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  1. James T. Cushing (forthcoming). It is the Theory Which Decides What We Can Observe. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
     
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  2. James T. Cushing (2001). Testing Quantum Mechanics on New Ground. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 32 (1):131-134.
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  3. James T. Cushing (2000). Bohmian Insights Into Quantum Chaos. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):445.
    The ubiquity of chaos in classical mechanics (CM), as opposed to the situation in standard quantum mechanics (QM), might be taken as speaking against QM being the fundamental theory of physical phenomena. Bohmian mechanics (BM), as a formulation of quantum theory, may clarify both the existence of chaos in the quantum domain and the nature of the classical limit. Two interesting possibilities are (i) that CM and classical chaos are included in and underwritten by quantum mechanics (BM) or (ii) that (...)
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  4. James T. Cushing (1998). Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to the (...)
     
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  5. James T. Cushing, Arthur Fine & Sheldon Goldstein (1996). Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal. Springer.
     
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  6. James T. Cushing (1995). Hermeneutics, Underdetermination and Quantum Mechanics. Science and Education 4 (2):137-146.
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  7. James T. Cushing (1995). Karl-Otto Apel, Selected Essays, Volume I: Towards a Transcendental Semiotics (Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1994). Daniel Athearn, Scientific Nihilism and the Recovery of Physical. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 18 (1).
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  8. James T. Cushing (1995). Quantum Tunneling Times: A Crucial Test for the Causal Program? [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 25 (2):269-280.
    It is generally believed that Bohm's version of quantum mechanics is observationally equivalent to standard quantum mechanics. A more careful statement is that the two theories will always make the same predictions for any question or problem that is well posed in both interpretations. The transit time of a “particle” between two points in space is not necessarily well defined in standard quantum mechanics, whereas it is in Bohm's theory since there is always a particle following a definite trajectory. For (...)
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  9. James T. Cushing (1994). A Bohmian Response to Bohr's Complementarity. In Jan Faye & Henry J. Folse (eds.), Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 57--75.
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  10. James T. Cushing (1994). Locality/Separability: Is This Necessarily a Useful Distinction? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:107 - 116.
    In the philosophy of science, we are to assess critically and on their intrinsic merits various proposals for a consistent interpretation of quantum mechanics, including resolutions of the measurement problem and accounts of the long-range Bell correlations. In this paper I suggest that the terms of debate may have been so severely and unduly constrained by the reigning orthodoxy that we labor unproductively with an unhelpful vocabulary and set of definitions and distinctions. I present an alternative conceptual framework, free of (...)
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  11. James T. Cushing (1994). Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony. University of Chicago Press.
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  12. James T. Cushing (1994). Book Review:Niels Bohr: His Heritage and Legacy Jan Faye. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 61 (1):149-.
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  13. Frank Close & James T. Cushing (1993). Too Hot to Handle: The Race for Cold Fusion. Philosophy of Science 60 (4):659.
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  14. James T. Cushing (1993). Bohm's Theory: Common Sense Dismissed. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (5):815-842.
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  15. James T. Cushing (1993). Underdetermination, Conventionalism and Realism: The Copenhagen Vs. The Bohm Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer. 261--278.
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  16. James T. Cushing (1993). Book Review:Too Hot to Handle: The Race for Cold Fusion Frank Close. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 60 (4):666-.
  17. James T. Cushing (1992). Historical Contingency and Theory Selection in Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:446 - 457.
    I argue that historical contingency, in the sense of the order in which events take place, can be an essential factor in determining which of two equally adequate and fruitful, but observationally indistinguishable, scientific theories is accepted by the scientific community. This type of actual underdetermination poses questions for scientific realism and for rational reconstruction in theory evaluation. To illustrate this, I discuss the complete observational equivalence of two radically different, conceptually incompatible interpretations of quantum mechanics and argue that an (...)
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  18. James T. Cushing (1991). Quantum Theory and Explanatory Discourse: Endgame for Understanding? Philosophy of Science 58 (3):337-358.
    Empirical adequacy, formal explanation and understanding are distinct goals of science. While no a priori criterion for understanding should be laid down, there may be inherent limitations on the way we are able to understand explanations of physical phenomena. I examine several recent contributions to the exercise of fashioning an explanatory discourse to mold the formal explanation provided by quantum mechanics to our modes of understanding. The question is whether we are capable of truly understanding (or comprehending) quantum phenomena, as (...)
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  19. James T. Cushing (1990). Is Scientific Methodology Interestingly Atemporal? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):177-194.
    Any division between scientific practice and a metalevel of the methods and goals of science is largely a false dichotomy. Since a priori, foundationist or logicist approaches to normative principles have proven unequal to the task of representing actual scientific practice, methodologies of science must be abstracted from episodes in the history of science. Of course, it is possible that such characteristics could prove universal and constant across various eras. But, case studies show that they are not in anything beyond (...)
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  20. James T. Cushing (1990/2005). Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix. Cambridge University Press.
    One of the major philosophical problems in physical sciences is what criteria should determine how scientific theories are selected and justified in practice and whether, in describing observable physical phenomena, such theories are effectively constrained to be unique. This book studies the example of a particular theory, the S-matrix theory. The S-matrix program was initiated by Heisenberg to deal with difficulties encountered in quantum field theories in describing particular phenomena. Since then, each theory has at different times been favored as (...)
     
