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  1. James Anderson, A Critical Role for Intuitions in Moral Theory.
    Moral intuitions, while ubiquitous in moral reasoning, have been the cause of considerable controversy in philosophy. My purpose here is to describe the most reasonable role for intuitions in moral theory, in order to look at some problems that arise, particularly for theories of justice, when intuitions are presumed to have this role.
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  2. James Anderson, Dependence, Duty, and Universal Requirements.
    An important element in the criticism of liberalism by some communitarians and feminists is the notion of our embeddedness in relationships of dependence. The criticism in general is that liberal theory is deficient in that it generally attaches no special meaning to such relations, thus justifying a social structure that weakens them. However, the questions of precisely what sort of moral significance these relationships have, why they are morally significant, and what types of dependence relationships possess this significance, have largely (...)
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  3. James G. Anderson & Kenneth W. Goodman (forthcoming). The Challenge of Bioinformatics. Ethics and Information Technology: A Case-Based Approach to a Health Care System in Transition. New York: Springer.
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  4. James R. Anderson, Andrew Jameton, Paul J. Reitemeier & Ernest Prentice (forthcoming). The Case of Two Devices: Disclosure to Subjects Following Phase IV (" Post-Marketing") Research. Irb.
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  5. James A. Anderson & Jonathan Kimmelman (2014). Are Phase 1 Trials Therapeutic? Risk, Ethics, and Division of Labor. Bioethics 28 (3):138-146.
    Despite their crucial role in the translation of pre-clinical research into new clinical applications, phase 1 trials involving patients continue to prompt ethical debate. At the heart of the controversy is the question of whether risks of administering experimental drugs are therapeutically justified. We suggest that prior attempts to address this question have been muddled, in part because it cannot be answered adequately without first attending to the way labor is divided in managing risk in clinical trials. In what follows, (...)
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  6. Michael J. Szego, M. Stephen Meyn, James A. Anderson, Robin Hayeems, Cheryl Shuman, Nasim Monfared, Sarah Bowdin & Randi Zlotnik Shaul (2014). Predictive Genomic Testing of Children for Adult Onset Disorders: A Canadian Perspective. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):19-21.
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  7. James R. Anderson, Ayaka Takimoto, Hika Kuroshima & Kazuo Fujita (2013). Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity. Cognition 127 (1):140-146.
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  8. Emily Borgelt, James A. Anderson & Judy Illes (2013). Managing Incidental Findings: Lessons From Neuroimaging. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2):46 - 47.
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  9. James Anderson, Kiran Bharthapudi & Hao Cao (2012). Occupy the Heterotopia. International Review of Information Ethics 18:12.
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  10. James N. Anderson & Greg Welty (2011). The Lord of Noncontradiction: An Argument for God From Logic. Philosophia Christi 13 (2):321 - 338.
    In this paper we offer a new argument for the existence of God. We contend that the laws of logic are metaphysically dependent on the existence of God, understood as a necessarily existent, personal, spiritual being; thus anyone who grants that there are laws of logic should also accept that there is a God. We argue that if our most natural intuitions about them are correct, and if they are to play the role in our intellectual activities that we take (...)
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  11. James R. Anderson & Mark Krailo (2011). The Children's Oncology Group Routinely Applies “Lack of Efficacy” Interim Monitoring to Its Randomized Clinical Trials. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):18-19.
    (2011). The Children's Oncology Group Routinely Applies “Lack of Efficacy” Interim Monitoring to Its Randomized Clinical Trials. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 18-19.
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  12. Gordon G. Gallup, Jr, James R. Anderson & Steven M. Platek (2011). Self-Recognition. In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oup Oxford.
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  13. Toby Schonfeld & James Anderson (2011). Dropout by Design: Advance Planning for Research Participant Noncompliance. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):18-20.
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  14. James A. Anderson & Jonathan Kimmelman (2010). Extending Clinical Equipoise to Phase 1 Trials Involving Patients: Unresolved Problems. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):75-98.
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  15. James Anderson (2009). Who's in Control of the Choice of Control? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):60-62.
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  16. James A. Anderson (2009). Contextualizing Clinical Research: The Epistemological Role of Clinical Equipoise. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):269-288.
    Since its introduction in 1987, Benjamin Freedman’s principle of clinical equipoise has enjoyed widespread uptake in bioethics discourse. Recent years, however, have witnessed a growing consensus that the principle is fundamentally flawed. One of the most vocal critics has undoubtedly been Franklin Miller. In a 2008 paper, Steven Joffe and Miller build on this critical work, offering a new conception of clinical research ethics based on science, taking what they call a “scientific orientation” toward the ethics of clinical research. Though (...)
