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Jacques Schwartz [54]Joseph Schwartz [31]Jeffrey H. Schwartz [20]Joseph M. Schwartz [15]
J. Schwartz [15]Joel S. Schwartz [13]Joel Schwartz [12]Jean-Luc Schwartz [11]

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Profile: Jeremy Schwartz (Texas Tech University)
Profile: Jeremy Schwartz (University of Pennsylvania)
Profile: Jennifer Schwartz (DePaul University)
Profile: Jeff Schwartz (Michigan Technological University)
Profile: Jay Schwartz
Profile: Jacob Schwartz (Vassar College)
Profile: Justin Schwartz (None)
Profile: James S.J. Schwartz (Wichita State University)
Profile: Jack H. Schwartz (Brooklyn College)
Profile: Jeffrey M. Schwartz
  1. Jeremy Schwartz & Christopher Hom (2014). Why the Negation Problem Is Not a Problem for Expressivism. Noûs 48 (2):824-845.
    The Negation Problem states that expressivism has insufficient structure to account for the various ways in which a moral sentence can be negated. We argue that the Negation Problem does not arise for expressivist accounts of all normative language but arises only for the specific examples on which expressivists usually focus. In support of this claim, we argue for the following three theses: 1) a problem that is structurally identical to the Negation Problem arises in non-normative cases, and this problem (...)
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  2. Christopher Hom & Jeremy Schwartz (2013). Unity and the Frege–Geach Problem. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):15-24.
    The problem of the unity of the proposition asks what binds together the constituents of a proposition into a fully formed proposition that provides truth conditions for the assertoric sentence that expresses it, rather than merely a set of objects. Hanks’ solution is to reject the traditional distinction between content and force. If his theory is successful, then there is a plausible extension of it that readily solves the Frege–Geach problem for normative propositions. Unfortunately Hanks’ theory isn’t successful, but it (...)
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  3. Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard (2005). Quantum Physics in Neuroscience and Psychology: A Neurophysical Model of Mind–Brain Interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 360:1309-1327.
    Neuropsychological research on the neural basis of behaviour generally posits that brain mechanisms will ultimately suffice to explain all psychologically described phenomena. This assumption stems from the idea that the brain is made up entirely of material particles and fields, and that all causal mechanisms relevant to neuroscience can therefore be formulated solely in terms of properties of these elements. Thus, terms having intrinsic mentalistic and/or experiential content (e.g. ‘feeling’, ‘knowing’ and ‘effort’) are not included as primary causal factors. This (...)
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  4. James Schwartz (2002). Population Genetics and Sociobiology: Conflicting Views of Evolution. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):224-240.
  5.  87
    Jerome Schwartz (1994). Narcissus Transformed: The Textual Subject in Psychoanalysis and Literature (Review). Philosophy and Literature 18 (2):368-370.
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  6. Jeremy Schwartz (2010). Do Hypothetical Imperatives Require Categorical Imperatives? European Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):84-107.
    Abstract: Recently, the idea that every hypothetical imperative must somehow be 'backed up' by a prior categorical imperative has gained a certain influence among Kant interpreters and ethicists influenced by Kant. Since instrumentalism is the position that holds that hypothetical imperatives can by themselves and without the aid of categorical imperatives explain all valid forms of practical reasoning, the influential idea amounts to a rejection of instrumentalism as internally incoherent. This paper argues against this prevailing view both as an interpretation (...)
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  7.  36
    Jean-Luc Schwartz, Frédéric Berthommier & Christophe Savariaux (2004). Seeing to Hear Better: Evidence for Early Audio-Visual Interactions in Speech Identification. Cognition 93 (2):69-78.
    Lip reading is the ability to partially understand speech by looking at the speaker's lips. It improves the intelligibility of speech in noise when audio-visual perception is compared with audio-only perception. A recent set of experiments showed that seeing the speaker's lips also enhances sensitivity to acoustic information, decreasing the auditory detection threshold of speech embedded in noise [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109 (2001) 2272; J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (2000) 1197]. However, detection is different from comprehension, and it remains (...)
