Search results for 'Janell Hobson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Janell Hobson (2003). The "Batty" Politic: Toward an Aesthetics of the Black Female Body. Hypatia 18 (4):87-105.score: 240.0
    : I assess representations of black women's derrières, which are often depicted as grotesque, despite attempts by some black women artists to create a black feminist aesthetic that recognizes the black female body as beautiful and desirable. Utilizing a black feminist disability theory, I revisit the history of the Hottentot Venus, which contributed to the shaping of this representational trope, and I identify a recurring struggle among these artists to recover the "unmirrored" black female body.
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  2. J. A. Hobson (1988). J.A. Hobson: A Reader. Allen & Unwin.score: 180.0
     
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  3. J. Allan Hobson (2000). The Ghost of Sigmund Freud Haunts Mark Solms's Dream Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):951-952.score: 60.0
    Recent neuropsychological data indicating that an absence of dreaming follows lesions of frontal subcortical white matter have been interpreted by Solms as supportive of Freud's wish-fulfillment, disguise-censorship dream theory. The purpose of this commentary is to call attention to Solms's commitment to Freud and to challenge and contrast his specific arguments with the simpler and more complete tenets of the activation-synthesis hypothesis. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms].
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  4. J. Allan Hobson (2003). The Dream Drugstore: Chemically Altered States of Consciousness. MIT Press.score: 60.0
    In this book J. Allan Hobson offers a new understanding of altered states of consciousness based on knowledge of how our brain chemistry is balanced when we are...
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  5. Marian Hobson (1998). Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines. Routledge.score: 60.0
    This book explores the language and arguments Jacques Derrida uses in his writings, and how this is at the core of his work. Marian Hobson explores the French language in which Derrida's philosophy is written in, and the ways his ideas are organized, to suggest that this has an overriding affect on how his translated work affects our understanding of his thought.
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  6. J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.score: 30.0
    Sleep researchers in different disciplines disagree about how fully dreaming can be explained in terms of brain physiology. Debate has focused on whether REM sleep dreaming is qualitatively different from nonREM (NREM) sleep and waking. A review of psychophysiological studies shows clear quantitative differences between REM and NREM mentation and between REM and waking mentation. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies also differentiate REM, NREM, and waking in features with phenomenological implications. Both evidence and theory suggest that there are isomorphisms between (...)
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  7. J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2003). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press. 793-842.score: 30.0
    Sleep researchers in different disciplines disagree about how fully dreaming can be explained in terms of brain physiology. Debate has focused on whether REM sleep dreaming is qualitatively different from nonREM (NREM) sleep and waking. A review of psychophysiological studies shows clear quantitative differences between REM and NREM mentation and between REM and waking mentation. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies also differentiate REM, NREM, and waking in features with phenomenological implications. Both evidence and theory suggest that there are isomorphisms between (...)
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  8. J. Allan Hobson & Edward F. Pace-Schott (2002). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Sleep: Neuronal Systems, Consciousness and Learning. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:679-93.score: 30.0
  9. Kenneth Hobson (2013). In Defense of Relational Direct Realism. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):550-574.score: 30.0
    According to proponents of relational direct realism, veridical perceptual experiences are irreducibly relational mental states that include as constituents perceived physical objects or intrinsic aspects of them. One consequence of the theory is the rejection of the causal theory of perception. This paper defends the relational theory against several objections recently developed by Paul Coates. He argues that the required experiential relation is incoherent and unmotivated. The argument that it is incoherent commits a fallacy. In reply to the argument that (...)
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  10. Kenneth Hobson (2008). Foundational Beliefs and the Structure of Justification. Synthese 164 (1):117 - 139.score: 30.0
    I argue that our justification for beliefs about the external physical world need not be constituted by any justified beliefs about perceptual experiences. In this way our justification for beliefs about the physical world may be nondoxastic and this differentiates my proposal from traditional foundationalist theories such as those defended by Laurence BonJour, Richard Fumerton, and Timothy McGrew. On the other hand, it differs from certain non-traditional foundationalist theories such as that defended by James Pryor according to which perceptual experience (...)
