Search results for 'James S. J. Schwartz' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: James S.J. Schwartz (Wayne State University)
  1. Henry P. Stapp & Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Appendix to Schwartz's Paper in J. Consc. Studies.score: 2520.0
    The data emerging from the clinical and brain studies described above suggest that, in the case of OCD, there are two pertinent brain mechanisms that are distinguishable both in terms of neuro dynamics and in terms of the conscious experiences that accompany them. These mechanisms can be characterized, on anatomical and perhaps evolutionary grounds, as a lower level and a higher level mechanism. The clinical treatment has, when successful, an activating effect on the higher level mechanism, and a suppressive effect (...)
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  2. James S. J. Schwartz (2011). Our Moral Obligation to Support Space Exploration. Environmental Ethics 33 (1):67-88.score: 2010.0
    The moral obligation to support space exploration follows from our obligations to protect the environment and to survive as a species. It can be justified through three related arguments: one supporting space exploration as necessary for acquiring resources, and two illustrating the need for space technology in order to combat extraterrestrial threats such as meteorite impacts. Three sorts of objections have been raised against this obligation. The first are objections alleging that supporting space exploration is impractical. The second is the (...)
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  3. James S. J. Schwartz (2013). On the Moral Permissibility of Terraforming. Ethics and the Environment 18 (2):1-31.score: 2010.0
    Terraforming is a process of planetary engineering by which the extant environment of a planetary body is transformed into an environment capable of supporting human inhabitants. The question I would like to consider in this paper is whether there is any reason to believe that the terraforming of another planet—for instance, the terraforming of Mars—is morally problematic. Topics related to the human exploration of space are not often discussed in philosophical circles. Nevertheless, there exists a growing body of philosophical literature (...)
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  4. David A. Schwartz, J. Eric Ivancich & Stephen Kaplan (1997). Suppression, Attention, and Effort: A Proposed Enhancement for a Promising Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):36-37.score: 960.0
    Although Glenberg's theory benefits from the incorporation of a suppression concept, a more differentiated view of suppression would be even more effective. We propose such a concept (based on the attention framework first developed by William James in the late nineteenth century), showing how it accounts for phenomena that Glenberg describes and also for phenomena that he ignores.
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  5. Evan I. Schwartz (2009). Finding Oz: How L. Frank Baum Discovered the Great American Story. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.score: 900.0
    Finding Oz tells the remarkable story behind one of the world’s most enduring and best-loved books. Offering profound new insights into the true origins and meaning of L. Frank Baum’s 1900 masterwork, it delves into the personal turmoil and spiritual transformation that fueled Baum’s fantastical parable of the American Dream. Before becoming an impresario of children’s adventure tales, the J. K. Rowling of his age, Baum failed at a series of careers and nearly lost his soul before setting out on (...)
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  6. Evan I. Schwartz (2009). Finding Oz: How L. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.score: 900.0
    Finding Oz tells the remarkable story behind one of the world’s most enduring and best-loved books. Offering profound new insights into the true origins and meaning of L. Frank Baum’s 1900 masterwork, it delves into the personal turmoil and spiritual transformation that fueled Baum’s fantastical parable of the American Dream. Before becoming an impresario of children’s adventure tales, the J. K. Rowling of his age, Baum failed at a series of careers and nearly lost his soul before setting out on (...)
     
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  7. Daniel Schwartz (ed.) (2011). Interpreting Suárez: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press.score: 900.0
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction Daniel Schwartz; 2. Fundamentals in Suárez's metaphysics: transcendentals and categories Jorge J. E. Gracia and Daniel D. Novotný; 3. The reality of substantial form: Suárez, metaphysical disputations XV Christopher Shields; 4. Suárez on the ontology of relations Jorge Secada; 5. Suárez's cosmological argument for the existence of God Bernie Cantens; 6. Action and freedom in Suárez's ethics Thomas Pink; 7. Obligation, rightness, and natural law: Suárez and some critics Terence H. Irwin; 8. Suárez (...)
