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Profile: Jaap van Brakel (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
  1. Lin Ma & Jaap Van Brakel (forthcoming). Heidegger's Comportment Toward East-West Dialogue. Philosophy East and West.
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  2. Barbara Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (forthcoming). Kleur: Een exosomatisch orgaan? Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie.
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  3. Jaap Van Brakel (forthcoming). Epistemische deugden en hun verantwoording. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie.
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  4. Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel (2014). Heidegger's Thinking on the “Same” of Science and Technology. Continental Philosophy Review 47 (1):19-43.
    In this article, we trace and elucidate Heidegger’s radical re-thinking on the relation between science and technology from about 1940 until 1976. A range of passages from the Gesamtausgabe seem to articulate a reversal of the primacy of science and technology in claiming that “Science is applied technology.” After delving into Heidegger’s reflection on the being of science and technology and their “coordination,” we show that such a claim is essentially grounded in Heidegger’s idea that “Science and technology are the (...)
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  5. Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel (2014). Out of the Ge-Stell?: The Role of the East in Heidegger's Das Andere Denken. Philosophy East and West 64 (3):527-562.
    Modern technology (Technik, la technique) has constituted the gears on which the wheels of the modern world keep turning. The later Heidegger devotes sustained reflection to this unprecedented phenomenon in human history. It is notable that, compared with other figures from twentieth-century continental philosophy, Heidegger has served as the most frequent reference point in current philosophy of technology (Technikphilosophie). This field of philosophy came into being after the so-called empirical turn of “Science and Technology Studies.” While relevant scholars focus mainly (...)
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  6. Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel (2013). On the Conditions of Possibility for Comparative and Intercultural Philosophy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (3):297-312.
    In this essay, we present a theory of intercultural philosophical dialogue and comparative philosophy, drawing on both hermeneutics and analytic philosophy. We advocate the approach of “de-essentialization” across the board. It is true that similarities and differences are always to be observed across languages and traditions, but there exist no immutable cores or essences. “De-essentialization” applies to all “levels” of concepts: everyday notions such as green and qing 青, philosophical concepts such as emotion(s) and qing 情, and philosophical categories such (...)
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  7. Jaap Van Brakel (2005). First Contacts and the Common Behavior of Human Beings. International Studies in Philosophy 37 (4):105-135.
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  8. Jaap van Brakel (2005). On the Inventors of XYZ. Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):57-84.
    In this paper I try to make as much sense aspossible of, first, the extensive philosophicalliterature concerned with the status of `Wateris H2O' and, second, the implications ofPutnam's invention of Twin Earth, anotherpossible world stipulated to be just like Earth, except that water is XYZ, notH2O.
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  9. Jaap van Brakel (2005). Supervenience and Anomalous Monism. Dialectica 53 (1):3-24.
    In this paper I argue that the intuitions which made Davidson and Hare use the word "supervenience," were not the same as those which underlie current supervenience discussions. There are crucial differences between, on the one hand, the concerns of Davidson and Hare, as I interpret them, and "received" theories of supervenience on the other. I suggest the use of the term by Davidson and Hare lends support to turning the concept upside down by giving priority to the Manifest Image (...)
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  10. Lieven Decock & Jaap van Brakel (2003). Orange Laser Beams Are Not Illusory: The Need for a Plurality of “Real” Color Ontologies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):27-28.
    Reflectance physicalism only provides a partial picture of the ontology of color. Byrne & Hilbert’ account is unsatisfactory because the replacement of reflectance functions by productance functions is ad hoc, unclear, and only leads to new problems. Furthermore, the effects of color contrast and differences in illumination are not really taken seriously: Too many “real” colors are tacitly dismissed as illusory, and this for arbitrary reasons. We claim that there cannot be an all-embracing ontology for color.
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  11. B. A. C. Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (2002). The Trajectory of Color. Perspectives on Science 10 (3):302-355.
    : According to a consensus of psycho-physiological and philosophical theories, color sensations (or qualia) are generated in a cerebral "space" fed from photon-photoreceptor interaction (producing "metamers") in the retina of the eye. The resulting "space" has three dimensions: hue (or chroma), saturation (or "purity"), and brightness (lightness, value or intensity) and (in some versions) is further structured by primitive or landmark "colors"—usually four, or six (when white and black are added to red, yellow, green and blue). It has also been (...)
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  12. Barbara Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (eds.) (2002). Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color: Anthropological and Historiographic Perspectives. University Press of America.
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  13. Lieven Decock & Jaap van Brakel (2001). Which Colour Space(s) is Shepard Talking About? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):661-662.
