Search results for 'Jan Townsend Addis' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Tom Addis, Jan Townsend Addis, Dave Billinge, David Gooding & Bart-Floris Visscher (2008). The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):5-16.score: 870.0
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis (Kleene Mathematical logic. New York: Wiley 1967) that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus, and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work and he explored these (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Jan Price Greenough, Donald Vandenberg, Thalia M. Mulvihill, Richard Guarasci, Thomas V. O'brien, Frances O'neill, Lucy F. Townsend & Chigozie Achebe (1999). Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 30 (1):69-98.score: 240.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Jan Townsend Addis Tom Addis, David Gooding Dave Billinge & Bart-Floris Visscher (2008). The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets. Foundations of Science 13 (1).score: 90.0
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis (Kleene Mathematical logic . New York: Wiley 1967) that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus , and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Laird Addis (1999). Of Mind and Music. Cornell University Press.score: 60.0
    In this account of the way in which we understand music, Laird Addis explains how sounds can have such profound effects on those listening to them.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Dabney Townsend (1997). An Introduction to Aesthetics. Blackwell Publishers.score: 60.0
    Beginning with definitions of aesthetic questions and language, Townsend then goes on to examine relations between artist, work of art and audience.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Dave Billinge & Tom Addis (2008). Seeking Allies: Modelling How Listeners Choose Their Musical Friends. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):53-66.score: 60.0
    In this paper we describe in some detail a formal computer model of inferential discourse based on a belief system. The key issue is that a logical model in a computer, based on rational sets, can usefully model a human situation based on irrational sets. The background of this work is explained elsewhere, as is the issue of rational and irrational sets (Billinge and Addis, in: Magnani and Dossena (eds.), Computing, philosophy and cognition, 2004; Stepney et al., Journey: Non-classical (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Mark R. Addis (1999). Wittgenstein: Making Sense of Other Minds. Ashgate.score: 30.0
    The difficulties about other minds are deep and of central philosophical importance. This text explores attempts to apply Wittgenstein's concept of criteria in explaining how we can know other minds and their properties. It is shown that the use of criteria for this purpose is misguided.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Laird Addis (1984). Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.score: 30.0
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Laird Addis (1995). The Ontology of Emotion. Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):261-78.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Laird Addis (1972). Aristotle and the Independence of Substances. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (1):107-111.score: 30.0
  11. Laird Addis (1988). Dispositional Mental States: Chomsky and Freud. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 19 (1):1-17.score: 30.0
  12. Mark Addis (1995). Surveyability and the Sorites Paradox. Philosophia Mathematica 3 (2):157-165.score: 30.0
    Some issues raised by the notion of surveyability and how it is represented mathematically are explored. Wright considers the sense in which the positive integers are surveyable and suggests that their structure will be a weakly finite, but weakly infinite, totality. One way to expose the incoherence of this account is by applying Wittgenstein's distinction between intensional and extensional to it. Criticism of the idea of a surveyable proof shows the notion's lack of clarity. It is suggested that this concept (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Thomas G. Bever & David J. Townsend (2001). Some Sentences on Our Consciousness of Sentences. In Emmanuel Dupoux (ed.), Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development: Essays in Honor of Jacques Mehler. MIT Press. 143-155.score: 30.0
  14. D. C. Gooding & T. R. Addis (2008). Modelling Experiments as Mediating Models. Foundations of Science 13 (1):17-35.score: 30.0
    Syntactic and structural models specify relationships between their constituents but cannot show what outcomes their interaction would produce over time in the world. Simulation consists in iterating the states of a model, so as to produce behaviour over a period of simulated time. Iteration enables us to trace the implications and outcomes of inference rules and other assumptions implemented in the models that make up a theory. We apply this method to experiments which we treat as models of the particular (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Laird Addis (1967). Particulars and Acquaintance. Philosophy of Science 34 (3):251-259.score: 30.0
