Search results for 'Jan Townsend Addis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  32
    Tom Addis, Jan Townsend Addis, Dave Billinge, David Gooding & Bart-Floris Visscher (2008). The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):5-16.
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis (Kleene Mathematical logic. New York: Wiley 1967) that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus, and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work and he explored these (...)
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  2. Jan Price Greenough, Donald Vandenberg, Thalia M. Mulvihill, Richard Guarasci, Thomas V. O'brien, Frances O'neill, Lucy F. Townsend & Chigozie Achebe (1999). Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 30 (1):69-98.
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  3.  9
    Jan Townsend Addis Tom Addis, David Gooding Dave Billinge & Bart-Floris Visscher (2008). The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets. Foundations of Science 13 (1).
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus, and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work and he explored these flaws in a new thesis described in (...)
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  4.  43
    Laird Addis (1999). Of Mind and Music. Cornell University Press.
    In this account of the way in which we understand music, Laird Addis explains how sounds can have such profound effects on those listening to them.
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  5.  16
    Dave Billinge & Tom Addis (2008). Seeking Allies: Modelling How Listeners Choose Their Musical Friends. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):53-66.
    In this paper we describe in some detail a formal computer model of inferential discourse based on a belief system. The key issue is that a logical model in a computer, based on rational sets, can usefully model a human situation based on irrational sets. The background of this work is explained elsewhere, as is the issue of rational and irrational sets (Billinge and Addis, in: Magnani and Dossena (eds.), Computing, philosophy and cognition, 2004; Stepney et al., Journey: Non-classical (...)
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  6.  39
    Dabney Townsend (1997). An Introduction to Aesthetics. Blackwell Publishers.
    Beginning with definitions of aesthetic questions and language, Townsend then goes on to examine relations between artist, work of art and audience.
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  7. Laird Addis (1967). Particulars and Acquaintance. Philosophy of Science 34 (3):251-259.
    Philosophers who hold that the correct ontological analysis of things includes both properties and particulars have often been pressed to "show" the particular. If we are not acquainted with them, it is argued, then we should not suppose that they exist. I argue that, while we do have good and sufficient reasons for supposing there to be particulars, we are not acquainted with them. To suppose that we are acquainted with them is to treat particulars as if they were properties (...)
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  8. Laird Addis (1984). Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
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  9.  89
    Laird Addis (1995). The Ontology of Emotion. Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):261-78.
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  10.  3
    Laird Addis (1989). Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
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  11. Laird Addis (2003). Gilbert Ryle, The Concept of Mind (1949): A Method and a Theory. In J. E. Gracia, G. M. Reichberg & B. N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing
  12.  17
    T. R. Addis & D. C. Gooding (2008). Simulation Methods for an Abductive System in Science. Foundations of Science 13 (1):37-52.
    We argue that abduction does not work in isolation from other inference mechanisms and illustrate this through an inference scheme designed to evaluate multiple hypotheses. We use game theory to relate the abductive system to actions that produce new information. To enable evaluation of the implications of this approach we have implemented the procedures used to calculate the impact of new information in a computer model. Experiments with this model display a number of features of collective belief-revision leading to consensus-formation, (...)
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  13.  8
    Laird Addis (1982). Behaviorism and the Philosophy of the Act. Noûs 16 (3):399-420.
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act are widely believed to be inconsistent with one another. I argue that both are true, Fulfilling the requirements of scientific psychology and the phenomenology of mind, Respectively. The key to understanding their mutual consistency lies in the idea of parallelism and its corresponding requirement that all descriptive features of mental states be analyzed as properties, None as relations (to anything physical). So the intentional link itself must be a 'logical' and not a descriptive (...)
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  14. Laird Addis (2000). The Simplicity of Content. Metaphysica 1 (2):23-44.
     
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  15.  33
    Laird Addis (1972). Aristotle and the Independence of Substances. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (1):107-111.
  16.  33
    Mark Addis (1995). Surveyability and the Sorites Paradox. Philosophia Mathematica 3 (2):157-165.
    Some issues raised by the notion of surveyability and how it is represented mathematically are explored. Wright considers the sense in which the positive integers are surveyable and suggests that their structure will be a weakly finite, but weakly infinite, totality. One way to expose the incoherence of this account is by applying Wittgenstein's distinction between intensional and extensional to it. Criticism of the idea of a surveyable proof shows the notion's lack of clarity. It is suggested that this concept (...)
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  17.  29
    Laird Addis (1988). Dispositional Mental States: Chomsky and Freud. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 19 (1):1-17.
