Search results for 'J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2009). La Americana . Documentary Film. Written and Directed by Nicholas Bruckman. Bolivia/Usa: People's Television, 2008. Run Time: 65 Min. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3).score: 429.0
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  2. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2008). Two Types of Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience 9 (1):52-53.score: 399.0
    Although I agree with Sabine Muller’s conclusion that we should first seek to find alternatives to amputation for patients suffering from Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), I disagree with one of the major premises that she uses to argue for her claim. Muller argues that patients with BIID are likely not autonomous when they request that the limb be amputated. Muller’s argument that BIID suffers are not autonomous is flawed because she conflates philosophical conceptions of autonomy with the conception of (...)
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  3. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2010). Ambivalence. Philosophical Explorations 13 (1):23 – 34.score: 399.0
    The phenomenon of ambivalence is an important one for any philosophy of action. Despite this importance, there is a lack of a fully satisfactory analysis of the phenomenon. Although many contemporary philosophers recognize the phenomenon, and address topics related to it, only Harry Frankfurt has given the phenomenon full treatment in the context of action theory - providing an analysis of how it relates to the structure and freedom of the will. In this paper, I develop objections to Frankfurt's account, (...)
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  4. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2007). Facial Allograft Transplantation, Personal Identity, and Subjectivity. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):449-453.score: 399.0
    An analysis of the identity issues involved in facial allograft transplantation is provided in this paper. The identity issues involved in organ transplantation in general, under both theoretical accounts of personal identity and subjective accounts provided by organ recipients, are examined. It is argued that the identity issues involved in facial allograft transplantation are similar to those involved in organ transplantation in general, but much stronger because the face is so closely linked with personal identity. Recipients of facial allograft transplantation (...)
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  5. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2010). Harry G. Frankfurt (Author), Christine Korsgaard (Commentary), Michael Bratman (Commentary), Meir Dan-Cohen (Commentary), Debra Satz (Editor), Taking Ourselves Seriously and Getting It Right. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (1):117-121.score: 399.0
    Taking Ourselves Seriously and Getting It Right is written in a manner that is accessible to all. Frankfurt’s arguments are, as usual, clear and persuasive. Korsgaard’s, Bratman’s, and Dan-Cohen’s comments are thought provoking. There are, however, two main areas in which Frankfurt’s arguments need clarification (the notion of wholehearted identification, and the concept of ambivalence), and there are misunderstandings of Frankfurt at work in Korsgaard’s (relationship between the self and the will, and concept of the will for Frankfurt) and Bratman’s (...)
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  6. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2011). On the Utility and Distinctness of the Concept of Behavioral Equipoise. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):9-10.score: 399.0
    In their paper, “Behavioral Equipoise: A Way to Resolve Ethical Stalemates in Clinical Research, “ Peter Ubel and Robert Silbergleit (2011) propose that we adopt another principle, the principle of behavioral equipoise, whereby RCTs are also morally justified in cases where they are expected to address the controversy, disagreement, or behavioral resistance surrounding a particular treatment. Adopting this ethical standard would allow for research to move forward and, as a result, for the resolution of stalemates between clinicians who hold opposing (...)
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  7. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2007). Tim O’Keefe, Epicurus on Freedom (Cambridge University Press, 2005). [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 41 (1):107-112.score: 399.0
    Epicurus on Freedom has considerable merit, but there are some elements of OKeefes argument that are worthy of a second thought. Two of OKeefes major claims are that Epicuruss proposal of swerves as an answer to the problem of whether we have the ability to do otherwise would be an inadequate answer, and that Epicurus should be concerned with the problem of openness and contingency of the future, not the problem of our ability to do otherwise. I address each of (...)
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  8. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (forthcoming). Psychiatry’s New Manual (DSM-5): Ethical and Conceptual Dimensions. Journal of Medical Ethics.score: 232.8
    The introduction of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) in May 2013 is being hailed as the biggest event in psychiatry in the last 10 years. In this paper I examine three important issues that arise from the new manual: (1) Expanding nosology: Psychiatry has again broadened its nosology to include human experiences not previously under its purview (eg, binge eating disorder, internet gaming disorder, caffeine use disorder, hoarding disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder). Consequencebased ethical concerns about this (...)
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  9. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (forthcoming). A Framework for Assessing the Moral Status of Manipulation,. In Christian Coons Michael Weber (ed.), Manipulation. Oxford University Press.score: 208.8
    This paper deals with the ethics of using knowledge about a person’s particular psychological make-up, or about the psychology of judgment and decision-making in general, to shape that person’s decisions and behaviors. Various moral concerns emerge about this practice, but one of the more elusive and underdeveloped concerns is the charge of manipulation. It is this concern that is the focus of this paper. I argue that it is not the case that any of the practices traditionally labeled as “manipulation” (...)
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  10. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2013). On Nudging and Informed Consent: Four Key Undefended Premises. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):31 - 33.score: 196.8
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  11. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2013). Choice Architecture: Improving Choice While Preserving Liberty? In Christian Coons & Michael Weber (eds.), Paternalism. Cambridge University Press.score: 196.8
    The past four decades of research in the social sciences have shed light on two important phenomena. One is that human decision-making is full of predicable errors and biases that often lead individuals to make choices that defeat their own ends (i.e., the bad choice phenomenon), and the other is that individuals’ decisions and behaviors are powerfully shaped by their environment (i.e., the influence phenomenon). Some have argued that it is ethically defensible that the influence phenomenon be utilized to address (...)
