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Jorn Sonderholm [15]J. Sonderholm [5]
  1. J. Sonderholm (2013). World Poverty, Positive Duties, and the Overdemandingness Objection. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (3):308-327.
    One objection that has been consistently raised for theorists who are committed to the idea that we have a positive duty to aid the global poor is the overdemandingness objection. This article is a critical discussion of this objection. First, the objection is laid out in some detail. A number of influential attempts to meet the overdemandingness objection are then discussed, and it is argued that they all fail in their intended purpose. The conclusion of the article is not that (...)
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  2. Jorn Sonderholm (2013). Unreliable Intuitions: A New Reply to the Moral Twin-Earth Argument. Theoria 79 (1):76-88.
    This article is concerned with Mark Timmons and Terence Horgan's influential twin-earth argument against the semantic views of that school of thought in metaethics that has come to be known as “Cornell realism”. The semantic views of Cornell realism have been developed in greatest detail by Richard Boyd, and it is Boyd's view that is targeted by Timmons and Horgan. In the first part of the article, the twin-earth argument is introduced and two versions of it are disentangled. Thereafter, a (...)
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  3. Varun Gauri & Jorn Sonderholm (2012). Global Poverty: Four Normative Positions. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):193-213.
    Global poverty is a huge problem in today's world. This survey article seeks to be a first guide to those who are interested in, but relatively unfamiliar with, the main issues, positions and arguments in the contemporary philosophical discussion of global poverty. The article attempts to give an overview of four distinct and influential normative positions on global poverty. Moreover, it seeks to clarify, and put into perspective, some of the key concepts and issues that take center stage in the (...)
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  4. Jorn Sonderholm (2012). Thomas Pogge on Global Justice and World Poverty: A Review Essay. Analytic Philosophy 53 (4):366-391.
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  5. J. Sonderholm (2011). Advance Monopoly Commitment? Public Health Ethics 4 (3):297-302.
    This article is a critical discussion of the Advance Market Commitment (AMC) proposal for how to incentivize research and development of drugs for neglected diseases. The main claim of the article is that the ‘winner-takes-all’ problem that mars a simple prize proposal for how to incentivize research and development of drugs for neglected diseases also tarnishes the AMC proposal. The conclusion of the article is that the AMC proposal should be rejected as an incentivizing scheme for research and development of (...)
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  6. Jorn Sonderholm (2011). Exaggerating the Importance of Diachronic Base Property Exemplification in Moral Supervenience. Metaphysica 12 (1):45-50.
    Jeff Wisdom has recently defended the proposition that any view of moral supervenience worth its salt must incorporate a diachronic view of base property exemplification. Let us call the proposition defended by Wisdom p. In this paper, I try to show that Wisdom has offered no good reasons for accepting p. My argumentative strategy proceeds along two separate tracks. First, I try to show that the thought experiment Wisdom employs in order to underwrite p does not offer the intended support (...)
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  7. Jorn Sonderholm (2011). On the Moral Significance of Contribution to Poverty. Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):315-319.
    In a paper from 2005, Gerhard Overland defends the thesis that one's responsibility to render assistance is not affected by having contributed to the situation by causing harm. Overland applies this thesis to the issue of what duties relatively well-off people have in terms of rendering assistance to the global poor and argues for the sub-conclusion that contribution carries little momentum when assessing our duty to assist people in severe need if we can do so at a little cost. In (...)
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  8. Jorn Sonderholm (2011). Review of Deirdre Golash (Ed.), Freedom of Expression in a Diverse World. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (1).
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  9. Jorn Sonderholm (2011). World Poverty and Not Respecting Individual Freedom Enough. Journal of Philosophical Research 36:209-218.
    Nicole Hassoun has recently defended the view that the relatively affluent members of the world’s population are, prima facie, obligated to ensure that the global institutional system enables all people to meet their basic needs. This paper is a critical discussion of Hassoun’s argument in favor of this view. Hassoun’s argument is first presented. In sections three and four, I try to bring out a number of formal and informal problems with the argument. Section five discusses a number of possible (...)
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  10. J. Sonderholm (2010). A Reform Proposal in Need of Reform: A Critique of Thomas Pogge's Proposal for How to Incentivize Research and Development of Essential Drugs. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):167-177.
    In two recent essays, Thomas Pogge addresses the question of how research and development of essential drugs should be incentivized. Essential drugs are drugs for diseases that ruin human lives. The current incentivizing scheme for such drugs is, according to Pogge, a significant causal factor in bringing about a state of affairs in which millions of people die or suffer from lack of access to essential drugs. Pogge, therefore, suggests a reform plan for how to incentivize research and development of (...)