    Chomsky behauptet, daß das Bewußtsein die Struktur eines grammatischen Übersetzungsapparates hat, Freud dagegen betrachtet es als einen unbewußten Geisteszustand. Es wird gezeigt, wie sich diese Theorien innerhalb einer Metaphysik des Bewußtseins vereinbaren lassen, die nur bewußte Geisteszustände als grundlegend, Sinneswahrnehmungen, Bilder, Emotionen und dergleichen als sekundär, und veranlagungsbedingte Geisteszustände als tertiär bezeichnet. Hervorzuheben wäre, daß grammatische Übersetzungsapparate und unbewußte Geisteszustände, wie alle menschlichen Veranlagungen, als Eigenheiten des Körpers, welcher gewissen Gesetzen und Prinzipien unterliegt, zu analysieren sind.
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  18.  24
    Thomas G. Bever & David J. Townsend (2001). Some Sentences on Our Consciousness of Sentences. In Emmanuel Dupoux (ed.), Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development: Essays in Honor of Jacques Mehler. MIT Press 143-155.
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  19.  14
    Laird Addis (1998). Human Action and the Humean Universe. Philosophia 26 (1-2):23-40.
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  20.  12
    Deborah Giaschi, James E. Jan, Bruce Bjornson, Simon Au Young, Matthew Tata, Christopher J. Lyons, William V. Good & Peter K. H. Wong (2003). Conscious Visual Abilities in a Patient with Early Bilateral Occipital Damage. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45 (11):772-781.
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  21.  6
    Laird Addis (1971). Presentness and the Ideal Language. Mind 80 (320):603-604.
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  22. Laird Addis (2005). The Necessity and Nature of Mental Content. In Gabor Forrai & George Kampis (eds.), Intentionality: Past and Future (Value Inquiry Book Series, Volume 173). New York: Rodopi NY
  23. Mark R. Addis (1999). Wittgenstein: Making Sense of Other Minds. Ashgate.
    The difficulties about other minds are deep and of central philosophical importance. This text explores attempts to apply Wittgenstein's concept of criteria in explaining how we can know other minds and their properties. It is shown that the use of criteria for this purpose is misguided.
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  24.  2
    Jérôme Melançon (2013). Jan Patočka's Sacrifice: Philosophy as Dissent. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):577-602.
    This article attempts to bring together the life, situation, and philosophical work of the Czech phenomenologist Jan Patočka in order to present his conception of philosophy and sacrifice and to understand his action of dissent and his own sacrifice as spokesman for Charter 77 in light of these concepts. Patočka philosophized despite being barred from teaching under the German occupation and under the communist regime, even after he was forced to retire and banned from publication. He also refused the official (...)
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  25. Francesc Fernández & Jan Patocka (1996). Jan Patocka, la Filosofia En Temps de Lluita.
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  26. Eldert Willems, Hubert Dethier & Jan Aler (eds.) (1989). Cultural Hermeneutics of Modern Art Essays in Honor of Jan Aler. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  27.  3
    Erazim Kohak (1989). Jan Patocka: Philosophy and Selected Writings. University of Chicago Press.
    All translations in this volume are mine, based on materials available in the Patocka Archive of the Institute fur die Wissenschaften vom Menschen.
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  28.  9
    Jan Zygmunt (1981). The Logical Investigations of Jan Kalicki. History and Philosophy of Logic 2 (1-2):41-53.
    This paper describes the work of the Polish logician Jan Kalicki (1922?1953). After a biographical introduction, his work on logical matrices and equational logic is appraised. A bibliography of his papers and reviews is also included.
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  29. Erazim V. Kohák (1993). Jan Patocka Filosofický Zivopis.
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  30. Etienne Tassin & Marc Richir (1993). Jan Patočka. Philosophie, phénoménologie, politique. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 183 (2):485-486.
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  31. Jan Patočka (2007). Jan Patočka - Briefe an Krzysztof Michalski. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:99-161.
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  32.  99
    David Goodman (1995). Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Intimations of Postmodernity (Routledge, 1992); Steven Seidman and David G. Wagner (Eds), Postmodernism and Social Theory (Blackwell, 1992); Stephen Crook, Jan Pakulski and Malcolm Wa Ters, Postmodernization: Change in Advanced Society (Sage Publica Tions, 1992); Gianni Vattimo, The End of Modernity—Nihilism and Hermeneutics in Post-Modern Culture (Polity Press, 1988). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 40 (1):138-146.
    Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Intimations of Postmodernity ; Steven Seidman and David G. Wagner , Postmodernism and Social Theory ; Stephen Crook, Jan Pakulski and Malcolm Wa ters, Postmodernization: Change in Advanced Society ; Gianni Vattimo, The End of Modernity—Nihilism and Hermeneutics in Post-modern Culture.
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  33. Ivan Chvatík (2007). Geschichte und Vorgeschichte des Prager Jan Patočka-Archivs. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:163-189.
    This paper presents a short biography of Jan Patočka, as well as biographical data of the author in connection to the life and work of Jan Patočka. The paper describes Patočka’s academic activity at Charles University between 1968 and 1972, how he continued by giving private underground seminars in the dark years of 1972 to 1976, and how his engagement culminated in the dissident movement Charter 77. The author explains how the unofficial underground Patočka Archive was established on the very (...)
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  34.  58
    Lloyd Cox (2007). Review Essay: A Review of Tom Nairn and Paul James, Global Matrix: Nationalism, Globalism and State-Terrorism (London: Pluto, 2005); Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Globalization or Empire? (New York and London: Routledge, 2004); Patrick Hayden and Chamsy El-Ojeili (Eds), Confronting Globalization: Humanity, Justice and the Renewal of Politics (Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 90 (1):97-111.
    Review Essay: A Review of Tom Nairn and Paul James, Global Matrix: Nationalism, Globalism and State-Terrorism ; Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Globalization or Empire? ; Patrick Hayden and Chamsy el-Ojeili , Confronting Globalization: Humanity, Justice and the Renewal of Politics.
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  35. Ana Cecilia Santos (2007). Die Lehre des Erscheinens bei Jan Patočka. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:303-329.
    In this article the author attempts to establish whether we can find a “theory of appearance” in the philosophy of Jan Patočka. The “appearance” for Patočka is basically composed of two elements. First there is a “primeval movement” which accounts for an infinite possibility of phenomena. The second element is the relation of this movement with an “addressee”, the subjectivity. If we begin to analyse the unity of these two elements we fundamentally come across three problems: what is it that (...)
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  36. Kwok-Ying Lau (2007). Jan Patočka: Critical Consciousness and Non-Eurocentric Philosopher of the Phenomenological Movement. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:475-492.
    By his critical reflections on the crisis of modern civilization, Jan Patočka, phenomenologist of the Other Europe, incarnates the critical consciousness of the phenomenological movement. He was in fact one of the first European philosophers to have emphasized the necessity of abandoning the hitherto Eurocentric propositions of solution to the crisis when he explicitly raised the problems of a “Post-European humanity”. In advocating an understanding of the history of European humanity different from those of Husserl and Heidegger, Patočka directs his (...)
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  37.  17
    Zdzisław Cackowski (2008). Comments to the Book on the Epistemology of Jan Srzednicki Written by Grażyna Żurkowska. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (1/3):121-128.
    The paper investigates Jan Srzednicki’s epistemological conception with its main Kantian problem on the very possibility of cognition. Investigating Srzednicki’s conception the paper refers to its interpretation elaborated by Grażyna Żurkowska.
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  38.  16
    Zbigniew Król (2008). Some Remarks on Cognition. On the Basis of Epistemology After Wittgenstein. Jan Srzednicki's New Epistemological Perspective by Grażyna Żurkowska. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (1/3):93-99.
    Some problems concerning transcendental epistemic arguments are raised on the basis of Jan Srzednicki’s epistemological conception presented in the bookEpistemology after Wittgenstein. Jan Srzednicki’s New Epistemological Perspective by Grażyna Żurkowska. The problem of the cognition immediacy is briefly discussed. The great philosophical importance of many other relevant topics is indicated, i.e. the internal similarity of Jan Srzednicki’s philosophical challenge to the project of Heideggerian hermeneutics or the problem of mutual relations between language and cognition.
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  39.  23
    Linda Seidel (1989). "Jan van Eyck's Arnolfini Portrait": Business as Usual? Critical Inquiry 16 (1):55-86.
    This essay had its beginnings in my desire to reexamine the Arnolfini portrait from the perspective of Giovanna Cenami, the demure young woman who stands beside the cloaked and hated man on the fifteenth-century panel in London. Even though she shares the formal prominence with the man in Jan van Eyck’s unprecedented composition, she has been paid scant attention in the literature on the painting. I anticipated, as I began my work that inspection of the female subject of the panel (...)
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  40.  6
    Rivers Singleton (2000). From Bacteriology to Biochemistry: Albert Jan Kluyver and Chester Werkman at Iowa State. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):141 - 180.
