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Jacques Schwartz [54]Jeffrey H. Schwartz [20]Joseph M. Schwartz [15]Joseph Schwartz [14]
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Profile: Jeremy Schwartz (Texas Tech University)
Profile: Jennifer Schwartz (DePaul University)
Profile: Jeff Schwartz (Michigan Technological University)
Profile: Jay Schwartz
Profile: James S.J. Schwartz (Wichita State University)
Profile: Jack H. Schwartz (Brooklyn College)
Profile: Jeffrey M. Schwartz
  1. Debbie E. McGhee & Jordan L. K. Schwartz, Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test.
    in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions oblige highly associated categories (e.g., liower + pleasant) to share a response key, performance is faster than when less associated categories (e.g., insect + pleasant) share a key. This performance difference implicitly measures differential association of the 2 concepts with the attribute. In 3..
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  2. Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard, Quantum Physics in Neuroscience and Psychology: A Neurophysical Model of Mind–Brain Interaction.
    Neuropsychological research on the neural basis of behaviour generally posits that brain mechanisms will ultimately suffice to explain all psychologically described phenomena. This assumption stems from the idea that the brain is made up entirely of material particles and fields, and that all causal mechanisms relevant to neuroscience can therefore be formulated solely in terms of properties of these elements. Thus, terms having intrinsic mentalistic and/or experiential content (e.g. ‘feeling’, ‘knowing’ and ‘effort’) are not included as primary causal factors. This (...)
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  3. Henry P. Stapp & Jeffrey M. Schwartz, The Implications of Psychological Treatment Effects on Cerebral Function for the Physics of Mind-Brain Interaction.
    The data emerging from the clinical and brain studies described above suggest that, in the case of OCD, there are two pertinent brain mechanisms that are distinguishable both in terms of neuro-dynamics and in terms of the conscious experiences that accompany them. These mechanisms can be characterized, on anatomical and perhaps evolutionary grounds, as a lower-level and a higher-level mechanism. The clinical treatment has, when successful, an activating effect on the higher-level mechanism, and a suppressive effect on the lower-level one.
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  4. J. T. Schwartz, Algorithmic Entropy of Sets.
    In a previous paper a theory of program size formally identical to information theory was developed. The entropy of an individual finite object was defined to be the size in bits of the smallest program for calculating it. It was shown that this is − log2 of the probability that the object is obtained by means of a program whose successive bits are chosen by flipping an unbiased coin. Here a theory of the entropy of recursively enumerable sets of objects (...)
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  5. Jacob T. Schwartz, A Note on Monte Carlo Primality Tests and Algorithmic Information Theory.
    clusions are only probably correct. On the other hand, algorithmic information theory provides a precise mathematical definition of the notion of random or patternless sequence. In this paper we shall describe conditions under which if the sequence of coin tosses in the Solovay– Strassen and Miller–Rabin algorithms is replaced by a sequence of heads and tails that is of maximal algorithmic information content, i.e., has maximal algorithmic randomness, then one obtains an error-free test for primality. These results are only of (...)
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  6. Henry P. Stapp & Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Appendix to Schwartz's Paper in J. Consc. Studies.
    The data emerging from the clinical and brain studies described above suggest that, in the case of OCD, there are two pertinent brain mechanisms that are distinguishable both in terms of neuro dynamics and in terms of the conscious experiences that accompany them. These mechanisms can be characterized, on anatomical and perhaps evolutionary grounds, as a lower level and a higher level mechanism. The clinical treatment has, when successful, an activating effect on the higher level mechanism, and a suppressive effect (...)
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  7. Jack Schwartz (forthcoming). Oversight of Human Subject Research: The Role of the States. National Bioethics Advisory Commission 6705 Rockledge Drive, Suite 700, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7979 Telephone: 301-402-4242• Fax: 301-480-6900• Website: Www. Bioethics. Gov.
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  8. James S. J. Schwartz (forthcoming). Mathematical Structuralism, Modal Nominalism, and the Coherence Principle. Philosophia Mathematica:nkv013.
    According to Stewart Shapiro's coherence principle, structures exist whenever they can be coherently described. I argue that Shapiro's attempts to justify this principle are circular, as he relies on criticisms of modal nominalism which presuppose the coherence principle. I argue further that when the coherence principle is not presupposed, his reasoning more strongly supports modal nominalism than ante rem structuralism.
