Search results for 'James R. Blair' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. R. James & R. Blair (2003). Did Cain Fail to Represent the Thoughts of Abel Before He Killed Him. In B. Repacholi & V. Slaughter (eds.), Individual Differences in Theory of Mind: Implications for Typical and Atypical Development. Hove, E. Sussex: Psychology Press 143--170.
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  2. Anna Grimshaw, C. L. R. James, Keith Hart & Robert A. Hill (1996). The C. L. R. James Reader. Science and Society 60 (2):220-226.
     
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  3.  12
    Marcus R. Watson, Mark R. Blair, Pavel Kozik, Kathleen A. Akins & James T. Enns (2012). Grapheme-Color Synaesthesia Benefits Rule-Based Category Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1533-1540.
    Researchers have long suspected that grapheme-color synaesthesia is useful, but research on its utility has so far focused primarily on episodic memory and perceptual discrimination. Here we ask whether it can be harnessed during rule-based Category learning. Participants learned through trial and error to classify grapheme pairs that were organized into categories on the basis of their associated synaesthetic colors. The performance of synaesthetes was similar to non-synaesthetes viewing graphemes that were physically colored in the same way. Specifically, synaesthetes (...)
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  4.  28
    James R. Blair & Karina S. Perschardt (2001). Empathy: A Unitary Circuit or a Set of Dissociable Neuro-Cognitive Systems? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):27-28.
    We question whether empathy is mediated by a unitary circuit. We argue that recent neuroimaging data indicate dissociable neural responses for different facial expressions as well as for representing others' mental states (Theory of Mind, TOM). We also argue that the general empathy disorder considered characteristic of autism and psychopathy is not general but specific for each disorder.
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  5.  8
    R. James R. Blair (2008). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Psychopathy and Implications for Judgments of Responsibility. Neuroethics 1 (3):149-157.
  6. Stuart F. White, Sarah J. Brislin, Harma Meffert, Stephen Sinclair & R. James R. Blair (2013). Callous-Unemotional Traits Modulate the Neural Response Associated with Punishing Another Individual During Social Exchange: A Preliminary Investigation. Journal of Personality Disorders 27 (1):99–112.
    The current study examined whether Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, a core component of psychopathy, modulate neural responses of participants engaged in a social exchange game. In this task, participants were offered an allocation of money and then given the chance to punish the offerer. Twenty youth participated and responses to both offers and the participant’s punishment (or not) of these offers were examined. Increasingly unfair offers were associated with increased dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) activity but this responsiveness was not modulated (...)
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  7. Stuart F. White, Abigail A. Marsh, Katherine A. Fowler, Julia C. Schechter, Christopher Adalio, Kayla Pope, Stephen Sinclair, Daniel S. Pine & R. James R. Blair (2012). Reduced Amygdala Response in Youths With Disruptive Behavior Disorders and Psychopathic Traits: Decreased Emotional Response Versus Increased Top-Down Attention to Nonemotional Features. American Journal of Psychiatry 169 (7):750-758.
    Youths with disruptive behavior disorders and psychopathic traits showed reduced amygdala responses to fearful expressions under low attentional load but no indications of increased recruitment of regions implicated in top- down attentional control. These findings suggest that the emotional deficit observed in youths with disruptive behavior disorders and psychopathic traits is primary and not secondary to increased top- down attention to nonemotional stimulus features.
     
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  8.  14
    C. L. R. James (1993). In 1960 James Writes to Freddie and Lyman Paine. Clr James Journal 4 (1):81-86.
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  9.  4
    C. L. R. James (1993). In 1960 James Writes to Freddie and Lyman Paine. Clr James Journal 4 (1):81-86.
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  10. R. James (1999). Karl R. Popper, The World of Parmenides. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6:91-91.
     
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  11.  21
    R. -B. Perry, C. Renouvier & William James (1929). Correspondance de Charles renouvier et de William James. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 36 (1):1 - 35.
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  12.  9
    Wm James, C. Renouvier & R. -B. Perry (1929). Correspondance de Charles renouvier et de William James (suite). Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 36 (2):193 - 222.