    Philosophers who hold that the correct ontological analysis of things includes both properties and particulars have often been pressed to "show" the particular. If we are not acquainted with them, it is argued, then we should not suppose that they exist. I argue that, while we do have good and sufficient reasons for supposing there to be particulars, we are not acquainted with them. To suppose that we are acquainted with them is to treat particulars as if they were properties (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Deborah Giaschi, James E. Jan, Bruce Bjornson, Simon Au Young, Matthew Tata, Christopher J. Lyons, William V. Good & Peter K. H. Wong (2003). Conscious Visual Abilities in a Patient with Early Bilateral Occipital Damage. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45 (11):772-781.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. T. R. Addis & D. C. Gooding (2008). Simulation Methods for an Abductive System in Science. Foundations of Science 13 (1):37-52.score: 30.0
    We argue that abduction does not work in isolation from other inference mechanisms and illustrate this through an inference scheme designed to evaluate multiple hypotheses. We use game theory to relate the abductive system to actions that produce new information. To enable evaluation of the implications of this approach we have implemented the procedures used to calculate the impact of new information in a computer model. Experiments with this model display a number of features of collective belief-revision leading to consensus-formation, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Yün-hua Jan (1981). The Mind as the Buddha-Nature: The Concept of the Absolute in Ch'an Buddhism. Philosophy East and West 31 (4):467-477.score: 30.0
  19. Mark Addis (1996). Books Reviews. Mind 105 (417):169-170.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Laird Addis (1998). Human Action and the Humean Universe. Philosophia 26 (1-2):23-40.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Yün-Hua Jan (1980). Tsung-Mi's Questions Regarding the Confucian Absolute. Philosophy East and West 30 (4):495-504.score: 30.0
  22. Laird Addis (1982). Behaviorism and the Philosophy of the Act. Noûs 16 (3):399-420.score: 30.0
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act are widely believed to be inconsistent with one another. I argue that both are true, Fulfilling the requirements of scientific psychology and the phenomenology of mind, Respectively. The key to understanding their mutual consistency lies in the idea of parallelism and its corresponding requirement that all descriptive features of mental states be analyzed as properties, None as relations (to anything physical). So the intentional link itself must be a 'logical' and not a descriptive (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Laird Addis (1971). Presentness and the Ideal Language. Mind 80 (320):603-604.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Laird Addis (1989). Review. [REVIEW] Synthese 78 (3):345-356.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Laird Addis (2003). Gilbert Ryle, The Concept of Mind (1949): A Method and a Theory. In J. E. Gracia, G. M. Reichberg & B. N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing.score: 30.0
  26. Laird Addis (1989). Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Laird Addis (2005). The Necessity and Nature of Mental Content. In Gabor Forrai & George Kampis (eds.), Intentionality: Past and Future (Value Inquiry Book Series, Volume 173). New York: Rodopi NY.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Laird Addis (2000). The Simplicity of Content. Metaphysica 1 (2):23-44.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Jérôme Melançon (2013). Jan Patočka's Sacrifice: Philosophy as Dissent. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):577-602.score: 18.0
    This article attempts to bring together the life, situation, and philosophical work of the Czech phenomenologist Jan Patočka in order to present his conception of philosophy and sacrifice and to understand his action of dissent and his own sacrifice as spokesman for Charter 77 in light of these concepts. Patočka philosophized despite being barred from teaching under the German occupation and under the communist regime, even after he was forced to retire and banned from publication. He also refused the official (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Jan Zygmunt (1981). The Logical Investigations of Jan Kalicki. History and Philosophy of Logic 2 (1-2):41-53.score: 15.0
    This paper describes the work of the Polish logician Jan Kalicki (1922?1953). After a biographical introduction, his work on logical matrices and equational logic is appraised. A bibliography of his papers and reviews is also included.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Duncan MacIntosh (2007). Who Owns Me: Me Or My Mother? How To Escape Okin's Problem For Nozick's And Narveson's Theory Of Entitlement. In Malcolm Murray (ed.), Liberty, Games And Contracts: Jan Narveson And The Defense Of Libertarianism. Ashgate.score: 12.0
    Susan Okin read Robert Nozick as taking it to be fundamental to his Libertarianism that people own themselves, and that they can acquire entitlement to other things by making them. But she thinks that, since mothers make people, all people must then be owned by their mothers, a consequence Okin finds absurd. She sees no way for Nozick to make a principled exception to the idea that people own what they make when what they make is people, concluding that Nozick’s (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Phillip Ferreira (2011). On the Imperviousness of Persons: A Reply to Jan Olof Bengtsson. The Pluralist 6 (1):125-134.score: 12.0
