Search results for 'Jacob Eisenberg *' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  8
    Josy Eisenberg, Peter Atterton & Joëlle Hansel (2011). Morality in the Laboratory: An Interview with Emmanuel Levinas by Josy Eisenberg. Levinas Studies 6 (1):1-7.
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  2. E. F. Jacob (1937). Cusanus the Theologian / by E.F. Jacob. Manchester University Press.
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  3. Alexander Jacob (2000). Nobilitas: A Study of European Aristocratic Philosophy From Ancient Greece to the Early Twentieth Century. Upa.
    Nobilitas is a study of the history of aristocratic philosophy from ancient Greece to the early twentieth century that aims at providing an alternative to the liberal democratic norms, which are propagated today as the only viable socio-political system for the world community. Jacob reveals that, contrary to popular belief, the social and cultural development of European civilization has, for twenty-five centuries, been based not on democratic or communist notions but, rather on aristocratic and nationalist notions. Beginning with the (...)
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  4. Pierre Jacob (2011). The Direct-Perception Model of Empathy: A Critique. [REVIEW] Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):519-540.
    This paper assesses the so-called “direct-perception” model of empathy. This model draws much of its inspiration from the Phenomenological tradition: it is offered as an account free from the assumption that most, if not all, of another’s psychological states and experiences are unobservable and that one’s understanding of another’s psychological states and experiences are based on inferential processes. Advocates of this model also reject the simulation-based approach to empathy. I first argue that most of their criticisms miss their target because (...)
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  5. Pierre Jacob (2008). What Do Mirror Neurons Contribute to Human Social Cognition? Mind and Language 23 (2):190–223.
    According to an influential view, one function of mirror neurons (MNs), first discovered in the brain of monkeys, is to underlie third-person mindreading. This view relies on two assumptions: the activity of MNs in an observer’s brain matches (simulates or resonates with) that of MNs in an agent’s brain and this resonance process retrodictively generates a representation of the agent’s intention from a perception of her movement. In this paper, I criticize both assumptions and I argue instead that the activity (...)
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  6.  55
    Pierre Jacob (2009). The Tuning-Fork Model of Human Social Cognition: A Critique☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):229-243.
    The tuning-fork model of human social cognition, based on the discovery of mirror neurons (MNs) in the ventral premotor cortex of monkeys, involves the four following assumptions: (1) mirroring processes are processes of resonance or simulation. (2) They can be motor or non-motor. (3) Processes of motor mirroring (or action-mirroring), exemplified by the activity of MNs, constitute instances of third-person mindreading, whereby an observer represents the agent's intention. (4) Non-motor mirroring processes enable humans to represent others' emotions. After questioning all (...)
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  7. Pierre Jacob (2006). Why Visual Experience is Likely to Resist Being Enacted. Psyche 12 (1).
    Alva Noë’s version of the enactive conception in _Action in Perception_ is an important contribution to the study of visual perception. First, I argue, however, that it is unclear (at best) whether, as the enactivists claim, work on change blindness supports the denial of the existence of detailed visual representations. Second, I elaborate on what Noë calls the ‘puzzle of perceptual presence’. Thirdly, I question the enactivist account of perceptual constancy. Finally, I draw attention to the tensions between enactivism and (...)
     
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  8.  35
    Pierre Jacob (1997). What Minds Can Do: Intentionality in a Non-Intentional World. Cambridge University Press.
    Some of a person's mental states have the power to represent real and imagined states of affairs: they have semantic properties. What Minds Can Do has two goals: to find a naturalistic or non-semantic basis for the representational powers of a person's mind, and to show that these semantic properties are involved in the causal explanation of the person's behaviour. In the process, the book addresses issues that are central to much contemporary philosophical debate. It will be of interest to (...)
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  9. C. Jacob & J. A. Treves (1997). Bibliotheca Alexandrina Towards the Encyclopedism of the 21st Century. Diogenes 45 (178):83-85.
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  10. C. Jacob (1999). Introduction. Diogenes 47 (186):3-3.
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  11. Florian Cova, Emmanuel Dupoux & Pierre Jacob (2010). Moral Evaluation Shapes Linguistic Reports of Others' Psychological States, Not Theory-of-Mind Judgments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):334-335.
    We use psychological concepts (e.g., intention and desire) when we ascribe psychological states to others for purposes of describing, explaining, and predicting their actions. Does the evidence reported by Knobe show, as he thinks, that moral evaluation shapes our mastery of psychological concepts? We argue that the evidence so far shows instead that moral evaluation shapes the way we report, not the way we think about, others' psychological states.
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  12.  32
    Jon B. Eisenberg (2008). Schiavo on the Cutting Edge: Functional Brain Imaging and its Impact on Surrogate End-of-Life Decision-Making. Neuroethics 1 (2):75-83.
    The article addresses the potential impact of functional brain imaging (functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron-emission tomography) on surrogate end-of-life decision-making in light of varying state-law definitions of consciousness, some of which define awareness behaviorally and others functionally. The article concludes that, in light of admonitions by neuroscientists that functional brain imaging cannot yet replace behavioral evaluation to determine the existence of consciousness, state legislatures, courts and drafters of written advance healthcare directives should consider treating behavior, not function, as the (...)