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  8.  70
    James S. J. Schwartz (2011). Our Moral Obligation to Support Space Exploration. Environmental Ethics 33 (1):67-88.
    The moral obligation to support space exploration follows from our obligations to protect the environment and to survive as a species. It can be justified through three related arguments: one supporting space exploration as necessary for acquiring resources, and two illustrating the need for space technology in order to combat extraterrestrial threats such as meteorite impacts. Three sorts of objections have been raised against this obligation. The first are objections alleging that supporting space exploration is impractical. The second is the (...)
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  9. Joel Schwartz (1985). Liberalism and the Jewish Connection: A Study of Spinoza and the Young Marx. Political Theory 13 (1):58-84.
  10.  1
    Adil E. Shamoo & Jack Schwartz (2007). Universal and Uniform Protections of Human Subjects in Research. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):7 – 9.
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  11.  21
    James S. J. Schwartz (2015). Mathematical Structuralism, Modal Nominalism, and the Coherence Principle. Philosophia Mathematica 23 (3):367-385.
    According to Stewart Shapiro's coherence principle, structures exist whenever they can be coherently described. I argue that Shapiro's attempts to justify this principle are circular, as he relies on criticisms of modal nominalism which presuppose the coherence principle. I argue further that when the coherence principle is not presupposed, his reasoning more strongly supports modal nominalism than ante rem structuralism.
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  12.  13
    Jeffrey H. Schwartz & Bruno Maresca (2006). Do Molecular Clocks Run at All? A Critique of Molecular Systematics. Biological Theory 1 (4):357-371.
    Although molecular systematists may use the terminology of cladism, claiming that the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships is based on shared derived states , the latter is not the case. Rather, molecular systematics is based on the assumption, first clearly articulated by Zuckerkandl and Pauling , that degree of overall similarity reflects degree of relatedness. This assumption derives from interpreting molecular similarity between taxa in the context of a Darwinian model of continual and gradual change. Review of the history of molecular (...)
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  13.  42
    Jihène Serkhane, Jean-Luc Schwartz & Pierre Bessiere (2005). Building a Talking Baby Robot: A Contribution to the Study of Speech Acquisition and Evolution. Interaction Studies 6 (2):253-286.
  14.  44
    Joseph M. Schwartz (2004). Misreading Islamist Terrorism: The "War Against Terrorism" and Just-War Theory. Metaphilosophy 35 (3):273-302.
    : The Bush administration's military war on terrorism is a blunt, ineffective, and unjust response to the threat posed to innocent civilians by terrorism. Decentralized terrorist networks can only be effectively fought by international cooperation among police and intelligence agencies representing diverse nation‐states, including ones with predominantly Islamic populations. The Bush administration's allegations of a global Islamist terrorist threat to the national interests of the United States misread the decentralized and complex nature of Islamist politics. Undoubtedly there exists a “combat (...)
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  15.  16
    Jeffrey M. Schwartz (1999). A Role for Volition and Attention in the Generation of New Brain Circuitry. Toward a Neurobiology of Mental Force. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):8-9.
    Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a commonly occurring neuropsychiatric condition characterized by bothersome intrusive thoughts and urges that frequently lead to repetitive dysfunctional behaviours such as excessive handwashing. There are well-documented alterations in cerebral function which appear to be closely related to the manifestation of these symptoms. Controlled studies of cognitive-behavioural therapy techniques utilizing the active refocusing of attention away from the intrusive phenomena of OCD and onto adaptive alternative activities have demonstrated both significant improvements in clinical symptoms and systematic changes in (...)
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  16.  11
    Joseph M. Schwartz (2007). From Domestic to Global Solidarity: The Dialectic of the Particular and Universal in the Building of Social Solidarity. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):131–147.
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  17. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2013). Emergence of Shape. Biological Theory 8 (3):209-210.
  18. Joel Schwartz (1985). The Sexual Politics of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. University of Chicago Press.
