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Profile: JeeLoo Liu (California State University, Fullerton)
Profile: Jimmy Liu (Grant MacEwan Community College)
Profile: Jing Liu (Nankai University)
Profile: Jane Liu (Peking University)
Profile: Jian Liu (Indiana University)
Profile: Jiehai Liu
Profile: Jenyu Liu (National Yang Ming University)
Profile: Jianjiang Liu (Wuhan University)
Profile: Jibo Liu
Profile: Joy Liu
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  1. Lin Chen, Jinfeng Liu & Yongtang Shi (2015). Matching Energy of Unicyclic and Bicyclic Graphs with a Given Diameter. Complexity 21 (2):224-238.
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  2. Long-Biao Cui, Jian Liu, Liu-Xian Wang, Chen Li, Yi-Bin Xi, Fan Guo, Hua-Ning Wang, Lin-Chuan Zhang, Wen-Ming Liu, Hong He, Ping Tian, Hong Yin & Hongbing Lu (2015). Anterior Cingulate Cortex-Related Connectivity in First-Episode Schizophrenia: A Spectral Dynamic Causal Modeling Study with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  3.  31
    R. Cohen, R. Rawat, W. Sun, D. Wang, M. Wexler, D. Y. Lam, N. Agarwal, M. Cormier, J. Jagdev, T. Jin, M. Kukreti, J. Liu & K. Rahim (2014). Using Computer Technology to Address the Problem of Cyberbullying. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 44 (2):52-61.
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  4.  40
    Guomei Zhou, Lingxiao Zhang, Jinting Liu, Jiaoteng Yang & Zhe Qu (2010). Specificity of Face Processing Without Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):408-412.
    The recognition memory for inverted faces is especially difficult when compared with that for non-face stimuli. This face inversion effect has often been used as a marker of face-specific holistic processing. However, whether face processing without awareness is still specific remains unknown. The present study addressed this issue by examining the face inversion effect with the technique of binocular rivalry. Results showed that invisible upright faces could break suppression faster than invisible inverted faces. Nevertheless, no difference was found for invisible (...)
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  5.  4
    Jeeloo Liu (2014). Chinese Qi-Naturalism and Liberal Naturalism. Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 1 (1):59-86.
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  6. JeeLoo Liu (2012). Moral Reason, Moral Sentiments and the Realization of Altruism: A Motivational Theory of Altruism. Asian Philosophy 22 (2):93-119.
    This paper begins with Thomas Nagel's (1970) investigation of the possibility of altruism to further examine how to motivate altruism. When the pursuit of the gratification of one's own desires generally has an immediate causal efficacy, how can one also be motivated to care for others and to act towards the well-being of others? A successful motivational theory of altruism must explain how altruism is possible under all these motivational interferences. The paper will begin with an exposition of Nagel's proposal, (...)
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  7. Fred Dretske & JeeLoo Liu, The Nature of Consciousness Handout.
    ___ (i) There is a difference between hearing Clyde play the piano and seeing him play the piano. ___ (ii) A perceptual belief that he is playing the piano must also be distinguished from a perceptual experience of this same event.
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  8.  58
    J. M. Liu, W. C. Lin, Y. M. Chen, H. W. Wu, N. S. Yao, L. T. Chen & J. Whang-Peng (1999). The Status of the Do-Not-Resuscitate Order in Chinese Clinical Trial Patients in a Cancer Centre. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):309-314.
    OBJECTIVE: To report and analyse the pattern of end-of-life decision making for terminal Chinese cancer patients. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: A cancer clinical trials unit in a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS: From April 1992 to August 1997, 177 consecutive deaths of cancer clinical trial patients were studied. MAIN MEASUREMENT: Basic demographic data, patient status at the time of signing a DNR consent, or at the moment of returning home to die are documented, and circumstances surrounding these events evaluated. RESULTS: (...)
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  9.  59
    Jeeloo Liu (2010). Physical Externalism and Social Externalism. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:381-404.
    In this paper I examine the foundations of physical externalism and social externalism and argue that these foundations are incompatible. Physical externalism is based on a direct reference theory of natural-kind terms, while social externalism is based on a description theory of natural-kind terms. Thus, physical externalism and social externalism are incompatible just in the same way that the direct reference theory of proper names is incompatible with the description theory of proper names. My argument will proceed as follows. In (...)
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  10.  89
    Jiayi Liu (2012). RT₂² Does Not Imply WKL₀. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (2):609-620.
    We prove that RCA₀ + RT $RT\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} 2 \\ 2 \\ \end{array} $ ̸͢ WKL₀ by showing that for any set C not of PA-degree and any set A, there exists an infinite subset G of A or ̅Α, such that G ⊕ C is also not of PA-degree.
