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J. D. North [58]J. North [29]Jill North [13]John North [7]
John D. North [4]John David North [3]J. H. North [3]J. A. North [3]

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Profile: Jill North (Rutgers University - New Brunswick)
  1. Jill North (2009). The “Structure” of Physics. Journal of Philosophy 106 (2):57-88.
    We are used to talking about the “structure” posited by a given theory of physics. We say that relativity is a theory about spacetime structure. Special relativity posits one spacetime structure; different models of general relativity posit different spacetime structures. We also talk of the “existence” of these structures. Special relativity says the world’s spacetime structure is Minkowskian: it posits that this spacetime structure exists. Understanding structure in this sense seems important for understanding what physics is telling us about the (...)
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  2.  75
    Jill North (2013). The Structure of a Quantum World. In Alyssa Ney & David Albert (eds.), The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics. Oxford UP 184-202.
    I argue that the fundamental space of a quantum mechanical world is the wavefunction's space. I argue for this using some very general principles that guide our inferences to the fundamental nature of a world, for any fundamental physical theory. I suggest that ordinary three-dimensional space exists in such a world, but is non-fundamental; it emerges from the fundamental space of the wavefunction.
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  3. Jill North (2013). Geometric Possibility. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 122 (3):522-525.
  4.  96
    Jill North (2010). An Empirical Approach to Symmetry and Probability. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (1):27-40.
    We often use symmetries to infer outcomes’ probabilities, as when we infer that each side of a fair coin is equally likely to come up on a given toss. Why are these inferences successful? I argue against answering this with an a priori indifference principle. Reasons to reject that principle are familiar, yet instructive. They point to a new, empirical explanation for the success of our probabilistic predictions. This has implications for indifference reasoning in general. I argue that a priori (...)
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  5.  95
    Jill North (2011). Time in Thermodynamics. In Criag Callender (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time. Oxford 312--350.
    Or better: time asymmetry in thermodynamics. Better still: time asymmetry in thermodynamic phenomena. “Time in thermodynamics” misleadingly suggests that thermodynamics will tell us about the fundamental nature of time. But we don’t think that thermodynamics is a fundamental theory. It is a theory of macroscopic behavior, often called a “phenomenological science.” And to the extent that physics can tell us about the fundamental features of the world, including such things as the nature of time, we generally think that only fundamental (...)
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  6.  77
    Jill North (2008). Two Views on Time Reversal. Philosophy of Science 75 (2):201-223.
    In a recent paper, Malament (2004) employs a time reversal transformation that differs from the standard one, without explicitly arguing for it. This is a new and important understanding of time reversal that deserves arguing for in its own right. I argue that it improves upon the standard one. Recent discussion has focused on whether velocities should undergo a time reversal operation. I address a prior question: What is the proper notion of time reversal? This is important, for it will (...)
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  7.  49
    Jill North (2003). Understanding the Time-Asymmetry of Radiation. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1086-1097.
    I discuss the nature of the puzzle about the time‐asymmetry of radiation and argue that its most common formulation is flawed. As a result, many proposed solutions fail to solve the real problem. I discuss a recent proposal of Mathias Frisch as an example of the tendency to address the wrong problem. I go on to suggest that the asymmetry of radiation, like the asymmetry of thermodynamics, results from the initial state of the universe.
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  8.  84
    Jill North (2002). What is the Problem About the Time-Asymmetry of Thermodynamics?--A Reply to Price. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):121-136.
    Huw Price argues that there are two conceptions of the puzzle of the time-asymmetry of thermodynamics. He thinks this puzzle has remained unsolved for so long partly due to a misunderstanding about which of these conceptions is the right one and what form a solution ought to take. I argue that it is Price's understanding of the problem which is mistaken. Further, it is on the basis of this and other misunderstandings that he disparages a type of account which does, (...)
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  9.  37
    Joanna North (1987). Wrongdoing and Forgiveness. Philosophy 62 (242):499 - 508.
    To forgive a person for a wrong he has done has often been valued as morally good and as indicative of a benevolent and merciful character. But while forgiveness has been recognized as valuable its nature as a moral response has largely been ignored by modern moral philosophers who work outside the confines of a religious context. 1 Where it has been discussed, forgiveness has been thought particularly difficult to define, and some have thought the forgiving response paradoxical or even (...)
