Search results for 'J. Merritt Matthews' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  49
    J. Merritt Matthews (1931). A Note on the Time-Retarding Journey. Journal of Philosophy 28 (16):435-441.
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  2.  11
    J. F. Matthews (1974). Later Roman Prosopography A. H. M. Jones, J. R. Martindale, and J. Morris: The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. Vol. I: 260–395. Pp. Xxi+1152. Cambridge: University Press, 1971. Cloth, £18·50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 24 (01):97-106.
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  3.  7
    V. J. Matthews (1989). The Olympic Games Wendy J. Raschke (Ed.): The Archaeology of the Olympics: The Olympics and Other Festivals in Antiquity. (Wisconsin Studies in Classics.) Pp. Xiii + 297; 33 Illustrations. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (02):297-300.
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  4.  24
    Robert J. Matthews (1994). Three-Concept Monte: Explanation, Implementation, and Systematicity. Synthese 101 (3):347-63.
    Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988), Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) and McLaughlin (1993) challenge connectionists to explain systematicity without simply implementing a classical architecture. In this paper I argue that what makes the challenge difficult for connectionists to meet has less to do with what is to be explained than with what is to count as an explanation. Fodor et al. are prepared to admit as explanatory, accounts of a sort that only classical models can provide. If connectionists are to meet the (...)
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  5.  2
    Bruce Matthews (2012). Rationality's Demand of its Other: A Comparative Analysis of F.W.J. Schelling'sUnvordenklicheand Huineng'sWu-Nien. Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):75-92.
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  6.  4
    Richard Matthews (1998). Bion of Smyrna J. D. Reed: Bion of Smyrna, The Fragments and the Adonis. (Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries, 33.) Pp. Viii + 271. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. £37.50. ISBN: 0-521-573-165. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (01):13-15.
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  7.  8
    Bruce Matthews (2012). Rationality's Demand of its Other: A Comparative Analysis of F.W.J. Schelling's Unvordenkliche and Huineng's Wu-Nien. Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):75 - 92.
    The speculative power of theoretical reason is not only incapable of grounding itself, but is also powerless to integrate and unify all of the different aspects of our intellectual and spiritual life. This impotency of what Schelling called negative philosophy gives rise to the demand for a positive philosophy that supplies the integrative grounding in which das Unvordenkliche—that before which nothing can be thought—is rooted. I contrast what Schelling calls an “inverted concept” with Huineng’s account of wu-nien (no-thought) found in (...)
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  8.  6
    GB Matthews, Parents and Children - the Ethics of the Family - Blustein,J.
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  9.  1
    Gordon Matthews (1971). Review: Gerald J. Massey, Understanding Symbolic Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (4):678-679.
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  10. Robert Arr1ngton, Gareth Matthews, William Bechtel, Joseph C. Pitt, Jonathan Bennett, Ut Place, Alan Berger, Jond Ringen, Richard Creel & Alexander Rosenberg (1989). Ron Amundson J. Christopher Maloney. Behaviorism 17:85.
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  11. W. R. Matthews (1929). Charles J. Shebbeare, Problems of Providence. [REVIEW] Hibbert Journal 28:368.
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  12. Michael Matthews (1982). OORE, J. R.: "The Post-Darwinian Controversies". [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33:220.
     