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  9. Jeremy Schwartz & Christopher Hom (2014). Why the Negation Problem Is Not a Problem for Expressivism. Noûs 48 (2):n/a-n/a.
    The Negation Problem states that expressivism has insufficient structure to account for the various ways in which a moral sentence can be negated. We argue that the Negation Problem does not arise for expressivist accounts of all normative language but arises only for the specific examples on which expressivists usually focus. In support of this claim, we argue for the following three theses: 1) a problem that is structurally identical to the Negation Problem arises in non-normative cases, and this problem (...)
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  10. Rafaele Di Giacomo, Jeffrey H. Schwartz & Bruno Maresca (2013). The Origin of Metazoa: An Algorithmic View of Life. Biological Theory 8 (3):221-231.
    We propose that the sudden emergence of metazoans during the Cambrian was due to the appearance of a complex genome architecture that was capable of computing. In turn, this made defining recursive functions possible. The underlying molecular changes that occurred in tandem were driven by the increased probability of maintaining duplicated DNA fragments in the metazoan genome. In our model, an increase in telomeric units, in conjunction with a telomerase-negative state and consequent telomere shortening, generated a reference point equivalent to (...)
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  11. Christopher Hom & Jeremy Schwartz (2013). Unity and the Frege–Geach Problem. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):15-24.
    The problem of the unity of the proposition asks what binds together the constituents of a proposition into a fully formed proposition that provides truth conditions for the assertoric sentence that expresses it, rather than merely a set of objects. Hanks’ solution is to reject the traditional distinction between content and force. If his theory is successful, then there is a plausible extension of it that readily solves the Frege–Geach problem for normative propositions. Unfortunately Hanks’ theory isn’t successful, but it (...)
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  12. Raphaël Laurent, Clément Moulin-Frier, Pierre Bessière, Jean-Luc Schwartz & Julien Diard (2013). Integrate, Yes, but What and How? A Computational Approach of Sensorimotor Fusion in Speech. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):364 - 365.
    We consider a computational model comparing the possible roles of and in phonetic decoding, demonstrating that these two routes can contain similar information in some communication situations and highlighting situations where their decoding performance differs. We conclude that optimal decoding should involve some sort of fusion of association and simulation in the human brain.
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  13. James S. J. Schwartz (2013). On the Moral Permissibility of Terraforming. Ethics and the Environment 18 (2):1-31.
    Terraforming is a process of planetary engineering by which the extant environment of a planetary body is transformed into an environment capable of supporting human inhabitants. The question I would like to consider in this paper is whether there is any reason to believe that the terraforming of another planet—for instance, the terraforming of Mars—is morally problematic. Topics related to the human exploration of space are not often discussed in philosophical circles. Nevertheless, there exists a growing body of philosophical literature (...)
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  14. James Sj Schwartz, Donald G. Richards, Kristie Dotson, Kyle Whyte, Sally J. Scholz, Lars Samuelsson & Marion Hourdequin (2013). 7. Notes on Contributors Notes on Contributors (Pp. 135-136). Ethics and the Environment 18 (2):291-292.
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  15. Jason L. Schwartz (2013). Evidence and Ethics in Mandatory Vaccination Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):46-48.
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  16. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2013). Emergence of Shape. Biological Theory 8 (3):209-210.
  17. Evan G. DeRenzo & Jack Schwartz (2011). Esprit de Corps. Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):95.
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  18. James S. J. Schwartz (2011). Our Moral Obligation to Support Space Exploration. Environmental Ethics 33 (1):67-88.
    The moral obligation to support space exploration follows from our obligations to protect the environment and to survive as a species. It can be justified through three related arguments: one supporting space exploration as necessary for acquiring resources, and two illustrating the need for space technology in order to combat extraterrestrial threats such as meteorite impacts. Three sorts of objections have been raised against this obligation. The first are objections alleging that supporting space exploration is impractical. The second is the (...)
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  19. Evan G. DeRenzo & Jack Schwartz (2010). Building Esprit de Corps: Learning to Better Navigate Between" My" Patient and" Our" Patient. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (3):232.