    Analyzes the eighteenth-century French philosopher's writings about women, sexuality, and the family, and suggests that Rousseau's philosophy is not misogynous.
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  19.  59
    Joel S. Schwartz (1995). George John Romanes's Defense of Darwinism: The Correspondence of Charles Darwin and His Chief Disciple. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 28 (2):281 - 316.
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  20.  50
    Justin Schwartz (1995). What's Wrong with Exploitation? Noûs 29 (2):158-188.
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  21. J. T. Schwartz, Algorithmic Entropy of Sets.
    In a previous paper a theory of program size formally identical to information theory was developed. The entropy of an individual finite object was defined to be the size in bits of the smallest program for calculating it. It was shown that this is − log2 of the probability that the object is obtained by means of a program whose successive bits are chosen by flipping an unbiased coin. Here a theory of the entropy of recursively enumerable sets of objects (...)
     
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  22. Jacob T. Schwartz, A Note on Monte Carlo Primality Tests and Algorithmic Information Theory.
    clusions are only probably correct. On the other hand, algorithmic information theory provides a precise mathematical definition of the notion of random or patternless sequence. In this paper we shall describe conditions under which if the sequence of coin tosses in the Solovay– Strassen and Miller–Rabin algorithms is replaced by a sequence of heads and tails that is of maximal algorithmic information content, i.e., has maximal algorithmic randomness, then one obtains an error-free test for primality. These results are only of (...)
     
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  23.  4
    Jonathan P. Schwartz (forthcoming). To Choose One’s Company: Arendt, Kant, and the Political Sixth Sense. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885115613700.
    This essay explores the phenomenon of common sense through a contextual analysis of Hannah Arendt’s political application of Kant’s Critique of Judgment. I begin by tracing the development of Arendt’s thinking on judgment and common sense during the 1950s which led her to turn to the third Critique. I then consider the justification of her move by examining the philosophical context and political applications of the third Critique, arguing that within it Kant made an original and profound discovery: that the (...)
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  24.  11
    Joel Schwartz (1996). Freud's Wishful Dream Book. Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):684-685.
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  25.  13
    Jerome Schwartz (1992). Humanism in Crisis: The Decline of the French Renaissance (Review). Philosophy and Literature 16 (1):229-231.
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  26.  23
    Jack Schwartz (forthcoming). Oversight of Human Subject Research: The Role of the States. National Bioethics Advisory Commission 6705 Rockledge Drive, Suite 700, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7979 Telephone: 301-402-4242• Fax: 301-480-6900• Website: Www. Bioethics. Gov.
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  27.  51
    Debbie E. McGhee & Jordan L. K. Schwartz, Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test.
    in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions oblige highly associated categories (e.g., liower + pleasant) to share a response key, performance is faster than when less associated categories (e.g., insect + pleasant) share a key. This performance difference implicitly measures differential association of the 2 concepts with the attribute. In 3..
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  28.  10
    Justin Schwartz (1991). Philosophy of Science Association. In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. MIT Press 58--2.
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  29.  10
    Jean-Luc Schwartz (2007). Phonology Grounded in Sensorimotor Speech: Elements of a Morphogenesis Theory. Interaction Studies 5:313-324.
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  30.  8
    Joseph Schwartz (1992). The Presence of the Kingdom," by Jacques Ellul". The Chesterton Review 18 (3):415-419.
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  31.  7
    Joseph Schwartz (1995). Editor's Page. Renascence 47 (3-4):139-139.
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  32.  15
    Jason L. Schwartz (2013). Evidence and Ethics in Mandatory Vaccination Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):46-48.
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  33.  30
    Justin Schwartz (1993). Functional Explanation and Metaphysical Individualism. Philosophy of Science 60 (2):278-301.
    G. A. Cohen defends and Jon Elster criticizes Marxist use of functional explanation. But Elster's mechanical conception of explanation is, contrary to Elster's claims, a better basis for vindication of functional explanation than Cohen's nomological conception, which cannot provide an adequate account of functional explanation. Elster also objects that functional explanation commits us to metaphysically bizarre collective subjects, but his argument requires an implausible reading of methodological individualism which involves an unattractive eliminativism about social phenomena.