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  11. J. Sonderholm (2010). A Theoretical Flaw in the Advance Market Commitment Idea. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6):339-343.
    Infectious and parasitic diseases cause massive health problems in the developing world. Research and development of drugs for diseases that mainly affect poor people in developing countries is limited. The advance market commitment (AMC) idea is an incentivising mechanism for research and development of drugs for neglected diseases. Discussion of the AMC idea is of renewed interest given the launch in June 2009 of the first AMC. This pilot AMC is designed to, among other things, test the idea for potential (...)
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  12. Jorn Sonderholm (2010). Ethical Issues Surrounding Intellectual Property Rights. Philosophy Compass 5 (12):1107-1115.
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  13. J. Sonderholm (2009). Paying a High Price for Low Costs: Why There Should Be No Legal Constraints on the Profits That Can Be Made on Drugs for Tropical Diseases. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (5):315-319.
    This paper deals with the question of how to price drugs for tropical diseases. The thesis defended in the paper is: (i) there should be no legal constraints on the profits pharmaceutical companies can make on their products for tropical diseases. In essence, (i) expresses the idea that drugs for tropical diseases should be treated as any other product on the free market and that the producers of these drugs should be allowed to sell their products at whatever price the (...)
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  14. Jorn Sonderholm (2009). In Defence of Priority Review Vouchers. Bioethics 23 (7):413-420.
    Infectious and parasitic diseases cause enormous health problems in the developing world whereas they leave the developed one relatively unscathed. Research and development (R&D) of drugs for diseases that mainly affect people in developing countries is limited. The problem that relatively few drugs are available for diseases that cause an enormous burden of disease in the developing world is called the 'availability problem'. In recent years, the availability problem has received quite a bit of attention. A number of proposals have (...)
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  15. Jorn Sonderholm (2009). Wild-Card Patent Extensions as a Means to Incentivize Research and Development of Antibiotics. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):240-246.
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  16. Jorn Sonderholm (2008). Does Blackburn's Expressivism Have a Problem with Respect to Supervenience? A Reply to Wright and Zangwill. Metaphysica 10 (1):89-95.
    This paper is concerned with the expressivist account of moral supervenience that Simon Blackburn has offered. First, the account is presented, and an objection to it is thereafter discussed. In short, the objection is that the supervenience constraint in moral discourse is mysterious, given that no similar constraint governs speech and thought in other areas of discourse that seem to be prime candidates for an expressivist analysis. The conclusion of the paper is that this objection can be fended off.
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  17. Jorn Sonderholm (2008). Having Fun with the Periodic Table: A Counterexample to Rea's Definition of Pornography. Philosophia 36 (2):233-236.
    In a paper from 2001, Michael C. Rea considers the question of what pornography is. First, he examines a number of existing definitions of ‘pornography’ and after having rejected them all, he goes on to present his own preferred definition. In this short paper, I suggest a counterexample to Rea’s definition. In particular, I suggest that there is something that, on the one hand, is pornography according to Rea’s definition, but, on the other hand, is not something that we would (...)
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  18. Jorn Sonderholm (2008). Why Supervenience is a Problem for Brink's Version of Moral Realism. Journal of Philosophical Research 33:203-213.
    The aim of this paper is to show that David Brink’s influential version of moral realism cannot give a convincing explanation of moral supervenience. Section twocontains an outline and discussion of Brink’s view of moral properties. Section three explicates Brink’s notions of strong and weak supervenience. In sections four and five, Brink’s explanation of moral supervenience is discussed. It is argued that his functionalist view of moral properties means that the explanation of moral supervenience that he explicitly offers is not (...)
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  19. Jorn Sonderholm (2007). A Logical Response to Blackburn's Supervenience Argument. SATS 8 (1):178-185.
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  20. Jorn Sonderholm (2005). Why an Expressivist Should Not Commit to Commitment-Semantics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):403–409.
    This paper deals with an aspect of the commitment-theoretic account of evaluative compounds that Simon Blackburn has recently offered. The main point of the paper is that the special account of disjunction is flawed because it fails to validate certain very simple patterns of inference. This point is brought out by considering two examples. A reply on behalf of Blackburn is considered, but it is shown that this reply is defective because it makes use of an unacceptable inference-rule. In the (...)
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