Search results for 'James Lawrence Dreier' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: James Dreier (Brown University)
  1.  42
    James Lawrence Dreier (ed.) (2006). Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub..
  2. James Lawrence Dreier (1989). Moral Relativism and Political Justice. Dissertation, Princeton University
    My dissertation aims to spell out the implications of moral relativism for political justice. The first part develops and defends a kind of moral relativism I call "Speaker Relativism". According to this view, moral expressions are indexicals; their content depends on the moral system of the speaker. I defend Speaker Relativism from some prominent objections, and provide an argument in favor of the view. ;The second part investigates the question of how, given relativism, citizens might establish public and mutually acceptable (...)
     
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  3.  8
    Samantha Brennan, Tracy Isaacs, Michael Milde, Derek R. Brookes, Laurie Calhoun & Kans Lawrence (1999). David J. Blacker, Dying to Teach: The Educator's Search for Immortality. New York: Teachers College Press, 1997, 133 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-8077-3592-2, $39.00 (Hb). James Bohman and Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Perpetual Peace. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1997, 258 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-262-52235-7. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 33:135-139.
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  4. David James (2009). The Political Philosophy of Needs, by Lawrence Hamilton. Theoria 118:109.
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  5. Christopher Lawrence (1991). Shirley Roberts. Sir James Paget: The Rise of Clinical Surgery. London: Royal Society of Medicine Services Limited, 1989. Pp. Xii + 223. ISBN 0-905958-91-8. £12.95.Selwyn Taylor. Robert Graves: The Golden Years of Irish Medicine. London: Royal Society of Medicine Services Limited, 1989. Pp. X + 160. ISBN 0-905958-98-5. £12.95. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 24 (2):269.
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  6.  41
    William James (ed.) (2008). A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy, by William James; A New Philosophical Reading. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    This new edition of William James’s 1909 classic, A Pluralistic Universe reproduces the original text, only modernizing the spelling. The books has been annotated throughout to clarify James’s points of reference and discussion. There is a new, fuller index, a brief chronology of James’s life, and a new bibliography—chiefly based on James’s own references. The editor, H.G. Callaway, has included a new Introduction which elucidates the legacy of Jamesian pluralism to survey some related questions of contemporary (...)
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  7.  12
    William James (1996). The Vision of James. Element.
    William James had the courage to experience the collision of European and American ways of thinking head on, and to emerge from it with a new philosophy - one displaying a remarkable vitality for dealing with the transformative issues at the core of the human condition. This easy to read introduction to his life and work explains why James' work is overwhelmingly valuable to us today in getting to grips with the spiritual dimension of human experience.
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  8. James Dreier (2009). Practical Conditionals. In David Sobel & Steven Wall (eds.), Reasons for Action. Cambridge University Press 116--133.
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  9. James Dreier (2004). Meta‐Ethics and the Problem of Creeping Minimalism. Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):23–44.
    This is a paper about the problem of realism in meta-ethics (and, I hope, also in other areas, but that hope is so far pretty speculative). But it is not about the problem of whether realism is true. It is about the problem of what realism is. More specifically, it is about the question of what divides meta-ethical realists from irrealists. I start with a potted history of the Good Old Days.
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  10. James Dreier (2009). Relativism (and Expressivism) and the Problem of Disagreement. Philosophical Perspectives 23 (1):79-110.
    Many philosophers, in different areas, are tempted by what variously goes under the name of Contextualism, Speaker Relativism, Indexical Relativism. (I’ll just use Indexical Relativism in this paper.) Thinking of certain problematic expressions as deriving their content from elements of the context of use solves some problems. But it faces some problems of its own, and in this paper I’m interested in one in particular, namely, the problem of disagreement. Two alternative theories, tempting for just the same kinds of expressions (...)
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  11. James Dreier (1990). Internalism and Speaker Relativism. Ethics 101 (1):6-26.
    In this article I set out a reason for believing in a form of metaethical relativism. In rough terms, the reason is this: a widely held thesis, internalism, tells us that to accept (sincerely assert, believe, etc.) a moral judgment logically requires having a motivating reason. Since the connection is logical, or conceptual, it must be explained by a theory of what it is to accept a moral claim. I argue that the internalist feature of moral expressions can best be (...)
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  12.  16
    William James (1967). The Writings of William James. New York, Modern Library.
  13. James Dreier (2000). Dispositions and Fetishes: Externalist Models of Moral Motivation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (3):619-638.