    As regular readers of The Pluralist are aware, there appeared in 2008 an issue devoted to Jan Olof Bengtsson's The Worldview of Personalism.1 The issue included five articles, each concerned with a different aspect of the book; and after each article, there was a "Reply" by Bengtsson. In what follows, I shall say something about Bengtsson's reply to my own contribution, "Absolute and Personal Idealism." However, first let me briefly describe that article's argument.In "Absolute and Personal Idealism," I examined the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Varol Akman (1998). Book Review--Jaap Van der Does and Jan Van Eijk, Eds., Quantifiers, Logic, and Language. [REVIEW] .score: 12.0
    This is a review of Quantifiers, Logic, and Language, edited by Jaap van der Does and Jan van Eijk, published by CSLI (Center for the Study of Language and Information) Publications in 1996.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Malcolm Murray (ed.) (2007). Liberty, Games And Contracts: Jan Narveson And The Defense Of Libertarianism. Ashgate.score: 12.0
    Jan Narveson is one of the most significant contemporary defenders of the libertarian political position.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Kwok-Ying Lau (2007). Jan Patočka: Critical Consciousness and Non-Eurocentric Philosopher of the Phenomenological Movement. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:475-492.score: 12.0
    By his critical reflections on the crisis of modern civilization, Jan Patočka, phenomenologist of the Other Europe, incarnates the critical consciousness of the phenomenological movement. He was in fact one of the first European philosophers to have emphasized the necessity of abandoning the hitherto Eurocentric propositions of solution to the crisis when he explicitly raised the problems of a “Post-European humanity”. In advocating an understanding of the history of European humanity different from those of Husserl and Heidegger, Patočka directs his (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Rik van Nieuwenhove (1998). Meister Eckhart and Jan Van Ruusbroec: A Comparison. Medieval Philosophy and Theology 7 (2):157-193.score: 12.0
    Jan Van Ruusbroec (12931327) is the most prominent exponent. 1 To date however, an in-depth study of the influence of Meister Eckharts thought has not been published. 2 In this paper I want to compare their central ideas concerning the relation between God and his creation (in particular man). More specifically, I hope to make clear that the vocabulary they occasionally share (Birth of the Son in the soul, the spark of the soul, the ground of the soul, the soul (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Philip Lawton (2003). Jan Patocka's Struggle. Philosophy and Theology 15 (2):321-331.score: 12.0
    Organized around the central concept of struggle, this paper is an introduction to the later thought of the Czech phenomenologist Jan Patočka (1907–1977), with attention to the circumstances of his life. The first section of the paper presents Patočka’s description of the “three movements” of human existence, with emphasis upon the second, the movement of defense, work, and survival. The second section examines his later conception of philosophy, where he reprised elements of classical Greek thought (the Heraclitean notion of polemos (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Ivan Chvatík (2007). Geschichte und Vorgeschichte des Prager Jan Patočka-Archivs. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:163-189.score: 12.0
    This paper presents a short biography of Jan Patočka, as well as biographical data of the author in connection to the life and work of Jan Patočka. The paper describes Patočka’s academic activity at Charles University between 1968 and 1972, how he continued by giving private underground seminars in the dark years of 1972 to 1976, and how his engagement culminated in the dissident movement Charter 77. The author explains how the unofficial underground Patočka Archive was established on the very (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Fred Wilson (1985). I. Addis on Analysing Disposition Concepts. Inquiry 28 (1-4):247-260.score: 12.0
    Addis (1981) has criticized a proposal of ours (Wilson [1969b]) for analysing disposition predications in terns of the horseshoe of material implication, and has proposed a related but significantly different analysis. This paper restates the original proposal, and defends it against Addis's criticisms. It is further argued that his proposal will not do as a general account of disposition predications; that, however, if it is suitably qualified, then it does account for certain special sorts of disposition predication; but (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Rivers Singleton (2000). From Bacteriology to Biochemistry: Albert Jan Kluyver and Chester Werkman at Iowa State. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):141 - 180.score: 12.0
    This essay explores connections between bacteriology and the disciplinary evolution of biochemistry in this country during the 1930s. Many features of intermediary metabolism, a central component of biochemistry, originated as attempts to answer fundamental bacteriological questions. Thus, many bacteriologists altered their research programs to answer these questions. In so doing they changed their disciplinary focus from bacteriology to biochemistry. Chester Hamlin Werkman's (1893-1962) Iowa State career illustrates the research perspective that many bacteriologists adopted. As a junior faculty member in the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Jan Olof Bengtsson (2011). On the Imperviousness of Persons: A Reply to Jan Olof Bengtsson Reply. Pluralist 6 (1):135-143.score: 12.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Verena Mock (1996). Common Sense Und Logik in Jan Smedslunds 'Psychologik'. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (2):281 - 306.score: 12.0
