Search results for 'Jason C. Stanley' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Jason Stanley (Yale University)
  1. Jennifer Hornsby & Jason Stanley (2005). II Reply by Jason Stanley. Hornsby on the Phenomenology of Speech. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):131–145.
    The central claim is that the semantic knowledge exercised by people when they speak is practical knowledge. The relevant idea of practical knowledge is explicated, applied to the case of speaking, and connected with an idea of agents’ knowledge. Some defence of the claim is provided.
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  2.  2
    Jason Stanley (2005). II—Jason Stanley: Hornsby on the Phenomenology of Speech. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):131-145.
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  3.  35
    Jason C. Stanley (2002). Nominal Restriction. In Georg Peter & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Logical Form and Language. Oxford University Press 365--390.
  4. Jason C. Stanley (1997). Rigidity and Content. In Richard G. Heck Jr (ed.), Language, Truth, and Logic. Oxford University Press
  5. Jason Stanley (2005). Knowledge and Practical Interests. Oxford University Press.
    Jason Stanley presents a startling and provocative claim about knowledge: that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e. by how much is at stake for that person at that time. In defending this thesis, Stanley introduces readers to a number of strategies for resolving philosophical paradox, making the book essential not just for specialists in epistemology but for all philosophers interested in philosophical (...)
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  6. Jason Stanley (2004). On the Linguistic Basis for Contextualism. Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):119-146.
    Contextualism in epistemology is the doctrine that the proposition expressed by a knowledge attribution relative to a context is determined in part by the standards of justification salient in that context. The (non-skeptical) contextualist allows that in some context c, a speaker may truly attribute knowledge at a time of a proposition p to Hannah, despite her possession of only weak inductive evidence for the truth of that proposition. Relative to another context, someone may make the very same knowledge attribution (...)
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  7. Jason Stanley (2005). Knowledge and Practical Interests. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Jason Stanley presents a startling and provocative claim about knowledge: that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e. by how much is at stake for that person at that time. So whether a true belief is knowledge is not merely a matter of supporting beliefs or reliability; in the case of knowledge, practical rationality and theoretical rationality are intertwined. Stanley defends this thesis (...)
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  8.  2
    M. C. Stanley (1994). A Π12 Singleton Incompatible with 0#. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 66 (1):27-88.
    Stanley, M.C., A Π12 singleton incompatible with 0#, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 66 27–88. A non-constructible Π12 singleton that is absolute for ω-models of ZF is produced by class forcing over the minimum model.
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  9. Jason Stanley (2013). Know How. Oxford University Press Uk.
    The goal of inquiry is to acquire knowledge of truths about the world. In this book, Jason Stanley argues that knowing how to do something amounts to knowing a truth about the world. When you learned how to swim, what happened is that you learned some truths about swimming, including a special kind of truth about it that answers the question, 'How could you swim?' Know How develops an account of the kinds of answers to questions, knowledge of (...)
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  10.  12
    Gary James Jason (2013). The History of Cinema and America’s Role in It: Review Essay of D. Gomery and C. Pafort-Overduin’s Movie History: A Survey. [REVIEW] Reason Papers 35 (1):170-186.
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  11.  1
    Podwysocki Christine, Paul Jacob & Forte Jason (2015). A, B, C as Linear as 1, 2, 3: Numerical and Non-Numerical Representation in Adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  12. Gary James Jason (2008). Book Review Of: C. Dyble, Taming Leviathan: Waging a War of Ideas Around the World. [REVIEW] Liberty (December):46-47, 50..
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  13. Gary James Jason (2009). Book Review Of: C. Robinson, Arthur Seldon: A Life for Liberty. [REVIEW] Liberty (November):42-43.
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  14. Heather Stanley (2010). Judith Walzer Leavitt.Make Room for Daddy: The Journey From Waiting Room to Birthing Room. Xi + 385 Pp., Illus., Index. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. $35. [REVIEW] Isis 101 (2):450-451.
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  15. M. C. Stanley (1988). Backwards Easton Forcing and 0#. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (3):809 - 833.