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  11.  2
    JeeLoo Liu (2016). The Philosophical Challenge From China. Edited by Brian Bruya. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2015. Pp. Xxxi + 393. Metaphilosophy 47 (3):477-482.
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  12.  48
    JeeLoo Liu (2010). WANG Fuzhi's Philosophy of Principle (Li) Inherent in Qi. In John Makeham (ed.), Dao Companion to Neo-Confucian Philosophy. Springer 355--379.
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  13.  3
    James Liu (2015). Globalizing Indigenous Psychology: An East Asian Form of Hierarchical Relationalism with Worldwide Implications. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (1):82-94.
    Globalization has changed almost every facet of life for people around the world, and today the flow of influence is no longer uni-directional. It is argued that East Asian societies are anchored in an indigenous form of hierarchical relationalism where social structure is produced by relational obligations of an ethical and normative nature that have slowed its traditional culture “melting into air” as prophesied by Marx. The successfully modernization of East Asia has involved hybridization, compartmentalization, and sequencing of traditional psychological (...)
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  14.  69
    JeeLoo Liu (2008). From Realizer Functionalism to Nonreductive Physicalism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:149-160.
    It has been noted in recent literature (e.g., Ross & Spurrett 2004, Kim 2006, McLaughlin 2006 and Cohen 2005) that functionalism can be separated into two varieties: one that emphasizes the role state, the other that emphasizes the realizer state. The former is called “role functionalism” while the latter has been called “realizer functionalism” (Ross & Spurrett 2004, Kim 2006, Cohen 2005) or “filler functionalism” (McLaughlin 2006). The separation between role functionalism and realizer functionalism mars the distinction traditionally made between (...)
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  15.  96
    JeeLoo Liu, Reconstructing Chinese Metaphysics.
    This paper calls for a reconstruction of Chinese metaphysics that recognizes the distinct features of Chinese worldview, while at the same time explores the speculative thinking behind the dominant ethical concerns in Chinese philosophy. It suggests some research topics for constructing a Chinese moral metaphysics, without turning it into a metaphysical ethics – the difference between the two is that the former is fundamentally “truth-pursuing” while the latter is “good-pursuing.” This paper argues that even though Chinese metaphysics is deeply connected (...)
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  16.  3
    J. Liu & J. C. Bilello (1977). Effects of Plastic Relaxation on the Semi-Brittle Fracture of 〈100〉 Oriented Tungsten Single Crystals. Philosophical Magazine 35 (6):1453-1472.
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  17. JeeLoo Liu (2001). A Nonreductionist's Solution to Kim's Explanatory Exclusion Problem. Manuscrito 24 (1):7-47.
    In numerous papers Jaegwon Kim argues that nonreductive materialists (i.e., those philosophers who believe that there are no irreducible non-physical objects in the universe, and yet there are irreducible psychological properties which are indispensable in intentional psychological explanations) face two problems. One is that intentional mental properties are not causally relevant; the other is that explanations appealing to these properties are excluded by explanations appealing to physical, in particular, microphysical, properties.1 The first problem can be called the problem of epiphenomenalism. (...)
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  18.  15
    Jihong Liu, Yaping Wang & Liansheng Wu (2011). The Effect of Guanxi on Audit Quality in China. Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):621-638.
    Two types of guanxi have a close association with auditor independence in China: firm-level connections derived from state ownership and personal connections developed through management affiliations with external auditors. This article examines the effects of these two types of connection and their joint effect on audit quality. We find that state ownership and management affiliations with the external auditor both increase the probability of receiving a clean audit opinion in China. Furthermore, the probability increment brought by management affiliations for non-state-owned (...)
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  19.  95
    JeeLoo Liu, Converting Chinese Philosophy Into the Analytic Context.
    Chinese philosophy has its roots in religion, and has spread to the general Chinese public as a mixture of attitudes in life, cultural spirit, as well as religious practices. However, Chinese philosophy is not just a collection of wisdom on life or a religious discourse on how to lead a good life; it is also a form of philosophy. And yet its philosophical import has often been slighted in the Western philosophical world. Two hundred years ago, Hegel remarked that there (...)
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  20. Jeeloo Liu (2002). Physical Externalism and Social Externalism: Are They Really Compatible? Journal of Philosophical Research 27:381-404.
