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Profile: Jason Bridges (University of Chicago)
  1. Jason Bridges, Kolodny on the Normativity of Rationality.
    Although in everyday life and thought we take for granted that there are norms of rationality, their existence presents severe philosophical problems. Kolodny (2005) is thus moved to deny that rationality is normative. But this denial is not itself unproblematic, and I argue that Kolodny’s defense of it—especially his Transparency Account, which aims to explain why rationality appears to be normative even though it isn’t—is unsuccessful. I close with a sketch of an alternative proposal, one that provides for a genuine (...)
     
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  2. Jason Bridges, Pulling Semantic Contextualism Out by its Roots.
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  3. Jason Bridges, Rule-Following Skepticism, Properly so Called.
  4. Jason Bridges, Wittgenstein Vs. Semantic Contextualism.
    Semantic contextualism is a view about the meanings of utterances. The relevant notion of meaning is that of what is said by an utterance, as it is sometimes put, of the content of the utterance. Semantic contextualism (which I will henceforth simply label “contextualism”) holds that the content of an utterance is shaped in far-reaching and unobvious ways by the circumstances, the context, in which it is uttered. Two utterances of the same sentence might vary in content as a result (...)
     
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  5. Jason Bridges, Mik Kolodyny & Wai-Hung Wong (forthcoming). Barber, Michael. The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenology the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2011. $69.95 Botz-Bornstein, Thorsten, Ed. Inception and Philosophy: Ideas to Die For. Chicago: Open Court, 2011. $19.95 Pb. Bouchard, Larry D. Theater and Integrity: Emptying Selves in Drama, Ethics, and Religion. Evanston: North. [REVIEW] Philosophy Today.
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  6. Jason Bridges (2012). Context and Use. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 18 (1):133-142.
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  7. Jason Bridges, Niko Kolodny & Wai-Hung Wong (eds.) (2012). The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud. OUP USA.
    Barry Stroud's work has had a profound impact on a very wide array of philosophical topics, including epistemological skepticism, the nature of logical necessity, the interpretation of Hume, the interpretation of Wittgenstein, the possibility of transcendental arguments, and the metaphysical status of color and value. And yet there has heretofore been no book-length treatment of his work. The current collection aims to redress this gap, with 13 essays on Stroud's work by a diverse group of contributors including some of his (...)
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  8. Jason Bridges (2011). Dispositions and Rational Explanation. In Jason Bridges Niko Kolodny & Wai-Hung Wong (eds.), The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud. Oxford University Press.
    Some philosophers hold that rational explanations­—explanations of people’s attitudes and actions that cite their reasons for forming these attitudes or performing these actions—are dispositional. The hold that rational explanations do their explanatory work by representing these attitudes and actions as the product of dispositions on the part of the subject. I challenge arguments to this effect by Barry Stroud and Michael Smith. And I argue that human beings do not possess, and could not possess, the dispositions required for the dispositionalist (...)
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  9. Jason Bridges (2010). Wittgenstein Vs Contextualism. In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
    A critique of attempts by Charles Travis and others to read contextualism back into Philosophical Investigations. The central interpretive claim is that this reading is not only unsupported; it gets Wittgenstein's intent, in the parts of the text at issue, precisely backwards. The focus of the chapter is on Wittgenstein's treatment of explanation, understanding, proper names, and family-resemblance concepts.
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  10. Jason Bridges (2009). Rationality, Normativity, and Transparency. Mind 118 (470):353-367.
    Although in everyday life and thought we take for granted that there are norms of rationality, their existence presents severe philosophical problems. Kolodny (2005) is thus moved to deny that rationality is normative. But this denial is not itself unproblematic, and I argue that Kolodny's defence of it—particularly his Transparency Account, which aims to explain why rationality appears to be normative even though it is not—is unsuccessful.
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  11. Jason Bridges (2007). Review of Richard Gaskin, Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (2).
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  12. Jason Bridges (2007). Review: The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (464):1083-1088.
  13. Radical Contextualism, Josef Stern, James Conant, Michael Kremer, David Finkelstein & Jason Bridges (2007). Nat Hansen. Philosophy 2:2006-2007.
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  14. Jason Bridges (2006). Does Informational Semantics Commit Euthyphro's Fallacy. Noûs 40 (3):522�547.
    In this paper, I argue that informational semantics, the most well-known and worked-out naturalistic account of intentional content, conflicts with a fundamental psychological principle about the conditions of belief-formation. Since this principle is an important premise in the argument for informational semantics, the upshot is that the view is self-contradictory??indeed, it turns out to be guilty of a sophisticated version of the fallacy famously committed by Euthyphro in the eponymous Platonic dialogue. Criticisms of naturalistic accounts of content typically proceed piecemeal (...)
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  15. Jason Bridges (2006). Davidson's Transcendental Externalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):290-315.
    One of the chief aims of Donald Davidson's later work was to show that participation in a certain causal nexus involving two creatures and a shared environment–Davidson calls this nexus “triangulation”–is a metaphysically necessary condition for the acquisition of thought. This doctrine, I suggest, is aptly regarded as a form of what I call transcendental externalism. I extract two arguments for the transcendental-externalist doctrine from Davidson's writings, and argue that neither succeeds. A central interpretive claim is that the arguments are (...)
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  16. Jason Bridges (2006). Teleofunctionalism and Psychological Explanation. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 28 (September):359-372.