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Profile: Johanna Wolff (Stanford University)
Profile: Johanna Wolff (University of Puget Sound)
Profile: Jo Wolff (University College London, University College London)
Profile: Johanna Wolff (University of Hong Kong)
  1. Jonathan Wolff, Economism.
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  2. Jonathan Wolff & Disadvantage, Avner de-Shalit.
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  3. Jonathan Wolff, Dept of Philosophy UCL.
    The regulation of drugs presents a challenge for liberalism: how can punishing a person for an action that harms only himself or herself be justified? For public policy a related difficulty is to justify the differential treatment of drugs and alcohol. Philosophical arguments suggest that current regulations are unjustified, and that some currently illegal drugs should be treated no more harshly than alcohol. However, such arguments make little or no impact in public policy discussions. This generates a further problem: to (...)
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  4. Jonathan Wolff, Dept of Philosophy.
    One important argument for the free market is that of the ‘invisible hand’ or ‘private vices, public virtues’. That is, individual profit-seeking behaviour by suppliers will lead to better quality, lower priced goods for consumers than could be achieved by other means. Where this is so the market may be to the benefit of all, including the worst off. However, reflection on a range of cases – including what is here called the Titanic Puzzle, introduced by Thomas Schelling - shows (...)
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  5. Jonathan Wolff, The Ethics of Competition.
    Exchange is one thing, economic competition another. Exchange is possible without competition; and economic competition (of sorts) is possible without exchange. Put exchange and competition together and, roughly, you get the free market. There are many philosophical discussions of the free market; a sizeable number about free exchange; but - - aside from in the context of consequentialist defences of the market - - who this century has had much to say about economic competition?
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  6. Jonathan Wolff, Philosophical Argument and Public Policy.
    The regulation of drugs presents a challenge for liberalism: how can punishing a person for an action that harms only himself or herself be justified? For public policy a related difficulty is to justify the differential treatment of drugs and alcohol. Philosophical arguments suggest that current regulations are unjustified, and that some currently illegal drugs should be treated no more harshly than alcohol. However, such arguments make little or no impact in public policy discussions. This generates a further problem: to (...)
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  7. S. W. Orr & J. Wolff (forthcoming). Reconciling Cost-Effectiveness with the Rule of Rescue: The Institutional Division of Moral Labour. Theory and Decision: An International Journal for Multidisciplinary Advances in Decision Sciences.
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  8. Johanna Wolff (forthcoming). Are Conservation Laws Metaphysically Necessary? Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):898-906.
    Are laws of nature necessary, and if so, are all laws of nature necessary in the same way? This question has played an important role in recent discussion of laws of nature. I argue that not all laws of nature are necessary in the same way: conservation laws are perhaps to be regarded as metaphysically necessary. This sheds light on both the modal character of conservation laws and the relationship between different varieties of necessity.
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  9. Johanna Wolff (2014). Heisenberg's Observability Principle. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 45:19-26.
    Werner Heisenberg's 1925 paper ‘Quantum-theoretical re-interpretation of kinematic and mechanical relations’ marks the beginning of quantum mechanics. Heisenberg famously claims that the paper is based on the idea that the new quantum mechanics should be ‘founded exclusively upon relationships between quantities which in principle are observable’. My paper is an attempt to understand this observability principle, and to see whether its employment is philosophically defensible. Against interpretations of ‘observability’ along empiricist or positivist lines I argue that such readings are philosophically (...)
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  10. M. W. F. Stone & Jonathan Wolff (eds.) (2013). Proper Ambition of Science. Routledge.
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  11. J. Wolff & G. A. Cohen, Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy.
    However, throughout his career he regularly lectured on a wide range of moral and political philosophers of the past. This volume collects these previously unpublished lectures.
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  12. Jonathan Wolff (2013). Scanlon on Social and Material Inequality. Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):406-425.
  13. Jonci N. Wolff & Neil J. Gemmell (2013). Mitochondria, Maternal Inheritance, and Asymmetric Fitness: Why Males Die Younger. Bioessays 35 (2):93-99.
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  14. Madeleine Hayenhjelm & Jonathan Wolff (2012). The Moral Problem of Risk Impositions: A Survey of the Literature. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E1-E142.
    This paper surveys the current philosophical discussion of the ethics of risk imposition, placing it in the context of relevant work in psychology, economics and social theory. The central philosophical problem starts from the observation that it is not practically possible to assign people individual rights not to be exposed to risk, as virtually all activity imposes some risk on others. This is the ‘problem of paralysis’. However, the obvious alternative theory that exposure to risk is justified when its total (...)
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  15. J. Wolff (2012). Do Objects Depend on Structures? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):607-625.