    It is shown that if κ is an uncountable successor cardinal in L[ 0 ♯ ], then there is a normal tree T ∈ L [ 0 ♯ ] of height κ such that $0^\sharp \not\in L\lbrack\mathbf{T}\rbrack$ . Yet T is $ -distributive in L[ 0 ♯ ]. A proper class version of this theorem yields an analogous L[ 0 ♯ ]-definable tree such that distinct branches in the presence of 0 ♯ collapse the universe. A heretofore unutilized method for (...)
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  16. John Hawthorne & Jason Stanley (2008). Knowledge and Action. Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):571-590.
    Judging by our folk appraisals, then, knowledge and action are intimately related. The theories of rational action with which we are familiar leave this unexplained. Moreover, discussions of knowledge are frequently silent about this connection. This is a shame, since if there is such a connection it would seem to constitute one of the most fundamental roles for knowledge. Our purpose in this paper is to rectify this lacuna, by exploring ways in which knowing something is related to rationally acting (...)
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  17. Jason Stanley (2011). Know How. Oxford University Press.
    Chapter 1: Ryle on Knowing How Chapter 2: Knowledge-wh Chapter 3: PRO and the Representation of First-Person Thought Chapter 4: Ways of Thinking Chapter 5: Knowledge How Chapter 6: Ascribing Knowledge How Chapter 7: The Cognitive Science of Practical Knowledge Chapter 8: Knowledge Justified Preface A fact, as I shall use the term, is a true proposition. A proposition is the sort of thing that is capable of being believed or asserted. A proposition is also something that is characteristically the (...)
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  18. Jason Stanley & Timothy Williamson (2001). Knowing How. Journal of Philosophy 98 (8):411-444.
    Many philosophers believe that there is a fundamental distinction between knowing that something is the case and knowing how to do something. According to Gilbert Ryle, to whom the insight is credited, knowledge-how is an ability, which is in turn a complex of dispositions. Knowledge-that, on the other hand, is not an ability, or anything similar. Rather, knowledge-that is a relation between a thinker and a true proposition.
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  19. Jennifer Hornsby & Jason Stanley (2005). Semantic Knowledge and Practical Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):107-145.
    The central claim is that the semantic knowledge exercised aby people when they speak is practical knowledge. The relevant idea of practical knowledge is explicated, applied to the case of speaking, and connected with an idea of agents' knowledge. Some defence of the claim is provided.
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  20.  3
    Sonia Ryang, C. Maxwell & Elizabeth M. Stanley (2012). South Koreans in Debt Crisis: The Creation of a Neoliberal Welfare Society. Jesook Song. Durham: Duke University Press. 2009. Ix+ 201 Pp. Shamans, Nostalgias, and the IMF: South Korean Popular Religion in Motion. Laurel Kendall. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. 2009. Ix+ 251 Pp. [REVIEW] Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (2):1-3.
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  21. C. Kennedy & J. Stanley (2009). On 'Average'. Mind 118 (471):583-646.
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  22. Thomas Brown, Margaret C. King & Patricia Stanley (eds.) (2000). Fulfilling the Promise of the Community College. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Examine the first-year student experience as so rarely seen from the community college perspective and increase the odds of the new-to-college students’ success. For three decades, U.S. higher education has paid increasing attention to the beginning college experience—to ensure that entering students make a successful transition to college. Yet, much of the extant research and practice literature focuses on the experience of first-year students entering four-year colleges and universities. Fulfilling the Promise of the Community College is an insightful publication that (...)
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  23. Sonia Ryang, C. Maxwell & Elizabeth M. Stanley (2012). South Koreans in Debt Crisis: The Creation of a Neoliberal Welfare Society. JesookSong. Durham: Duke University Press. 2009. Ix + 201 Pp.Shamans, Nostalgias, and the IMF: South Korean Popular Religion in Motion. LaurelKendall. Honolulu: University of Hawa. [REVIEW] Ethos 40 (2):1-3.