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  13.  48
    Bruce Matthews (2011). Life as the Schema of Freedom: Schelling’s Organic Form of Philosophy. SUNY.
    The life and ideas of F. W. J. Schelling are often overlooked in favor of the more familiar Kant, Fichte, or Hegel. What these three lack, however, is Schelling’s evolving view of philosophy. Where others saw the possibility for a single, unflinching system of thought, Schelling was unafraid to question the foundations of his own ideas. In this book, Bruce Matthews argues that the organic view of philosophy is the fundamental idea behind Schelling’s thought. Focusing in particular on Schelling’s (...)
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  14. Robert J. Matthews (2010). The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution. OUP Oxford.
    Robert Matthews provides a critique of widely held beliefs, desires, and other 'propositional attitudes', according to which they are representations that play a causal role in the production of thought and behaviour. He develops an alternative measurement-theoretic account of propositional attitudes and the sentences by which we attribute them.
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  15.  3
    J. L. Hilton & L. L. V. Matthews (2008). Veiled or Unveiled? (Plut. Quaest. Rom. 267b–C). Classical Quarterly 58 (01):336-342.
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  16.  1
    J. W. Harvey & W. R. Matthews (1952). The Problem of Christ in the Twentieth Century: Maurice Lectures, 1949. Philosophical Quarterly 2 (9):383.
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  17. J. C. Marshall & P. H. Matthews (1970). Symposium: The Adequacy of Grammars. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 44:157 - 190.
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  18.  63
    Robert J. Matthews (2007/2010). The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution. Oxford University Press.
    A prospective introduction -- The received view -- Troubles with the received view -- Are propositional attitudes relations? -- Foundations of a measurement-theoretic account of the attitudes -- The basic measurement-theoretic account -- Elaboration and explication of the proposed measurement-theoretic account.
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  19.  11
    Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner (2016). Measurement and Computational Skepticism. Noûs 50 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In the present paper we show (...)
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  20.  3
    Dustin J. Merritt, Daniel Casasanto & Elizabeth M. Brannon (2010). Do Monkeys Think in Metaphors? Representations of Space and Time in Monkeys and Humans. Cognition 117 (2):191-202.
  21.  8
    Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner (2016). Measurement and Computational Skepticism. Noûs 50 (1).
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In the present paper we show (...)
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  22.  2
    William Demopoulos & Robert J. Matthews (1983). On the Hypothesis That Grammars Are Mentally Represented. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):405.
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  23.  2
    Lucas J. Matthews (2015). Embedded Mechanisms and Phylogenetics. Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1116-1126.
    A strong case has been made for the role and value of mechanistic explanation in neuroscience and molecular biology. A similar demonstration in other domains of scientific investigation, however, remains an important challenge of scope for the new mechanists. This article helps answer that challenge by demonstrating one valuable role mechanisms play in phylogenetics. Using the transition/transversion rate parameter as a case example, this article argues that models embedded with mechanisms produce stronger phylogenetic tree hypotheses, as measured by maximum likelihood (...)
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  24.  67
    Frances Egan & Robert J. Matthews (2006). Doing Cognitive Neuroscience: A Third Way. Synthese 153 (3):377-391.
    The “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches have been thought to exhaust the possibilities for doing cognitive neuroscience. We argue that neither approach is likely to succeed in providing a theory that enables us to understand how cognition is achieved in biological creatures like ourselves. We consider a promising third way of doing cognitive neuroscience, what might be called the “neural dynamic systems” approach, that construes cognitive neuroscience as an autonomous explanatory endeavor, aiming to characterize in its own terms the states and (...)
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  25.  9
    Jane M. Merritt, Robert Stickgold, Edward Pace-Schott, Julie Williams & J. Allan Hobson (1994). Emotion Profiles in the Dreams of Men and Women. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):46-60.
    We have investigated the emotional profile of dreams and the relationship between dream emotion and cognition using a form that specifically asked subjects to identify emotions within their dreams. Two hundred dream reports were collected from 20 subjects, each of whom produced 10 reports. Compared to previous studies, our method yielded a 10-fold increase in the amount of emotion reported. Anxiety/fear was reported most frequently, followed, in order, by joy/elation, anger, sadness, shame/guilt, and, least frequently, affection/eroticism. Unexpectedly, there was no (...)
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  26.  85
    Robert J. Matthews (1994/2010). The Measure of Mind. Mind 103 (410):131-46.
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  27.  10
    Lucas J. Matthews (2016). On Closing the Gap Between Philosophical Concepts and Their Usage in Scientific Practice: A Lesson From the Debate About Natural Selection as a Mechanism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 55:21-28.
    In addition to theorizing about the role and value of mechanisms in scientific explanation or the causal structure of the world, there is a fundamental task of getting straight what a ‘mechanism’ is in the first place. Broadly, this paper is about the challenge of application: the challenge of aligning one's philosophical account of a scientific concept with the manner in which that concept is actually used in scientific practice. This paper considers a case study of the challenge of application (...)
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  28.  41
    Robert J. Matthews (2006). Knowledge of Language and Linguistic Competence. Philosophical Issues 16 (1):200–220.
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  29.  23
    Robert J. Matthews (2006). Could Competent Speakers Really Be Ignorant of Their Language? Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):457-467.
    This paper defends the commonsense conception of linguistic competence according to which linguistic competence involves propositional knowledge of language. More specifically, the paper defends three propositions challenged by Devitt in his Ignorance af Language. First, Chomskian linguists were right to embrace this commonsense conception of linguistic cornpetence. Second, the grammars that these linguists propose make a substantive claim about the computational processes that are presumed to constitute a speaker’s linguistic competence. Third, Chomskian linguistics is indeed a subfield of psychology, in (...)
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  30. Robert J. Matthews (1991). The Chomskyan Turn. Basil Blackwell.
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  31. Allan Bäck, Robert Bolton, J. D. G. Evans, Michael Ferejohn, Eugene Garver, Lenn E. Goodman, Edward Halper, Martha Husain, Gareth Matthews & Robin Smith (1999). From Puzzles to Principles?: Essays on Aristotle's Dialectic. Lexington Books.
    Scholars of classical philosophy have long disputed whether Aristotle was a dialectical thinker. Most agree that Aristotle contrasts dialectical reasoning with demonstrative reasoning, where the former reasons from generally accepted opinions and the latter reasons from the true and primary. Starting with a grasp on truth, demonstration never relinquishes it. Starting with opinion, how could dialectical reasoning ever reach truth, much less the truth about first principles? Is dialectic then an exercise that reiterates the prejudices of one's times and at (...)
     