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  13.  5
    M. R. James (1894). Charles's Translation of the Book of Enoch The Book of Enoch, Translated From Professor Dillmann's Ethiopic Text, Emended and Revised in Accordance with Hitherto Uncollated Ethiopic MSS. And with the Gizeh and Other Greek and Latin Fragments, Which Are Here Published in Full. Edited, with Introduction, Notes, Appendices, and Indices by R. H. Charles, M.A., Trinity College, Dublin, and Exeter College, Oxford. Oxford, the Clarendon Press, 1893. 16. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 8 (1-2):41-44.
  14.  9
    Patrick James (2012). (R.W.V.) Catling and (F.) Marchand with the Assistance of (M.) Sasanow Eds. Onomatologos: Studies in Greek Personal Names Presented to Elaine Matthews. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2010. Pp. Xxxii + 681, Illus. £90. 9781842179826. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 132 (1):224-226.
  15.  13
    Sara Blair (1991). Henry James and the Paradox of Literary Mastery. Philosophy and Literature 15 (1):89-102.
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  16.  11
    L. A. R. (1953). Book Review:Harvard Case Histories in Experimental Science James B. Conant. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 20 (4):346-.
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  17.  6
    L. A. R. (1953). Book Review:The Perception of the Visual World James J. Gibson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 20 (2):166-.
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  18.  4
    L. A. R. (1953). Book Review:Modern Science and Modern Man James B. Conant. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 20 (3):242-.
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  19. S. R. (1976). Creativity and Openness: Essays in Honor of James Street Fulton. [REVIEW] Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):182-182.
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  20. J. B. R. (1968). Introduction to William James. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):560-560.
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  21. C. N. R. (1962). Self, Religion, and Metaphysics: Essays in Memory of James Bissett Pratt. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):532-533.
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  22. J. B. R. (1968). The Writings of William James: A Comprehensive Edition. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):162-162.
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  23.  47
    R. J. R. Blair (1995). A Cognitive Developmental Approach to Morality: Investigating the Psychopath. Cognition 57 (1):1-29.
    Various social animal species have been noted to inhibit aggressive attacks when a conspecific displays submission cues. Blair (1993) has suggested that humans possess a functionally similar mechanism which mediates the suppression of aggression in the context of distress cues. He has suggested that this mechanism is a prerequisite for the development of the moral/conventional distinction; the consistently observed distinction in subject's judgments between moral and conventional transgressions. Psychopaths may lack this violence inhibitor. A causal model is developed showing (...)
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  24. R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell (2001). Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
    This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex func- tioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the Intradimensional/ (...)
     
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  25.  23
    R. J. R. Blair (1997). Affect and the Moral‐Conventional Distinction. Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):187-196.
    Abstract The effect of inducing negative, positive or neutral affect on the recall of moral and conventional transgressions and positive moral and conventional acts was examined. It was found that inducing negative affect was associated with higher recall of moral transgressions while inducing positive affect was associated with higher recall of positive moral acts. Affect induction condition did not have a significant effect on the recall of the conventional transgressions or positive acts. (...)
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  26. D. G. V. Mitchell, E. Colledge & R. J. R. Blair (2002). Risky Decisions and Response Reversal: Is There Evidence of Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Psychopathic Individuals? Neuropsychologia 40:2013–2022.
    This study investigates the performance of psychopathic individuals on tasks believed to be sensitive to dorsolateral prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) functioning. Psychopathic and non-psychopathic individuals, as defined by the Hare psychopathy checklist revised (PCL-R) [Hare, The Hare psychopathy checklist revised, Toronto, Ontario: Multi-Health Systems, 1991] completed a gambling task [Cognition 50 (1994) 7] and the intradimensional/extradimensional (ID/ED) shift task [Nature 380 (1996) 69]. On the gambling task, psychopathic participants showed a global tendency to choose disadvantageously. Specifically, they showed an (...)
     
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  27.  5
    C. L. R. James (1992). [Postmark Nov 17, 1948]. Clr James Journal 3 (1):104-104.
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  28.  4
    C. L. R. James (1992). [Postmark Nov 17, 1948]. Clr James Journal 3 (1):104-104.
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  29. P. A. Minkus, J. A. Blair & R. H. Johnson (1980). Arguments That Aren't Arguments. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium, Ed. Ja Blair and Rh Johnson 69:76.