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  10.  8
    J. D. North (2006). Obituary. Annals of Science 39 (2):115-116.
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  11.  21
    John North (2007). Les mathématiques infinitésimales du IXe au XIe siècle; Astronomie, géométrie sphérique et trigonométrie. Early Science and Medicine 12 (4):437-439.
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  12.  10
    J. D. North (2006). Ewa Śniezyńska-Stolot, Astrological Iconography in the Middle Ages: The Decanal Planets. Trans. Joanna Komorowska. Kraków: Jagiellonian University Press, 2003. Paper. Pp. 88 Plus 63 Black-and-White and Color Figures; 6 Tables. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (1):276-277.
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  13.  17
    John North (2008). Alfonso X el Sabio: Tablas de las constelaciones. Early Science and Medicine 13 (2):202-205.
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  14.  16
    John North (2005). Aristotle's Empiricism. Early Science and Medicine 10 (1):91-97.
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  15. Christopher Ocker Courtenay, John D. North & Girard Etzkorn (1999). The Oxford “School of Heretics”: The Unexamined Case of Friar John. Vivarium 37:2.
     
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  16.  1
    J. D. North (1967). Frege's Logical TheoryRobert Sternfeld. Isis 58 (2):279-280.
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  17. A. Koyre & J. North, Part B: A Brief History of Space.
    (I) Aristotle of Stagira (384-322 BC) 0) A closed geocentric spherical cosmology. (Adopted from the great mathematician, Eudoxus, c. 400 to 347 BC; via Calippus; but Aristotle unifies their separate schemes for different heavenly bodies). (Aristotle cites mathematicians as estimating radius of earth: in fact 200% of correct figure. Eratosthenes ca. 250 BC estimates radius of earth as 120% of correct).
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  18.  10
    B. Dunham, D. Fridshal, R. Fridshal & J. H. North (1963). Design by Natural Selection. Synthese 15 (1):254 - 259.
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  19.  25
    Jill North (2007). Review of Mathias Frisch, Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 74 (4):555-558.
    This book is a stimulating and engaging discussion of philosophical issues in the foundations of classical electromagnetism. In the rst half, Frisch argues against the standard conception of the theory as consistent and local. The second half is devoted to the puzzle of the arrow of radiation: the fact that waves behave asymmetrically in time, though the laws governing their evolution are temporally symmetric. The book is worthwhile for anyone interested in understanding the physical theory of electromagnetism, as well for (...)
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  20. J. D. North (1967). The Measure of the Universe. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (3):257-259.
     
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  21.  22
    Jill North (2008). Review of Max Jammer, Concepts of Simultaneity: From Antiquity to Einstein and Beyond. [REVIEW] American Scientist 96 (1).
    Max Jammer’s recent book, Concepts of Simultaneity: From Antiquity to Einstein and Beyond, traces the history of our ideas on simultaneity as they evolved alongside sweeping changes in our understanding of physics. One of the interesting lessons of the book is that, even as our physical theories have become increasingly successful, the question of the proper understanding or interpretation of those theories remains extremely puzzling. The central issue is this: Is the simultaneity of events a real feature of the world? (...)
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  22.  6
    J. D. North (1966). Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (64):341-343.
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  23.  12
    J. A. North (2000). J. Nelson Kraybill: Imperial Cult and Commerce in John's Apocalypse . (Journal for the Study of the New Testament, Supplement 132.) Pp. 262, 10 Pls. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996. £33/$49. ISBN: 1-85075-616-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (01):324-.
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  24.  2
    J. D. North (1989). Amos Funkenstein, Theology and the Scientific Imagination From the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. Pp. Xii, 421; Black-and-White Frontispiece. $47.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 64 (1):163-164.
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  25.  2
    J. North (1995). Planets, Stars, and Orbs: The Medieval Cosmos, 1200-1687 by Edward Grant. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:300-301.
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  26.  12
    Jill North (2007). Mathias Frisch:Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non‐Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics,:Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non‐Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 74 (4):555-558.
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  27.  4
    J. D. North (1998). Aristotle, La “Metaura” d'Aristotile: Volgarizzamento Fiorentino Anonimo Del XIV Secolo, Ed. Rita Librandi. 2 Vols.(Romanica Neapolitana, 29.) Naples: Liguori, 1995. Paper. 1: Pp. 330. 2: Pp. 276; 1 Diagram. L 75,000. [REVIEW] Speculum 73 (2):455-456.