    Putnam and Burge have been viewed as launching a joint attack on individualism, the view that the content of one's psychological state is determined by what is in the head . Putnam argues that meanings are not in the head while Burge argues that beliefs are not in the head either, and both have come up with convincing arguments against individualism. It is generally conceived that Putnam's view is a version of physical externalism, which argues that factors in the physical (...)
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  21.  93
    JeeLoo Liu, Tian-Tai Metaphysics Vs. Hua-Yan Metaphysics.
    Tian-tai Buddhism and Hua-yan Buddhism can be viewed as the two most philosophically important schools in Chinese Buddhism. The Tian-tai school was founded by Zhi-yi (Chih-i) (538-597 A.D.). The major Buddhist text endorsed by this school is the Lotus Sutra, short for “the Sutra of the Lotus Blossom of the Subtle Dharma.” Hua-yan Buddhism derived its name from the Hua-yan Sutra, translated as “The Flower Ornament Scripture” or as “The Flowery Splendor Scripture.”1 The founder of the Hua-yan school was a (...)
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  22. JeeLoo Liu (2005). The Status of Cosmic Principle in Neo-Confucian Metaphysics. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (3):391-407.
    In this paper, I attempt to make use of Western metaphysical taxonomy to explicate the cosmological variances in Chinese philosophical schools, especially with regard to the debates among the Neo-Confucian thinkers. While I do not presume that Chinese philosophers dealt with the same Western issues, I do believe that a comparative study of this nature can point to a new direction of thinking concerning the metaphysical debates in Neo-Confucianism. This paper is divided into three parts. In Part I, I employ (...)
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  23. JeeLoo Liu, The Daoist Conception of Truth: Laozi's Metaphysical Realism Vs. Zhuangzi's Internal Realism.
    In this paper, I shall present a comparative study of two leading Daoists’ different conceptions of truth in the context of modern metaphysical debate on realism and antirealism. My basic contention in this paper is that both Laozi and Zhuangzi embrace the realist's thesis that the world is largely independent of us and the way we are; it has its own objective nature.
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  24.  72
    JeeLoo Liu (2011). The Is-Ought Correlation in Neo-Confucian Qi-Realism. Contemporary Chinese Thought 43 (1):60-77.
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  25.  82
    Patricia Churchland & JeeLoo Liu, The Nature of Consciousness Handout [11].
    *[Intertheoretic Reduction]: ___ When a new and very powerful theory turns out to entail a set of propositions and principles that mirror perfectly the propositions of some older theory or conceptual framework, we can conclude that the old terms and the new terms refer to the very same thing, or express the very same properties. (e.g. heat = high average molecular kinetic energy) The old theory is then said to be "reducible" to the new theory.
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  26.  78
    David Armstrong & JeeLoo Liu, The Nature of Consciousness Handout.
    The mental: [I] The unconscious: A totally unconscious man has a mind and the mind is in various states. ___ He does not lack knowledge and beliefs. ___ He may be credited with memories and skills. ___ He may be credited with likes and dislikes, attitudes and emotions, current desires and current aims and purposes. He may be said to have certain traits of character and temperament. He may be said to be in certain moods..... [The mental states of a (...)
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  27.  80
    JeeLoo Liu (2007). Confucian Moral Realism. Asian Philosophy 17 (2):167 – 184.
    In this paper I construct Confucian moral realism as a metaethical theory that is compatible with, or even derivable from, traditional Confucianism. The paper is at once interpretative and constructive. In my analysis, Confucians can establish the realist's claims on moral properties because they embrace the view of a moralistic universe. Moral properties in Confucian ethics not only are presented as objective, naturalistic properties, but also are seen as 'causally efficacious'. There are several theses commonly endorsed by contemporary moral realists. (...)
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  28. JeeLoo Liu (2006). An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy: From Ancient Philosophy to Chinese Buddhism. Blackwell Pub..
    _An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy_ unlocks the mystery of ancient Chinese philosophy and unravels the complexity of Chinese Buddhism by placing them in the contemporary context of discourse. Elucidates the central issues and debates in Chinese philosophy, its different schools of thought, and its major philosophers. Covers eight major philosophers in the ancient period, among them Confucius, Laozi, and Zhuangzi. Illuminates the links between different schools of philosophy. Opens the door to further study of the relationship between Chinese and Western (...)
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  29.  79
    Jeeloo Liu (2001). Is Human History Predestined in Wang Fuzhi's Cosmology? Journal of Chinese Philosophy 28 (3):321–338.
    In traditional Chinese cosmology, this pattern could be very well explained in terms of the fluctuation of yin and yang, or as the natural order of Heaven. This cosmological explanation fits natural history well. There are natural phenomena such as floods, draughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, etc., that are beyond human control. These events have their determining factors. Once those factors are present, a natural disaster, however unfavorably viewed by humans, is doomed to take place. The view that natural history is (...)