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  17. James A. Anderson (2006). The Ethics and Science of Placebo-Controlled Trials: Assay Sensitivity and the Duhem-Quine Thesis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (1):65 – 81.
    The principle of clinical equipoise requires that, aside from certain exceptional cases, second generation treatments ought to be tested against standard therapy. In violation of this principle, placebo-controlled trials (PCTs) continue to be used extensively in the development and licensure of second-generation treatments. This practice is typically justified by appeal to methodological arguments that purport to demonstrate that active-controlled trials (ACTs) are methodologically flawed. Foremost among these arguments is the so called assay sensitivity argument. In this paper, I take a (...)
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  18. James Anderson (2005). In Defence of Mystery: A Reply to Dale Tuggy. Religious Studies 41 (2):145-163.
    In a recent article, Dale Tuggy argues that the two most favoured approaches to explicating the doctrine of the Trinity, Social Trinitarianism and Latin Trinitarianism, are unsatisfactory on either logical or biblical grounds. Moreover, he contends that appealing to ‘mystery’ in the face of apparent contradiction is rationally and theologically unacceptable. I raise some critical questions about Tuggy's assessment of the most relevant biblical data, before defending against his objections the rationality of an appeal to mystery in the face of (...)
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  19. James A. Anderson (2003). Arithmetic on a Parallel Computer: Perception Versus Logic. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 4 (2):169-188.
    This article discusses the properties of a controllable, flexible, hybrid parallel computing architecture that potentially merges pattern recognition and arithmetic. Humans perform integer arithmetic in a fundamentally different way than logic-based computers. Even though the human approach to arithmetic is both slow and inaccurate it can have substantial advantages when useful approximations ( intuition ) are more valuable than high precision. Such a computational strategy may be particularly useful when computers based on nanocomponents become feasible because it offers a way (...)
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  20. James A. Anderson, The Challenges of Collaborative Knowledge.
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  21. James L. Anderson (2003). Timekeeping in an Expanding Universe. In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. 275--280.
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  22. James T. Anderson, A Simple Refutation of the Knowledge Argument Against Physicalism.
    One of the most persuasive objections to the identity thesis.
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  23. Emile Dreuil, James Anderson, Walter Block & Michael Saliba (2003). The Trade Gap: The Fallacy of Anti World-Trade Sentiment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 45 (3):269 - 281.
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  24. Gordon G. Gallup Jr, James R. Anderson & Steven M. Platek (2003). Self-Awareness, Social Intelligence and Schizophrenia. In Tilo Kircher & Anthony David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. 147-165.
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  25. James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer, Matters of Life and Death: Making Moral Theory Work in Medical Ethics and the Law.
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  26. James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer (2002). The Research Subject as Wage Earner. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):359-376.
    The practice of paying research subjects for participating inclinical trials has yet to receive an adequate moral analysis.Dickert and Grady argue for a wage payment model in whichresearch subjects are paid an hourly wage based on that ofunskilled laborers. If we accept this approach, what follows?Norms for just working conditions emerge from workplacelegislation and political theory. All workers, includingpaid research subjects under Dickert and Grady''s analysis,have a right to at least minimum wage, a standard work week,extra pay for overtime hours, (...)
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  27. James R. Anderson, Toby L. Schonfeld, Timothy K. Kelso & Ernest D. Prentice (2002). Women in Early Phase Trials: An IRB's Deliberations. Irb 25 (4):7-11.
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  28. Maria Brann & James G. Anderson (2002). E-Medicine and Health Care Consumers: Recognizing Current Problems and Possible Resolutions for a Safer Environment. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 10 (4):403-415.
    Millions of Americans access the Internet forhealth information, which is changing the waypatients seek information about, and oftentreat, certain medical conditions. It isestimated that there may be as many as 100,000health-related Web sites. Theavailability of so much health informationpermits consumers to assume more responsibilityfor their own health care. At the same time,it raises a number of issues that need to beaddressed. The health information available toInternet users may be inaccurate orout-of-date. Potential conflicts of interestresult from the blurring of the distinctionbetween (...)
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  29. Gordon G. Gallup Jr, James R. Anderson & Daniel J. Shillito (2002). The Mirror Test. In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. Mit Press.
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  30. Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson, A Critical Appraisal of Protections for Aboriginal Communities in Biomedical Research.
    As scientists target communities for research into the etiology, especially the genetic determinants of common diseases, there have been calls for the protection of communities. This paper identifies the distinct characteristics of aboriginal communities and their implications for research in these communities. It also contends that the framework in the Belmont Report is inadequate in this context and suggests a fourth principle of respect for communities. To explore how such a principle might be specified and operationalized, it reviews existing guidelines (...)