    Common Sense and Logic in Jan Smedslund's 'Psycho-logic'. This paper is about the efforts the norwegian psychologist Jan Smedslund made in analyzing and checking philosophically his theory called 'Psycho-logic'. I am going to reconstruct and discuss the debates between Smedslund and several critics, which have been going on since about 1978, mainly in the "Scandinavian Journal of Psychology". A result will be that the kind of modal logics Smedslund uses - a type with realistic semantics and epistemology - is not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Ana Cecilia Santos (2007). Die Lehre des Erscheinens bei Jan Patočka. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:303-329.score: 12.0
    In this article the author attempts to establish whether we can find a “theory of appearance” in the philosophy of Jan Patočka. The “appearance” for Patočka is basically composed of two elements. First there is a “primeval movement” which accounts for an infinite possibility of phenomena. The second element is the relation of this movement with an “addressee”, the subjectivity. If we begin to analyse the unity of these two elements we fundamentally come across three problems: what is it that (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Hans-Christoph Schmidt Am Busch & Kai Wehmeier (2007). On the Relations Between Heinrich Scholz and Jan Łukasiewicz. History and Philosophy of Logic 28 (1):67-81.score: 12.0
    The aim of the present study is (1) to show, on the basis of a number of unpublished documents, how Heinrich Scholz supported his Warsaw colleague Jan ?ukasiewicz, the Polish logician, during World War II, and (2) to discuss the efforts he made in order to enable Jan ?ukasiewicz and his wife Regina to move from Warsaw to Münster under life-threatening circumstances. In the first section, we explain how Scholz provided financial help to ?ukasiewicz, and we also adduce evidence of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Martin Palouš (2013). A Philosopher and His History Jan Patočka's Reflections on the End of Europe and the Arrival of the Post-European Epoch. Thesis Eleven 116 (1):77-98.score: 12.0
    This article analyzes the lectures and texts from the last period of Czech philosopher Jan Patočka, one of the last disciples of Edmund Husserl, the founding father of phenomenology. The point of departure is Patočka’s critical reception of Husserl’s concept of the crisis of European mankind. There are, however, two other elements distinctive of Patočka’s thought essential for this interpretation. First, he was a classical philosopher aiming at Socratic ‘care for the soul’. Second, he approached the theme of universal human (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Jan Patočka (2007). Jan Patočka - Briefe an Krzysztof Michalski. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:99-161.score: 12.0
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Clélia Van Lerberghe (2009). Les Fondements d'Une Phénoménologie de la Littérature Selon Jan Patočka. The European Legacy 14 (6):697-711.score: 12.0
    Le phénoménologue tchèque Jan Pato?ka, auteur d?une phénoménologie asubjective défendant la thèse d?un procès asubjectif de l?apparaître (d?une autonomie du phénomène par rapport à l?ego), a accordé au problème des relations nécessaires et difficiles que la philosophie entretient en son sein même avec la littérature une attention particulière qui l?a conduit à poser les fondements d?une phénoménologie de la littérature centrée autour de l?idée d?un asubjectivisme de l?écrivain. Nous suivrons ici deux axes de réflexion connexes: premièrement, nous montrerons pourquoi et (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Antonio Geraldo Cantarela (2014). Apresentação (Presentation) - Horizonte, v. 12, n. 33, jan./mar. 2014 - Dossiê: Religião, Política e Violência (Religion, Politics and Violence). [REVIEW] Horizonte 12 (33):5-7.score: 12.0
    Apresentação: Horizonte, v. 12, n. 33, jan./mar. 2014 Dossiê: Religião, Política e Violência.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Dragos Duicu (2010). La phénoménologie asubjective de Jan Pato?ka, une phénoménologie non intentionnelle ? Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (8: Questions d'intentionnalité ).score: 12.0
    L?intention de cet article est de présenter la critique et le remaniement de l?intentionnalité qu?implique l?élaboration d?une phénoménologie asub­jective chez Jan Pato?ka. À cette fin, nous exposerons d?abord les raisons qui amènent Pato?ka à prendre ses distances par rapport au subjectivisme de la phénoménologie husserlienne, et les conséquences de ce dépassement de l?horizon transcendantal de la subjectivité. Et dans un deuxième temps nous tâcherons de suivre les implications de cette destitution du subjectivisme relativement au statut et au sens de l?intentionnalité. (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Jan Konior (2010). Venturing Into Magnum Cathay, 17th Century Polish Jesuits in China: Michał Boym (1612-1659), Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki (1610-1656), and Andrzej Rudomina (1596-1633). [REVIEW] Forum Philosophicum 15 (1):242-249.score: 12.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000