Search results for 'Jack S. Levy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jack S. Levy (2003). Applications of Prospect Theory to Political Science. Synthese 135 (2):215 - 241.score: 870.0
    Prospect theory is an alternative theory of choice under conditions of risk, and deviates from expected utility theory by positing that people evaluate choices with respect to gains and losses from a reference point. They tend to overweight losses with respect to comparable gains and engage in risk-averse behavior with respect to gains and risk-acceptant behavior with respect to losses. They also respond to probabilities in a non-linear manner. I begin with an overview of prospect theory and some of the (...)
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  2. Jack S. Levy (2007). Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals. Routledge.score: 870.0
    This edited volume focuses on the use of ?necessary condition counterfactuals? in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the ...
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  3. Neil Levy (2007). The Social: A Missing Term in the Debate Over Addiction and Voluntary Control. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):35 – 36.score: 420.0
    The author comments on the article “The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behavior,‘ by S. E. Hyman. Hyman’s article suggests that addicted individuals have impairments in cognitive control of behavior. The author agrees with Hyman’s view that addiction weakens the addict’s ability to align his actions with his judgments. The author states that neuroethics may focus on brains and highlight key aspects of behavior but we still risk missing explanatory elements. Accession Number: 24077912; Authors: Levy, Neil (...)
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  4. Sanford S. Levy (2009). Philippa Foot's Theory of Natural Goodness. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 14 (1).score: 420.0
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  5. Bernard S. Levy & George R. Adams (1967). Chauntecleer's Paradise Lost and Regained. Mediaeval Studies 29 (1):178-192.score: 420.0
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  6. Sanford S. Levy (1999). Thomas Reid's Defense of Conscience. History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (4):413 - 435.score: 420.0
  7. Ze'ev Levy (1986). S.H. Bergman on the Relation Between Philosophy and Religion. In Abraham Zvie Bar-On (ed.), On Shmuel Hugo Bergman's Philosophy. Distributed in the U.S.A. By Humanities Press. 115-134.score: 360.0
    The relations between philosophy, science and religion preoccupied S.H. Bergman for many years. He wanted to corroborate, by belief, a personal God to whom, and not only about whom, one can speak. This should follow from authentic religious experience, making it independent from philosophy. Furthermore, according to Bergman, religion can do what philosophical reasoning is incapable of doing since he considers belief to be stronger than knowledge. A criticalscrutiny of these assumptions involves some interesting implications concerning toleration, freedom-of-thought and dogmatism. (...)
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  8. Arnon Levy (2013). What Was Hodgkin and Huxley's Achievement? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axs043.score: 300.0
    The Hodgkin–Huxley (HH) model of the action potential is a theoretical pillar of modern neurobiology. In a number of recent publications, Carl Craver ([2006], [2007], [2008]) has argued that the model is explanatorily deficient because it does not reveal enough about underlying molecular mechanisms. I offer an alternative picture of the HH model, according to which it deliberately abstracts from molecular specifics. By doing so, the model explains whole-cell behaviour as the product of a mass of underlying low-level events. The (...)
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  9. Ken Levy (2009). On the Rationalist Solution to Gregory Kavka's Toxin Puzzle. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):267-289.score: 300.0
    Gregory Kavka's 'Toxin Puzzle' suggests that I cannot intend to perform a counter-preferential action A even if I have a strong self-interested reason to form this intention. The 'Rationalist Solution,' however, suggests that I can form this intention. For even though it is counter-preferential, A-ing is actually rational given that the intention behind it is rational. Two arguments are offered for this proposition that the rationality of the intention to A transfers to A-ing itself: the 'Self-Promise Argument' and David Gauthier's (...)
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  10. John Levy (2004/1970). The Nature of Man According to the Vedanta. Sentient Publications.score: 300.0
    You will find this book to be one of the finest expositions of non-dualist philosophy, John Levy--an English mystic, teacher, and artist--uses Advaita's...