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  11. Allan Hobson (2005). Finally Some One: Reflections on Thomas Metzinger's Being No One. Psyche 11 (5).score: 30.0
    I praise Metzinger's book _On Being No One_ by calling my essay "Finally Some One" meaning that I am pleased to see a first rate philosopher so carefully reading the neurobiological literature. Especially as it pertains to sleep and dreaming. Metzinger is comprehensive and comprehending. By studying the neurobiological substrates of normal dreaming, lucid dreaming and related altered states of consciousness (such as out of body experiences, hypnosis, and deja' vu), we may gain insight into the general rules governing brain (...)
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  12. Peter Hobson, Gayathri Chidambi, Anthony Lee & Jessica Meyer (2006). Foundations for Self-Awareness: An Exploration Through Autism. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development.score: 30.0
  13. Kersty Hobson (2006). Bins, Bulbs, and Shower Timers: On the 'Techno-Ethics' of Sustainable Living. Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (3):317 – 336.score: 30.0
    Domestic eco-efficient technologies, such as recycling bins and compact florescent light bulbs, are integral to the eco-modernisation project. To date, however, little research has examined their role in the production of 'sustainable citizens'. In response, this paper explores the productivities of commonplace domestic objects. It draws on qualitative research into a Sydney-based sustainable living programme called 'GreenHome', to examine how participants' environmental ethics became articulated through objects' use. This forges a form of embodied 'techno-ethics' that permeates socio-material relations beyond the (...)
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  14. John M. Hobson & Rajiv Malhotra, Rediscovering Indian Civilization: Indian Contributions to the Rise of the Modern West.score: 30.0
    This paper presents a challenge to Eurocentric world history on the grounds that it reifies and exaggerates the role of the West in the creation of modernity, while simultaneously ignoring India's seminal contributions. The groundwork is prepared in the first three sections, which refute the parochial biases of Eurocentrism by revealing India's impressive early developmental record and its place near the center of a nascent global economy. The paper culminates in an approach that places the "dialogue of civilizations" center-stage of (...)
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  15. Allan Hobson & Ursula Voss (2011). A Mind to Go Out Of: Reflections on Primary and Secondary Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):993-997.score: 30.0
    Dreaming and waking are two brain-mind states, which are characterized by shared and differentiated properties at the levels of brain and consciousness. As part of our effort to capitalize on a comparison of these two states we have applied Edelman’s distinction between primary and secondary consciousness, which we link to dreaming and waking respectively. In this paper we examine the implications of this contrastive analysis for theories of mental illness. We conclude that while dreaming is an almost perfect model of (...)
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  16. R. Peter Hobson (2005). What Puts the Jointness Into Joint Attention? In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. 185.score: 30.0
    This chapter argues that joint attention needs to be understood in terms of one person's engagement with another person's engagement with the world. It is pivotal from a developmental perspective that we have an appropriate view of what is involved when we share experiences, or when we perceive and align with another person's ‘attention’ as a bodily-expressed and affectively toned relation with the environment. The chapter explores these theoretical issues through studies involving children with autism, who have limited ability to (...)
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  17. David Kahn & J. Allan Hobson (2005). State-Dependent Thinking: A Comparison of Waking and Dreaming Thought. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):429-438.score: 30.0
    Thinking is known to be state dependent but a systematic study of how thinking in dreams differs from thinking while awake has not been done. The study consisted of analyzing the dream reports of 26 subjects who, in addition to providing dream reports also provided answers to questions about their thinking within the dream. Our hypothesis was that thinking in dreams is not monolithic but has two distinct components, one that is similar to wake-state cognition, and another that is fundamentally (...)