    Internalism says that if an agent judges that it is right for her to φ, then she is motivated to φ. The disagreement between Internalists and Externalists runs deep, and it lingers even in the face of clever intuition pumps. An argument in Michael Smith’s The Moral Problem seeks some leverage against Externalism from a point within normative theory. Smith argues by dilemma: Externalists either fail to explain why motivation tracks moral judgment in a good moral agent or they attribute (...)
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  14. James Dreier (1996). Expressivist Embeddings and Minimalist Truth. Philosophical Studies 83 (1):29-51.
    This paper is about Truth Minimalism, Norm Expressivism, and the relation between them. In particular, it is about whether Truth Minimalism can help to solve a problem thought to plague Norm Expressivism. To start with, let me explain what I mean by 'Truth Minimalism' and 'Norm Expressivism.'.
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  15. James Dreier (1999). Transforming Expressivism. Noûs 33 (4):558-572.
    In chapter five of Wise Choices, Apt Feelings Allan Gibbard develops what he calls a ‘normative logic’ intended to solve some problems that face an expressivist theory of norms like his. The first is “the problem of embedding: The analysis applies to simple contexts, in which it is simply asserted or denied that such-and-such is rational. It says nothing about more complex normative assertions.”1 That is the problem with which I will be concerned. Though he doesn’t list it as one (...)
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  16.  6
    Andrew R. Deans, Suzanna E. Lewis, Eva Huala, Salvatore S. Anzaldo, Michael Ashburner, James P. Balhoff, David C. Blackburn, Judith A. Blake, J. Gordon Burleigh, Bruno Chanet, Laurel D. Cooper, Mélanie Courtot, Sándor Csösz, Hong Cui, Wasila Dahdul, Sandip Das, T. Alexander Dececchi, Agnes Dettai, Rui Diogo, Robert E. Druzinsky, Michel Dumontier, Nico M. Franz, Frank Friedrich, George V. Gkoutos, Melissa Haendel, Luke J. Harmon, Terry F. Hayamizu, Yongqun He, Heather M. Hines, Nizar Ibrahim, Laura M. Jackson, Pankaj Jaiswal, Christina James-Zorn, Sebastian Köhler, Guillaume Lecointre, Hilmar Lapp, Carolyn J. Lawrence, Nicolas Le Novère, John G. Lundberg, James Macklin, Austin R. Mast, Peter E. Midford, István Mikó, Christopher J. Mungall, Anika Oellrich, David Osumi-Sutherland, Helen Parkinson, Martín J. Ramírez, Peter N. Robinson, Alan Ruttenberg & Barry Smith (2015). Finding Our Way Through Phenotypes. PLoS Biol 13 (1):e1002033.
    Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bottleneck to integration across many key fields in biology, including genomics, systems biology, development, medicine, evolution, ecology, and systematics. Here we survey the current phenomics landscape, including data resources and handling, and the progress that (...)
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  17. James Dreier (1997). Humean Doubts About the Practical Justification of Morality. In Garrett Cullity & Gaut Berys (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford Clarendon Press 81--100.
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  18. James Dreier (1992). The Supervenience Argument Against Moral Realism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):13-38.
    In 1971, Simon Blackburn worked out an argument against moral realism appealing to the supervenience of the moral realm on the natural realm.1 He has since revised the argument, in part to take account of objections,2 but the basic structure remains intact. While commentators3 seem to agree that the argument is not successful, they have not agreed upon what goes wrong. I believe this is because no attempt has been made to see what happens when Blackburn's argument is addressed to (...)
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  19.  28
    James Dreier (2006). Negation for Expressivists: A Collection of Problems with a Suggestion for Their Solution. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 1:217-233.
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  20. James Dreier (2002). Metaethics and Normative Commitment. Philosophical Issues 12 (s1):241-263.
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  21. James Dreier (1993). Structures of Normative Theories. The Monist 76 (1):22-40.
    Normative theorists like to divide normative theories into classes. One special point of focus has been to place utilitarianism into a larger class of theories which do not necessarily share its view about what is alone of impersonal intrinsic value, namely, individual human well-being, but do share another structural feature, roughly its demand that each person seek to maximize the realization of what is of impersonal intrinsic value. The larger class is distinguished from its complement in two apparently different ways. (...)
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  22. James Dreier (2011). In Defense of Consequentializing. In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press
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  23.  53
    James Dreier (1996). Rational Preference: Decision Theory as a Theory of Practical Rationality. Theory and Decision 40 (3):249-276.
    In general, the technical apparatus of decision theory is well developed. It has loads of theorems, and they can be proved from axioms. Many of the theorems are interesting, and useful both from a philosophical and a practical perspective. But decision theory does not have a well agreed upon interpretation. Its technical terms, in particular, ‘utility’ and ‘preference’ do not have a single clear and uncontroversial meaning. How to interpret these terms depends, of course, on what purposes in pursuit of (...)
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  24. James Dreier (2004). Why Ethical Satisficing Makes Sense and Rational Satisficing Doesn't. In Michael Byron (ed.), Satisficing and Maximizing. Cambridge University Press
     
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  25. James Dreier (2015). Another World. In Robert Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.), Passions and Projections Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press 155-171.
    The metaethics and metametaethics of Scanlon's "Reasons Fundamentalism".
     