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  30.  65
    JeeLoo Liu (2011). Readings From the Lu-Wang School of Neo-Confucianism (Review). Philosophy East and West 61 (2):388-391.
  31.  63
    David Rosenthal & JeeLoo Liu, The Nature of Consciousness Handout.
    1. To refute this theory: consciousness is intrinsic to being an intentional or sensory mental state; one cannot understand what it is for states to have sensory or intentional character without knowing what it is for those states to be conscious.
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  32.  63
    JeeLoo Liu, [Online Version Only].
    Kripke's puzzle is an old and familiar story. It was put forward in Kripke's 'A puzzle about Belief.'[1979] But even today it still has such a charm that people are drawn to it time and time again. In this paper I shall use his puzzle as the stepping stone for developing a new description theory of proper names. Kripke tries to defend his direct reference theory against the charge that it cannot explain the role of proper names in an epistemic (...)
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  33.  81
    JeeLoo Liu, The Paradox of Evil in Tiantai Buddhist Philosophy.
  34.  57
    Martha Farah & JeeLoo Liu, The Nature of Consciousness Handout [13].
    1. Recent findings in neuropsychology are forcing us to revise this notion of the relation between perception and conscious awareness. Brain-damaged people may manifest considerable knowledge of stimuli, or of particular properties of stimuli, of which they deny any conscious perceptual experience.
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  35.  52
    JeeLoo Liu, Phil 225 Philosophy of the Arts Fall 1995.
    Class meeting time: T R 9:55 - 11:10 AM Instructor: JeeLoo Liu Office location: Welles 107 Office hours: M W 2-4 PM E-mail: Liu@geneseo.edu..
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  36.  25
    James H. Liu (2011). On the Limited Foundations of Western Skepticism Towards Indigenous Psychological Thinking: Pragmatics, Politics, and Philosophy of Indigenous Psychology. Social Epistemology 25 (2):133 - 140.
    The problem of defining culture has exercised anthropologists but not cross?cultural psychologists because psychological science is based on quantitative forms of empiricism where the validity of categorical boundaries is determined by their predictive utility. Furthermore, many indigenous psychologies have been allied to nation?building projects in the developing world that choose to gloss over within state ethnic differences for the purposes of national strength and unity. Finally, Carl Martin Allwood?s target article ?On the foundation of the indigenous psychologies? (2011, Social Epistemology (...)
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  37.  20
    Douglas Cenzer, Johanna Ny Franklin, Jiang Liu & Guohua Wu (2011). A Superhigh Diamond in the Ce Tt-Degrees. Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (1-2):33-44.
    The notion of superhigh computably enumerable (c.e.) degrees was first introduced by (Mohrherr in Z Math Logik Grundlag Math 32: 5–12, 1986) where she proved the existence of incomplete superhigh c.e. degrees, and high, but not superhigh, c.e. degrees. Recent research shows that the notion of superhighness is closely related to algorithmic randomness and effective measure theory. Jockusch and Mohrherr proved in (Proc Amer Math Soc 94:123–128, 1985) that the diamond lattice can be embedded into the c.e. tt-degrees preserving 0 (...)
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  38.  67
    JeeLoo Liu, Philosophy Seminar: The Nature of Consciousness Fall 1998.
    Course Description: This course is designed as an upper-level seminar, with heavy emphasis on reading and writing. The reading materials are all from contemporary sources. We will cover topics such as the definitions of 'consciousness,' the neurophysiological basis of consciousness, the explanation of consciousness, and the possibility of forming a unified theory of consciousness. Student participation in class discussion is greatly encouraged.
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  39.  68
    JeeLoo Liu (2009). Liu, Liangjian 劉梁劍, Heaven, Humans, and Boundary: An Exposition of Wang Chuanshan's Metaphysics 天· 人· 際· 對王船山的形上學闡明. [REVIEW] Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (1):105-108.
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  40.  63
    JeeLoo Liu (2006). Review of Peter Carruthers, Consciousness: Essays From a Higher-Order Perspective. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (4).
  41.  60
    JeeLoo Liu, § The Case of Moses [Wittgenstein].
     Under [A]:  Under [B]: (i) “Moses” means the same (i) ‘Moses’ refers to the “the man who did such man who did such and and such”. such. (ii) “ Moses did not exist” = (ii) “Moses did not exist” = ? “The man who did such (the set of descriptions and such did not exist” or do not refer?) “that no one person did such and such.”.
