Search results for 'Jana Metcalfe' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  14
    Leslie J. Miller & Jana Metcalfe (1998). Strategically Speaking: The Problem of Essentializing Terms in Feminist Theory and Feminist Organizational Talk. [REVIEW] Human Studies 21 (3):235-257.
    This paper examines the discursive construction of collective identity in several feminist organizations, as a way of shedding new light on the debate over essentializing or totalizing terms in contemporary feminist/postmodernist theory. We argue that while this debate is about language, it has remained largely untouched by the insights of a discursive approach. The latter as we take it up here treats language as irremediably strategic or interested. In contrast, the feminist argument over essentializing terms appears to hold to a (...)
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  2. John Foster & J. S. Metcalfe (2004). Evolution and Economic Complexity / Edited by John Foster and J. Stanley Metcalfe.
     
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  3.  20
    Andrew Metcalfe & Ann Game (2012). 'In the Beginning is Relation': Martin Buber's Alternative to Binary Oppositions. [REVIEW] Sophia 51 (3):351-363.
    Abstract In this article we develop a relational understanding of sociality, that is, an account of social life that takes relation as primary. This stands in contrast to the common assumption that relations arise when subjects interact, an account that gives logical priority to separation. We will develop this relational understanding through a reading of the work of Martin Buber, a social philosopher primarily interested in dialogue, meeting, relationship, and the irreducibility and incomparability of reality. In particular, the article contrasts (...)
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  4. John F. Metcalfe & P. Shimamura (1994). Metacognition: Knowing About Knowing. MIT Press.
  5.  4
    Rosalie Iemhoff & George Metcalfe (2009). Proof Theory for Admissible Rules. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 159 (1):171-186.
    Admissible rules of a logic are those rules under which the set of theorems of the logic is closed. In this paper, a Gentzen-style framework is introduced for analytic proof systems that derive admissible rules of non-classical logics. While Gentzen systems for derivability treat sequents as basic objects, for admissibility, the basic objects are sequent rules. Proof systems are defined here for admissible rules of classes of modal logics, including K4, S4, and (...)
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  6.  16
    Beverly Dawn Metcalfe & Jawad Syed (2015). How Islamic Business Ethics Impact Women Entrepreneurs: Insights From Four Arab Middle Eastern Countries. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4):859-877.
    This study explores how Islamic business ethics and values impact the way in which Muslim women entrepreneurs conduct their business in the Arab world. Guided by institutional theory as a theoretical framework and social constructionism as a philosophical stance, this study uses a qualitative, interview-based methodology. Capitalizing on in-depth, face-to-face interviews with Muslim Arab women entrepreneurs across four countries in the Arab Middle East region, the results portray how Islamic work values and ethics are embedded in the entrepreneurial activities of (...)
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  7.  44
    George Metcalfe & Franco Montagna (2007). Substructural Fuzzy Logics. Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (3):834 - 864.
    Substructural fuzzy logics are substructural logics that are complete with respect to algebras whose lattice reduct is the real unit interval [0.1]. In this paper, we introduce Uninorm logic UL as Multiplicative additive intuitionistic linear logic MAILL extended with the prelinearity axiom ((A → B) ∧ t) ∨ ((B → A) ∧ t). Axiomatic extensions of UL include known fuzzy logics such as Monoidal t-norm logic MTL and Gödel logic G, and new weakening-free logics. Algebraic semantics for these logics are (...)
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  8.  74
    Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.) (2005). The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
  9.  5
    Janet Metcalfe, Teal S. Eich & Alan D. Castel (2010). Metacognition of Agency Across the Lifespan. Cognition 116 (2):267-282.
  10.  84
    Beverly Dawn Metcalfe (2008). Women, Management and Globalization in the Middle East. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (1):85 - 100.
    This paper provides new theoretical insights into the interconnections and relationships between women, management and globalization in the Middle East (ME). The discussion is positioned within broader globalization debates about women’s social status in ME economies. Based on case study evidence and the UN datasets, the article critiques social, cultural and economic reasons for women’s limited advancement in the public sphere. These include the prevalence of the patriarchal work contract within public and private institutions, as well as cultural and ethical (...)
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  11.  12
    Beverly Dawn Metcalfe & Jawad Syed (2015). New Conceptual Foundations for Islamic Business Ethics: The Contributions of Abu-Hamid Al-Ghazali. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4):847-857.
