Search results for 'Jacob Affolter' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Jacob Dennis Affolter (University of Kentucky)
  1. Jacob Affolter (2007). Human Nature as God's Purpose. Religious Studies 43 (4):443-455.score: 120.0
    This article responds to one of Thaddeus Metz's criticisms of the theory that the meaning of life is to fulfil a purpose assigned by God. In particular, it addresses the argument that only an atemporal God could ground meaning but that an atemporal God could not assign a purpose. In order to do this, the article first argues that Metz's criticisms misread the relevant sense of purpose. It then argues that on a more plausible reading of 'purpose', we can see (...)
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  2. Jacob Affolter (2013). Fighting Discrimination with Discrimination: Public Universities and the Rights of Dissenting Students. Ratio Juris 26 (2):235-261.score: 120.0
    This article discusses recent legal conflicts between state universities and conservative religious students in the United States, focusing on Christian Legal Society v. Martinez. In recent years, several universities have denied recognition to religious student organizations that discriminate on the basis of religion or sexual orientation. I argue that scholars on both sides of the issue have failed to recognize the full scope of the privilege that the universities demand. If the courts accept the universities' demands, then the courts dangerously (...)
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  3. Florian Cova, Emmanuel Dupoux & Pierre Jacob (2010). Moral Evaluation Shapes Linguistic Reports of Others' Psychological States, Not Theory-of-Mind Judgments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):334-335.score: 30.0
    We use psychological concepts (e.g., intention and desire) when we ascribe psychological states to others for purposes of describing, explaining, and predicting their actions. Does the evidence reported by Knobe show, as he thinks, that moral evaluation shapes our mastery of psychological concepts? We argue that the evidence so far shows instead that moral evaluation shapes the way we report, not the way we think about, others' psychological states.
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  4. Pierre Jacob (2008). What Do Mirror Neurons Contribute to Human Social Cognition? Mind and Language 23 (2):190–223.score: 30.0
    According to an influential view, one function of mirror neurons (MNs), first discovered in the brain of monkeys, is to underlie third-person mindreading. This view relies on two assumptions: the activity of MNs in an observer’s brain matches (simulates or resonates with) that of MNs in an agent’s brain and this resonance process retrodictively generates a representation of the agent’s intention from a perception of her movement. In this paper, I criticize both assumptions and I argue instead that the activity (...)
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  5. Pierre Jacob (2006). Why Visual Experience is Likely to Resist Being Enacted. Psyche 12 (1).score: 30.0
    Alva Noë’s version of the enactive conception in _Action in Perception_ is an important contribution to the study of visual perception. First, I argue, however, that it is unclear (at best) whether, as the enactivists claim, work on change blindness supports the denial of the existence of detailed visual representations. Second, I elaborate on what Noë calls the ‘puzzle of perceptual presence’. Thirdly, I question the enactivist account of perceptual constancy. Finally, I draw attention to the tensions between enactivism and (...)
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  6. Pierre Jacob (1998). What is the Phenomenology of Thought? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):443-448.score: 30.0
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  7. Pierre Jacob (2005). Grasping and Perceiving Objects. In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 241--283.score: 30.0
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  8. Pierre Jacob (1995). Consciousness, Intentionality, and Function: What is the Right Order of Explanation? Philosophy And Phenomenological Research 55 (1):195-200.score: 30.0
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  9. Pierre Jacob (2002). Can Mental Content Explain Behavior? In Languages of the Brain.score: 30.0
  10. Alexander Jacob (2005). Ātman: A Reconstruction of the Solar Cosmology of the Indo-Europeans. Olms.score: 30.0
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  11. Pierre Jacob, Intentionality. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    Intentionality is the power of minds to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs. The puzzles of intentionality lie at the interface between the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. The word itself, which is of medieval Scholastic origin, was rehabilitated by the philosopher Franz Brentano towards the end of the nineteenth century. ‘Intentionality’ is a philosopher's word. It derives from the Latin word intentio, which in turn derives from the verb (...)
