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Profile: James Wilson (University College London)
Profile: James Lindley Wilson (University of Chicago)
  1. James Wilson, On the Value of the Intellectual Commons.
    When we talk about intellectual property, it is often implicitly assumed that we are talking about private intellectual property. However, private property and the idea of private ownership do not exhaust the possibilities for accounts of ownership and of property. There are other ways that ownership can operate, such as common property. A resource is common property if its use is ‘governed by rules whose point is to make them available for use by all or any members of the society.’.
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  2. James George Scott Wilson, Morality, Dignity and Pragmatism.
    This thesis is a constructive work in the tradition of morality. The thesis divides into three parts. Part One argues that morality is best considered as a tradition (in MacIntyre’s sense) in ethical thinking which begins with the Stoics, develops in Christian thought and reaches its apotheosis in Kant. This tradition structures ethical thinking around three basic concepts: cosmopolitanism, or universal applicability to human beings as such, the dignity of human beings and reciprocity. It is this tradition in ethical thinking (...)
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  3. James Wilson, Health Inequities.
    The infant mortality rate in Liberia is 50 times higher than it is in Sweden, whilst a child born in Japan has a life expectancy at birth of more than double that of one born in Zambia. 1 And within countries, we see differences which are nearly as great. For example, if you were in the USA and travelled the short journey from the poorer parts of Washington to Montgomery County Maryland, you would find that ‘for each mile travelled life (...)
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  4. James Wilson, Microsoft on Copyright: An Ethical Analysis.
    “This chapter looks at four arguments which Microsoft has used to justify the claim that illegal copying of software is wrong: software piracy is theft; software piracy violates the rights of copyright holders; software piracy is free riding; and software piracy reduces incentives to future innovation. It argues that the first argument is simply wrong, and the other three do not establish that it is in fact wrong to pirate Microsoft’s programs.
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  5. James Wilson & Michael Göpfert, Maternal Mental Health: An Ethical Base for Good Practice.
    In this chapter we argue that the four principles of medical ethics -- beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice (Beauchamp & Childress, 2001; Gillon, 1985), a new Family Interest Principle (introduced below) and a consideration of ‘capacity’ provide a reasoned practice guide for work with mothers experiencing health problems, focussing here on mental health when a parent is a patient. Our concern is the relationship of the clinician with a parent and through the parent their child. Ethics of service (...)
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  6. James R. Wilson (forthcoming). Book Review: Jesus Now and Then. [REVIEW] Interpretation 60 (1):106-106.
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  7. James R. Wilson (forthcoming). Book Review: The Experience of God: Icons of the Mystery. [REVIEW] Interpretation 61 (1):95-96.
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  8. Sarah J. L. Edwards & James Wilson (2012). Hard Paternalism, Fairness and Clinical Research: Why Not? Bioethics 26 (2):68-75.
    Jansen and Wall suggest a new way of defending hard paternalism in clinical research. They argue that non-therapeutic research exposing people to more than minimal risk should be banned on egalitarian grounds: in preventing poor decision-makers from making bad decisions, we will promote equality of welfare. We argue that their proposal is flawed for four reasons.First, the idea of poor decision-makers is much more problematic than Jansen and Wall allow. Second, pace Jansen and Wall, it may be practicable for regulators (...)
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  9. James Wilson (2012). Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs by T. M. Wilkinson, 2011 New York, Oxford University Pressx + 209 Pp, £35.00 (Hb). [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):268-270.
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  10. James Wilson (2012). Paying for Patented Drugs is Hard to Justify: An Argument About Time Discounting and Medical Need. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):186-199.
    Drugs are much more expensive whilst they are subject to patent protection than once patents expire: patented drugs make up only 20% of NHS drugs prescriptions, but consume 80% of the total NHS drugs bill. This article argues that, given the relatively uncontroversial assumption that we should save the greater number in cases where all are equally deserving and we cannot save both groups, it is more difficult than is usually thought to justify why publicly funded healthcare systems should pay (...)
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  11. James Matthew Wilson (2012). From Being to Faith. Renascence 64 (3):251-274.
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  12. James Wilson (2011). Freedom of Information and Research Data. Research Ethics 7 (3):107-111.