    The dominant approach to understanding Islamic Business Ethics has been based almost exclusively on either interpretations of the Qur’an and Sunna or influenced by Western understanding of Islam and ethics. However, there is a rich—largely ignored-tradition of ethical analysis conducted by Muslim philosophers which would broaden our understanding of Islamic ethics and hence IBE. We seek to correct this imbalance by examining works of Al-Ghazali, an early Muslim philosopher, scholar, and mystic. His approach to Sufism, combining an interpretation of revelation (...)
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  12.  8
    Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe (2010). Admissible Rules in the Implication–Negation Fragment of Intuitionistic Logic. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (2):162-171.
    Uniform infinite bases are defined for the single-conclusion and multiple-conclusion admissible rules of the implication–negation fragments of intuitionistic logic and its consistent axiomatic extensions . A Kripke semantics characterization is given for the structurally complete implication–negation fragments of intermediate logics, and it is shown that the admissible rules of this fragment of form a PSPACE-complete set and have no finite basis.
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  13.  27
    Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe (2009). Structural Completeness in Fuzzy Logics. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (2):153-182.
    Structural completeness properties are investigated for a range of popular t-norm based fuzzy logics—including Łukasiewicz Logic, Gödel Logic, Product Logic, and Hájek's Basic Logic—and their fragments. General methods are defined and used to establish these properties or exhibit their failure, solving a number of open problems.
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  14.  41
    George Metcalfe, Nicola Olivetti & Dov Gabbay (2004). Analytic Calculi for Product Logics. Archive for Mathematical Logic 43 (7):859-889.
    Product logic Π is an important t-norm based fuzzy logic with conjunction interpreted as multiplication on the real unit interval [0,1], while Cancellative hoop logic CHL is a related logic with connectives interpreted as for Π but on the real unit interval with 0 removed (0,1]. Here we present several analytic proof systems for Π and CHL, including hypersequent calculi, co-NP labelled calculi and sequent calculi.
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  15.  61
    Dov Gabbay & George Metcalfe (2007). Fuzzy Logics Based on [0,1)-Continuous Uninorms. Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (5-6):425-449.
    Axiomatizations are presented for fuzzy logics characterized by uninorms continuous on the half-open real unit interval [0,1), generalizing the continuous t-norm based approach of Hájek. Basic uninorm logic BUL is defined and completeness is established with respect to algebras with lattice reduct [0,1] whose monoid operations are uninorms continuous on [0,1). Several extensions of BUL are also introduced. In particular, Cross ratio logic CRL, is shown to be complete with respect to one special uninorm. A Gentzen-style hypersequent calculus is provided (...)
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  16.  16
    J. Metcalfe (2010). University and Business Relations: Connecting the Knowledge Economy. Minerva 48 (1):5-33.
    It is commonplace to say that the modern economy is knowledge based but a moment’s reflection points to the vacuity of this notion. For all economies are knowledge based and could not be otherwise. The question is rather how is one kind of knowledge based economy to be distinguished from another? This essay proposes that the answer may lie in three directions: (1) in terms of the variety of knowledge that is engaged; (2) in (...)
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  17.  22
    Enrico Marchioni & George Metcalfe (2012). Craig Interpolation for Semilinear Substructural Logics. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (6):468-481.
    The Craig interpolation property is investigated for substructural logics whose algebraic semantics are varieties of semilinear pointed commutative residuated lattices. It is shown that Craig interpolation fails for certain classes of these logics with weakening if the corresponding algebras are not idempotent. A complete characterization is then given of axiomatic extensions of the “R-mingle with unit” logic that have the Craig interpolation property. This latter characterization is obtained using a model-theoretic quantifier elimination strategy to determine the varieties of Sugihara monoids (...)
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  18.  40
    Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe (2007). Normal Forms for Fuzzy Logics: A Proof-Theoretic Approach. [REVIEW] Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (5-6):347-363.
    A method is described for obtaining conjunctive normal forms for logics using Gentzen-style rules possessing a special kind of strong invertibility. This method is then applied to a number of prominent fuzzy logics using hypersequent rules adapted from calculi defined in the literature. In particular, a normal form with simple McNaughton functions as literals is generated for łukasiewicz logic, and normal forms with simple implicational formulas as literals are obtained for Gödel logic, Product logic, and Cancellative hoop logic.
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  19.  9
    Janet Metcalfe & Nate Kornell (2003). The Dynamics of Learning and Allocation of Study Time to a Region of Proximal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (4):530.
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  20.  4
    Andrew Metcalfe & Ann Game (2008). Significance and Dialogue in Learning and Teaching. Educational Theory 58 (3):343-356.
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  21.  21
    J. Metcalfe (2000). Feelings and Judgments of Knowing: Is There a Special Noetic State? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):178-186.