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  20. Jeremy Schwartz (2010). Do Hypothetical Imperatives Require Categorical Imperatives? European Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):84-107.
    Abstract: Recently, the idea that every hypothetical imperative must somehow be 'backed up' by a prior categorical imperative has gained a certain influence among Kant interpreters and ethicists influenced by Kant. Since instrumentalism is the position that holds that hypothetical imperatives can by themselves and without the aid of categorical imperatives explain all valid forms of practical reasoning, the influential idea amounts to a rejection of instrumentalism as internally incoherent. This paper argues against this prevailing view both as an interpretation (...)
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  21. Jeffrey Schwartz (2009). Reflections on Systematics and Phylogenetic Reconstruction. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (1-2):295-305.
    I attempt to raise questions regarding elements of systematics—primarily in the realm of phylogenetic reconstruction—in order to provoke discussion on the current state of affairs in this discipline, and also evolutionary biology in general: e.g., conceptions of homology and homoplasy, hypothesis testing, the nature of and objections to Hennigian “phylogenetic systematics”, and the schism between Darwinian descendants of the “modern evolutionary synthesis” and their supposed antagonists, cladists and punctuationalists.
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  22. Jeffrey H. Schwartz & John Grehan (2009). Reply to “Humans as Second Orangutans: Sense or Nonsense?”. Bioessays 31 (11):1263-1266.
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  23. Marcel Poorthuis, Joshua J. Schwartz & Joseph Turner (eds.) (2008). Interaction Between Judaism and Christianity in History, Religion, Art and Literature. Brill.
    This volume contains essays dealing with complex relationships between Judaism and Christianity, taking a bold step, assuming that no historical period can be excluded from the interactive process between Judaism and Christianity, conscious or unconscious, as either rejection or appropriation.
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  24. Adil Shamoo & Jack Schwartz (2008). A Response to Commentators on “Universal and Uniform Protections of Human Subjects in Research”. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):1-1.
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  25. Jean-Luc Schwartz (2007). Phonology Grounded in Sensorimotor Speech: Elements of a Morphogenesis Theory. Interaction Studies 5:313-324.
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  26. Joseph M. Schwartz (2007). From Domestic to Global Solidarity: The Dialectic of the Particular and Universal in the Building of Social Solidarity. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):131–147.
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  27. Adil E. Shamoo & Jack Schwartz (2007). Universal and Uniform Protections of Human Subjects in Research. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):7 – 9.
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  28. Jeffrey H. Schwartz & Bruno Maresca (2006). Do Molecular Clocks Run at All? A Critique of Molecular Systematics. Biological Theory 1 (4):357-371.
    Although molecular systematists may use the terminology of cladism, claiming that the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships is based on shared derived states , the latter is not the case. Rather, molecular systematics is based on the assumption, first clearly articulated by Zuckerkandl and Pauling , that degree of overall similarity reflects degree of relatedness. This assumption derives from interpreting molecular similarity between taxa in the context of a Darwinian model of continual and gradual change. Review of the history of molecular (...)
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  29. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2006). Decisions, Decisions: Why Thomas Hunt Morgan Was Not the "Father" of Evo-Devo. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):918-929.
    Although the construction of neo-Darwinism grew out of Thomas Hunt Morgan's melding of Darwinism and Mendelism, his evidence did not soley support a model of gradual change. To the contrary, he was confronted with observations that could have led him to a more "evo-devo" understanding of the emergence of novel features. Indeed, since Morgan was an embryologist before he became a fruit-fly geneticist, one would have predicted that the combination of these two lines of research would have resulted in early (...)
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  30. Joel S. Schwartz (2006). Three Unpublished Letters to Charles Darwin: The Solution to a 'Geometrico-Geological' Problem. Annals of Science 37 (6):631-637.
    (1980). Three unpublished letters to Charles Darwin: the solution to a ‘geometrico-geological’ problem. Annals of Science: Vol. 37, No. 6, pp. 631-637.
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  31. E. G. DeRenzo, P. Panzarella, S. Selinger & J. Schwartz (2005). Emancipation, Capacity, and the Difference Between Law and Ethics. Journal of Clinical Ethics 16 (2):144.
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  32. Jihène Serkhane, Jean-Luc Schwartz & Pierre Bessiere (2005). Building a Talking Baby Robot: A Contribution to the Study of Speech Acquisition and Evolution. Interaction Studies 6 (2):253-286.
