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  1. James Rachels, Note.
    for both introductory courses in philosophy, or philosophical methodology, as well as independent study for anyone interested in the methods of argument, assessment and criticism used in contemporary analytic philosophy. It is unique in approach, and written in a pleasant and considerate tone. Its authors are both competent philosophers, and the book visibly reflects their deep sympathy to the discipline and their appreciation of its unique character. This book will help one to get going to do philosophy, but more advanced (...)
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  2. James Rachels (forthcoming). The Distinction Between Active and Passive Euthanasia is Thought to Be Cru-Cial for Medical Ethics. The Idea is That It is Permissible, at Least in Some Cases, to Withhold Treatment and Allow a Patient to Die, but It is Never Permissi-Ble to Take Any Direct Action Designed to Kill the Patient. This Doctrine Seems to Be Accepted by Most Doctors, and It is Endorsed in a Statement Adopted by the House of Delegates of the American Medical Association on December 4, 1973. Bioethics.
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  3. James Rachels (2011). Problems From Philosophy. Mcgraw-Hill Higher Education.
    Problems from Philosophy is an introduction to philosophy which is organized around the great philosophical problems—the existence of God, the nature of the mind, human freedom, the limits of knowledge, and the truth about ethics. It begins by reflecting on the life of the first great philosopher, Socrates. Then it takes up the fundamental question of whether God exists. Next comes a discussion of death and the soul, which leads to a chapter about persons. The later chapters of the book (...)
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  4. Carey Heckman, James Rachels & Stuart Rachels (2010). Ethics and the Future of Computing. Ethics 1:6.
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  5. James Rachels (2009). Active and Passive Euthanasia. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  6. James Rachels (2009). Are Quotas Sometimes Justified? In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7. James Rachels (2009). Egoism and Moral Scepticism. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8. James Rachels (2009). Felicidade, morte e absurdo. Crítica.
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  9. James Rachels (2009). God and Goodness. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy of Religion: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  10. James Rachels (2009). God and the Concept of Worship. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy of Religion: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  11. James Rachels (2009). Serão as pessoas responsáveis pelo que fazem? Crítica.
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  12. James Rachels (2009). The Challenge of Cultural Relativism. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  13. James Rachels (2008). Haverá provas em ética? Crítica.
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  14. James Rachels (2007). Moral, aborto e religião. Crítica.
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  15. James Rachels (2004). A questão da objectividade em ética. Crítica.
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  16. James Rachels (2004). Drawing Lines. In Cass R. Sunstein & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.), Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions. Oxford University Press. 162--174.
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  17. James Rachels (2003). A ética de Kant. Crítica.
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  18. James Rachels (2002). Ethics and the Bible. Think (1):93-101.
    How should we live? To answer that question, many people turn to the Bible. What they find is often inspiring, although it may set standards that are uncomfortably high: love your neighbor as yourself, treat others as you would like to be treated, and walk humbly with God. Inspiration, however, can be found in a great many books. To Kill a Mockingbird teaches the virtue of tolerance, and A Tale of Two Cities impresses us with the nobility of self-sacrifice. William (...)
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  19. James Rachels (2002). The Value of Human Life. Philosophical Inquiry 24 (1-2):3-16.
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  20. James Rachels (2001). Killing and Letting Die. In Lawrence C. Becker Mary Becker & Charlotte Becker (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ethics, 2nd edition. Routledge.
    Is it worse to kill someone than to let someone die? It seems obvious to common sense that it is worse. We allow people to die, for example, when we fail to contribute money to famine-relief efforts; but even if we feel somewhat guilty, we do not consider ourselves murderers. Nor do we feel like accessories to murder when we fail to give blood, sign an organ-donor card, or do any of the other things that could save lives. Common sense (...)
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  21. James Rachels (2001). Theory and Practice. In Lawrence C. Becker Mary Becker & Charlotte Becker (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ethics, 2nd edition. Routledge.
    The idea that some things are fine in theory, but do not work in practice, was already an “old saying” when Kant wrote about it in 1793. Kant, who was annoyed that a man named Garve had criticized his ethical theory on this ground, responded by pointing out that there is always a gap between theory and practice. Theory provides general rules but it cannot tell us how to apply them--for that, practical judgment is needed. “[T]he general rule,” said Kant, (...)
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  22. James Rachels (2000). Naturalism. In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory. Blackwell Publishers.
    Twentieth century philosophy began with the rejection of naturalism. Many modern philosophers had assumed that their subject was continuous with the sciences, and that facts about human nature and other such information were relevant to the great questions of ethics, logic, and knowledge. Against this, Frege argued that “psychologism” in logic was a mistake. Logic, he said, is an autonomous subject with its own standards of truth and falsity, and those standards have nothing to do with how the mind works (...)
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  23. David E. Cooper, Robert L. Arrington & James Rachels (eds.) (1998). Ethics: The Classic Readings. Blackwell Publishers.
    Ranging from Plato to Sartre and representing classic texts such as Hume's TREATISE and J.S. Mill's UTILITARIANISM, this collection brings together essential ...
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  24. James Rachels (ed.) (1998). Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press.
    Rachels's two-volume Ethical Theory provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary moral philosophy, reprinting classic and contemporary articles, including many that are not otherwise readily available. Each volume contains a clearly written, substantial introduction that guides the beginner through the intricacies of the subject.
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  25. James Rachels (1998). Nietzsche and the Objectivity of Morals. In N. Scott Arnold, Theodore M. Benditt & George Graham (eds.), Philosophy Then and Now. Blackwell Publishers.
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  26. James Rachels (1998). The Nature of Morality. In N. Scott Arnold, Theodore M. Benditt & George Graham (eds.), Philosophy Then and Now. Blackwell Publishers. 383.
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  27. James Rachels (1998). The Principle of Agency. Bioethics 12 (2):150–161.
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  28. James Rachels (1997). Punishment and Desert. In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), Ethics in Practice. Basil Blackwell. 466--74.
    Retributivism—the idea that wrongdoers should be “paid back” for their wicked deeds—fits naturally with many people’s feelings. They find it deeply satisfying when murderers and rapists “get what they have coming,” and they are infuriated when villains “get away with it.” But others dismiss these feelings as primitive and unenlightened. Sometimes the complaint takes a religious form. The desire for revenge, it is said, should be resisted by those who believe in Christian charity. After all, Jesus himself rejected the rule (...)
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  29. James Rachels (1996). Can Ethics Provide Answers?: And Other Essays in Moral Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  30. James Rachels (1993). Why Darwinians Should Support Equal Treatment for Other Great Apes. In Paolo Cavalieri Peter Singer (ed.), The Great Ape Project. Fourth Estate. 152--157.
    A few years ago I set out to canvass the literature on Charles Darwin. I thought it would be a manageable task, but I soon realized what a naïve idea this was. I do not know how many books have been written about him, but there seem to be thousands, and each year more appear.1 Why are there so many? Part of the answer is, of course, that he was a tremendously important figure in the history of human thought. But (...)
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  31. James Rachels (1991). When Philosophers Shoot From the Hip. A Report From America. Bioethics 5 (1):67–71.
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  32. James Rachels (1991). When Philosophers Shoot From the Hip. Bioethics 5 (1):67-71.
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  33. James Rachels (1990/1991). Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism. Oxford University Press.
    From Bishop Wilberforce in the 1860s to the advocates of "creation science" today, defenders of traditional mores have condemned Darwin's theory of evolution as a threat to society's values. Darwin's defenders, like Stephen Jay Gould, have usually replied that there is no conflict between science and religion--that values and biological facts occupy separate realms. But as James Rachels points out in this thought-provoking study, Darwin himself would disagree with Gould. Darwin, who had once planned on being a clergyman, was convinced (...)
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  34. James Rachels (1989). More Impertinent Distinctions. In Robert M. Baird & Stuart E. Rosenbaum (eds.), Euthanasia: The Moral Issues. Prometheus Books. 61--8.
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  35. James Rachels (1987). A Report From America: Baby M. Bioethics 1 (4):357–365.
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  36. James Rachels (1987). Darwin, Species, and Morality. The Monist 70 (1):98-113.
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  37. James Rachels (1986). Darwin's Moral Lapse. National Forum:22-24.
    One reason Darwin's letters and journals are such a pleasure to read is that in them we meet a modest, decent man who commands our respect, and even our affection. He was not only a great scientist; he was an exemplary human being. Yet there was one famous episode in Darwin's life in which he and his friends acted badly. Perhaps because he was so admirable a man, historians have tended to gloss over this moral lapse, sometimes even to the (...)
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  38. James Rachels (1986). The End of Life: Euthanasia and Morality. Oxford University Press.
     