     
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  8. Robert Schwartz (1996). Directed Perception. Philosophical Psychology 9 (1):81-91.score: 840.0
    Recently it has been argued that a model of directed perception provides an alternative to both indirect and direct accounts of the nature of vision. An examination of this proposal serves as a basis for challenging the meaningfulness and empirical import of the theoretical and ontological differences said to separate these models. Although focusing on James Cutting's work, the analysis is meant to speak more generally to the supposed significance of the distinctions among indirect, direct, and directed theories of (...)
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  9. Mark S. Schwartz, Thomas W. Dunfee & Michael J. Kline (2005). Tone at the Top: An Ethics Code for Directors? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):79 - 100.score: 810.0
    . Recent corporate scandals have focused the attention of a broad set of constituencies on reforming corporate governance. Boards of directors play a leading role in corporate governance and any significant reforms must encompass their role. To date, most reform proposals have targeted the legal, rather than the ethical obligations of directors. Legal reforms without proper attention to ethical obligations will likely prove ineffectual. The ethical role of directors is critical. Directors have overall responsibility for the ethics and compliance programs (...)
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  10. Bernard Tursky, Gary E. Schwartz & Andrew Crider (1970). Differential Patterns of Heart Rate and Skin Resistance During a Digit-Transformation Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):451.score: 810.0
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  11. Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin (1975). Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):222-237.score: 810.0
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  12. B. D. Burns, K. J. Holyoak, A. Howes, D. Jurafsky, D. L. Schwartz, M. Steedman, S. van Koten, R. Vollmeyer, J. E. Laird & M. D. LeBlanc (1996). Badler, NI, 1 Bibby, PA, 539 Black, JB, 457. Cognitive Science 20:617.score: 810.0
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  13. E. G. DeRenzo, P. Panzarella, S. Selinger & J. Schwartz (2005). Emancipation, Capacity, and the Difference Between Law and Ethics. Journal of Clinical Ethics 16 (2):144.score: 810.0
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  14. Barry J. Schwartz, Daniel S. Lordahl & Blase Gambino (1973). Effect of Sequence Structure on Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):212.score: 810.0
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  15. Arthur S. Schwartz, Alan J. Perey & Alan Azulay (1975). Further Analysis of Active and Passive Touch in Pattern Discrimination. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (1):7-9.score: 810.0
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  16. Bl Schwartz, S. Hashtroudi & J. Smith (1989). Is Priming Independent of Procedural Learning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):504-504.score: 810.0
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  17. James Sj Schwartz, Donald G. Richards, Kristie Dotson, Kyle Whyte, Sally J. Scholz, Lars Samuelsson & Marion Hourdequin (2013). 7. Notes on Contributors Notes on Contributors (Pp. 135-136). Ethics and the Environment 18 (2).score: 810.0
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  18. J. Goldie, L. Schwartz & J. Morrison (2004). Teaching and Learning Ethics-Students' Attitudes and Potential Behaviour to a Competent Patient's Request for Withdrawal of Treatment as They Pass Through a Modern Medical Curriculum. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):371-375.score: 675.0
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  19. J. Schwartz (1992). Who's Afraid of Multiple Realizability?: Functionalism, Reductionism, and Connectionism. In J. Dinsmore (ed.), The Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms: Closing the Gap. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 630.0
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  20. Elaine Gibson, Kevin Brazil, Michael D. Coughlin, Claudia Emerson, Francois Fournier, Lisa Schwartz, Karen V. Szala-Meneok, Karen M. Weisbaum & Donald J. Willison (2008). Who's Minding the Shop? The Role of Canadian Research Ethics Boards in the Creation and Uses of Registries and Biobanks. BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):17-.score: 630.0
    BackgroundThe amount of research utilizing health information has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Many institutions have extensive biobank holdings collected over a number of years for clinical and teaching purposes, but are uncertain as to the proper circumstances in which to permit research uses of these samples. Research Ethics Boards (REBs) in Canada and elsewhere in the world are grappling with these issues, but lack clear guidance regarding their role in the creation of and access to registries and (...)
