Search results for 'Jason Low' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  35
    Jason Low & Bo Wang (2011). On the Long Road to Mentalism in Children's Spontaneous False-Belief Understanding: Are We There Yet? Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):411-428.
    We review recent anticipatory looking and violation-of-expectancy studies suggesting that infants and young preschoolers have spontaneous (implicit) understanding of mind despite their known problems until later in life on elicited (explicit) tests of false-belief reasoning. Straightforwardly differentiating spontaneous and elicited expressions of complex mental state understanding in relation to an implicit-explicit knowledge framework may be challenging; early action predictions may be based on behavior rules that are complementary to the mentalistic attributions under consideration. We discuss that the way forward for (...)
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  2. Marcus Arvan (2011). People Do Not Have a Duty to Avoid Voting Badly: Reply to Brennan. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.
    Jason Brennan argues that people are morally obligated not to vote badly, where voting badly is voting “without sufficient reason” for harmful or unjust policies or candidates. His argument is: (1) One has an obligation not to engage in collectively harmful activities when refraining from such activities does not impose significant personal costs. (2) Voting badly is to engage in a collectively harmful activity, while abstaining imposes low personal costs. (3) Therefore, one should not vote badly. This paper shows (...)
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  3.  3
    Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay (2006). Does Physiotherapy Management of Low Back Pain Change as a Result of an Evidence‐Based Educational Programme? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):365-375.
    RATIONALE: The concept of evidence-based medicine is important in providing efficient health care. The process uses research findings as the basis for clinical decision making. Evidence-based practice helps optimize current health care and enables the practitioners to be suitably accountable for the interventions they provide. Little work has been undertaken to examine how allied health professionals change their clinical practice in light of the latest evidence. The use of opinion leaders to disseminate new evidence around the management of low back (...)
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  4.  19
    Deja Hendrickson, Chery Smith & Nicole Eikenberry (2006). Fruit and Vegetable Access in Four Low-Income Food Deserts Communities in Minnesota. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (3):371-383.
    Access to fruits and vegetables by low-income residents living in selected urban and rural Minnesotan communities was investigated. Communities were selected based on higher than state average poverty rates, limited access to grocery stores, and urban influence codes (USDA ERS codes). Four communities, two urban and two rural, were selected. Data were gathered from focus group discussions (n = 41), responses to a consumer survey (n = 396 in urban neighborhoods and n = 400 in rural communities), and an inventory (...)
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  5.  10
    Blumenthal-Barby (2013). “Choosing Wisely” to Reduce Low-Value Care: A Conceptual and Ethical Analysis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (5):559-580.
    The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Foundation has recently initiated a campaign called “Choosing Wisely,” which is aimed at reducing “low-value” care services. Lists of low-value care services are being developed and the ABIM Foundation is urging the American Medical Association and other organizations to get behind the lists, disseminate them, and implement them. Yet, there are many ethical questions that remain about the development, dissemination, and implementation of these low-value care lists. In this paper I argue for conceptual (...)
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  6.  1
    Pramod R. Regmi, Nirmal Aryal, Om Kurmi, Puspa Raj Pant, Edwin Teijlingen & Sharada P. Wasti (2016). Informed Consent in Health Research: Challenges and Barriers in Low‐and Middle‐Income Countries with Specific Reference to Nepal. Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Obtaining ‘informed consent’ from every individual participant involved in health research is a mandatory ethical practice. Informed consent is a process whereby potential participants are genuinely informed about their role, risk and rights before they are enrolled in the study. Thus, ethics committees in most countries require ‘informed consent form’ as part of an ethics application which is reviewed before granting research ethics approval. Despite a significant increase in health research activity in low-and middle-income countries in recent years, only limited (...)
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  7.  2
    Antonín Kučera & Theodore A. Slaman (2009). Low Upper Bounds of Ideals. Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (2):517-534.
    We show that there is a low T-upper bound for the class of K-trivial sets, namely those which are weak from the point of view of algorithmic randomness. This result is a special case of a more general characterization of ideals in $\Delta _2^0 $ T-degrees for which there is a low T-upper bound.
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  8.  1
    Troy D. Abell (1992). Low Birth Weight, Intrauterine Growth-Retarded, and Pre-Term Infants. Human Nature 3 (4):335-378.