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  13.  56
    Pierre Jacob (2002). Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648-654.
    I examine and discuss Jaegwon Kim's arguments against non-reductive physicalism in his book, Mind in a Physical World. I first examine the supervenience argument and then the multiple realization argument. Finally, I raise some questions about Kim's overall attitude towards mental realism, i.e., realism about mental properties.
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  14. Pierre Jacob (1998). What is the Phenomenology of Thought? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):443-448.
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  15.  55
    Pierre Jacob (2003). Intentionality. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Intentionality is the power of minds to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs. The puzzles of intentionality lie at the interface between the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. The word itself, which is of medieval Scholastic origin, was rehabilitated by the philosopher Franz Brentano towards the end of the nineteenth century. ‘Intentionality’ is a philosopher's word. It derives from the Latin word intentio, which in turn derives from the verb (...)
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  16. Margaret Candee Jacob (1969). John Toland and the Newtonian Ideology. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 32:307-331.
  17.  45
    Marie-andrée Jacob (2006). Another Look at the Presumed-Versus-Informed Consent Dichotomy in Postmortem Organ Procurement. Bioethics 20 (6):293–300.
  18. C. Jacob, J. A. Treves & J. C. Gage (1997). The Library and the Book: Forms of Alexandrian Encyclopedism. Diogenes 45 (178):63-82.
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  19. Pierre Jacob (1997). Conceptual Competence and Inadequate Conceptions. Philosophical Issues 9:169-174.
    I discuss a proposal by Jim Higginbotham for distinguishing mastery of a concept and knowing a conception.
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  20.  8
    Tracy L. Spinrad, Sandra H. Losoya, Nancy Eisenberg, Richard A. Fabes, Stephanie A. Shepard, Amanda Cumberland, Ivanna K. Guthrie & Bridget C. Murphy (1999). The Relations of Parental Affect and Encouragement to Children's Moral Emotions and Behaviour. Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):323-337.
    Although researchers have been concerned with the effects of parental socialisation on children's outcomes, there has been surprisingly little work on the socialisation of children's moral emotions and behaviour. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of observed parental affect and encouragement in children's empathy-related responding and moral behaviour (i.e. cheating). Moreover, the moderating influence of children's characteristics (i.e. sex) on this relationship was investigated. Ninety-seven girls and 119 boys (mean age = 73 months) with a parent (...)
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  21.  28
    Avigail Eisenberg (2006). Education and the Politics of Difference: Iris Young and the Politics of Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (1):7–23.
    Three key contributions of Iris Young to democratic political theory, and three challenges that have arisen in response to Young's theory, are examined here in relation to education. First, Young has argued that oppression and domination, not distributive inequality, ought to guide discussions about justice. Second, eliminating oppression requires establishing a politics that welcomes difference by dismantling and reforming structures, processes, concepts and categories that sustain difference‐blind, impartial, neutral, universal politics and policies. The infatuation with merit and standardized tests, both (...)
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  22.  20
    Pierre Jacob (1987). Thoughts and Belief Ascriptions. Mind and Language 2 (4):301-325.
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  23.  39
    Rebecca S. Eisenberg (2002). How Can You Patent Genes? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):3 – 11.
    What accounts for the continued lack of clarity over the legal procedures for the patenting of DNA sequences? The patenting system was built for a "bricks-and-mortar" world rather than an information economy. The fact that genes are both material molecules and informational systems helps explain the difficulty that the patent system is going to continue to have.
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  24.  91
    C. Jacob & J. Vale (1999). From Book to Text: Towards a Comparative History of Philologies. Diogenes 47 (186):4-22.
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  25.  79
    Pierre Jacob (2005). Grasping and Perceiving Objects. In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 241--283.
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  26.  33
    Tomas Hellstrom & Merle Jacob (2000). Scientification of Politics or Politicization of Science? Traditionalist Science-Policy Discourse and its Quarrels with Mode 2 Epistemology. Social Epistemology 14 (1):69-77.
  27. Pierre Jacob (2005). First-Person and Third-Person Mindreading. In P. Gampieri-Deutsch (ed.), Psychoanalysis as an Empirical, Interdisciplinary Science. Austrian Academy of Sciences
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  28. C. Jacob (2002). Gathering Memory: Thoughts on the History of Libraries. Diogenes 49 (196):41-57.
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  29. Pierre Jacob (1994). Can Semantic Properties Be Non-Causal? Philosophical Issues 6:44-51.
    I discuss Jerry Fodor's atomic theory of the contents of concepts.
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  30.  9
    Pierre Jacob (2002). Review: Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648 - 654.
    I examine and discuss Jaegwon Kim's arguments against non-reductive physicalism in his book, Mind in a Physical World. I first examine the supervenience argument and then the multiple realization argument. Finally, I raise some questions about Kim's overall attitude towards mental realism, i.e., realism about mental properties.
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  31.  93
    J. Jacob (1985). Report on Euthanasia, Aiding Suicide and Cessation of Treatment. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):49-50.