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  12. Pierre Jacob, Frege's Puzzle and Belief Ascriptions.score: 30.0
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  13. Pierre Jacob (2004). Do We Know How We Know Our Own Minds Yet? In Richard Schantz (ed.), The Externalist Challenge. De Gruyter.score: 30.0
  14. Pierre Jacob & Marc Jeannerod (2007). Precis of Ways of Seeing. Dialogue 46 (2):335-340.score: 30.0
    This is a summary of the book Ways of Seing co-authord witth Marc Jeannerod and published by Oxford University Press in 2003.
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  15. Pierre Jacob, Do We Know How We Know Our Own Minds Yet?score: 30.0
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  16. Pierre Jacob (2001). Is Self-Knowledge Compatible with Externalism? Mind and Society 2 (1):59-75.score: 30.0
    Externalism is the view that the contents of many of a person’s propositional attitudes and perhaps sensory experiences are extrinsic properties of the person’s brain: they involve relations between the person’s brain and properties instantiated in his or her present or past environment. Privileged self-knowledge is the view that every human being is able to know directly or non-inferentially, in a way unavailable to anybody else, what he or she thinks or experiences. Now, if what I think (or experience) is (...)
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  17. Pierre Jacob (2002). Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648-654.score: 30.0
  18. Pierre Jacob (2000). Can Selection Explain Content? In Bernard Elevitch (ed.), Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume 9. Philosophy Doc Ctr. 91-102.score: 30.0
    There are presently three broad approaches the project of naturalizing intentionality: a purely informational approach (Dretske and Fodor), a purely teleological approach (Millikan and Papineau), and a mixed informationally-based teleological approach (Dretske again). I will argue that the last teleosemantic theory offers the most promising approach. I also think, however, that the most explicit version of a pure teleosemantic theory of content, namely Millikan’s admirable theory, faces a pair of objections. My goal in this paper is to spell out Millikan’s (...)
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  19. Pierre Jacob (1990). Externalism Revisited: Is There Such a Thing as Narrow Content? [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 60 (November):143-176.score: 30.0
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  20. Pierre Jacob, Seeing, Perceiving, and Knowing.score: 30.0
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  21. Pierre Jacob (2002). The Scope and Limit of Mental Simulation. In Jerome Dokic & Joelle Proust (eds.), Simulation and Knowledge of Action. John Benjamins.score: 30.0
  22. Pierre Jacob (2009). The Tuning-Fork Model of Human Social Cognition: A Critique☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):229-243.score: 30.0
    The tuning-fork model of human social cognition, based on the discovery of mirror neurons (MNs) in the ventral premotor cortex of monkeys, involves the four following assumptions: (1) mirroring processes are processes of resonance or simulation. (2) They can be motor or non-motor. (3) Processes of motor mirroring (or action-mirroring), exemplified by the activity of MNs, constitute instances of third-person mindreading, whereby an observer represents the agent's intention. (4) Non-motor mirroring processes enable humans to represent others' emotions. After questioning all (...)
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  23. Pierre Jacob (1993). Externalism and the Explanatory Relevance of Broad Content. Mind and Language 8 (1):131-156.score: 30.0
  24. Pierre Jacob (1995). Belief-Attribution and Rationality: A Dilemma for Jerry Fodor. In. In D. Andler (ed.), Facets of Rationality. Sage Publications. 19--34.score: 30.0
  25. Pierre Jacob (1997). What Minds Can Do: Intentionality in a Non-Intentional World. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    Some of a person's mental states have the power to represent real and imagined states of affairs: they have semantic properties. What Minds Can Do has two goals: to find a naturalistic or non-semantic basis for the representational powers of a person's mind, and to show that these semantic properties are involved in the causal explanation of the person's behaviour. In the process, the book addresses issues that are central to much contemporary philosophical debate. It will be of interest to (...)