    Research data produced in both universities and the NHS are subject to the Freedom of Information Act 2000. This article examines the practical and ethical implications of freedom of information for research data, arguing that increased openness is both here to stay and is ethically justifiable. Researchers need to learn how best to cope with this.
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  13. James Matthew Wilson (2011). Socrates in Hell. Renascence 63 (2):147-168.
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  14. David Hunter & James Wilson (2010). Research Exceptionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  15. David Hunter & James Wilson (2010). Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on “Research Exceptionalism”. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):W4-W6.
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  16. James Wilson (2010). Ontology and the Regulation of Intellectual Property. The Monist 93 (3):450-463.
    Philosophical reflection on intellectual property (IP) is still very young. Whilst much has been written by lawyers on intellectual property, the vast majority of this writing is philosophically unsophisticated. This paper aims to at least partially remedy this philosophical deficit by examining what reflection on the ontology of intellectual property can add to our understanding of how to regulate IP. I argue that ontological reflection should bring us to an important basic fact, namely that ownership of intellectual property involves the (...)
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  17. James Wilson & Angus Dawson (2010). Giving Liberty its Due, but No More: Trans Fats, Liberty, and Public Health. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):34-36.
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  18. James Wilson & David Hunter (2010). Research Exceptionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  19. James Wilson & David Hunter (2010). Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on “Research Exceptionalism”. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):W4-W6.
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  20. Nafsika Athanassoulis & James Wilson (2009). When is Deception in Research Ethical? Clinical Ethics 4 (1):44-49.
    This article examines when deceptive withholding of information is ethically acceptable in research. The first half analyses the concept of deception. We argue that there are two types of accounts of deception: normative and non-normative, and argue that non-normative accounts are preferable. The second half of the article argues that the relevant ethical question which ethics committees should focus on is not whether the person from whom the information is withheld will be deceived, but rather on the reasonableness of withholding (...)
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  21. James Wilson (2009). Towards a Normative Framework for Public Health Ethics and Policy. Public Health Ethics 2 (2):184-194.
    Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, UCL, First Floor, Charles Bell House, 67–73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)20 7679 9417; Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 9426; Email: james-gs.wilson{at}ucl.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract This paper aims to shed some light on the difficulties we face in constructing a generally acceptable normative framework for thinking about public health. It argues that there are three factors that (...)
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  22. James Wilson (2009). Could There Be a Right to Own Intellectual Property? Law and Philosophy 28 (4):393 - 427.
    Intellectual property typically involves claims of ownership of types, rather than particulars. In this article I argue that this difference in ontology makes an important moral difference. In particular I argue that there cannot be an intrinsic moral right to own intellectual property. I begin by establishing a necessary condition for the justification of intrinsic moral rights claims, which I call the Rights Justification Principle. Briefly, this holds that if we want to claim that there is an intrinsic moral right (...)
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  23. James Wilson (2009). Justice and the Social Determinants of Health: An Overview. Public Health Ethics 2 (3):210-213.
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  24. James Wilson (2007). GM Crops: Patently Wrong? [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (3):261-283.
    This paper focuses on the ethical justifiability of patents on Genetically Modified (GM) crops. I argue that there are three distinguishing features of GM crops that make it unethical to grant patents on GM crops, even if we assume that the patent system is in general justified. The first half of the paper critiques David Resnik’s recent arguments in favor of patents on GM crops. Resnik argues that we should take a consequentialist approach to the issue, and that the best (...)
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  25. James Wilson (2007). Is Respect for Autonomy Defensible? Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (6):353-356.
    Three main claims are made in this paper. First, it is argued that Onora O’Neill has uncovered a serious problem in the way medical ethicists have thought about both respect for autonomy and informed consent. Medical ethicists have tended to think that autonomous choices are intrinsically worthy of respect, and that informed consent procedures are the best way to respect the autonomous choices of individuals. However, O’Neill convincingly argues that we should abandon both these thoughts. Second, it is argued that (...)
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  26. James Wilson (2007). Nietzsche and Equality. In Gudrun von Tevenar (ed.), Nietzsche and Ethics. Peter Lang.
    The idea that there is something ethically corrupt or ethically corrupting about Nietzsche’s work is an anathema to Nietzsche scholars today. Although there are some serious moral philosophers, such as Philippa Foot, Jonathan Glover and Martha Nussbaum who write about Nietzsche whilst finding his position ethically deplorable, most Nietzsche scholars tend to focus rather more heavily on his positive aspects. This means that negative ethical assessments of Nietzsche now tend to be relatively few and far between, and given that they (...)