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  30.  8
    R. M. James & A. N. Williams (2008). Two Georgian Fathers: Diverse in Experience, United in Grief. Medical Humanities 34 (2):70-79.
    The history of paediatrics and child health is increasingly recognised to be about children themselves and how they and their families cope and adapt to their medical condition rather than about medical practitioners and august institutions. This article considers two case studies, showing how two Georgian fathers cared for their children when sickness struck and their reactions when the children died. Davies (Giddy) Gilbert, FRS (1767–1840), was a member of Parliament first for Helston and later for Bodmin. (He married Ann (...)
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  31.  4
    Brad Johnson, B. R. Baliga & John D. Blair (1986). Chapter 11: Strategic Advantage and Social Anathema? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 5 (1):51 - 61.
    The United States is at a crossroad in its treatment of Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code, which deals with reorganization of bankrupt organizations. It is vital that the issues surrounding the debate be properly framed. This paper attempts to do just that by reviewing the evolution of bankruptcy law, assessing the impact of Chapter 11 leniency on societal stakeholders, considering bankruptcy as a strategic option, and addressing the ethical and societal issues that arise from the use of Chapter 11 (...)
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  32.  8
    Sanford G. Thatcher, James S. Stramel, Heather Blair, David Christensen, Ronald De Sousa, Timothy F. Murphy, Paul Raymont, Harold J. Dumain, Joseph A. Grispino, Todd Volker, Anto Knežević & Karen M. Kuss (1995). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):107 - 122.
    A letter protesting the publication of a homophobic rant in the Proceedings of the APA.
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  33. R. Flynn James (2006). Academic Freedom: History Trumps Questionnaire. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6).
  34. R. R. James (1997). Utilizing a Social Ethic Toward the Environment in Assessing Genetically Engineered Insect-Resistance in Trees. Agriculture and Human Values 14 (3):237-249.
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  35. Michael T. Stuart (2012). REVIEW: James R. Brown, Laboratory of the Mind. [REVIEW] Spontaneous Generations 6 (1):237-241.
    Originally published in 1991, The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences, is the first monograph to identify and address some of the many interesting questions that pertain to thought experiments. While the putative aim of the book is to explore the nature of thought experimental evidence, it has another important purpose which concerns the crucial role thought experiments play in Brown’s Platonic master argument.In that argument, Brown argues against naturalism and empiricism (Brown 2012), for mathematical Platonism (...)
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  36. James R. Horne (1975). Which Mystic has the Revelation?: JAMES R. HORNE. Religious Studies 11 (3):283-291.
    Since the late nineteenth century, studies of mysticism have presented us with two contrasting conclusions. The first is that mystics all over the world report basically the same experience, and the second is that there are great differences among the reports, and possibly among the experiences. On the positive side there are such works as Huxley's The Perennial Philosophy , with its claim that all mystics say that all beings are manifestations of a Divine Ground, that men learn of this (...)
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  37. Horace Meyer Kallen (1937). Remarks on R. B. Perry's Portrait of William James. Philosophical Review 46 (1):68-78.
    Kallen's review of Ralph Barton Perry (1935) The Thought and Character of William James--in which he offers a pointed criticism.
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  38.  4
    Christian Høgsbjerg (2009). Urbane Revolutionary: C.L.R. James and the Struggle for a New Society Rethinking Race, Politics, and Poetics: C.L.R. James' Critique of Modernity. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 17 (3):221-234.
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  39.  1
    James R. Horne (1991). Saintliness And Moral Perfection: JAMES R. HORNE. Religious Studies 27 (4):463-471.
    In the course of supporting his larger thesis about mysticism, Steven Katz argues that, ‘Every religious community and every mystical movement within each community has a “model” or “models” of the ideal practitioner of the religious life.' Among thirteen functions of such models he mentions three that partially overlap. He says that these model lives set standards of perfection to measure believers' actions, they are perfect examples of what it is to be a human being, and they are moral paradigms. (...)
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  40. James R. Horne (1977). Do Mystics Perceive Themselves?: JAMES R. HORNE. Religious Studies 13 (3):327-333.
    Mystics have always claimed that a very significant kind of self-perception is possible, at the end of certain spiritual disciplines. The self that is then supposed to be known is a unity, identical from one experience to the next, and not to be identified with any particular experiences, such as impressions or ideas, which the self has. In short, mystical testimony supports something like a theory of the essential self as simple and unchanging.