    Low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, and prematurity are overwhelming risk factors associated with infant mortality and morbidity. The lack of efficacious prenatal screening tests for these three outcomes illuminates the problems inherent in bivariate estimates of association. A biocultural strategy for research is presented, integrating societal and familial levels of analysis with the metabolic, immune, vascular, and neuroendocrine systems of the body. Policy decisions, it is argued, need to be based on this type of biocultural information in order to (...)
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  9.  2
    Stephen Buetow & Peter Adams (2006). Is There Any Ideal of 'High Quality Care' Opposing 'Low Quality Care'? A Deconstructionist Reading. Health Care Analysis 14 (2):123-132.
    The expressions ‘high quality care’ and ‘low quality care’ are cognitive and linguistic artefacts that help to structure people’s lives and thinking; for example, moves are now afoot internationally to pay bonuses to health professionals for delivering high quality care. United States programmes, most conspicuously, are assuming that high quality care can be validly distinguished from low quality care, and incentivised through bonuses. This distinction is always at least implicit, for high quality care has no meaning without low quality care. (...)
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  10.  18
    Wim Dekkers (1998). Hermeneutics and Experiences of the Body. The Case of Low Back Pain. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):277-293.
    The purpose of this paper is to elaborate on the notion of clinical medicine as a hermeneutical enterprise and to bridge the gap between the general perspectives of hermeneutics and the particularities of medical practice. The case of a patient with low back pain is analyzed. The discussion centers around the metaphor of the patient as a text and a model of five social discourses about low back pain. The problems addressed are: (1) the nature of a moral experience, (2) (...)
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  11.  2
    Tamas Bereczkei, Adam Hofer & Zsuzsanna Ivan (2000). Low Birth Weight, Maternal Birth-Spacing Decisions, and Future Reproduction. Human Nature 11 (2):183-205.
    The aim of this study is an analysis of the possible adaptive consequences of delivery of low birth weight infants. We attempt to reveal the cost and benefit components of bearing small children, estimate the chance of the infants’ survival, and calculate the mothers’ reproductive success. According to life-history theory, under certain circumstances mothers can enhance their lifetime fitness by lowering the rate of investment in an infant and/or enhancing the rate of subsequent births. We assume that living in a (...)
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  12.  1
    Bridget Pratt, Katharine A. Allen & Adnan A. Hyder (2016). Health Systems Research Consortia and the Promotion of Health Equity in Low and Middle‐Income Countries. Developing World Bioethics 16 (2).
    Health systems research is widely identified as an indispensable means to achieve the goal of health equity between and within countries. Numerous health systems research consortia comprised of institutions from high-income countries and low and middle-income countries are currently undertaking programs of research in LMICs. These partnerships differ from collaborations that carry out single projects in the multiplicity of their goals, scope of their activities, and nature of their management. Recent conceptual work has explored what features might be necessary for (...)
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  13.  11
    Teresa Moore & Kristy Richardson (2013). The Low Risk Research Ethics Application Process at CQUniversity Australia. Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (3):211-230.
    The CQUniversity Australia Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) is a human ethics research committee registered under the auspices of the National Health and Medical Research Council. In 2009 an external review of CQUniversity Australia’s HREC policies and procedures recommended that a low risk research process be available to the institution’s researchers. Subsequently, in 2010 the Human Research Ethics Committee Low Risk Application Procedure came into operation. This paper examines the applications made under the Human Research Ethics Committee Low Risk Application (...)
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  14.  9
    Marion Lahutte-Auboin, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Pierre Françoise, Jean-Noël Vallée & Robert Costalat (2013). On a Minimal Model for Hemodynamics and Metabolism of Lactate: Application to Low Grade Glioma and Therapeutic Strategies. Acta Biotheoretica 61 (1):79-89.
    WHO II low grade glioma evolves inevitably to anaplastic transformation. Magnetic resonance imaging is a good non-invasive way to watch it, by hemodynamic and metabolic modifications, thanks to multinuclear spectroscopy 1H/31P. In this work we study a multi-scale minimal model of hemodynamics and metabolism applied to the study of gliomas. This mathematical analysis leads us to a fast-slow system. The control of the position of the stationary point brings to the concept of domain of viability. Starting from this system, the (...)
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  15.  5
    Lydia Kapiriri & Douglas K. Martin (2010). Successful Priority Setting in Low and Middle Income Countries: A Framework for Evaluation. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (2):129-147.