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  21. James T. Cushing (1990). Book Review:Change and Progress in Modern Science Joseph C. Pitt. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 57 (1):173-.
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  22. James T. Cushing (1989). The Justification and Selection of Scientific Theories. Synthese 78 (1):1 - 24.
    This paper is a critique of a project, outlined by Laudan et al. (1986) recently in this journal, for empirically testing philosophical models of change in science by comparing them against the historical record of actual scientific practice. While the basic idea of testing such models of change in the arena of science is itself an appealing one, serious questions can be raised about the suitability of seeking confirmation or disconfirmation for large numbers of specific theses drawn from a massive (...)
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  23. James T. Cushing & Ernan McMullin (eds.) (1989). Philoophical Consequences of Quantum Theory. University of Notre Dame Press.
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  24. James T. Cushing (1986). Causality as an Overarching Principle in Physics. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:3 - 11.
    Many factors are operative in the scientific enterprise to provide the epistemic warrant which finally convinces people to accept a scientific theory. The methods, goals and meanings of terms do not remain fixed, but evolve over time. This paper concentrates on one aspect of this shifting pattern of scientific practice - the role and meaning of causality in modern physics.
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  25. James T. Cushing (1985). Is There Just One Possible World? Contingency Vs the Bootstrap. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (1):31-48.
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  26. James T. Cushing (1985). Book Review:Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics Andrew Pickering. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (4):640-.
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  27. James T. Cushing (1984). Review. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 21 (1).
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  28. James T. Cushing (1984). The Convergence and Content of Scientific Opinion. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:211 - 223.
    Examples, mainly from research in current physics, are used to examine and illustrate the network of factors which produce in scientific debate a convergence of opinion to a generally accepted set of laws and theories. Also addressed is the question of the reliability of these general theories as a faithful representation of the complexity of physical reality.
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  29. James T. Cushing, C. F. Delany & Gary M. Gutting (eds.) (1984). Science and Reality: Recent Work in the Philosophy of Science. University of Notre Dame Press.
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  30. James T. Cushing (1982). A Response. Synthese 50 (1):109 - 123.
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  31. James T. Cushing (1982). A Response to Paul Teller. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:112 - 113.
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  32. James T. Cushing (1982). Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics. Synthese 50 (1):5 - 101.
    A case study of the development of quantum field theory and of S-matrix theory, from their inceptions to the present, is presented. The descriptions of science given by Kuhn and by Lakatos are compared and contrasted as they apply to this case study. The episodes of the developments of these theories are then considered as candidates for competing research programs in Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs. Lakatos' scheme provides a reasonable overall description and a plausible assessment of the relative (...)
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  33. James T. Cushing (1982). Models, High-Energy Theoretical Physics and Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:31 - 56.
    Examples of theory development in quantum field theory and in S-matrix theory are related to three questions of interest to the philosophy of science. The first is the central role of highly abstract, mathematical models in the creation of theories. Second, the process of creation and justification actually used make it plausible that a successful theory is equally well characterized as being stable against attack rather than as being objectively correct. Lastly, the issue of the reality of theoretical entities is (...)
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