    A. Koriat distinguishes between feeling-based and inferentially based feeling-of-knowing judgments. The former are attributable to partial information that is activated in implicit memory but not fully articulated. They are not, however, attributable to direct access to the target-an hypothesis that Koriat specifically repudiates. While there is considerable merit in the distinction that Koriat draws, and his emphasis on the possibility that people base at least some of their metacognitive judgments on implicit information seems well founded, it is argued that his (...)
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  22.  3
    Beverly Dawn Metcalfe & Jawad Syed (2015). Ethical Reporting in Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4):769-784.
    The main aim of this study is to undertake a critical examination of the ethical and developmental performance of an Islamic bank as communicated in its annual reports over a period of 28 years. Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited’s ethical performance and disclosures are further analyzed through interviews conducted with the bank’s senior management. The key findings include an overall increase in ethical disclosures during the study period. However, the focus on various stakeholders’ needs has varied over time reflecting the evolving (...)
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  23.  6
    George Metcalfe (2009). A Sequent Calculus for Constructive Logic with Strong Negation as a Substructural Logic. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 38 (1):1-7.
  24.  19
    Christian G. Fermüller & George Metcalfe (2009). Giles's Game and the Proof Theory of Łukasiewicz Logic. Studia Logica 92 (1):27 - 61.
    In the 1970s, Robin Giles introduced a game combining Lorenzen-style dialogue rules with a simple scheme for betting on the truth of atomic statements, and showed that the existence of winning strategies for the game corresponds to the validity of formulas in Łukasiewicz logic. In this paper, it is shown that ‘disjunctive strategies’ for Giles’s game, combining ordinary strategies for all instances of the game played on the same formula, may be interpreted as derivations in a corresponding proof system. In (...)
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  25. Janet Metcalfe & Hedy Kober (2005). Self-Reflective Consciousness and the Projectable Self. In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press 57-83.
  26.  3
    Chris E. Metcalfe (1998). The Stakeholder Corporation. Business Ethics 7 (1):30–36.
    The stakeholder debate continues unabated in Britain in various arenas of public life and activity. “While recognising the societal holism of the stakeholder concept this article concentrates on the debate at a business level, discussing whether stakeholding is ethical, attainable, or even appropriate to business corporations”. The author is completing his MBA at London Business School and has a background of consulting in organisational and IT analysis.
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  27.  5
    Ann Game & Andrew Metcalfe (2008). The Teacher’s Vocation: Ontology of Response. Studies in Philosophy and Education 27 (6):461-473.
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  28. G. Metcalfe, N. Olivetti & D. Gabbay (2010). Proof Theory for Fuzzy Logics. Applied Logic Series, Vol. 36. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):415-419.
     
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  29. Chris E. Metcalfe (1998). The Stakeholder Corporation. Business Ethics: A European Review 7 (1):30-36.
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  30.  4
    C. Metcalfe, R. M. Martin, S. Noble, J. A. Lane, F. C. Hamdy, D. E. Neal & J. L. Donovan (2008). Low Risk Research Using Routinely Collected Identifiable Health Information Without Informed Consent: Encounters with the Patient Information Advisory Group. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (1):37-40.
    Current UK legislation is impacting upon the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of medical record-based research aimed at benefiting the NHS and the public heath. Whereas previous commentators have focused on the Data Protection Act 1998, the Health and Social Care Act 2001 is the key legislation for public health researchers wishing to access medical records without written consent. The Act requires researchers to apply to the Patient Information Advisory Group for permission to access medical records without written permission. We present a (...)
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  31.  15
    Janet Metcalfe & Lisa K. Son (2012). Anoetic, Noetic, and Autonoetic Metacognition. In Michael Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford University Press
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  32. Jamie Id Campbell & Arron Ws Metcalfe (2009). Numerical Abstractness and Elementary Arithmetic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):330 - 331.
    Like number representation, basic arithmetic seems to be a natural candidate for abstract instantiation in the brain. To investigate this, researchers have examined effects of numeral format on elementary arithmetic (e.g., 4+5 vs. four+five). Different numeral formats often recruit distinct processes for arithmetic, reinforcing the conclusion that number processing is not necessarily abstracted away from numeral format.
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  33.  3
    Kiloran H. M. Metcalfe, Calum A. Worsley, Casey B. Swerner, Devan Sinha, Ravi Solanki, Krithi Ravi & Raj S. Dattani (2015). The 2014 Varsity Medical Ethics Debate: Should We Allow Genetic Information to Be Patented? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10 (1):8.