    Ontic structural realists hold that structure is all there is, or at least all there is fundamentally. This thesis has proved to be puzzling: What exactly does it say about the relationship between objects and structures? In this article, I look at different ways of articulating ontic structural realism in terms of the relation between structures and objects. I show that objects cannot be reduced to structure, and argue that ontological dependence cannot be used to establish strong forms of structural (...)
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  16. Jonathan Wolff (2012). Gerald Allen Cohen 1941-2009. Proceedings of the British Academy 172:49.
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  17. Jonathan Wolff (2012). The Demands of the Human Right to Health. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):217-237.
    The human right to health has been established in international law since 1976. However, philosophers have often regarded human rights doctrine as a marginal contribution to political philosophy, or have attempted to distinguish ‘human rights proper’ from ‘aspirations’, with the human right to health often considered as falling into the latter category. Here the human right to health is defended as an attractive approach to global health, and responses are offered to a series of criticisms concerning its demandingness.
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  18. Jonathan Wolff (2012). The World Gets in the Way. The Philosophers' Magazine 58:32-39.
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  19. Jonathan Wolff, Sarah Edwards, Sarah Richmond, Shepley Orr & Geraint Rees (2012). Evaluating Interventions in Health: A Reconciliatory Approach. Bioethics 26 (9):455-463.
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  20. Jonathan Wolff, Sarah Edwards, Sarah Richmond, O. R. R. Shepley & Geraint Rees (2012). Evaluating Interventions in Health: A Reconciliatory Approach. Bioethics 26 (9):455-463.
    Health-related Quality of Life measures have recently been attacked from two directions, both of which criticize the preference-based method of evaluating health states they typically incorporate. One attack, based on work by Daniel Kahneman and others, argues that ‘experience’ is a better basis for evaluation. The other, inspired by Amartya Sen, argues that ‘capability’ should be the guiding concept. In addition, opinion differs as to whether health evaluation measures are best derived from consultations with the general public, with patients, or (...)
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  21. Avner de-Shalit & Jonathan Wolff (2011). Of Responsibility1. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press. 216.
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  22. Avner de-Shalit & Jonathan Wolff (2011). The Apparent Asymmetry of Responsibility. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oup Oxford.
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  23. Shlomi Segall, Hillel Steiner, Zofia Stemplowska, Andrew Williams & Jo Wolff (2011). 8.1 The Concept of Agent Responsibility. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press.
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  24. Janet Wolff (2011). A 'Small, Limited World': Janina Bauman's Personal and Historical Stories. Thesis Eleven 107 (1):72-80.
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  25. Jonathan Wolff (2011). Equality. In George Klosko (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oup Oxford.
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  26. Jonathan Wolff (2011). Ethics and Public Policy: A Philosophical Inquiry. Routledge.
    Train crashes cause, on average, a handful of deaths each year in the UK. Technologies exist that would save the lives of some of those who die. Yet these technical innovations would cost hundreds of millions of pounds. Should we spend the money? How can we decide how to trade off life against financial cost? Such dilemmas make public policy is a battlefield of values, yet all too often we let technical experts decide the issues for us. Can philosophy help (...)
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  27. G. Wester & J. Wolff (2010). The Social Gradient in Health: How Fair Retirement Could Make a Difference. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):272-281.
    Social inequalities in health in the UK persist despite attempts to reduce them. We argue that work and pensions constitutes an area of intervention where there is potential to make change happen. We propose that workers who are exposed to significant health risks through their occupation should be allowed to draw their state pension earlier, based on a minimum number of years in the workforce. We model this proposal on similar policies in other European countries. In our modification, the pension (...)
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  28. Jonathan Wolff (2010). Fairness, Respect and the Egalitarian Ethos Revisited. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):335-350.
    This paper reconsiders some themes and arguments from my earlier paper “Fairness, Respect and the Egalitarian Ethos.” That work is often considered to be part of a cluster of papers attacking “luck egalitarianism” on the grounds that insisting on luck egalitarianism's standards of fairness undermines relations of mutual respect among citizens. While this is an accurate reading, the earlier paper did not make its motivations clear, and the current paper attempts to explain the reasons that led me to write the (...)
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  29. Jonathan Wolff (2010). Review of Gijs Van Donselaar, The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, Basic Income. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  30. A. Costello, M. Abbas, A. Allen, S. Ball, S. Bell, R. Bellamy, S. Friel, N. Groce, A. Johnson, M. Kett, M. Lee, C. Levy, M. Maslin, D. McCoy, B. McGuire, H. Montgomery, D. Napier, C. Pagel, J. Patel, J. Oliveira, N. Redclift, H. Rees, D. Rogger, J. Scott, J. Stephenson, J. Twigg, J. Wolff & C. Patterson, Managing the Health Effects of Climate.