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  24. David F. Trask, James C. Thomson, Peter W. Stanley, John C. Perry & T. Harry Williams (1983). The War with Spain in 1898. Science and Society 47 (2):246-248.
     
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  25.  65
    Jason Stanley & Timothy Williamson (2016). Skill. Noûs 50 (3):n/a-n/a.
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  26. Jason Stanley (2000). Context and Logical Form. Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (4):391--434.
    In this paper, I defend the thesis that alleffects of extra-linguistic context on thetruth-conditions of an assertion are traceable toelements in the actual syntactic structure of thesentence uttered. In the first section, I develop thethesis in detail, and discuss its implications for therelation between semantics and pragmatics. The nexttwo sections are devoted to apparent counterexamples.In the second section, I argue that there are noconvincing examples of true non-sentential assertions.In the third section, I argue that there are noconvincing examples of what (...)
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  27.  20
    Jason Stanley & Zoltan Gendler Szabó (2000). On Quantifier Domain Restriction. Mind and Language 15 (2‐3):219-261.
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  28. Jason Stanley & Zoltán Gendler Szabó (2000). On Quantifier Domain Restriction. Mind and Language 15 (2&3):219--61.
  29. Jason Stanley (2011). Knowing (How). Noûs 45 (2):207 - 238.
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  30. Thomas C. Bulea, Jonghyun Kim, Diane L. Damiano, Christopher J. Stanley & Hyung-Soon Park (2015). Prefrontal, Posterior Parietal and Sensorimotor Network Activity Underlying Speed Control During Walking. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31. Chandra Sekhar Sripada & Jason Stanley (2012). Empirical tests of interest-relative invariantism. Episteme 9 (1):3-26.
    According to Interest-Relative Invariantism, whether an agent knows that p, or possesses other sorts of epistemic properties or relations, is in part determined by the practical costs of being wrong about p. Recent studies in experimental philosophy have tested the claims of IRI. After critically discussing prior studies, we present the results of our own experiments that provide strong support for IRI. We discuss our results in light of complementary findings by other theorists, and address the challenge posed by a (...)
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  32. Jason Stanley (forthcoming). Context, Interest-Relativity, and Knowledge. Philosophical Studies.
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  33. Jason Stanley (2014). Constructing Meanings. Analysis 74 (4):662-676.
  34. Jason Stanley (2008). Knowledge and Certainty. Philosophical Issues 18 (1):35-57.
    This paper is a companion piece to my earlier paper “Fallibilism and Concessive Knowledge Attributions”. There are two intuitive charges against fallibilism. One is that it countenances the truth (and presumably acceptability) of utterances of sentences such as “I know that Bush is a Republican, though it might be that he is not a Republican”. The second is that it countenances the truth (and presumably acceptability) of utterances of sentences such as “I know that Bush is a Republican, even though (...)
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  35.  43
    Jason Stanley (2007). Language in Context: Selected Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Egalitarianism, the view that equality matters, attracts a great deal of attention amongst contemporary political theorists. And yet it has turned out to be surprisingly difficult to provide a fully satisfactory egalitarian theory. The cutting-edge articles in Egalitarianism move the debate forward. They are written by some of the leading political philosophers in the field.
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  36. Jason Stanley (2005). Semantics in Context. In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.), Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth. Oxford University Press 221--54.
  37. Jason Stanley (2002). Making It Articulated. Mind and Language 17 (1&2):149–168.
  38. Jason Stanley (2005). Fallibilism and Concessive Knowledge Attributions. Analysis 65 (286):126–131.
    Lewis concludes that fallibilism is uncomfortable, though preferable to scepticism. However, he believes that contextualism about knowledge allows us to ‘dodge the choice’ between fallibilism and scepticism. For the contextualist semantics for ‘know’ can explain the oddity of fallibilism, without landing us into scepticism.
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  39.  5
    Jason Stanley (2013). Context and Logical Form. In Maite Ezcurdia & Robert J. Stainton (eds.), The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy. Broadview Press 316.
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  40. Jason Stanley (2001). Hermeneutic Fictionalism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):36–71.