    The 2014 Varsity Medical Ethics debate convened upon the motion: “This house believes that genetic information should not be commoditised”. This annual debate between students from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, now in its sixth year, provided the starting point for arguments on the subject. The present article brings together and extends many of the arguments put forward during the debate. We explore the circumstances under which genetic material should be considered patentable, the possible effects of this on the (...)
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  34.  6
    John F. Metcalfe (1991). Whewell's Developmental Psychologism: A Victorian Account of Scientific Progress. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):117-139.
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  35.  8
    George Metcalfe & Christoph Röthlisberger (2012). Unifiability and Admissibility in Finite Algebras. In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. 485--495.
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  36.  1
    Beverly Dawn Metcalfe & Jawad Syed (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility and Islamic Financial Institutions : Management Perceptions From IFIs in Bahrain. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4):785-794.
    Islamic finance is gaining greater attention in the finance industry, and this paper analyses how Islamic financial institutions are responding to the welfare needs of society. Using interview data with managers and content analysis of the disclosures, this study attempts to understand management perceptions of corporate social responsibility in IFIs. A thorough understanding of CSR by managers, as evident in the interviews, has not been translated fully into practice. The partial use of IFIs’ potential role in social welfare would add (...)
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  37.  5
    Jawad Syed & Beverly Dawn Metcalfe (2015). Guest Editors’ Introduction: In Pursuit of Islamic Akhlaq of Business and Development. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4):763-767.
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  38.  5
    J. Metcalfe (1992). Book Reviews : H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., and Arthur L. Caplan, Eds., Scientific Controversies. Cambridge University Press, London, 1987. Pp. X, 639, US$59.50 (Cloth), US$19.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):268-271.
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  39.  2
    Marcia Metcalfe (2002). Advancing the Role of Nonprofit Health Care. Inquiry 39 (2):96-100.
  40. Janet Metcalfe (1993). Monitoring and Gain Control in an Episodic Memory Model: Relation to P300 Event-Related Potentials. In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.), Theories of Memory. Lawrence Erlbaum 327--354.
  41.  2
    George Metcalfe, Nicola Olivetti & Dov Gabbay (2005). Łukasiewicz Logic: From Proof Systems To Logic Programming. Logic Journal of the Igpl 13 (5):561-585.
    We present logic programming style “goal-directed” proof methods for Łukasiewicz logic Ł that both have a logical interpretation, and provide a suitable basis for implementation. We introduce a basic version, similar to goal-directed calculi for other logics, and make refinements to improve efficiency and obtain termination. We then provide an algorithm for fuzzy logic programming in Rational Pavelka logic RPL, an extension of Ł with rational constants.
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  42. J. F. Metcalfe (1988). Husserl and Early Victorian Philosophical Logic. Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 7:15-33.
     
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  43.  14
    Janet Metcalfe (2003). Drawing the Line on Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):350-351.
    Only two of the many experiments described by Smith et al., as indicating metacognitive ability in nonhuman animals, involved metacognition as understood in the human literature. Of these, one gave negative results. In the other, one of two rhesus monkeys provided data suggesting that he might have metacognitive ability. The conjecture that any nonhuman animals have metacognitive ability is, therefore, tenuous.
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  44.  2
    Felicity A. Huntingford & Neil B. Metcalfe (1988). The Functional Analysis of Behaviour: Making Room for Prufrock. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):137.
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  45.  3
    Novakova Jana (1997). Retreat of Halophytes in the Czech Republic: Agricultural, Mining, and Urbanization Effects. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (1).
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  46.  2
    Amy Scott Metcalfe (2008). For-Profit And Non-Traditional Higher Education In The Wild, Wild West. Minerva 46 (1):155-158.
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  47.  6
    J. F. Metcalfe (2000). Against Relativism: Philosophy of Science, Deconstruction and Critical Theory Christopher Norris Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997, Xi + 330 Pp., $24.95, Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 39 (03):601-.
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  48.  1
    Patrick Kennedy, David B. Miele & Janet Metcalfe (2014). The Cognitive Antecedents and Motivational Consequences of the Feeling of Being in the Zone. Consciousness and Cognition 30:48-61.
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  49.  1
    Anthony Metcalfe & Charles Streuli (1997). Epithelial Apoptosis. Bioessays 19 (8):711-720.
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  50.  1
    N. H. Metcalfe & E. Stuart (2014). A Short History Of Providing Medical History Within The British Medical Undergraduate Curriculum. Medical Humanities 40 (1):31-37.
    This article aims to discuss the history of medical history in the British medical undergraduate curriculum and it reviews the main characters and organisations that have attempted to earn it a place in the curriculum. It also reviews the arguments for and against the study of the subject that have been used over the last 160 years.
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