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  18. J. Allan Hobson (2002). Sleep and Dream Suppression Following a Lateral Medullary Infarct: A First-Person Account. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):377-390.score: 30.0
    Consciousness can be studied only if subjective experience is documented and quantified, yet first-person accounts of the effects of brain injury on conscious experience are as rare as they are potentially useful. This report documents the alterations in waking, sleeping, and dreaming caused by a lateral medullary infarct. Total insomnia and the initial suppression of dreaming was followed by the gradual recovery of both functions. A visual hallucinosis during waking that was associated with the initial period of sleep and dream (...)
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  19. R. Peter Hobson (1993). The Emotional Origins of Social Understanding. Philosophical Psychology 6 (3):227 – 249.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the origins of social understanding. Drawing upon philosophical writings, I highlight those features of affectively patterned interpersonal relations that are especially important for a very young child's growing awareness and knowledge of itself and other people as people with their own minds. If we were without our biologically based capacities for co-ordinated emotional relatedness with others, we should lack something essential for acquiring the concept of 'persons' who have subjective experiences and (...)
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  20. J. Allan Hobson & Robert Stickgold (1994). Dreaming: A Neurocognitive Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):1-15.score: 30.0
    The studies reported in the following articles are aimed at providing a comprehensive, detailed, and quantitative picture of cognition in human dreaming. Our main premises are that waking, REM sleep, and non-REM sleep represent physiologically distinct and identifiable brain states and that the differences between waking, REM, and NREM mentation reflect these physiological differences. We have studied dreams at a formal level of analysis and, in these papers, have studied the specific dream properties of emotions, bizarre transformations, scene shifts, and (...)
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  21. R. Peter Hobson (2008). Interpersonally Situated Cognition. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (3):377 – 397.score: 30.0
    In this paper I consider how thinking emerges out of human infants' relatedness towards the personal and non-personal world. I highlight the contrast between cognitive aspects and cognitive components of psychological functioning, and propose that even when thinking has become a partly separable component of the mind, affective and conative aspects inhere in its nature. I provide illustrative evidence from recent research on the developmental psychopathology of autism. In failing to adopt a developmental perspective, contemporary theorizing has displaced thinking from (...)
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  22. D. Kahn, E. Pace-Schott & J. A. Hobson (2002). Emotion and Cognition: Feeling and Character Identification in Dreaming. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):34-50.score: 30.0
    This study investigated the relationship between dream emotion and dream character identification. Thirty-five subjects provided 320 dream reports and answers to questions on characters that appeared in their dreams. We found that emotions are almost always evoked by our dream characters and that they are often used as a basis for identifying them. We found that affection and joy were commonly associated with known characters and were used to identify them even when these emotional attributes were inconsistent with those of (...)
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  23. Kenneth Hobson (2013). Bill Brewer, Perception and Its Objects. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 33 (6):437-439.score: 30.0
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  24. Ursula Voss, Inka Tuin, Karin Schermelleh-Engel & Allan Hobson (2011). Waking and Dreaming: Related but Structurally Independent. Dream Reports of Congenitally Paraplegic and Deaf-Mute Persons. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):673-687.score: 30.0
    Models of dream analysis either assume a continuum of waking and dreaming or the existence of two dissociated realities. Both approaches rely on different methodology. Whereas continuity models are based on content analysis, discontinuity models use a structural approach. In our study, we applied both methods to test specific hypotheses about continuity or discontinuity. We contrasted dream reports of congenitally deaf-mute and congenitally paraplegic individuals with those of non-handicapped controls. Continuity theory would predict that either the deficit itself or compensatory (...)
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  25. R. Peter Hobson (2005). The Interpersonal Foundations of Thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):703-704.score: 30.0
    Tomasello et al. provide a convincing account of the origins of cultural cognition. I highlight how emotionally grounded sharing of experiences (not merely or predominantly intentions) is critical for the development of interpersonal understanding and perspective-sensitive thinking. Such sharing is specifically human in quality as well as motivation, and entails forms of self–other connectedness and differentiation that are essential to communication and symbolic functioning.