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  39. James Rachels (1984). Euthanasia and the Physician's Professional Commitments. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):281-285.
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  40. James Rachels (1983). Barney Clark's Key. Hastings Center Report 13 (2):17-19.
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  41. James Rachels (1982). God and Human Attitudes. In Steven M. Cahn & David Shatz (eds.), Contemporary Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. 325 - 337.
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  42. James Rachels (1982). Moral Education in Public Schools. Journal of Philosophy 79 (11):678-679.
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  43. James Rachels (1981). Reasoning About Killing and Letting Die. Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):465-473.
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  44. James Rachels (1981). Sociobiology and the 'Escalator' of Reason. Hastings Center Report 11 (5):45-46.
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  45. James Rachels (1980). Can Ethics Provide Answers? Hastings Center Report 10 (June):32-40.
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  46. James Rachels (1980). Euthanasia. In Tom L. Beauchamp & Tom Regan (eds.), Matters of Life and Death. Temple University Press.
     
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  47. James Rachels (1979). Killing and Starving to Death. Philosophy 54 (208):159 - 171.
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  48. James Rachels (1978). Can the Egoist Have It Both Ways? Philosophia 8 (2-3):425-428.
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  49. James Rachels (1977). John Dewey and the Truth About Ethics. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), New Studies in the Philosophy of John Dewey. Published for the University of Vermont by the University Press of New England. 149--171.
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  50. James Rachels (1975). Moral Problems: A Collection of Philosophical Essays. New York,Harper & Row.
    Sex: Nagel, T. Sexual perversion. Ruddick, S. On sexual morality.--Abortion: Ramsey, P. The morality of abortion. Foot, P. The problem of abortion and the doctrine of the double effect. Wertheimer, R. Understanding the abortion argument. Thomson, J. J. A defense of abortion.--Prejudice and discrimination: Wasserstrom, R. Rights, human rights, and racial discrimination. Roszak, B. Women's liberation. Lucas, J. R. Because you are a woman. Thomson, J. J. Preferential hiring. Singer, P. Animal liberation.--Civil disobedience: Rawls, J. The justification of civil disobedience. (...)
     
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