    This essay explores connections between bacteriology and the disciplinary evolution of biochemistry in this country during the 1930s. Many features of intermediary metabolism, a central component of biochemistry, originated as attempts to answer fundamental bacteriological questions. Thus, many bacteriologists altered their research programs to answer these questions. In so doing they changed their disciplinary focus from bacteriology to biochemistry. Chester Hamlin Werkman's (1893-1962) Iowa State career illustrates the research perspective that many bacteriologists adopted. As a junior faculty member in the (...)
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  41.  4
    A. Tellings (2009). A Liberal Sexual Ethics for Adolescence? Jan Steutel's View as a Starting Point. Journal of Moral Education 38 (2):199-211.
    In this article Jan Steutel's paper 'Towards a sexual ethics for adolescence' is discussed. It is argued that his dichotomous conception of 'child' versus 'adult' unnecessarily limits his conception of 'adolescence', with unfortunate consequences for the answers to his research questions. Steutel's treatment of 'competences' is discussed, in particular the competences of adolescents, and it is argued that in this respect also Steutel is hindered by his conception of 'adolescence'. His conclusion that a liberal ethics is bound to declare all (...)
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  42.  37
    Phillip Ferreira (2011). On the Imperviousness of Persons: A Reply to Jan Olof Bengtsson. The Pluralist 6 (1):125-134.
    As regular readers of The Pluralist are aware, there appeared in 2008 an issue devoted to Jan Olof Bengtsson's The Worldview of Personalism.1 The issue included five articles, each concerned with a different aspect of the book; and after each article, there was a "Reply" by Bengtsson. In what follows, I shall say something about Bengtsson's reply to my own contribution, "Absolute and Personal Idealism." However, first let me briefly describe that article's argument.In "Absolute and Personal Idealism," I examined the (...)
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  43.  4
    Edward F. Findlay (2002). Caring for the Soul in a Postmodern Age: Politics and Phenomenology in the Thought of Jan Patocka. State University of New York Press.
    The first full exploration of the political thought of Jan Patocka, student of Husserl and Heidegger and mentor to Václav Havel.
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  44.  24
    Philip Lawton (2003). Jan Patocka's Struggle. Philosophy and Theology 15 (2):321-331.
    Organized around the central concept of struggle, this paper is an introduction to the later thought of the Czech phenomenologist Jan Patočka (1907–1977), with attention to the circumstances of his life. The first section of the paper presents Patočka’s description of the “three movements” of human existence, with emphasis upon the second, the movement of defense, work, and survival. The second section examines his later conception of philosophy, where he reprised elements of classical Greek thought (the Heraclitean notion of polemos (...)
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  45.  5
    Geert J. Somsen (2008). Value-Laden Science: Jan Burgers and Scientific Politics in the Netherlands. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (2):231-245.
    The political engagement of scientists is not necessarily left-wing, and even when it is, it can take widely varying forms. This is illustrated by the specific character of Dutch scientific activism in the 1930s and 40s, which took shape in a society where ‘pillarized’ social divisions were more important than horizontal class structure. This paper examines how, within this context, the Delft physicist Jan Burgers developed a version of scientific politics, built on a philosophy of value-laden science.
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  46.  7
    Jan Zouhar (forthcoming). Jan Patočka a Kosíkova Dialektika Konkrétního. Studia Philosophica.
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  47.  3
    Jan de Lange (forthcoming). Lijmen, Jan? Idee.
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  48.  4
    Jarosław Sak (2008). Is a Disease Cognizable? Considerations on Philosophy of Medicine in Reference to the New Epistemology of Jan Srzednicki. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (1/3):157-163.
    The fundamental problem of Jan Srzednicki’s new epistemology is the question: how thoughts surpass the resistance of that what is ontologically present, how this process is possible? In Srzednicki’s opinion, thinking is a process of distancing from the pressure of ontological presence. His ideas offer a splendid inspiration for philosophy of medicine which attempts to answer the question “whether (and how) a disease is cognizable?” This question refers directly to and is translated into the question of the capacity to diagnose (...)
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  49.  6
    Jan Konior (2010). Venturing Into Magnum Cathay, 17th Century Polish Jesuits in China: Michał Boym (1612-1659), Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki (1610-1656), and Andrzej Rudomina (1596-1633). [REVIEW] Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):242-249.
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  50.  6
    Jan Małecki & Andrzej Tomczak (2008). Discussion Following the Lecture by Jan Małecki and Andrzej Tomczak. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (9-10):162-166.
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