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  26. Marie-andrée Jacob (2006). Another Look at the Presumed-Versus-Informed Consent Dichotomy in Postmortem Organ Procurement. Bioethics 20 (6):293–300.score: 30.0
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  27. Pierre Jacob & Keith Lehrer (2000). Guest Editorial: French Analytic Philosophy Today. Philosophical Studies 100 (3):215-216.score: 30.0
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  28. Pierre Jacob (1996). State Consciousness Revisited. Acta Analytica 11 (16):29-54.score: 30.0
  29. Tomas Hellstrom & Merle Jacob (2000). Scientification of Politics or Politicization of Science? Traditionalist Science-Policy Discourse and its Quarrels with Mode 2 Epistemology. Social Epistemology 14 (1):69 – 77.score: 30.0
  30. Pierre Jacob (1987). Is There a Path Half-Way Between Realism and Verificationism? Synthese 73 (3):531 - 547.score: 30.0
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  31. Claus Jacob (2007). The Closure of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Exeter – an Insider's View. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (1):57-64.score: 30.0
  32. Pierre Jacob (1987). Thoughts and Belief Ascriptions. Mind and Language 2 (4):301-325.score: 30.0
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  33. Pierre Jacob (1998). Conceptual Competence and Inadequate Conceptions. Philosophical Issues 9:169-174.score: 30.0
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  34. Merle Jacob (1997). Constructing Cultural Identity: The Question of Caribbean Existence. Social Epistemology 11 (1):59 – 68.score: 30.0
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  35. Pierre Jacob & Marc Jeannerod (2007). Reply to Our Critics. Dialogue 46 (2):361-368.score: 30.0
    Marc Jeannerod and I wrote a Précis of our 2003 book Ways of Seeing. The journal Dialogue asked Tim Schroeder, Alva Noë, Pierre Poirier and Martin Ratte to write a critical essay on our book. In this piece, we reply to our critics.
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  36. Merle Jacob (2009). On Commodification and the Governance of Academic Research. Minerva 47 (4):391-405.score: 30.0
    The new prominence given to science for economic growth and industry comes with an increased policy focus on the promotion of commodification and commercialization of academic science. This paper posits that this increased interest in commodification is a new steering mechanism for governing science. This is achieved by first outlining what is meant by the commodification of scientific knowledge through reviewing a selection of literatures on the concept of commodification. The paper concludes with a discussion of how commodification functions as (...)
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  37. Pierre Jacob (1995). Can Semantic Properties Be Non-Causal? Philosophical Issues 6:44-51.score: 30.0
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  38. A. Jacob (ed.) (1987). Henry More: The Immortality of the Soul. M. Nijhoff.score: 30.0
    Biographical Introduction But for the better Understanding of all this, we are to take ... our Rise a little higher and to premise some things which fell ...
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  39. Pierre Jacob (1998). What Can the Semantic Properties of Innate Representations Explain? In J. A. M. Bransen & S. E. Cuypers (eds.), Human Action, Deliberation and Causation. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 175--197.score: 30.0
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  40. Pierre Jacob (forthcoming). Can Semantic Properties Be Non-Causal? Philosophical Issues.score: 30.0
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  41. Claus Jacob (2002). Philosophy and Biochemistry: Research at the Interface Between Chemistry and Biology. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 4 (2):97-125.score: 30.0
    This paper investigates the interface between philosophy and biochemistry. While it is problematic to justify the application of a particular philosophical model to biochemistry, it seems to be even more difficult to develop a special “Philosophy for Biochemistry”. Alternatively, philosophy can be used in biochemistry based on an alternative approach that involves an interdependent iteration process at a philosophical and (bio)chemical level (“Exeter Method”). This useful iteration method supplements more abstract approaches at the interface between philosophy and natural sciences, and (...)
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  42. Pierre Jacob (1992). Externalism and Mental Causation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66 (New Series):203-19.score: 30.0
    Argues that externalist content is not causally efficacious, but is relevant to causal explanations of behavior indirectly, via the cognitive activities of others external to the system.
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  43. Margaret Candee Jacob (1969). John Toland and the Newtonian Ideology. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 32:307-331.score: 30.0
  44. Pierre Jacob (2002). Review: Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648 - 654.score: 30.0
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  45. J. M. Jacob (1982). Changing Practice on Confidentiality: A Cause for Concern. Commentary 1: Confidentiality: The Dangers of Anything Weaker Than the Medical Ethic. Journal of Medical Ethics 8 (1):18-21.score: 30.0
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  46. J. Jacob (1985). Report on Euthanasia, Aiding Suicide and Cessation of Treatment. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):49-50.score: 30.0
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  47. Pierre Jacob (1993). Un moteur peut-il être sémantique? Dialogue 32 (03):527-.score: 30.0
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  48. C. Jacob (2002). Gathering Memory: Thoughts on the History of Libraries. Diogenes 49 (196):41-57.score: 30.0
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