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  26. James Dreier (2001). Humean Doubts About Categorical Imperatives. In Elijah Millgram (ed.), Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press 27--48.
  27.  25
    James Dreier (2004). Decision Theory and Morality. In Piers Rawling & Al Mele (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oxford 156--181.
  28. James Dreier (2004). Lockean and Logical Truth Conditions. Analysis 64 (1):84–91.
    1. In ‘A problem for expressivism’ Frank Jackson and Philip Pettit argue ‘that expressivists do not have a persuasive story to tell about how ethical sentences can express attitudes without reporting them and, in particular, without being true or false’ (1998: 240). Briefly: expressivists say that ethical sentences serve to express non-cognitive attitudes, but that these sentences do not report non-cognitive attitudes. The view that ethical sentences do report non-cognitive attitudes is not Expressivism (and not non-cognitivism), but rather a version (...)
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  29. James Dreier (1996). Book Review: The Moral Problem by Michael Smith. [REVIEW] Mind 105 (418):363-367.
  30.  70
    James Dreier (2002). The Expressivist Circle: Invoking Norms in the Explanation of Normative Judgment. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):136–143.
  31.  33
    James Dreier (2000). Dispositions and Fetishes. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (3):619 - 638.
    Internalism says that if an agent judges that it is right for her to φ, then she is motivated to φ. The disagreement between Internalists and Externalists runs deep, and it lingers even in the face of clever intuition pumps. An argument in Michael Smith’s The Moral Problem seeks some leverage against Externalism from a point within normative theory. Smith argues by dilemma: Externalists either fail to explain why motivation tracks moral judgment in a good moral agent or they attribute (...)
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  32.  40
    James Dreier (2002). Troubling Developments in Metaethics. [REVIEW] Noûs 36 (1):152 - 168.
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  33.  24
    James Dreier (1996). Accepting Agent Centred Norms: A Problem for Non-Cognitivists and a Suggestion for Solving It. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (3):409–422.
    Non-cognitivists claim to be able to represent normative judgment, and especially moral judgment, as an expression of a non-cognitive attitude. There is some reason to worry whether their treatment can incorporate agent centred theories, including much of common sense morality. In this paper I investigate the prospects for a non-cognitivist explanation of what is going on when we subscribe to agent centred theories or norms. The first section frames the issue by focusing on a particularly simple and clear agent centred (...)
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  34. James Dreier (forthcoming). Boundless Good. Ms.
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  35.  58
    Jonathan Bricklin & W. James (2005). William James: The Notion of Consciousness --Communication Made (in French) at the 5th International Congress of Psychology, Rome, 30 April (a New Translation by Jonathan Bricklin). [REVIEW] Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (7):55-64.
    I should like to convey to you some doubts which have occurred to me on the subject of the notion of consciousness that prevails in all our treatises on psychology.
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  36.  52
    James Dreier (2002). Critical Study: Timmons, Mark; Morality Without Foundations: A Defense of Moral Contextualism. [REVIEW] Noûs 36 (1):152–168.
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  37. James Dreier (2015). Can Reasons Fundamentalism Answer the Normative Question? In Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson & Fredrik Björklund (eds.), Motivational Internalism. Oxford University Press
  38.  3
    James Dreier (2002). Meta-Ethics and Normative Commitment. Philosophical Issues 12 (1):241-263.
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  39. William James (1926). The Letters of William James. Little, Brown & Co.
     
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  40. James Dreier (2010). 1. Wedgwood's Argument. In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Oxford University Press 5--153.
     
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  41.  2
    James Dreier (2002). Meta-Ethics and Normative Commitment. Noûs 36 (s1):241-263.
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  42.  5
    James J. Gibson, Jean Purdy & Lois Lawrence (1955). A Method of Controlling Stimulation for the Study of Space Perception: The Optical Tunnel. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):1.
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  43.  14
    James Dreier (1994). Perspectives on the Normativity of Ethics. [REVIEW] Noûs 28 (4):514 - 525.
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  44.  11
    James Dreier (1991). Skepticism in Ethics, by Panayot Butchvarov. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):934-938.
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  45.  16
    Kurt Marko, K. M. Jensen, M. C. Chapman, Michael M. Boll, Mitchell Aboulafia, Charles E. Ziegler, Trudy Conway, Thomas A. Shipka, Fred Lawrence, James G. Colbert, John W. Murphy, Robert B. Louden & Maureen Henry (1983). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 25 (2):267-271.
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  46.  13
    James Dreier (1999). The Authority of Reason, Jean Hampton. Cambridge University Press, 1998, Vi + 310 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):311.
  47.  12
    James Dreier (1991). Book Review: Value and Justification: The Foundations of Liberal Theory by Gerald F. Gaus. [REVIEW] Ethics 102 (1):164-.
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  48.  2
    James Dreier (1999). No Title Available: Reviews. Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):311-318.
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  49. James Dreier (ed.) (2008). Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory _features pairs of newly commissioned essays by some of the leading theorists working in the field today. Brings together fresh debates on the most controversial issues in moral theory Questions include: Are moral requirements derived from reason? How demanding is morality? Are virtues the proper starting point for moral theorizing? Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, and paves the way for further discussion. Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary (...)
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  50. James Dreier (ed.) (2009). Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory _features pairs of newly commissioned essays by some of the leading theorists working in the field today. Brings together fresh debates on the most controversial issues in moral theory Questions include: Are moral requirements derived from reason? How demanding is morality? Are virtues the proper starting point for moral theorizing? Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, and paves the way for further discussion. Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary (...)
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