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  11. Neil Levy (2005). Libet's Impossible Demand. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (12):67-76.score: 300.0
    Abstract : Libet’s famous experiments, showing that apparently we become aware of our intention to act only after we have unconsciously formed it, have widely been taken to show that there is no such thing as free will. If we are not conscious of the formation of our intentions, many people think, we do not exercise the right kind of control over them. I argue that the claim this view presupposes, that only consciously initiated actions could be free, places a (...)
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  12. David Levy & Eduardo Zamuner, The Architecture of Meaning: Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Formal Semantics.score: 300.0
    With a few notable exceptions formal semantics, as it originated from the seminal work of Richard Montague, Donald Davidson, Max Cresswell, David Lewis and others, in the late sixties and early seventies of the previous century, does not consider Wittgenstein as one of its ancestors. That honour is bestowed on Frege, Tarski, Carnap. And so it has been in later developments. Most introductions to the subject will refer to Frege and Tarski (Carnap less frequently) —in addition to the pioneers just (...)
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  13. Neil Levy (2011). Searle's Wager. AI and Society 26 (4):363-369.score: 300.0
    Nicholas Agar has recently argued that it would be irrational for future human beings to choose to radically enhance themselves by uploading their minds onto computers. Utilizing Searle’s argument that machines cannot think, he claims that uploading might entail death. He grants that Searle’s argument is controversial, but he claims, so long as there is a non-zero probability that uploading entails death, uploading is irrational. I argue that Agar’s argument, like Pascal’s wager on which it is modelled, fails, because the (...)
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  14. David K. Levy & Edoardo Zamuner (eds.) (2008). Wittgenstein's Enduring Arguments. Routledge.score: 300.0
    This outstanding collection explores Wittgenstein’s enduring place in twentieth century philosophy.
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  15. Neil Levy (forthcoming). Zimmerman's The Immorality of Punishment: A Critical Essay. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-10.score: 300.0
    In “The Immorality of Punishment”, Michael Zimmerman attempts to show that punishment is morally unjustified and therefore wrong. In this response, I focus on two main questions. First, I examine whether Zimmerman’s empirical claims—concerning our inability to identify wrongdoers who satisfy conditions on blameworthiness and who might be reformed through punishment, and the comparative efficacy of punitive and non-punitive responses to crime—stand up to scrutiny. Second, I argue that his crucial argument from luck depends on claims about counterfactuals that ought (...)
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  16. Donald Levy (1988). Gr Nbaum's Freud. Inquiry 31 (2):193 – 215.score: 300.0
    Grünbaum characterizes the foundations of psychoanalysis as consisting primarily of two assertions ? (1) only psychoanalysis can give correct insight into the unconscious causes of neurosis, and (2) only such correct insight can cure neurosis. Grünbaum infers from these that therapeutic success is the only evidence of the correctness of psychoanalytic theories. It is obvious that the two passages in Freud on which Grünbaum relies do not justify his interpretation. Furthermore, Freud thought of therapeutic success as by no means the (...)
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  17. Lior Levy (2013). Reflection, Memory and Selfhood in Jean-Paul Sartre's Early Philosophy. Sartre Studies International 19 (2):97-111.score: 300.0
    The article advances an interpretation of the self as an imaginary object. Focusing on the relationship between selfhood and memory in Sartre's The Transcendence of the Ego , I argue that Sartre offers useful resources for thinking about the self in terms of narratives. Against interpretations that hold that the ego misrepresents consciousness or distorts it, I argue that the constitution of the ego marks a radical transformation of the conscious field. To prove this point, I turn to the role (...)
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  18. Sanford S. Levy (1997). Utilitarian Alternatives to Act Utilitarianism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (1):93–112.score: 300.0
    One problem for any utilitarian alternative to act utilitarianism, such as rule utilitarianism, is the feeling that act utilitarianism is the most natural form of utilitarianism. Other forms seem unmotivated, inconsistent, or irrational. This argument is found in Smart, Foot and Slote. It turns on the assumption that utilitarianism must be motivated by the "teleological motivation," the idea that one must derive one's entire moral theory from the notion of the good. I respond that act utilitarianism itself has a problem (...)