  33. Christian Abry, Anne Vilain & Jean-Luc Schwartz (2004). Introduction: Vocalize to Localize? A Call for Better Crosstalk Between Auditory and Visual Communication Systems Researchers: From Meerkats to Humans. Interaction Studies 5 (3):313-325.
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  34. J. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard (2004). The Volitional Influence of the Mind on the Brain, with Special Reference to Emotional Self-Regulation. Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. In Mario Beauregard (ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins
  35. Jean-Luc Schwartz, Frédéric Berthommier & Christophe Savariaux (2004). Seeing to Hear Better: Evidence for Early Audio-Visual Interactions in Speech Identification. Cognition 93 (2):69-78.
    Lip reading is the ability to partially understand speech by looking at the speaker's lips. It improves the intelligibility of speech in noise when audio-visual perception is compared with audio-only perception. A recent set of experiments showed that seeing the speaker's lips also enhances sensitivity to acoustic information, decreasing the auditory detection threshold of speech embedded in noise [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109 (2001) 2272; J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (2000) 1197]. However, detection is different from comprehension, and it remains (...)
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  36. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2004). Trying to Make Chimpanzees Into Humans. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):271 - 277.
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  37. Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard (2004). The Volitional Influence of the Mind on the Brain, with Special Reference to Emotional Self-Regulation. In Mario Beauregard (ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins 195-238.
  38. Joel Schwartz, Howard J. Shatz & Andrew Paterson (2004). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (4):114-125.
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  39. Joseph Schwartz (2004). Is the Problem of Consciousness a Non-Problem? British Journal of Psychotherapy 21 (1):131-138.
     
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  40. Joseph M. Schwartz (2004). Misreading Islamist Terrorism: The "War Against Terrorism" and Just-War Theory. Metaphilosophy 35 (3):273-302.
    : The Bush administration's military war on terrorism is a blunt, ineffective, and unjust response to the threat posed to innocent civilians by terrorism. Decentralized terrorist networks can only be effectively fought by international cooperation among police and intelligence agencies representing diverse nation‐states, including ones with predominantly Islamic populations. The Bush administration's allegations of a global Islamist terrorist threat to the national interests of the United States misread the decentralized and complex nature of Islamist politics. Undoubtedly there exists a “combat (...)
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  41. Christian Abry, Marc Sato, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Hélène Loevenbruck & Marie-Agnès Cathiard (2003). Attention-Based Maintenance of Speech Forms in Memory: The Case of Verbal Transformations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):728-729.
    One of the fundamental questions raised by Ruchkin, Grafman, Cameron, and Berndt's (Ruchkin et al.'s) interpretation of no distinct specialized neural networks for short-term storage buffers and long-term memory systems, is that of the link between perception and memory processes. In this framework, we take the opportunity in this commentary to discuss a specific working memory task involving percept formation, temporary retention, auditory imagery, and the attention-based maintenance of information, that is, the verbal transformation effect.
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  42. Joan M. Schwartz & James Ryan (2003). Picturing Place Photography and the Geographical Imagination. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  43. J. Schwartz (2002). Paul Rabinow, French DNA: Trouble in Purgatory. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (2):319-319.
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  44. J. H. Schwartz (2002). Adaptation and Evolution. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):505-518.
     
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  45. James Schwartz (2002). Population Genetics and Sociobiology: Conflicting Views of Evolution. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):224-240.
  46. Jeffrey Schwartz (2002). Essay Review: What is Evolution and Can We Decipher It? History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (1):91-108.
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  47. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2002). What is Evolution and Can We Decipher It? [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (1):91 - 108.
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  48. Evan DeRenzo, Henry Silverman, Diane Hoffmann, Jack Schwartz & Janicemarie Vinicky (2001). Maryland's Ethics Committee Legislation — a Leading Edge Model or a Step Into the Abyss? HEC Forum 13 (1):49-58.
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  49. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2001). Adaption and Evolution. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):505 - 517.
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  50. Jeffrey H. Schwartz (2001). A Review of the Systematics and Taxonomy of Hominoidea.(México). [REVIEW] Ludus Vitalis 11 (15):15-46.
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