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  41. David Lobina (2013). The Origins of Grammar, by James R. Hurford. Disputatio.
    Lobina, David_The Origins of Grammar, by James R Hurford.
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  42.  15
    John R. Martin Jr (2006). C.L.R. James's Analysis of Race and Class. Radical Philosophy Review 9 (2):167-189.
    Social conditions of race and class continue to combine in ways that raise systemic questions about the adequacy and legitimacy of liberal, capitalist democracy in America. More radical alternatives, however, are still generally held to be irrelevant in the American context. The following is an effort to correct this widespread misrepresentation of socialism’s relevance to America generally, and to matters of race in particular. I consider the work of C.L.R. James who, fifty years ago, developed a class-oriented, explicitly Marxist (...)
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  43.  99
    Peter Beilbarz (1995). Reviews : C.L.R. James, World Revolution 1917-1936: The Rise and Fall of the Communist International (Humanities Press, 1993); Michel Beaud, Socialism in the Crucible of History (Humanities Press, 1993); Cornelius Castoriadis, Political and Social Writings, Volume 3, 1961- 1979 (University of Minnesota Press, 1993); Moishe Postone, Time, Labor, and Social Domination—A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Tbeory (Cambridge University Press, 1993). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 40 (1):133-138.
    Reviews : C.L.R. James, World Revolution 1917-1936: The Rise and Fall of the Communist International ; Michel Beaud, Socialism in the Crucible of History ; Cornelius Castoriadis, Political and Social Writings, Volume 3, 1961- 1979 ; Moishe Postone, Time, Labor, and Social Domination—A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Tbeory.
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  44.  83
    Peter Beilharz (1986). Reviews : Isaac Deutscher and David King, The Great Purges (Blackwell, 1984) and C.L.R. James, At the Rendezvous of Victory (Allison and Busby, 1984). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 13 (1):133-134.
    Isaac Deutscher and David King, The Great Purges and C.L.R. James, At the Rendezvous of Victory.
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  45.  14
    Jack Weinstein, Adam Smith's Marketplace of Life, by James R. Otteson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 352. H/B £50.00, $70.00, P/B £19.95, $26.00. [REVIEW]
    James Otteson’s Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life is the latest instalment in a wave of new scholarship signalling a renewed interest in Adam Smith. These works share several characteristics. First, they present Smith as a philosopher and not an economist. Second, they take seriously The Theory of Moral Senti- ments (TMS), Smith’s first book, by suggesting that his moral theory holds..
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  46. William Kingdon Clifford, Karl Pearson & James Roy Newman (1946). The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences. Edited, and with a Pref. By Karl Pearson; Newly Edited and with an Introd. By James R. Newman; Pref. By Bertrand Russell. [REVIEW] Knopf.
     
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  47. A. R. Singh (2009). Welcome to the Board, Prof James R. Flynn. Mens Sana Monographs 7 (1):210.
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  48.  2
    A. Smith (2006). 'Beyond a Boundary' : Reading C.L.R. James with Bourdieu. Theory, Culture and Society 23 (4):95-112.
    This article responds to the suggestion that C.L.R. James’ discussion of cricket, and particularly his defence of the ‘spirit of the game’, represent an ideological blind-spot on his part. James’ autobiographical account of the cricketing field, it is argued, is comparable to Pierre Bourdieu’s account of the ‘fields’ of culture more generally. In particular, James recognized that what was at stake in the defence of cricketing ethics was a defence of the principle by which the sport was (...)
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  49.  84
    Brent Waters (2011). Book Review: Robert D. Orr, Medical Ethics and the Faith Factor: A Handbook for Clergy and Health-Care Professionals (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009). Xxviii + 482 Pp. £19.99/$30 (Pb), ISBN 978-0-802-86404-8. James R. Thobaben, Health-Care Ethics: A Comprehensive Christian Resource (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009). 428 Pp. £22.60/$35 (Pb), ISBN 978-0-8308-2673-5. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (1):113-117.
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  50. Stewart Duncan (2009). Review of James R. Martel, Subverting the Leviathan. [REVIEW] Restoration, Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700 33:57-9.
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