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  42.  82
    J. Liu & J. Perry (eds.) (2011). Consciousness and the Self: New Essays. Cambridge University Press.
    'I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never can observe any thing but the perception.' These famous words of David Hume, on his inability to perceive the self, set the stage for JeeLoo Liu and John Perry's collection of essays on self-awareness and self-knowledge. This volume connects recent scientific studies on consciousness with the traditional issues about the self explored by Descartes, Locke and Hume. Experts in the field offer contrasting perspectives on matters such as (...)
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  43.  4
    Louis Y. Y. Lu, Bruce J. Y. Lin, John S. Liu & Chang-Yung Yu (2012). Ethics in Nanotechnology: What's Being Done? What's Missing? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):583-598.
    Nanotechnology shows great promise in a variety of applications with attractive economic and societal benefits. However, societal issues associated with nanotechnology are still a concern to the general public. While numerous technological advancements in nanotechnology have been achieved over the past decade, research into the broader societal issues of nanotechnology is still in its early phases. Based on the data from the Web of Science database, we applied the main path analysis, cluster analysis and text mining tools to explore the (...)
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  44.  48
    Jiangxia Yu & Jingwei Liu (2009). The New Biopolitics. Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (4):287-296.
    The biotech revolution profoundly changes and reconstructs the Foucaultian concept of biopolitics from different dimensions. It declares the coming of the Age of Biocapitalism, which opens a new pattern of modern power allocation of life governance and shows people two prospects simultaneously: utopian hopes and dystopian desperation. Biocapitalism has not only produced ethical degeneration and cultural shock, but more importantly, has opened new areas for political hegemony and economic aggression through the reconstruction of biopolitics, and the enhancement of capital’s comprehensive (...)
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  45.  47
    JeeLoo Liu, HUMN 220: Western Humanities I.
    Peloponnesian War (Hackett) 2. Plato, The Republic, translated by Grube & revised by Reeve (Hackett) 3. The Bible, Revised Standard Version (Meridian) 4. Dante, Inferno (Penguin) 5. Sophocles, Three Theban Plays (Penguin) 6. Cicero, On Friendship in his On The Good Life (Penguin Classics) 7. Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy (Macmillan) 8. Christine de Pisan, The Book of the City of Ladies (Persea) 9. Machiavelli, The Prince (Penguin) 10. Shakespeare, Hamlet (Signet Classic).
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  46.  45
    JeeLoo Liu, Philosophy 470: Theory of Knowledge.
    Course Description: This course is intended to stimulate the student to reflect philosophically on the nature of knowledge by surveying several prominent topics of concern to contemporary (i.e., 20th century) philosophers of the analytic tradition. Topics include the concept of knowledge, theories of justification, and the possibility of knowledge or its impossibility (skepticism). Although concentrated on problems surrounding the concept of knowledge, the course should further the student's understanding of the general methods of analytic philosophy, and develop the student's ability (...)
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  47.  12
    Ji‐Long Liu (2011). The Enigmatic Cytoophidium: Compartmentation of CTP Synthase Via Filament Formation. Bioessays 33 (3):159-164.
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  48.  4
    X. He, J. Liu, Y. Xu, L. Martinez & D. Ruan (2012). On Α-Satisfiability and its Α-Lock Resolution in a Finite Lattice-Valued Propositional Logic. Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (3):579-588.
    Automated reasoning issues are addressed for a finite lattice-valued propositional logic LnP(X) with truth-values in a finite lattice-valued logical algebraic structure—lattice implication algebra. We investigate extended strategies and rules from classical logic to LnP(X) to simplify the procedure in the semantic level for testing the satisfiability of formulas in LnP(X) at a certain truth-value level α (α-satisfiability) while keeping the role of truth constant formula played in LnP(X). We propose a lock resolution method at a certain truth-value level α (α-lock (...)
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  49.  4
    Dietrich Kuske, Jiamou Liu & Markus Lohrey (2013). The Isomorphism Problem for Ω-Automatic Trees. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (1):30-48.
    The main result of this paper states that the isomorphism problem for ω-automatic trees of finite height is at least has hard as second-order arithmetic and therefore not analytical. This strengthens a recent result by Hjorth, Khoussainov, Montalbán, and Nies showing that the isomorphism problem for ω-automatic structures is not in . Moreover, assuming the continuum hypothesis CH, we can show that the isomorphism problem for ω-automatic trees of finite height is recursively equivalent with second-order arithmetic. On the way to (...)
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  50.  9
    James J. Y. Liu (1977). Towards a Synthesis of Chinese and Western Theories of Literature. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 4 (1):1-24.
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