    Fictionalist approaches to ontology have been an accepted part of philosophical methodology for some time now. On a fictionalist view, engaging in discourse that involves apparent reference to a realm of problematic entities is best viewed as engaging in a pretense. Although in reality, the problematic entities do not exist, according to the pretense we engage in when using the discourse, they do exist. In the vocabulary of Burgess and Rosen (1997, p. 6), a nominalist construal of a given discourse (...)
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  41. Jeffrey King & Jason Stanley (2005). Semantics, Pragmatics, and the Role of Semantic Content. In Zoltán Szabó (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press 111--164.
    Followers of Wittgenstein allegedly once held that a meaningful claim to know that p could only be made if there was some doubt about the truth of p. The correct response to this thesis involved appealing to the distinction between the semantic content of a sentence and features attaching to its use. It is inappropriate to assert a knowledge-claim unless someone in the audience has doubt about what the speaker claims to know. But this fact has nothing to do with (...)
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  42.  43
    Jason Stanley (2016). On a Case for Truth‐Relativism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1):179-188.
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  43. Jason Stanley (2003). Context, Interest Relativity and the Sorites. Analysis 63 (4):269–281.
    According to what I will call a contextualist solution to the sorites paradox, vague terms are context-sensitive, and one can give a convincing dissolution of the sorites paradox in terms of this context-dependency. The reason, according to the contextualist, that precise boundaries for expressions like “heap” or “tall for a basketball player” are so difficult to detect is that when two entities are sufficiently similar (or saliently similar), we tend to shift the interpretation of the vague expression so that if (...)
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  44. Joshua Armstrong & Jason Stanley (2011). Singular Thoughts and Singular Propositions. Philosophical Studies 154 (2):205 - 222.
    A singular thought about an object o is one that is directly about o in a characteristic way—grasp of that thought requires having some special epistemic relation to the object o, and the thought is ontologically dependent on o. One account of the nature of singular thought exploits a Russellian Structured Account of Propositions, according to which contents are represented by means of structured n-tuples of objects, properties, and functions. A proposition is singular, according to this framework, if and only (...)
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  45. M. C. Stanley (1992). Forcing Disabled. Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (4):1153-1175.
    It is proved (Theorem 1) that if 0♯ exists, then any constructible forcing property which over L adds no reals, over V collapses an uncountable L-cardinal to cardinality ω. This improves a theorem of Foreman, Magidor, and Shelah. Also, a method for approximating this phenomenon generically is found (Theorem 2). The strategy is first to reduce the problem of `disabling' forcing properties to that of specializing certain trees in a weak sense.
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  46. Christopher Kennedy & Jason Stanley (2009). On 'Average'. Mind 118 (471):583 - 646.
    This article investigates the semantics of sentences that express numerical averages, focusing initially on cases such as 'The average American has 2.3 children'. Such sentences have been used both by linguists and philosophers to argue for a disjuncture between semantics and ontology. For example, Noam Chomsky and Norbert Hornstein have used them to provide evidence against the hypothesis that natural language semantics includes a reference relation holding between words and objects in the world, whereas metaphysicians such as Joseph Melia and (...)
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  47. Jason Stanley (2003). Modality and What is Said. In John Hawthorne (ed.), Language and Mind. Blackwell 321--44.
    If, relative to a context, what a sentence says is necessarily true, then what it says must be so. If, relative to a context, what a sentence says is possible, then what it says could be true. Following natural philosophical usage, it would thus seem clear that in assessing an occurrence of a sentence for possibility or necessity, one is assessing what is said by that occurrence. In this paper, I argue that natural philosophical usage misleads here. In assessing an (...)
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  48.  1
    Jason Stanley & John W. Krakauer (2013). Motor Skill Depends on Knowledge of Facts. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  49.  34
    Jason Stanley (2015). Knowledge, Habit, Practice, Skill. Journal of Philosophical Research 40 (9999):315-323.
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    Jason Stanley (2011). Knowing. Noûs 45 (2):207-238.
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