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  19. Steven Levy, Lawrence Lessig's Supreme Showdown.score: 300.0
    What's left of a dream is stored at the Stanford Law School library in 12 fat green loose-leaf binders and several legal boxes of supporting documents and briefs. They chronicle the 54 days that Lawrence Lessig, the Elvis of cyberlaw, helped Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson with the mother of all tech litigation: Department of Justice v. Microsoft. It was to be Lessig's greatest moment.
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  20. Sanford S. Levy (1985). Richard McCormick and Proportionate Reason. Journal of Religious Ethics 13 (2):258 - 278.score: 300.0
    In response to criticisms of his "Ambiguity in Moral Choice", Richard McCormick developed, in "Commentary on the Commentaries," an alternative view on proportionate reason. I interpret McCormick's view in terms of what I call "the undermining principle," "the theory of associated goods," "the necessity principle," and "the liberty principle." I argue that the first two are the heart of the theory and link McCormick's view to that of Peter Knauer. I then show that McCormick's view suffers from several problems, including (...)
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  21. Stephen H. Levy (1986). Peirce's Ordinal Conception of Number. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22 (1):23 - 42.score: 300.0
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  22. S. Wendell-Waechtler & E. Levy (1975). More Philosophical Aspects of Molecular Biology. Philosophy of Science 42 (2):180-186.score: 280.0
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  23. E. Kelman, R. S. Levy & Y. Levy (2001). Optimization of Solutions for the One Plant Protection Problem. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1).score: 280.0
    Plant protection problems are simulated by a system of ordinary differential equations with given initial conditions. The sensitivity and resistance of pathogen subpopulations to fungicide mixtures, fungicide weathering, plant growth, etc. are taken into consideration. The system of equations is solved numerically for each set of initial conditions and parameters of the disease and fungicide applications. Optimization algorithms were investigated and a computer program was developed for optimization of these solutions. 14 typical cases of the disease were simulated and optimized (...)
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  24. S. Ransdell & Cm Levy (1990). Writing as Process and Product-the Impact of Tool, Genre, and Audience Knowledge. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):495-495.score: 280.0
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  25. Edoardo Zamuner, David K. Levy & Valentina di Lascio (2007). Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Lecture on Ethics. Introduction, Interpretation and Complete Text. Quodlibet.score: 240.0
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  26. Neil Levy (2002). Reconsidering Cochlear Implants: The Lessons of Martha's Vineyard. Bioethics 16 (2):134–153.score: 240.0
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  27. Neil Levy (2010). Introduction: Appiah's Experiments in Ethics. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 3 (3):197-200.score: 240.0
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  28. Neil Levy (2007). Agents and Mechanisms: Fischer's Way. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):123–130.score: 240.0
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  29. Solomon E. Levy (1952). On the Tautologous Nature of Stevenson's Distinction Between Disagreement in Belief and Disagreement in Attitude. Journal of Philosophy 49 (6):177-191.score: 240.0
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  30. Sanford S. Levy (1986). The Principle of Double Effect. Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (1):29-40.score: 240.0
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  31. Azriel Lévy (1959). On Ackermann's Set Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):154-166.score: 240.0
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  32. John Bacon, Alan R. White, M. Glouberman, Lawrence H. Davis, Gershon Weiler, Michael Ruse, Jeffrey Bub, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Yehuda Melzer, Zeev Levy, S. Biderman, Joseph Raz & Irwin C. Lieb (1975). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 5 (3):319-384.score: 240.0
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  33. Roger T. Ames, Peter D. Hershock, Andrew Bailey, Samantha Brennan, Will Kymlicka, Jacob Levy, Alex Sager & Clark Wolf (2008). Bonner, Anthony. The Art and Logic of Ramon Llull: A User's Guide. Studien Und Texte Zur Geistesge-Schichte des Mittelalters, 95. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2007. Pp. Xx+ 333. Cloth, $150.00. Boros, Gábor, Herman De Dijn, and Martin Moors, Editors. The Concept of Love in 17th and 18th Century Philosophy. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2007. Pp. 269. Paper,€ 35.50. Boulnois, Olivier. Au-Delà de l'Image, Une Archéologie du Visual au Moyen Âge, Ve-XVIe Siècle. Paris: Des. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (4):653-56.score: 240.0
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  34. Carlos Lévy (2009). From Politics to Philosophy and Theology: Some Remarks About Foucault's Interpretation of Parrêsia in Two Recently Published Seminars. Philosophy and Rhetoric 42 (4):pp. 313-325.score: 240.0
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  35. Sanford S. Levy (1994). The Coherence of Two-Level Utilitarianism: Hare Vs. Williams. Utilitas 6 (02):301-.score: 240.0
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  36. Sanford S. Levy (1987). Paul Ramsey and the Rule of Double Effect. Journal of Religious Ethics 15 (1):59 - 71.score: 240.0
    Paul Ramsey has argued that the rule of double effect is morally significant because of the existence of indeterminate choices between incommensurable values. I interpret his argument as the following disjunctive syllogism. There are two sorts of principles we can appeal to in dealing with indeterminate choices: the rule of double effect and a commensurate reason principle. The second does not work, so we are left with the first. I respond, first, that this argument commits the fallacy of bifurcation and (...)