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  32.  52
    Pierre Jacob (1993). Externalism and the Explanatory Relevance of Broad Content. Mind and Language 8 (1):131-156.
  33.  80
    C. Jacob, J. A. Treves & J. C. Gage (1997). Introduction: At the Origins of the Encyclopedic Dream. Diogenes 45 (178):1-5.
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  34. Pierre Jacob (1995). Consciousness, Intentionality, and Function: What is the Right Order of Explanation? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):195-200.
    I examine and criticize John Searle's view of the relationships between consciousness, intentionality and function.
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  35.  39
    Avigail Eisenberg (2003). Diversity and Equality: Three Approaches to Cultural and Sexual Difference. Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (1):41–64.
  36.  70
    Tommy Dreyfus & Theodore Eisenberg (1978). On Acceptance of Mathematical Theories. Philosophia Mathematica (1):56-87.
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  37.  36
    Pierre Jacob (2002). The Scope and Limit of Mental Simulation. In Jerome Dokic & Joelle Proust (eds.), Simulation and Knowledge of Action. John Benjamins
  38.  57
    Leon Eisenberg (1976). The Outcome as Cause: Predestination and Human Cloning. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (4):318-331.
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  39.  33
    Pierre Jacob (1992). Externalism and Mental Causation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66 (New Series):203-19.
    Argues that externalist content is not causally efficacious, but is relevant to causal explanations of behavior indirectly, via the cognitive activities of others external to the system.
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  40.  67
    Pierre Jacob (2001). Is Self-Knowledge Compatible with Externalism? Mind and Society 2 (1):59-75.
    Externalism is the view that the contents of many of a person’s propositional attitudes and perhaps sensory experiences are extrinsic properties of the person’s brain: they involve relations between the person’s brain and properties instantiated in his or her present or past environment. Privileged self-knowledge is the view that every human being is able to know directly or non-inferentially, in a way unavailable to anybody else, what he or she thinks or experiences. Now, if what I think (or experience) is (...)
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  41.  66
    Pierre Jacob (1998). Can Selection Explain Content? In Bernard Elevitch (ed.), The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. Philosophy Doc Ctr 91-102.
    There are presently three broad approaches the project of naturalizing intentionality: a purely informational approach (Dretske and Fodor), a purely teleological approach (Millikan and Papineau), and a mixed informationally-based teleological approach (Dretske again). I will argue that the last teleosemantic theory offers the most promising approach. I also think, however, that the most explicit version of a pure teleosemantic theory of content, namely Millikan’s admirable theory, faces a pair of objections. My goal in this paper is to spell out Millikan’s (...)
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  42. Margaret C. Jacob (1997). Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. Oxford University Press.
    As more and more historians acknowledge the central signifcance of science and technology with that of modern society, the need for a good, general history of the achievements of the Scientific Revolution has grown. Scientific Culture and The Making of the Industrial West seeks to explain this historical process by looking at how and why scientific knowledge became such an integral part of the culture of Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and how this in turn lead to the (...)
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  43.  5
    Susan Jacob (1996). Ethics and Law for School Psychologists. J. Wiley & Sons.
    The revised classic on the professional and legal standards of school psychology This completely updated edition of the leading ethics and law guide provides ...
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  44.  18
    Paul D. Eisenberg (1975). Platonism-Proper Vs. Property-Platonism. Idealistic Studies 5 (1):90-95.
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  45.  40
    Paul D. Eisenberg (1977). Is Spinoza an Ethical Naturalist? Philosophia 7 (1):107-133.
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  46.  57
    Pierre Jacob (1990). Externalism Revisited: Is There Such a Thing as Narrow Content? [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 60 (November):143-176.
    First, I argue that the narrow content of a thought cannot be identical with the linguistic meaning of the sentence used to express it. Secondly, I argue that the distinction between narrow content and linguistic meaning is not fatal to content-dualism. Thirdly I argue for the view that the proposition contributed by the clause prefixed by "that" is an interpretation of the believer's thought. Finally, I use this insight to provide an individualist account of Burge's thought-experiments such that recognition that (...)
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  47.  15
    Paul D. Eisenberg (1966). From the Forbidden to the Supererogatory: The Basic Ethical Categories in Kant's "Tugendlehre". American Philosophical Quarterly 3 (4):255-269.
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  48.  5
    Margaret C. Jacob (2001). Factoring Mary Poovey's a History of the Modern Fact. [REVIEW] History and Theory 40 (2):280–289.
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  49.  30
    Paul D. Eisenberg (1968). Duties to Oneself and the Concept of Morality. Inquiry 11 (1-4):129 – 154.
    Why is it that most among the relatively few moral philosophers since Kant who, like J. S. Mill, have discussed the question whether there can be moral duties to oneself, have answered it negatively? One reason is that those philosophers have supposed that all moral action must be, inter alia, social; and they may have thought so because of their commitment to what is here called a 'corporationist' moral view. But such a conception of morality as social is objectionable because (...)
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  50.  45
    Pierre Jacob (1987). Is There a Path Half-Way Between Realism and Verificationism? Synthese 73 (3):531 - 547.
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