    Contra Shepard we argue, first, that his presentation of a three-dimensional representational (psychological or phenomenal) colour space is at odds with many results in colour science, and, second, that there is insufficient evidence for Shepard's stronger claim that the three-dimensionality of colour perception has resulted from natural selection, moulded by the particulars of the solar spectrum and its variations. [Shepard].
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  14. Jaap van Brakel (2000). Modeling in Chemical Engineering. Hyle 6 (2):101 - 116.
    Models underlying the use of similarity considerations, dimensionless numbers, and dimensional analysis in chemical engineering are discussed. Special attention is given to the many levels at which models and ceteris paribus conditions play a role and to the modeling of initial and boundary conditions. It is shown that both the laws or dimensionless number correlations and the systems to which they apply are models. More generally, no matter which model or description one picks out, what is being modeled is itself (...)
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  15. Jaap Van Brakel (2000). The Nature of Chemical Substances. In Nalini Bhushan & Stuart Rosenfeld (eds.), Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  16. Jaap van Brakel (1999). Book Review: Janich, P. And N. Psarros (Eds.), "The Autonomy of Chemistry. 3rd Erlenmeyer-Colloquy for the Philosophy of Chemistry" (Wuerzburg 1998). [REVIEW] Hyle 5 (2):166 - 168.
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  17. Jaap van Brakel (1999). We. Ethical Perspectives 6 (3):268-276.
    Williams's comments raise the questions I'll here address: what sort of wes are there?, what goes with the 'we of science and logic'?, and what goes with the 'parochial us'? The quotations from Williams suggest that there are two wes, the contrastive and inclusive we.
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  18. Michael Walzer, Marc Hooghe, Bart Pattyn & Jaap van Brakel (1999). International Society: What is the Best We Can Do? The Multatuli Lecture 1999. Ethical Perspectives 6 (3-4):199-200.
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  19. Igor Douven & Jaap van Brakel (1998). Can the World Help Us in Fixing the Reference of Natural Kind Terms? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 29 (1):59-70.
    According to Putnam the reference of natural kind terms is fixed by the world, at least partly; whether two things belong to the same kind depends on whether they obey the same objective laws. We show that Putnam's criterion of substance identity only “works” if we read “objective laws” as “OBJECTIVE LAWS”. Moreover, at least some of the laws of some of the special sciences have to be included. But what we consider to be good special sciences and what not (...)
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  20. Jaap van Brakel (1996). Interdiscourse or Supervenience Relations: The Primacy of the Manifest Image. Synthese 106 (2):253-97.
    Amidst the progress being made in the various (sub-)disciplines of the behavioural and brain sciences a somewhat neglected subject is the problem of how everything fits into one world and, derivatively, how the relation between different levels of discourse should be understood and to what extent different levels, domains, approaches, or disciplines are autonomous or dependent. In this paper I critically review the most recent proposals to specify the nature of interdiscourse relations, focusing on the concept of supervenience. Ideally supervenience (...)
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  21. Jaap Van Brakel (1993). Eliminativisme Gereduceerd Tot Pragmatisme. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 85 (1):113-127.
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  22. Jaap Van Brakel (1993). The Plasticity of Categories: The Case of Colour. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (1):103-135.
    Probably colour is the best worked-out example of allegedly neurophysiologically innate response categories determining percepts and percepts determining concepts, and hence biology fixing the basic categories implicit in the use of language. In this paper I argue against this view and I take C. L. Hardin's Color for Philosophers [1988] as my main target. I start by undermining the view that four unique hues stand apart from all other colour shades (Section 2) and the confidence that the solar spectrum is (...)
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  23. Jaap van Brakel (1991). Meaning, Prototypes, and the Future of Cognitive Science. Minds and Machines 1 (3):233-57.
    In this paper I evaluate the soundness of the prototype paradigm, in particular its basic assumption that there are pan-human psychological essences or core meanings that refer to basic-level natural kinds, explaining why, on the whole, human communication and learning are successful. Instead I argue that there are no particular pan-human basic elements for thought, meaning and cognition, neither prototypes, nor otherwise. To illuminate my view I draw on examples from anthropology. More generally I argue that the prototype paradigm exemplifies (...)
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  24. Stan Janssens & Jaap Van Brakel (1990). Davidson's Omniscient Interpreter. Communication and Cognition 23 (1):93-99.
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  25. Jaap Van Brakel (1986). The Chemistry of Substances and the Philosophy of Mass Terms. Synthese 69 (3):291-324.
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