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  28.  4
    John North & Adolf Grunbaum (1970). Modern Science and Zeno's Paradoxes.Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective. Philosophical Quarterly 20 (80):296.
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  29.  4
    J. D. North & Julius R. Weinberg (1979). Ockham, Descartes, & Hume. Self-Knowledge, Substance, and Causality. Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):358.
  30.  1
    Jill North (2010). An Empirical Approach to Symmetry and Probability. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (1):27-40.
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  31.  2
    J. D. North (1993). Jean De Murs, Le “Quadripartitum numerorum,” ed. Ghislaine l'Huillier.(Mémoires et Documents, 32.) Geneva: Droz, 1990. Paper. Pp. 661. [REVIEW] Speculum 68 (1):182-183.
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  32. J. North, T 3:30-5:20 Lc 206.
    There is no question that the theory of quantum mechanics is empirically successful. What the formalism of the theory says about the world, however, remains controversial. In this class, we will look at different theories of quantum mechanics. We will examine a range of philosophical issues that arise for the different theories, including the measurement problem, non-locality, the ontological status of the wavefunction and configuration space, the nature of probability, causation, and the compatibility of quantum mechanics with relativity.
     
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  33.  7
    J. A. North (1966). Cecil Bennett Pascal: The Cults of Cisalpine Gaul. Pp. 222; 1 Map. Brussels: Latomus, 1964. Paper, 350 B.Fr. The Classical Review 16 (02):240-241.
  34.  1
    John D. North, J. E. Murdoch & E. D. Sylla (1977). The Cultural Context of Medieval Learning. Philosophical Quarterly 27 (107):166.
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  35.  1
    A. Cobham, R. Fridshal & J. H. North (1965). An Application of Linear Programming to the Minimization of Boolean Functions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (2):247-247.
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  36.  1
    J. North (1992). Astrolab Und Klosterreform an der Jahrtausendwende. [REVIEW] Speculum 67 (3):635-637.
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  37.  1
    J. D. North (1971). Dieter V. Stephanitz, Exakte Wissenschaft Und Recht. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 5 (3):293-293.
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  38.  1
    J. North (1999). La Cosmographie du Ravennate. [REVIEW] Speculum 74 (2):408-409.
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  39.  1
    J. North (1991). Le Livre des XXIV Philosophes. [REVIEW] Speculum 66 (4):895-897.
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  40.  1
    J. North (1998). La “Metaura” d'Aristotile: Volgarizzamento Fiorentino Anonimo Del XIV Secolo. [REVIEW] Speculum 73 (2):455-456.
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  41.  1
    J. North (1993). Le “Quadripartitum Numerorum,”. [REVIEW] Speculum 68 (1):182-183.
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  42.  1
    J. North (1989). Theology and the Scientific Imagination From the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century. [REVIEW] Speculum 64 (1):163-164.
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  43.  1
    John A. North (2013). Disguising Change in the First Century. In Jörg Rüpke (ed.), The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean. OUP Oxford 58.
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  44.  1
    J. D. North (1968). The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton, Volume I: 1664–1666. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 4 (1):82-84.
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  45.  1
    J. D. North (1972). The Time Coordinate in Einstein's Restricted Theory of Relativity. In J. T. Fraser, F. Haber & G. Muller (eds.), The Study of Time. Springer-Verlag 12--32.
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  46. B. Dunham, R. Fridshal, G. L. Sward & J. H. North (1967). A Non-Heuristic Program for Proving Elementary Logical Theorems. Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):266-266.
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  47. J. A. North & P. Pedech (1967). La methode historique de Polybe. Journal of Hellenic Studies 87:154.
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  48.  1
    J. North (1971). Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (2):341-343.
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  49.  1
    John D. North (1975). Monasticism and the First Mechanical Clocks. In J. T. Fraser & Nathaniel M. Lawrence (eds.), The Study of Time Ii. Springer-Verlag 381--398.
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  50.  1
    Robert A. Fleming, David A. Grant & Jane A. North (1968). Arithmetic Correctness as the Discriminandum in Classical and Differential Eyelid Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):286.
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