    Priority setting remains a big challenge for health managers and planners, yet there is paucity of literature on evaluating priority setting. The purpose of this paper is to present a framework for evaluating priority setting in low and middle income countries. We conducted a qualitative study involving a review of literature and Delphi interviews with respondents knowledgeable of priority setting in low and middle income countries. Respondents were asked to identify the measures of successful priority setting in low and middle (...)
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  16.  2
    Christa Harstall, Paul Taenzer, Donna K. Angus, Carmen Moga, Tara Schuller & N. Ann Scott (2011). Creating a Multidisciplinary Low Back Pain Guideline: Anatomy of a Guideline Adaptation Process. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):693-704.
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  17.  3
    Phaik Y. Cheah & Michael Parker (2014). Consent and Assent in Paediatric Research in Low-Income Settings. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):22.
    In order to involve children in the decision-making process about participation in medical research it is widely recommended that the child’s assent be sought in addition to parental consent. However, the concept of assent is fraught with difficulties, resulting in confusion among researchers and ethics committees alike.
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  18. Ted Cohen (1993). High and Low Thinking About High and Low Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (2):151-156.
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  19.  10
    Rachel Dahan, Jeffry Borkan, Judith‐Bell Brown, Shmuel Reis, Doron Hermoni & Stewart Harris (2007). The Challenge of Using the Low Back Pain Guidelines: A Qualitative Research. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):616-620.
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  20.  15
    C. C. Pratt (1930). The Spatial Character of High and Low Tones. Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (3):278.
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  21.  9
    Adam Seiver, Stephen Daane & Ran Kim (1997). Regular Low Frequency Cardiac Output Oscillations Observed in Critically Ill Surgical Patients. Complexity 2 (3):51-55.
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  22.  4
    Rachel Dahan, Shmuel Reis, Jeffry Borkan, Judith‐Bell Brown, Doron Hermoni, Nadia Mansor & Stewart Harris (2008). Is Knowledge a Barrier to Implementing Low Back Pain Guidelines? Assessing the Knowledge of Israeli Family Doctors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):785-791.
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  23.  3
    Sophie Gerkens, Claire Beguin, Ralph Crott, Marie‐Christine Closon & Yves Horsmans (2008). Assessing the Quality of Pharmacological Treatments From Administrative Databases: The Case of Low‐Molecular‐Weight Heparin After Major Orthopaedic Surgery. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (4):585-594.
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  24.  3
    Lynne Gaskell, Stephanie Enright & Sarah Tyson (2007). The Effects of a Back Rehabilitation Programme for Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):795-800.
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  25.  4
    E. G. Wever, C. W. Bray & C. F. Willey (1937). The Response of the Cochlea to Tones of Low Frequency. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (4):336.
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  26.  2
    J. F. Hahn (1968). Low-Frequency Vibrotactile Adaptation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):655.
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  27.  4
    Radoslaw Wasiak, Glenn S. Pransky & Steven J. Atlas (2008). Who's in Charge? Challenges in Evaluating Quality of Primary Care Treatment for Low Back Pain. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (6):961-968.
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  28.  3
    Jack A. Adams (1956). Vigilance in the Detection of Low-Intensity Visual Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (3):204.
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  29.  5
    E. C. Poulton & R. S. Edwards (1974). Interactions and Range Effects in Experiments on Pairs of Stresses: Mild Heat and Low-Frequency Noise. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):621.
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  30.  3
    Caroline Smith & Karen Grimmer‐Somers (2010). The Treatment Effect of Exercise Programmes for Chronic Low Back Pain. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):484-491.
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  31.  4
    D. A. Macfarlane & J. S. Rooney (1923). Device for Low-Potential Current in the Psychological Laboratory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (3):234.
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  32.  3
    Charles Y. Nakamura & William E. Broen Jr (1965). Further Studies of Effects of Low Drive States on Competing Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (4):434.
  33.  2
    P. D. McCormack & T. E. Moore (1969). Monitoring Eye Movements During the Learning of Low-High and High-Low Meaningfulness Paired-Associate Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):18.
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  34.  2
    H. E. Israel (1923). Accommodation and Convergence Under Low Illumination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (3):223.
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  35.  1
    Evdokia Billis, Christopher J. McCarthy, John Gliatis, Ioannis Stathopoulos, Maria Papandreou & Jacqueline A. Oldham (2010). Which Are the Most Important Discriminatory Items for Subclassifying Non‐Specific Low Back Pain? A Delphi Study Among Greek Health Professionals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):542-549.
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  36.  1
    John W. Black (1950). A Compensatory Effect in Vocal Responses to Stimuli of Low Intensity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):396.