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  26. J. A. Hobson (1928). The History of European Liberalism. By Guido De Ruggiero . Translated by R. G. Collingwood . (London: Humphrey Milford: Oxford University Press. 1927. Pp. Xi + 476. Price 16s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 3 (11):378-.score: 30.0
  27. J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dream Science 2000: A Response to Commentaries on Dreaming and the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1019-1035.score: 30.0
    Definitions of dreaming are not required to map formal features of mental activity onto brain measures. While dreaming occurs during all stages of sleep, intense dreaming is largely confined to REM. Forebrain structures and many neurotransmitters can contribute to sleep and dreaming without negating brainstem and aminergic-cholinergic control mechanisms. Reductionism is essential to science and AIM has considerable heuristic value. Recent findings support sleep's role in learning and memory. Emerging technologies may address long-standing issues in sleep and dream research.
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  28. J. Allan Hobson (2007). States of Consciousness: Normal and Abnormal Variation. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge. 435--444.score: 30.0
  29. Peter Hobson (1986). The Compatibility of Punishment and Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 15 (3):221-228.score: 30.0
    Abstract This paper argues that punishment and moral education are compatible and attempts to refute the arguments put forward by J. D. Marshall in an earlier article in this journal to the effect that they are not. It is also argued here that punishment can assist moral education by providing necessary pre?conditions for its success and can on occasion actually teach the child morally relevant information.
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  30. Allan Hobson (2002). I of the Vortex: From Neurons to Self (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (3):466-468.score: 30.0
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  31. Barbara Hobson, Jane Lewis & Birte Siim (eds.) (2002). Contested Concepts in Gender and Social Politics. E. Elgar Pub..score: 30.0
    This is a major contribution to the theoretical and comparative literature on welfare states, written by some of the most original and challenging feminist ...
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  32. Marian Hobson (1984). Pantomime, spasme et parataxe : « Le Neveu de Rameau ». Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 89 (2):197 - 213.score: 30.0
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  33. Peter Hobson (1984). Some Reflections on Parents' Rights in the Upbringing of Their Children. Journal of Philosophy of Education 18 (1):63–74.score: 30.0
  34. Ursula Voss, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Jennifer Windt, Clemens Frenzel & Allan Hobson (2013). Measuring Consciousness in Dreams: The Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):8-21.score: 30.0
    In this article, we present results from an interdisciplinary research project aimed at assessing consciousness in dreams. For this purpose, we compared lucid dreams with normal non-lucid dreams from REM sleep. Both lucid and non-lucid dreams are an important contrast condition for theories of waking consciousness, giving valuable insights into the structure of conscious experience and its neural correlates during sleep. However, the precise differences between lucid and non-lucid dreams remain poorly understood. The construction of the Lucidity and Consciousness in (...)
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  35. Marian Hobson (2004). Review: Rousseau. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (452):771-774.score: 30.0
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  36. Barbara Hobson, Marcus Carson & Rebecca Lawrence (2007). Recognition Struggles in Trans-National Arenas: Negotiating Identities and Framing Citizenship. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (4):443-470.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this article is to incorporate trans?national actors and institutions into citizenship theory both theoretically and empirically. We analyze three cases of recognition movements promoting gender, ethnic/minority and indigenous rights. Using one societal context, Sweden, we map the processes and mechanisms of power and agency (boundary?making and brokering) that shape how trans?national institutions and actors offer new forms of leverage politics to recognition movements as well as constrain their agency. These mechanisms of power are formalized in a model (...)
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  37. R. Peter Hobson (2004). Understanding Self and Other. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):109-110.score: 30.0
    Interpersonal understanding is rooted in social engagement. The question is: How? What features of intersubjective coordination are essential for the growth of concepts about the mind, and how does development proceed on this basis? Carpendale & Lewis (C&L) offer many telling insights, but their account begs questions about the earliest forms of self-other linkage and differentiation, especially as mediated by processes of identification.