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  21. Seth J. Schwartz, Vivian L. Vignoles & Koen Luyckx (2011). Epilogue: What's Next for Identity Theory and Research. In Seth J. Schwartz, Koen Luyckx & Vivian L. Vignoles (eds.), Handbook of Identity Theory and Research. Springer Science+Business Media. 933.score: 630.0
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  22. Frank J. Schwartz (2003). Keiko Hirata, Civil Society in Japan: The Growing Role of NGOs in Tokyo's Aid Development Policy. Japanese Journal of Political Science 4 (2):367-369.score: 630.0
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  23. J. Schwartz (1991). Reduction, Elimination, and the Mental. Philosophy of Science 58 (June):203-20.score: 450.0
    The antireductionist arguments of many philosophers (e.g., Baker, Fodor and Davidson) are motivated by a worry that successful reduction would eliminate rather than conserve the mental. This worry derives from a misunderstanding of the empiricist account of reduction, which, although it does not underwrite "cognitive suicide", should be rejected for its positivist baggage. Philosophy of psychology needs more detailed attention to issues in natural science which serve as analogies for reduction of the mental. I consider a range of central cases, (...)
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  24. Donald J. Willison, Marilyn Swinton, Lisa Schwartz, Julia Abelson, Cathy Charles, David Northrup, Ji Cheng & Lehana Thabane (2008). Alternatives to Project-Specific Consent for Access to Personal Information for Health Research: Insights From a Public Dialogue. BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):18-.score: 450.0
    BackgroundThe role of consent for research use of health information is contentious. Most discussion has focused on when project-specific consent may be waived but, recently, a broader range of consent options has been entertained, including broad opt-in for multiple studies with restrictions and notification with opt-out. We sought to elicit public values in this matter and to work toward an agreement about a common approach to consent for use of personal information for health research through deliberative public dialogues.MethodsWe conducted seven (...)
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  25. C. Sinding, L. Schwartz, M. Hunt, L. Redwood-Campbell, L. Elit & J. Ranford (2010). 'Playing God Because You Have To': Health Professionals' Narratives of Rationing Care in Humanitarian and Development Work. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):147-156.score: 450.0
    This article explores the accounts of Canadian-trained health professionals working in humanitarian and development organizations who considered not treating a patient or group of patients because of resource limitations. In the narratives, not treating the patient(s) was sometimes understood as the right thing to do, and sometimes as wrong. In analyzing participants’ narratives we draw attention to how medications and equipment are represented. In one type of narrative, medications and equipment are represented primarily as scarce resources; in another, they are (...)
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  26. J. Eric Ivancich, David A. Schwartz & Stephen Kaplan (2000). Integrating Exemplars in Category Learning: Better Late Than Never, but Better Early Than Late. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):481-482.score: 450.0
    Page's target article makes a good case for the strength of localist models. This can be characterized as an issue of where new information is integrated with respect to existing knowledge structures. We extend the analysis by discussing the dimension of when this integration takes place, the implications, and how they guide us in the creation of cognitive models.
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  27. Michael Schwartz (1996). Business Ethics in Developing Countries. Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (1):111-116.score: 450.0
    “Business Ethics in Developing Countries: A Response to Rossouw” examines Gedeon J. Rossouw’s account of business morality and those preconditions that he seeks in order to develop a moral business culture in South Africa, given the historical reality in that country. The paper argues that Rossouw does not take cognisance of history. Particularly of the decade after the election of the Nationalist Party Government in 1948, when that government strove to impose its ideology upon South African Society. If he did (...)