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  34.  50
    J. Schwartz (1992). Propositional Attitude Psychology as an Ideal Type. Topoi 11 (1):5-26.
  35. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2001). A Review of the Systematics and Taxonomy of Hominoidea.(México). [REVIEW] Ludus Vitalis 11 (15):15-46.
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  36.  42
    Justin K. Schwartz (1995). In Defence of Exploitation. Economics and Philosophy 11 (2):275--307.
    Roemer's attempt to undermine the normative reasons that Marxists have thought exploitation important (domination, alienation, and inequality) is vitiated by several crucial errors. First, Roemer ignores the dimension of freedom which is Marx's main concern and replaces it with an interest in justice, which Marx rejected. This leads him to misconstrue the nature of exploitation as Marx understands it. Second, his procedure for disconnecting these evils from exploitation, or denying their importance, involves the methodological assumption that exploitation must strictly imply (...)
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  37.  8
    Joseph Schwartz (1979). Forecast. Renascence 32 (1):2-2.
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  38.  6
    Joel S. Schwartz (1984). Darwin, Wallace, and the "Descent of Man". Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):271 - 289.
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  39. Bernardo T. Arriza & Jeffrey H. Schwartz (1997). Beyond Death: The Chinchorro Mummies of Ancient Chile. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (3).
     
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  40. Mark Kac, Harry Newman, Jacob T. Schwartz & Gian-Carlo Rota (1986). Discrete Thoughts Essays on Mathematics, Science, and Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  41.  10
    Joseph Schwartz (1988). Editors Page. Renascence 40 (3):158-158.
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  42.  11
    James S. J. Schwartz (2013). On the Moral Permissibility of Terraforming. Ethics and the Environment 18 (2):1-31.
    Terraforming is a process of planetary engineering by which the extant environment of a planetary body is transformed into an environment capable of supporting human inhabitants. The question I would like to consider in this paper is whether there is any reason to believe that the terraforming of another planet—for instance, the terraforming of Mars—is morally problematic. Topics related to the human exploration of space are not often discussed in philosophical circles. Nevertheless, there exists a growing body of philosophical literature (...)
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  43.  10
    Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard (2004). The Volitional Influence of the Mind on the Brain, with Special Reference to Emotional Self-Regulation. In Mario Beauregard (ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins 195-238.
  44.  35
    J. Schwartz (1992). Who's Afraid of Multiple Realizability?: Functionalism, Reductionism, and Connectionism. In J. Dinsmore (ed.), The Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms: Closing the Gap. Lawrence Erlbaum
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  45.  12
    Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2004). Trying to Make Chimpanzees Into Humans. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):271 - 277.
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  46.  6
    Joseph Schwartz (1996). The Theology of History in The Everlasting Man. Renascence 49 (1):57-66.
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  47.  1
    Justin Schwartz (2001). Rights of Inequality: Rawlsian Justice, Equal Opportunity, and the Status of the Family. Legal Theory 7 (1):83-117.
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  48.  6
    Justin Schwartz (1992). From Libertarianism to Egalitarianism. Social Theory and Practice 18 (3):259-288.
  49.  8
    Joel Schwartz (2000). Johnston, Steven. Encountering Tragedy: Rousseau and the Project of Democratic Order. Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):440-441.
  50.  26
    J. Schwartz (1991). Reduction, Elimination, and the Mental. Philosophy of Science 58 (June):203-20.
    The antireductionist arguments of many philosophers (e.g., Baker, Fodor and Davidson) are motivated by a worry that successful reduction would eliminate rather than conserve the mental. This worry derives from a misunderstanding of the empiricist account of reduction, which, although it does not underwrite "cognitive suicide", should be rejected for its positivist baggage. Philosophy of psychology needs more detailed attention to issues in natural science which serve as analogies for reduction of the mental. I consider a range of central cases, (...)
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