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  31. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Disadvantage, Risk and the Social Determinants of Health. Public Health Ethics 2 (3):214-223.
    The paper describes a project in which the thesis of the social determinants of health is used in order to help identify groups that will be among the least advantaged members of society, when disadvantage is understood in terms of lack of genuine opportunity for secure functioning. The analysis is derived from the author's work with Avner de-Shalit in Disadvantage (Oxford University Press, 2007).
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  32. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Cognitive Disability in a Society of Equals. Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):402-415.
    This paper considers the range of possible policy options that are available if we wish to attempt to treat people with cognitive disabilities as equal members of society. It is suggested that the goal of policy should be allow each disabled person to establish a worthwhile place in the world and sets out four policy options: cash compensation, personal enhancement, status enhancement and targeted resource enhancement. The paper argues for the social policy of targeted resource enhancement for individuals with cognitive (...)
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  33. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Disability Among Equals. In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oup Oxford.
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  34. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Disability, Status Enhancement, Personal Enhancement and Resource Allocation. Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):49-68.
    It often appears that the most appropriate form of addressing disadvantage related to disability is through policies that can be called “status enhancements”: changes to the social, cultural and material environment so that the difficulties experienced by those with impairments are reduced, even eradicated. However, status enhancements can also have their limitations. This paper compares the relative merits of policies of status enhancement and “personal enhancement”: changes to the disabled person. It then takes up the question of how to assess (...)
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  35. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Global Justice and Norms of Co-Operation: The 'Layers of Justice' View. In Stephen De Wijze, Matthew H. Kramer & Ian Carter (eds.), Hillel Steiner and the Anatomy of Justice: Themes and Challenges. Routledge. 16--34.
    Theorists of global justice confront an apparent dilemma. If citizens in the developed world have duties of (socio-economic) justice to those elsewhere on the globe, then it is supposed that the duties must be very extensive indeed, requiring the same concern to be shown for everyone on earth. Those who deny that global obligations are as extensive as domestic obligations seem therefore to have to concede that any obligations beyond borders must be based on charity, rather than justice. The assumption (...)
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  36. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Rational, Fair, and Reasonable. Utilitas 8 (03):263-.
    There can be no doubt that Brian Barry has made an enormous contribution to the clarification of the ideas of justice current in contemporary political thought. In Barry’s Justice as Impartiality he explicitly distinguishes and sets in competition three models of justice: justice as mutual advantage; justice as reciprocity; and justice as impartiality (the ‘rational’, ‘fair’ and ‘reasonable’ of my title), and he argues that we should prefer the last of these. What I want to do here is to consider (...)
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  37. Jonathan Wolff (2008). Agonism, Pluralism, and Contemporary Capitalism: An Interview with William E. Connolly. Contemporary Political Theory 7 (2):200-219.
  38. Jonathan Wolff, Karl Marx. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Karl Marx (1818-1883) is best known not as a philosopher but as a revolutionary communist, whose works inspired the foundation of many communist regimes in the twentieth century. It is hard to think of many who have had as much influence in the creation of the modern world. Trained as a philosopher, Marx turned away from philosophy in his mid-twenties, towards economics and politics. However, in addition to his overtly philosophical early work, his later writings have many points of contact (...)
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  39. Jonathan Wolff (2008). Social Justice. In Catriona McKinnon (ed.), Issues in Political Theory. Oup Oxford.
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  40. J. Wolff & A. de-Shalit (2007). Disadvantage. OUP Oxford.
    What does it mean to be disadvantaged? Is it possible to compare different disadvantages? What should governments do to move their societies in the direction of equality, where equality is to be understood both in distributional and social terms? Linking rigorous analytical philosophical theory with broad empirical studies, including interviews conducted for the purpose of this book, Wolff and de-Shalit show how taking theory and practice together is essential if the theory is to be rich enough to be applied to (...)
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  41. Jonathan Wolff, Are There Moral Limits to the Market?
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  42. Jonathan Wolff, Disability in a Society of Equals.
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  43. Jonathan Wolff (2007). Equality: The Recent History of an Idea. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (1):125-136.
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  44. Jonathan Wolff, Health Risks and the People Who Bear Them.
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  45. Jonathan Wolff, Levelling Down.
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  46. Jonathan Wolff, Libertarianism, Utility and Economic Competition.
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  47. Jonathan Wolff, Mean, Mode and Median Utilitarianism.
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  48. Jonathan Wolff, Philosophy at University College London: Part 1: From Jeremy Bentham to the Second World War.
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  49. Jonathan Wolff (2007). Success and Stupor. The Philosophers' Magazine 39 (39):35-39.
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