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  28. Jean-Luc Schwartz, Frédéric Berthommier & Christophe Savariaux (2004). Seeing to Hear Better: Evidence for Early Audio-Visual Interactions in Speech Identification. Cognition 93 (2):69-78.score: 450.0
    Lip reading is the ability to partially understand speech by looking at the speaker's lips. It improves the intelligibility of speech in noise when audio-visual perception is compared with audio-only perception. A recent set of experiments showed that seeing the speaker's lips also enhances sensitivity to acoustic information, decreasing the auditory detection threshold of speech embedded in noise [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109 (2001) 2272; J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (2000) 1197]. However, detection is different from comprehension, and it remains (...)
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  29. A. W. Macdonald (1955). Book Reviews : A History of Chinese Philosophy, Vol. II by Fung Yu-Lan, Translated by Derk Bodde (Princeton, Nj.: Princeton University Press, 1953.) Pp. XXV+783. China's Gentry, Essays in Rural-Urban Relations by Hsiao-Tung Fei (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.) Pp. 287. A Documentary History of Chinese Communism by C. Brandt, B. Schwartz and J. K. Fairbank (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1952.) Pp. 552. [REVIEW] Diogenes 3 (9):114-117.score: 243.0
  30. Tessa Rajak (2010). (J.) Frey, (D.R.) Schwartz and (S.) Gripentrog Eds. Jewish Identity in the Greco-Roman World (Jüdische Identität in der Griechisch-Römischen Welt) (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity 71). Leiden: Brill, 2007. Pp. Viii + 435. €135/$201. 9789004158382. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 130:230-231.score: 243.0
  31. Pura Sánchez Zamorano (2007). J. S. Mill y la “espontaneidad” individual. Télos 16 (2):116-129.score: 144.0
    Is John Stuart Mill’s On liberty the source of present-day boundless self-tolerance and vacuous spontaneity and eccentricity? Professor Pedro Schwartz, in his work En busca de Montesquieu (2007), claims so. This article friendly discusses (o rather disputes) Schwartz’s views.
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  32. J. Naudin & J. M. Azorin (1997). Commentary to Wiggins and Schwartz's «Edmund Husserl's Influence on Karl Jaspers's Phenomenology». Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 1:41-3.score: 117.0
  33. Sarah Steenhaut & Patrick van Kenhove (2006). An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Among a Consumer's Personal Values, Ethical Ideology and Ethical Beliefs. Journal of Business Ethics 64 (2):137 - 155.score: 108.0
    This study provides an additional partial test of the Hunt–Vitell theory [1986, Journal of Macromarketing, 8, 5–16; 1993, ‘The General Theory of Marketing Ethics: A Retrospective and Revision’, in N. C. Smith and J. A. Quelch (eds.), Ethics in Marketing (Irwin Inc., Homewood), pp. 775–784], within the consumer ethics context. Using structural equation modeling, the relationships among an individual’s personal values (conceptualized by the typology of Schwartz [1992, ‘Universals in the Content and Structure of Values: Theoretical Advances and (...)
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  34. Sandra Shapshay (ed.) (2009). Bioethics at the Movies. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 85.5
    Bioethics at the Movies explores the ways in which popular films engage basic bioethical concepts and concerns. Twenty philosophically grounded essays use cinematic tools such as character and plot development, scene-setting, and narrative-framing to demonstrate a range of principles and topics in contemporary medical ethics. The first section plumbs popular and bioethical thought on birth, abortion, genetic selection, and personhood through several films, including The Cider House Rules, Citizen Ruth, Gattaca, and I, Robot. In the second section, the contributors examine (...)
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  35. Gerald F. Thomas (2012). The Emancipation of Chemistry. Foundations of Chemistry 14 (2):109-155.score: 81.0
    In his classic work The Mind and its Place in Nature published in 1925 at the height of the development of quantum mechanics but several years after the chemists Lewis and Langmuir had already laid the foundations of the modern theory of valence with the introduction of the covalent bond, the analytic philosopher C. D. Broad argued for the emancipation of chemistry from the crass physicalism that led physicists then and later—with support from a rabblement of philosophers who knew as (...)