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  27. James Wilson (2007). Transhumanism and Moral Equality. Bioethics 21 (8):419–425.
    Conservative thinkers such as Francis Fukuyama have produced a battery of objections to the transhumanist project of fundamentally enhancing human capacities. This article examines one of these objections, namely that by allowing some to greatly extend their capacities, we will undermine the fundamental moral equality of human beings. I argue that this objection is groundless: once we understand the basis for human equality, it is clear that anyone who now has sufficient capacities to count as a person from the moral (...)
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  28. James G. S. Wilson (ed.) (2007). Rights. John Wiley and Sons.
    We are all familiar with assertions of rights: we talk of the right to confi dentiality, the right to health care and, more controversially, the right to die. But beneath this surface familiarity lies a heap of diffi culties about what it is to have a right, how we should go about determining which assertions of rights are genuine and what role (if any) rights should play in our broader moral thinking. This chapter aims to offer a guide through these (...)
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  29. James C. Wilson (2006). Disability, Textual Ity, and the Human Genome Project. In Lennard J. Davis (ed.), The Disability Studies Reader. Psychology Press. 67.
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  30. James Wilson (2005). 12 The Individual, the State, and the Corporation. In James A. McGilvray (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky. Cambridge University Press. 240.
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  31. James G. S. Wilson (2003). Varieties of Religion Today: William James Revisited (Review). Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):323-325.
  32. James R. Wilson (2002). Responsible Authorship and Peer Review. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):155-174.
    In this article the basic principles of responsible authorship and peer review are surveyed, with special emphasis on (a) guidelines for refereeing archival journal articles and proposals; and (b) how these guidelines should be taken into account at all stages of writing.
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  33. James Q. Wilson (1998). Idealizing Politics. Critical Review 12 (4):563-568.
    Abstract Donald A. Wittman's Myth of Democratic Failure attempts to show that government is more rational than is often believed. For instance, Wittman argues that voters are tolerably well informed and that politicians are responsive to the voters? will. Unfortunately, Wittman's argument proceeds at the level of economic theory, which is often contradicted by empirical reality (and by non?economic theories that take account of political reality). It is no better to defend democracy on a priori grounds, as Wittman does, than (...)
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  34. James Q. Wilson (1995). On Character: Essays. Aei Press.
    These essays argue that to have good character one needs to have at least developed a sense of empathy and self control.
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  35. James Q. Wilson (1994). Emotions, Reason, and Character. Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (2):83-92.
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  36. James Q. Wilson (1994). [Book Review] the Moral Sense. [REVIEW] Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (2):19-23.
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  37. James Q. Wilson (1994). Wealth and Happiness. Critical Review 8 (4):555-564.
    In The Market Experience, Robert Lane restates the central criticism of economic views of human satisfaction?namely, that they define welfare as utility and, in practice if not in theory, use money as the measure of utility, while in reality utility (or welfare) ought to be defined as happiness. In exploring the implications of this noneconomic definition for our assessment of markets, Lane summarizes the evidence about how people assess their own happiness more successfully than he clarifies the meaning of that (...)
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  38. James R. Wilson (1985). Jensen's Support for Spearman's Hypothesis is Support for a Circular Argument. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):246-246.
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  39. James Q. Wilson (1983). The Academic Ethic: I Partisanship, Judgement and the Academic Ethic. [REVIEW] Minerva 21 (2-3):285-291.
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  40. James A. Wilson & Jerry Gaston (1974). Reflux From the “Brain Drain”. Minerva 12 (4):459-468.
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  41. James A. Wilson (1966). The Emigration of British Scientists. Minerva 5 (1):20-29.
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  42. James Wilson, Choosing Life, Choosing Death: The Tyranny of Autonomy in Medical Ethics and Law.
    Since the 1960s we have moved rapidly from a “doctor-knows-best” society which in which medical paternalism -- such as withholding information from patients “for their benefit” -- was common, towards a society which celebrates patients’ rights to make informed decisions about their care. In Choosing Life, Choosing Death, <span class='Hi'>Charles</span> Foster mounts a polemic against the current enthusiasm for respect for autonomy in medical ethics and law.
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