first scientific treatment of their subject; and historians of biology do likewise with his zoological treatises. How are the investigations recorded in works such as the Parts of Animals and History of Animals connected to those in the De Anima? More specifically, given Aristotle’s views about man’s special and distinctive cognitive capacities, what does he think about man as an object of a distinctively zoological investigation? In the following pages, this (...)
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  21. Mary Louise Gill & James G. Lennox (1994). Self-Motion From Aristotle to Newton. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  22.  22
    James G. Lennox (1994). Aristotelian Problems. Ancient Philosophy 14 (Special Issue):53-77.
  23. James Lennox (2010). Bios and Explanatory Unity in Aristotle's Biology. In David Charles (ed.), Definition in Greek Philosophy. OUP Oxford
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  24.  16
    James G. Lennox (2008). Galen. Ancient Philosophy 14 (2):448 - 452.
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  25.  7
    James G. Lennox (1980). Aristotle on Genera, Species, and "The More and the Less". Journal of the History of Biology 13 (2):321 - 346.
  26.  14
    J. Lennox (2008). “As If We Were Investigating Snubness”: Aristotle on the Prospects for a Single Science of Nature,'. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 35:149-186.
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  27.  1
    James G. Lennox (2005). Darwin’s Methodological Evolution. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):85-99.
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  28. James G. Lennox (1991). Between Data and Demonstration: The Analytics and the Historia Animalium. In Alan C. Bowen (ed.), Science and Philosophy in Classical Greece. Garland 2--61.
     
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  29.  21
    James G. Lennox (1984). Recent Philosophical Studies of Aristotle's Biology. Ancient Philosophy 4 (1):73-82.
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  30.  15
    James G. Lennox (1994). Putting Philosophy of Science to the Test: The Case of Aristotle's Biology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:239 - 247.
    During the Middle Ages and Rennaissance, it was commonly believed that Aristotle's biological studies reflected his theory of demonstrative science quite well. By contrast, most commentators in the twentieth century have taken it that this is not the case. This is largely the result of preconceptions about what a natural science modelled after the proposals of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics would look like. I argue that these modern preconceptions are incorrect, and that, while the Analytics leaves a variety of issues unanswered (...)
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  31.  34
    James G. Lennox (2001). Aristotle on the Unity and Disunity of Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):133 – 144.
  32.  11
    James G. Lennox, History and Philosophy of Science: A Phylogenetic Approach.
    Kuhn closed the Introduction to The Structure of Scientific Revolutions with what was clearly intended as a rhetorical question: How could history of science fail to be a source of phenomena to which theories about knowledge may legitimately be asked to apply? (Kuhn 1970, 9) This paper argues that there is a more fruitful way of conceiving the relationship between a historical and philosophical study of science, which is dubbed the 'phylogenetic' approach. I sketch an example of this approach, and (...)
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  33.  11
    James G. Lennox (2010). Aristotle's Natural Science: The Many and the One. Apeiron 43 (2-3):1-24.
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  34. James G. Lennox (2006). The Comparative Study of Animal Development: William Harvey's Aristotelianism.”. In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press 21--46.
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  35. James Lennox (1983). Robert Boyle's Defense of Teleological Inference in Experimental Science. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 74:38-52.
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  36.  7
    James Lennox (2003). Keith M. Parsons, Drawing Out Leviathan: Dinosaurs and the Science Wars. [REVIEW] Metascience 12 (1):109-111.
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  37. James G. Lennox (2003). Aristotle: On the Parts of Animals. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):607-609.
    Aristotle is without question the founder of the science of biology. In his treatise On the Parts of Animals, he develops his systematic principles for biological investigation, and explanation, and applies those principles to explain why the different animal kinds have the different parts that they do. It is one of the greatest achievements in the history of science. This new translation from the Greek aims to reflect the subtlety and detail of Aristotle's reasoning. The commentary provides help in understanding (...)
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  38.  14
    James G. Lennox (1997). Dennett, Daniel C. Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life. Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):652-654.
  39.  9
    James G. Lennox (1976). The Causality of Finite Modes in Spinoza's "Ethics". Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):479 - 500.
  40.  2
    J. Lennox (1994). Aristotle's Biology: Plain, but Not Simple. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 25 (5):817-823.
    The occasion for this critical review is the publication of a second, revised edition of David M Balme's translation, with introduction and notes, of Aristotle's "De Partimus Animalium I" and "De Generatione Animalium I" in the Clarendon Aristotle series. The second edition includes an appendix by Allan Gotthelf with a selective bibliography and a guide to the philosophical literature occasioned by Balme's notes. This critical review discusses Balme's unique style of translation and commentary, analyzing in detail a number of key (...)
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  41. James G. Lennox (1985). Demarcating Ancient Science. A Discussion of GER Lloyd, Science, Folklore and Ideology. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 3:307-324.
     
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  42.  7
    James G. Lennox (1984). Marjorie Grene, Aristotle's Philosophy of Science and Aristotle's Biology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:365 - 377.
    Professor Grene's work on Aristotle is considered under three headings: teleology, form, and reductionism. A picture of Aristotle's philosophy of biology is sketched which stresses three elements: the place of living activity in the teleological account of the development and nature of organic structures; the functional nature of Aristotelian form; and the autonomy of biology as a natural science with its own basic principles. These elements are aspects of Aristotle's approach to biology with which Professor Grene has expressed sympathy.
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  43.  18
    James G. Lennox (1991). Commentary on Byerly and Michod. Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):33-37.
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  44.  19
    Paul Diane, James Lennox & Jim Tabery, Session 1: Eugenics Narrative and Reproductive Engineering.
    Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Workshop in History and Philosophy of Biology, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, March 23-24 2001 Session 1: Eugenics Narrative and Reproductive Engineering.
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  45.  6
    James G. Lennox (2009). Darwin, Philosopher. Metascience 18 (1):121-124.
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  46.  1
    James G. Lennox (1994). Book Review:The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory Robert J. Richards. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 61 (4):673-.
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  47.  15
    James G. Lennox (1984). Aristotle's de Generatione Et Corruptione. Journal of the History of Philosophy 22 (4):472-474.
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  48.  2
    James G. Lennox (1986). D. Charles, "Aristotle's Philosophy of Action". Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):543.
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  49.  4
    James Lennox (1994). Aristotle's de Partibus Animalium I and de Generatione Animalium I: DM Balme,(with Passages From Book II. 1–3), Revised Edition,(Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992), 192 Pp. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (5):817-823.
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  50.  4
    James G. Lennox (2005). Getting a Science Going: Aristotle on Entry Level Kinds'. In Gereon Wolters & Martin Carrier (eds.), Homo Sapiens Und Homo Faber. De Gruyter 87.
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