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  12. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2012). Between Reason and Coercion: Ethically Permissible Influence in Health Care and Health Policy Contexts. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (4):345-366.score: 196.8
    In bioethics, the predominant categorization of various types of influence has been a tripartite classification of rational persuasion (meaning influence by reason and argument), coercion (meaning influence by irresistible threats—or on a few accounts, offers), and manipulation (meaning everything in between). The standard ethical analysis in bioethics has been that rational persuasion is always permissible, and coercion is almost always impermissible save a few cases such as imminent threat to self or others. However, many forms of influence fall into the (...)
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  13. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2012). Seeking Better Health Care Outcomes: The Ethics of Using the “Nudge”. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):1-10.score: 196.8
    Policymakers, employers, insurance companies, researchers, and health care providers have developed an increasing interest in using principles from behavioral economics and psychology to persuade people to change their health-related behaviors, lifestyles, and habits. In this article, we examine how principles from behavioral economics and psychology are being used to nudge people (the public, patients, or health care providers) toward particular decisions or behaviors related to health or health care, and we identify the ethically relevant dimensions that should be considered for (...)
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  14. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2011). On the Concept and Measure of Voluntariness: Insights From Behavioral Economics and Cognitive Science. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):25-26.score: 196.8
    In their article “The Concept of Voluntary Consent,” Robert Nelson and colleagues (2011) argue for two necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for voluntary action: intentionality, and substantial freedom from controlling influences. They propose an instrument to empirically measure voluntariness, the Decision Making Control Instrument. I argue that (1) their conceptual analysis of intentionality and controlling influences needs expansion in light of the growing use of behavioral economics principles to change individual and public health behaviors (growing in part by the designation (...)
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  15. Aaron Cardon & J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2011). Should Repugnance Give Us Pause? On the Neuroscience of Daily Moral Reasoning. American Journal of Bioethics- Neuroscience 2 (2):47-48.score: 196.8
    In our commentary we briefly review the work on the neurological differences between the rational ethical analysis used in professional contexts and the reflexive emotional responses of our daily moral reasoning, and discuss the implications for the claim that our normative arguments should not rely on the emotion of repugnance.
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  16. J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2013). Choice Architecture: A Mechanism for Improving Decisions While Preserving Liberty. In Christian Coons Michael Weber (ed.), Paternalism: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press.score: 196.8
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  17. H. J. Blumenthal (1988). G. R. Morrow, J. M. Dillon: Proclus' Commentary on Plato's Parmenides (Translated by G. R. M. And J. M. D. With Introduction and Notes by J.M.D.). Pp. Xlvi + 616. Princeton University Press, 1987. £52.20. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (02):407-408.score: 144.0
  18. Dorothy Blumenthal (2001). Robert F. Harvanek, S.J., 1916-1996. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 74 (5):233 - 234.score: 117.0
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  19. David Svolba (2011). Swindell, Frankfurt, and Ambivalence. Philosophical Explorations 14 (2):219 - 225.score: 113.4
    J.S. Swindell has argued that Harry Frankfurt's analysis of ambivalence is ambiguous and that it fails to do justice to the full range of this psychological phenomenon. Building on her criticism of Frankfurt, Swindell offers an analysis of ambivalence which is supposed to clarify ambiguities in Frankfurt's analysis and reveal varieties of ambivalence that Frankfurt's analysis allegedly overlooks. In this brief reply, I argue that Frankfurt's analysis of ambivalence is neither ambiguous nor objectionably narrow. I conclude with remarks (...)
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  20. J. S. Swindell (2009). La Americana. Documentary Film. Written and Directed by Nicholas Bruckman. Bolivia/USA: People's Television, 2008. Run Time: 65 Min. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):393-395.score: 111.6
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  21. J. S. Swindell (2007). Facial Allograft Transplantation, Personal Identity and Subjectivity. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):449-453.score: 84.6
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  22. J. S. Swindell (2010). Harry G. Frankfurt (Author), Christine Korsgaard (Commentary), Michael Bratman (Commentary), Meir Dan-Cohen (Commentary), Debra Satz (Editor), Taking Ourselves Seriously and Getting It Right. Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (1):117-121.score: 84.6
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  23. J. S. Swindell (2009). Two Types of Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):52-53.score: 84.6
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  24. J. S. Swindell (2010). Ambivalence. Philosophical Explorations 13 (1):23-34.score: 84.6
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  25. David R. Blumenthal, H. S. Harris & Andrew J. Reck (1979). Books in Review. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (4):265-272.score: 81.0
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  26. H. J. Blumenthal (1993). Platonism and Christianity John Dillon: The Golden Chain: Studies in the Development of Platonism and Christianity. (Collected Studies Series, 333.) Pp. Xii + 322. Aldershot, Brookfield, VT: Variorum (in U.S. Gower Publishing Co.), 1990. £43.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (01):93-95.score: 63.0
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  27. H. J. Blumenthal (1994). Socrates Barry S. Gower, Michael C. Stokes (Edd.): Socratic Questions: New Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates and its Significance. Pp. Viii + 228, 5 Illustrations. London: Routledge, 1992. Cased, £35. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (01):81-82.score: 63.0
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  28. H. J. Blumenthal (1997). Were Aristotle's Intentions in Writing the De Anima Forgotten in Late Antiquity? Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 8:143-157.score: 63.0
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