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  38. J. A. Hobson (1929). The Pragmatic Revolt in Politics. By W. Y. Elliott D.Phil. (New York and London: The Macmillan Company. 1928. Pp. Xvii + 540. Price 16s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 4 (13):129-.score: 30.0
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  39. John A. Hobson (1903). Book Review:Democracy and Social Ethics. Jane Addams. [REVIEW] Ethics 13 (3):375-.score: 30.0
  40. Peter Hobson (1984). Another Look at Paternalism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (2):293-304.score: 30.0
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  41. Jody Resnick, Robert Stickgold, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse & J. Allan Hobson (1994). Self-Representation and Bizarreness in Children′s Dream Reports Collected in the Home Setting. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):30-45.score: 30.0
    We have conducted a home-based study of children′s dream reports in which parents used open-ended interviewing styles to collect 88 dream reports from their 4- to 10-year-old children in the comfortable and supportive environment of their own homes. Particular attention was paid to formal properties including characters , settings, self-representation, and bizarreness. In contrast to previous studies, our data indicate that young children are able to give long, detailed reports of their dreams that share many formal characteristics with adult dream (...)
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  42. Jane M. Merritt, Robert Stickgold, Edward Pace-Schott, Julie Williams & J. Allan Hobson (1994). Emotion Profiles in the Dreams of Men and Women. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):46-60.score: 30.0
    We have investigated the emotional profile of dreams and the relationship between dream emotion and cognition using a form that specifically asked subjects to identify emotions within their dreams. Two hundred dream reports were collected from 20 subjects, each of whom produced 10 reports. Compared to previous studies, our method yielded a 10-fold increase in the amount of emotion reported. Anxiety/fear was reported most frequently, followed, in order, by joy/elation, anger, sadness, shame/guilt, and, least frequently, affection/eroticism. Unexpectedly, there was no (...)
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  43. S. J. Hobson (1998). The Ethics of Compulsory Removal Under Section 47 of the 1948 National Assistance Act. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):38-43.score: 30.0
    Orders for removal under Section 47 of the 1948 National Assistance Act are little discussed. However, they involve severe infringements of the civil liberties of those affected. It is argued that all previously presented justifications for the use of these orders fail. Repeal of the act is called for. The Law Commission has drafted alternative legislation, but this has not been enacted. Until this occurs local authorities, the Faculty of Public Health Medicine and individual public health physicians should refuse to (...)
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  44. John M. Hobson (2008). The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought - by Cemil Aydin. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):333-335.score: 30.0
  45. J. A. Hobson (1934). The Horizon of Experience: A Study of the Modern Mind. By C. Delisle Burns. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 1933. Pp. 372. Price 12s. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 9 (33):98-.score: 30.0
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  46. Marian Hobson (2006). Hostilities and Hostages (to Fortune). Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (2):303-314.score: 30.0
    This piece asks a simple question, one simply obvious after the New York Times obituary of Jacques Derrida: how is it, why is it, that his work has been attacked in act and in words? And why more violently than the other great contemporaries of that period, of whom only Kristeva is still alive: Deleuze, Foucault, Lyotard, Lacan? It tries out various possibilities: envy, power struggles among various intellectual groupings of the same generation, the location of philosophy in the present (...)
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  47. Peter Hobson & John Edwards (1991). Religious Studies in the Secondary School Curriculum: A Suggested Model and a Response to Three Major Philosophical Objections. Educational Philosophy and Theory 23 (2):67–82.score: 30.0
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  48. John A. Hobson (1901). Socialistic Imperialism. International Journal of Ethics 12 (1):44-58.score: 30.0
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  49. John A. Hobson (1905). The Ethics of Gambling. International Journal of Ethics 15 (2):135-148.score: 30.0
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  50. J. A. Hobson (1906). The Ethics of Internationalism. International Journal of Ethics 17 (1):16-28.score: 30.0
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