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  37.  1
    C. E. Ferree & Gertrude Rand (1920). An Apparatus for Determining Acuity at Low Illuminations, for Testing the Light and Color Sense and for Detecting Small Errors in Refraction and in Their Correction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 3 (1):59.
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  38.  1
    G. N. Hobson (1968). Effects of Ucs Adaptation Upon Conditioning in Low and High Anxiety Men and Women. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):360.
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  39.  1
    Raymond H. Hohle (1965). Detection of a Visual Signal with Low Background Noise: An Experimental Comparison of Two Theories. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):459.
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  40.  1
    Elaine C. Koffman & Roy B. Weinstock (1974). Total Time Hypothesis in Low-Meaningful Serial Learning: Task, Age and Verbalization Instructions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1210.
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  41.  1
    Irving Saltzman & Sigmund Koch (1948). The Effect of Low Intensities of Hunger on the Behavior Mediated by a Habit of Maximum Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):347.
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  42.  1
    Stefan Slak (1970). Free Recall of Numbers with High- and Low-Rated Association Values. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):184.
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  43.  1
    Warren H. Teichner & John L. Kobrick (1955). Effects of Prolonged Exposure to Low Temperature on Visual-Motor Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (2):122.
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  44.  2
    Benton J. Underwood & Rudolph W. Schulz (1959). Studies of Distributed Practice: XIX. The Influence of Intralist Similarity with Lists of Low Meaningfulness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):106.
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  45.  2
    Daniela Bellani (2009). Discrimination and Low Wage Risk Among Temporary Workers in Italy. Polis 23 (3):399-426.
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  46. Patrizio Cintioli (2011). Low Sets Without Subsets of Higher Many-One Degree. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 57 (5):517-523.
    Given a reducibility ⩽r, we say that an infinite set A is r-introimmune if A is not r-reducible to any of its subsets B with |A\B| = ∞. We consider the many-one reducibility ⩽m and we prove the existence of a low1 m-introimmune set in Π01 and the existence of a low1 bi-m-introimmune set.
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  47.  1
    Adnan A. Hyder, Abbas Rattani, Carleigh Krubiner, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani & Nhan T. Tran (2014). Ethical Review of Health Systems Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Conceptual Exploration. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):28-37.
    Given that health systems research involves different aims, approaches, and methodologies as compared to more traditional clinical trials, the ethical issues present in HSR may be unique or particularly nuanced. This article outlines eight pertinent ethical issues that are particularly salient in HSR and argues that the ethical review process should be better tailored to ensure more efficient and appropriate oversight of HSR with adequate human protections, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The eight ethical areas we discuss include the (...)
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  48. Elijah Chudnoff (forthcoming). Moral Perception: High-Level Perception or Low-Level Intuition? In Thiemo Breyer & Christopher Gutland (eds.), Phenomenology of Thinking.
    Here are four examples of “seeing.” You see that something green is wriggling. You see that an iguana is in distress. You see that someone is wrongfully harming an iguana. You see that torturing animals is wrong. The first is an example of low-level perception. You visually represent color and motion. The second is an example of high-level perception. You visually represent kind properties and mental properties. The third is an example of moral perception. You have an impression of moral (...)
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  49.  5
    John Barugahare & Reidar K. Lie, Obligations of Low Income Countries in Ensuring Equity in Global Health Financing.
    Background. Despite common recognition of joint responsibility for global health by all countries particularly to ensure justice in global health, current discussions of countries’ obligations for global health largely ignore obligations of developing countries. This is especially the case with regards to obligations relating to health financing. Bearing in mind that it is not possible to achieve justice in global health without achieving equity in health financing at both domestic and global levels, our aim is to show how fulfilling the (...)
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  50.  6
    Paul M. Ndebele, Douglas Wassenaar, Esther Munalula & Francis Masiye (2012). Improving Understanding of Clinical Trial Procedures Among Low Literacy Populations: An Intervention Within a Microbicide Trial in Malawi. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):29-.
    Background The intervention reported in this paper was a follow up to an empirical study conducted in Malawi with the aim of assessing trial participants’ understanding of randomisation, double-blinding and placebo use. In the empirical study, the majority of respondents (61.1%; n= 124) obtained low scores (lower than 75%) on understanding of all three concepts under study. Based on these findings, an intervention based on a narrative which included all three concepts and their personal implications was designed. The narrative used (...)
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