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  32. Johannes Brachtendorf, John D. Caputo, Jesse Couenhoven, Alexander R. Eodice, Wayne J. Hankey, John Peter Kenney, Paul A. Macdonald Jr, Gareth B. Matthews, Roland J. Teske, Frederick Van Fleteren & James Wetzel (2010). Augustine and Philosophy. Lexington Books.
    The essays in this book, by a variety of leading Augustine scholars, examine not only Augustine's multifaceted philosophy and its relation to his epoch-making theology, but also his practice as a philosopher, as well as his relation to other philosophers both before and after him. Thus the collection shows that Augustine's philosophy remains an influence and a provocation in a wide variety of settings today.
     
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  33.  98
    F. Cozannet, A. J. Grieco & S. F. Matthews (1976). Gypsies and the Problem of Acculturation. Diogenes 24 (95):68-92.
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  34. Robert J. Matthews (1981). Literary Works and Institutional Practices. British Journal of Aesthetics 21 (1):39-49.
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  35.  72
    Robert J. Matthews (2011). Measurement-Theoretic Accounts of Propositional Attitudes. Philosophy Compass 6 (11):828-841.
    In the late 1970s and early 1980s a number of philosophers, notably Churchland, Field, Stalnaker, Dennett, and Davidson, began to argue that propositional attitude predicates are a species of measure predicate, analogous in important ways to numerical predicates by which we attribute physical magnitudes . Other philosophers, including myself, have subsequently developed the idea in greater detail. In this paper I sketch the general outlines of measurement‐theoretic accounts of propositional attitudes, explaining in the briefest terms the basic idea of such (...)
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  36.  40
    Robert J. Matthews (2001). Cowie's Anti-Nativism. Mind and Language 16 (2):215-230.
  37.  67
    E. H. Hutten, A. Watson, H. Hudson, R. G. Durrant, D. H. Monro, P. F. Strawson, A. N. Prior, E. J. Lemmon, J. L. Evans, R. N. Smart, G. M. Matthews, S. Körner, William Gerber & W. G. Roll (1959). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 68 (271):405-431.
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  38.  7
    Rob Stephenson, Zoe Matthews & J. W. Mcdonald (2003). The Impact of Rural–Urban Migration on Under-Two Mortality in India. Journal of Biosocial Science 35 (1):15-31.
    This paper examines the impact of ruralurban migrant and non-migrant groups. The selectivity of ruralurban migrants and rural non-migrants. Problems faced by migrants in assimilating into urban societies create mortality differentials between ruralchild mortality. Further research is needed to understand the health care needs of rural–urban migrants in order to inform the provision of appropriate health care.
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  39. John Collins, Robert J. Matthews, Barry C. Smith & Brian Epstein (2008). Philosophy of Linguistics. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (22).
  40.  53
    Robert J. Matthews (1997). Can Connectionists Explain Systematicity? Mind and Language 12 (2):154-77.
  41. Robert J. Matthews (2003). Does Linguistic Competence Require Knowledge of Language? In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Oxford University Press
     
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  42.  6
    Moshe Zeidner, Gerald Matthews, A. J. Elliot & C. S. Dweck (2005). Evaluation Anxiety. In Andrew J. Elliot & Carol S. Dweck (eds.), Handbook of Competence and Motivation. The Guilford Press
  43. Jeffery Cederblom, Charles J. Dougherty, W. Michael Hoffman, Jennifer Mills Moore, Larue Tone Hosmer & John B. Matthews (1993). Ethics at Work. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):36-74.
     
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  44.  6
    Robert J. Matthews (1971). Concerning a 'Linguistic Theory' of Metaphor. Foundations of Language 7 (3):413-425.
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  45. Robert J. Matthews (2006). The Case for Linguistic Nativism. In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing
     
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  46.  18
    Robert J. Matthews (1984). The Plausibility of Rationalism. Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492-515.
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  47.  17
    Robert J. Matthews (1979). Are the Grammatical Sentences of a Language a Recursive Set? Synthese 40 (2):209 - 224.
    Many believe that the grammatical sentences of a natural language are a recursive set. In this paper I argue that the commonly adduced grounds for this belief are inconclusive, if not simply unsound. Neither the native speaker's ability to classify sentences nor his ability to comprehend them requires it. Nor is there at present any reason to think that decidability has any bearing on first-language acquisition. I conclude that there are at present no compelling theoretical grounds for requiring that transformational (...)
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  48. E. M. Brannon & D. J. Merritt (2011). Evolutionary Foundations of the Approximate Number System. In Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.), Space, Time and Number in the Brain. Oxford University Press
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  49. J. Carruthers, A. Boshoff, R. Slotow, H. C. Biggs, G. Avery, W. Matthews, R. J. Scholes & K. G. Mennell (2008). The Elephant in South Africa: History and Distribution. In R. J. Scholes & K. G. Mennell (eds.), Elephant Management: A Scientific Assessment for South Africa. Wits University Press
     
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  50. D. T. Herbert & J. A. Matthews (2004). Geography: Roots and Continuities. In John A. Matthews & David T. Herbert (eds.), Unifying Geography: Common Heritage, Shared Future. Routledge 3--20.
     
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