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  31. James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer (2001). The Research Subject as Entrepreneur. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):67-69.
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  32. Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson (2001). The Ethics Wars: Disputes Over International Research. Hastings Center Report 31 (3):18-20.
    The effort to revise the Declaration of Helsinki and the CIOMS Guidelines has sparked a sometimes vitriolic debate centering on the use of placebo controls.
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  33. Bruce Gordon, Ernest Prentice & James Anderson (2000). Conflict Between Research Design and Minimization of Risks in Pediatric Research. Irb 22 (3):1.
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  34. James C. Anderson & Jeffrey T. Dean (1998). Moderate Autonomism. British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (2):150-166.
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  35. Robert W. Mitchell & James R. Anderson (1998). Primate Theory of Mind is a Turing Test. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):127-128.
    Heyes's literature review of deception, imitation, and self-recognition is inadequate, misleading, and erroneous. The anaesthetic artifact hypothesis of self-recognition is unsupported by the data she herself examines. Her proposed experiment is tantalizing, indicating that theory of mind is simply a Turing test.
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  36. James Anderson (1997). What Cognitive Science Tells Us About Ethics and the Teaching of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (3):279-291.
    A relatively new and exciting area of collaboration has begun between philosophy of mind and ethics. This paper attempts to explore aspects of this collaboration and how they bear upon traditional ethics. It is the author's contention that much of Western moral philosophy has been guided by largely unrecognized assumptions regarding reason, knowledge and conceptualization, and that when examined against empirical research in cognitive science, these assumptions turn out to be false -- or at the very least, unrealistic for creatures (...)
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  37. James D. Anderson (1997). Philanthropy, the State and the Development of Historically Black Public Colleges: The Case of Mississippi. [REVIEW] Minerva 35 (3):295-309.
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  38. James R. Anderson (1996). Chimpanzees and Capuchin Monkeys: Comparative Cognition. In A. Russon, Kim A. Bard & S. Parkers (eds.), Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge University Press. 23--56.
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  39. James R. Anderson (1995). Self-Recognition in Dolphins: Credible Cetaceans; Compromised Criteria, Controls, and Conclusions. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):239-243.
  40. James A. Anderson (1994). Turing's Test and the Perils of Psychohistory. Social Epistemology 8 (4):327 – 332.
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  41. James C. Anderson (1993). Species Equality and the Foundations of Moral Theory. Environmental Values 2 (4):347 - 365.
    The paper discusses various concepts of 'species equality' and 'species superiority' and the assumptions concerning intrinsic value on which they depend. I investigate what philosophers from the traditional deontological (Taylor and Lombardi) and utilitarian (Singer and Attfield) perspectives have meant by their claims for species equality. I attempt to provide a framework of intrinsic values that justifies one sense in which members of a species can be said to be superior to members of another species.
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  42. James D. Anderson (1993). Power, Privilege, and Public Education: Reflections on Savage Inequalities. Educational Theory 43 (1):1-10.
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  43. James A. Anderson (1991). Review: On What Building a Martian Three-Wheeled Iguana Tells Us About Complex Minds. [REVIEW] Behavior and Philosophy 19 (2):91 - 102.
  44. James C. Anderson (1991). Moral Planes and Intrinsic Values. Environmental Ethics 13 (1):49-58.
    In his book, Earth and Other Ethics, Christopher Stone attempts to account for the moral dimension of our lives insofar as it extends to nonhuman animals, plants, species, ecosystems, and even inanimate objects. In his effort to do this, he introduces a technical notion, the moral plane. Moral planes are defined both by the ontological commitments they make and by the governance mIes (moral maxims) that pertain to the sorts of entities included in the plane. By introducing these planes, Stone (...)
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  45. James R. Anderson (1991). Making the Best Use of Primate Tool Use? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):551-552.
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  46. James G. Anderson & Stephen J. Jay (1990). The Social Impact of Computer Technology on Physicians. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 20 (3):28-33.
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  47. James L. Anderson (1990). Newton's First Two Laws Are Not Definitions. American Journal of Physics 58 (12):1192--5.
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  48. James R. Anderson (1989). On the Contents of Capuchins' Cognitive Toolkit. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):588.
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  49. Carl A. Grant, Christine E. Sleeter & James E. Anderson (1986). The Literature on Multicultural Education: Review and Analysis. Educational Studies 12 (1):47-71.
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  50. James C. Anderson (1985). Musical Kinds. British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (1):43-49.
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