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  36. Anthony Greenwald, A Unified Theory of Implicit Attitudes, Stereotypes, Self-Esteem, and Self-Concept.score: 81.0
    This theoretical integration of social psychology’s main cognitive and affective constructs was shaped by 3 influences: (a) recent widespread interest in automatic and implicit cognition, (b) development of the Implicit Association Test (IAT; A. G. Greenwald, D. E. McGhee, & J. L. K. Schwartz, 1998), and (c) social psychology’s consistency theories of the 1950s, especially F. Heider’s (1958) balance theory. The balanced identity design is introduced as a method to test correlational predictions of the theory. Data obtained with this (...)
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  37. Matthias M. Graf, Niels van Quaquebeke & Rolf van Dick (2011). Two Independent Value Orientations: Ideal and Counter-Ideal Leader Values and Their Impact on Followers' Respect for and Identification with Their Leaders. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):185-195.score: 81.0
    Traditionally, conceptualizations of human values are based on the assumption that individuals possess a single integrated value system comprising those values that people are attracted by and strive for. Recently, however, van Quaquebeke et al. (in J Bus Ethics 93:293–305, 2010 ) proposed that a value system might consist of two largely independent value orientations—an orientation of ideal values and an orientation of counter-ideal values (values that individuals are repelled by), and that both orientations exhibit antithetic effects on people’s responses (...)
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  38. Sam Sanders & Keita Yokoyama (2012). The Dirac Delta Function in Two Settings of Reverse Mathematics. Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (1-2):99-121.score: 81.0
    The program of Reverse Mathematics (Simpson 2009) has provided us with the insight that most theorems of ordinary mathematics are either equivalent to one of a select few logical principles, or provable in a weak base theory. In this paper, we study the properties of the Dirac delta function (Dirac 1927; Schwartz 1951) in two settings of Reverse Mathematics. In particular, we consider the Dirac Delta Theorem, which formalizes the well-known property ${\int_\mathbb{R}f(x)\delta(x)\,dx=f(0)}$ of the Dirac delta function. We show (...)
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  39. David F. Walbert (1973). Abortion, Society, and the Law. Cleveland [Ohio]Press of Case Western Reserve University.score: 81.0
    George, B. J. Jr. The evolving law of abortion.--Guttmacher, A. F. The genesis of liberalized abortion in New York: a personal insight.--Callahan, D. Abortion: some ethical issues.--Jakobovits, I. Jewish views on abortion.--Drinan, R. F. The inviolability of the right to be born.--Schwartz, R. A. Abortion on request: the psychiatric implications.--Fleck, S. A psychiatrist's views on abortion.--Niswander, K. R. Abortion practices in the United States: a medical viewpoint.--Macintyre, M. N. Genetic risk, prenatal diagnosis, and selective abortion.--Messerman, G. A. Abortion counselling: (...)
     
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  40. Richard A. Wasserstrom (1971). Morality and the Law. Belmont, Calif.,Wadsworth Pub. Co..score: 81.0
    On liberty, by J. S. Mill.--Morals and the criminal law, by P. Devlin.--Immorality and treason, by H. L. A. Hart.--Lord Devlin and the enforcement of morals, by R. Dworkin.--Sins and crimes, by A. R. Louch.--Morals offenses and the model penal code, L. B. Schwartz.--Paternalism, by G. Dworkin.--Four cases involving the enforcement of morality: Shaw v. Director of Public Prosecutions; People v. Cohen; Repouille v. United States; Commonwealth v. Donoghue.--Bibliography (p. 149).
     
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  41. E. H. Locati, M. Stramba-BacHale, S. G. Priori, C. Napolteno & J. A. Towbin (unknown). MT Keating, X. Vlnotas, PJ Schwartz. Ctlnlca Medlca Generate E Tempia Medlca, Univ of Milan; Dept. Of Cardiology, Univ. Of Pavia, Italy Genetic Heterogeneity has Been Conclusively Proved in the Romano-Ward Syndrome. The Forms Linked to Chromosome 3 (LQT3) Have Different Mutations. [REVIEW] Ratio 2 (267).score: 63.0
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