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  37. Stephen H. Levy (1991). Charles S. Peirce's Theory of Infinitesimals. International Philosophical Quarterly 31 (2):127-140.score: 240.0
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  38. Neil Levy (1998). History as Struggle: Foucault's Genealogy of Genealogy. History of the Human Sciences 11 (4):159-170.score: 240.0
  39. Sanford S. Levy (2003). The Biophilia Hypothesis and Anthropocentric Environmentalism. Environmental Ethics 25 (3):227-246.score: 240.0
    Much anthropocentric environmental argument is limited by a narrow conception of how humans can benefit from nature. E. O. Wilson defends a more robust anthropocentric environmentalism based on a broader understanding of these benefits. At the center of his argument is the biophilia hypothesis according to which humans have an evolutionarily crafted, aesthetic and spiritual affinity for nature. However,the “biophilia hypothesis” covers a variety of claims, some modest and some more extreme. Insofar as we have significant evidence for biophilia, it (...)
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  40. Neil Levy (2013). Are We Agents at All? Helen Steward's Agency Incompatibilism. Inquiry 56 (4):1-14.score: 240.0
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  41. Sanford S. Levy (2003). A Limit on Intuitionistic Methods of Moral Reasoning. Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):463-470.score: 240.0
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  42. Joelyn Knopf Levy (1999). Jehovah's Witnesses, Pregnancy, and Blood Transfusions: A Paradigm for the Autonomy Rights of All Pregnant Women. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (2):171-189.score: 240.0
  43. Neil Levy (2007). Review: Agents and Mechanisms: Fischer's Way. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):123 - 130.score: 240.0
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  44. A. Costello, M. Abbas, A. Allen, S. Ball, S. Bell, R. Bellamy, S. Friel, N. Groce, A. Johnson, M. Kett, M. Lee, C. Levy, M. Maslin, D. McCoy, B. McGuire, H. Montgomery, D. Napier, C. Pagel, J. Patel, J. Oliveira, N. Redclift, H. Rees, D. Rogger, J. Scott, J. Stephenson, J. Twigg, J. Wolff & C. Patterson, Managing the Health Effects of Climate.score: 240.0
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  45. Ian Christopher Levy (2003). John Wyclif's Neoplatonic View of Scripture in its Christological Context. Medieval Philosophy and Theology 11 (02):227-240.score: 240.0
  46. Robert Levy (1999). Lawrence BonJour's in Defense of Pure Reason. Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (2):123-126.score: 240.0
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  47. S. Levy (forthcoming). Pot Poisons Public Lands. Bioscience.score: 240.0
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  48. Ronald Levy (1952). Peirce's Theory of Learning. Educational Theory 2 (3):151-176.score: 240.0
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  49. Paul S. Levy (2001). Statistics on the Table: The History of Statistical Concepts and Methods (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):142-146.score: 240.0
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  50. Azriel Levy (1988). Alfred Tarski's Work in Set Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (1):2-6.score: 240.0
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