Search results for 'Jay Kadane' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  28
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark Schervish & Jay Kadane, Forecasting with Imprecise/Indeterminate Probabilities [IP] – Some Preliminary Findings.
    Part 1 Background on de Finetti’s twin criteria of coherence: Coherence1: 2-sided previsions free from dominance through a Book. Coherence2: Forecasts free from dominance under Brier (squared error) score. Part 2 IP theory based on a scoring rule.
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  2.  8
    Martin Jay & Russell Jacoby (1975). Marxism and Critical Theory: Martin Jay and Russell Jacoby. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 2 (1):257-263.
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  3.  37
    Warren Breckman & Martin Jay (eds.) (2009). The Modernist Imagination: Intellectual History and Critical Theory: Essays in Honor of Martin Jay. Berghahn Books.
    This volumeincludes work from some of the most prominentcontemporary scholars in the humanities.
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  4.  9
    Martin Jay (1973). The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research, 1923-1950. University of California Press.
    Martin Jay has provided a substantial new preface for this edition, in which he reflects on the continuing relevance of the work of the Frankfurt School.
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  5. Martin Jay (2005). Songs of Experience Modern American and European Variations on a Universal Theme. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Few words in both everyday parlance and theoretical discourse have been as rhapsodically defended or as fervently resisted as "experience." Yet, to date, there have been no comprehensive studies of how the concept of experience has evolved over time and why so many thinkers in so many different traditions have been compelled to understand it. _Songs of Experience _is a remarkable history of Western ideas about the nature of human experience written by one of our best-known intellectual historians. With its (...)
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  6. Martin Jay (1996). Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (2):185-188.
    Long considered "the noblest of the senses," vision has increasingly come under critical scrutiny by a wide range of thinkers who question its dominance in Western culture. These critics of vision, especially prominent in twentieth-century France, have challenged its allegedly superior capacity to provide access to the world. They have also criticized its supposed complicity with political and social oppression through the promulgation of spectacle and surveillance. Martin Jay turns to this discourse surrounding vision and explores its often contradictory implications (...)
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  7. Martin Jay (1993). Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. University of California Press.
    Long considered "the noblest of the senses," vision has increasingly come under critical scrutiny by a wide range of thinkers who question its dominance in Western culture. These critics of vision, especially prominent in twentieth-century France, have challenged its allegedly superior capacity to provide access to the world. They have also criticized its supposed complicity with political and social oppression through the promulgation of spectacle and surveillance. Martin Jay turns to this discourse surrounding vision and explores its often contradictory implications (...)
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  8. Martin Jay (2006). Songs of Experience: Modern American and European Variations on a Universal Theme. University of California Press.
    Few words in both everyday parlance and theoretical discourse have been as rhapsodically defended or as fervently resisted as "experience." Yet, to date, there have been no comprehensive studies of how the concept of experience has evolved over time and why so many thinkers in so many different traditions have been compelled to understand it. _Songs of Experience _is a remarkable history of Western ideas about the nature of human experience written by one of our best-known intellectual historians. With its (...)
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  9.  19
    Martin Jay (1993). Force Fields: Between Intellectual History and Cultural Critique. Routledge.
    Force Fields collects the recent essays of Martin Jay, an intellectual historian and cultural critic internationally known for his extensive work on the history of Western Marxism and the intellectual migration from Germany to America.
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  10.  15
    Martin Jay (2010). The Virtues of Mendacity: On Lying in Politics. University of Virginia Press.
    In The Virtues of Mendacity, Jay resolves to avoid this conventional framing of the debate over lying and politics by examining what has been said in support of ...
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  11. Martin Jay, Christina Gerhardt, Rob Kaufman, Detlev Claussen & J. M. Bernstein (2006). Adorno and Ethics. Duke University Press Books.
    Because of his preoccupation with the formal aspects of music and literature, Theodor W. Adorno is often regarded as the most aesthetically oriented thinker of the Frankfurt School theorists. It is Adorno’s perceived commitment to aestheticism—the study of art for art’s sake and the study of art as a source of sensuous pleasure, rather than as a vehicle for culturally constructed morality or meaning—that many scholars have criticized as hostile to genuine, concrete, substantive political, social, and ethical engagement with the (...)
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  12. Martin Jay (1996). The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research, 1923-1950. University of California Press.
    Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, Max Horkheimer, Franz Neumann, Theodor Adorno, Leo Lowenthal—the impact of the Frankfurt School on the sociological, political, and cultural thought of the twentieth century has been profound. _The Dialectical Imagination_ is a major history of this monumental cultural and intellectual enterprise during its early years in Germany and in the United States. Martin Jay has provided a substantial new preface for this edition, in which he reflects on the continuing relevance of the work of the Frankfurt (...)
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  13.  45
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane (2010). Coherent Choice Functions Under Uncertainty. Synthese 172 (1):157 - 176.
    We discuss several features of coherent choice functions —where the admissible options in a decision problem are exactly those that maximize expected utility for some probability/utility pair in fixed set S of probability/utility pairs. In this paper we consider, primarily, normal form decision problems under uncertainty—where only the probability component of S is indeterminate and utility for two privileged outcomes is determinate. Coherent choice distinguishes between each pair of sets of probabilities regardless the “shape” or “connectedness” of the sets of (...)
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  14. Martin Jay (1984). Adorno. Harvard University Press.
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  15.  33
    T. Seidenfeld, M. J. Schervish & J. B. Kadane (2004). Stopping to Reflect. Journal of Philosophy 101 (6):315 - 322.
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  16.  20
    Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfield (2008). Is Ignorance Bliss? Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  17.  10
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane & Mark J. Schervish (1989). On the Shared Preferences of Two Bayesian Decision Makers. Journal of Philosophy 86 (5):225-244.
  18.  75
    Martin Jay (1995). The Limits of Limit-Experience: Bataille and Foucault. Constellations 2 (2):155-174.
  19.  51
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane, Preference for Equivalent Random Variables: A Price for Unbounded Utilities.
    When real-valued utilities for outcomes are bounded, or when all variables are simple, it is consistent with expected utility to have preferences defined over probability distributions or lotteries. That is, under such circumstances two variables with a common probability distribution over outcomes – equivalent variables – occupy the same place in a preference ordering. However, if strict preference respects uniform, strict dominance in outcomes between variables, and if indifference between two variables entails indifference between their difference and the status quo, (...)
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  20. Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld, What Experiment Did We Just Do?
    Experimenters sometimes insist that it is unwise to examine data before determining how to analyze them, as it creates the potential for biased results. I explore the rationale behind this methodological guideline from the standpoint of an error statistical theory of evidence, and I discuss a method of evaluating evidence in some contexts when this predesignation rule has been violated. I illustrate the problem of potential bias, and the method by which it may be addressed, with an example from the (...)
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  21. Martin Jay (2010). Taking on the Stigma of Inauthenticity : Adorno's Critique of Genuineness. In Gerhard Richter (ed.), Language Without Soil: Adorno and Late Philosophical Modernity. Fordham University Press
     
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  22.  4
    Alex John London & Joseph B. Kadane (2003). Sham Surgery and Genuine Standards of Care: Can the Two Be Reconciled? American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):61-64.
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  23.  26
    Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld (1996). When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment (or a sequence of experiments) to make certain that, given the experimental outcome(s), the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model (...)
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  24.  14
    T. Seidenfeld, M. J. Schervish & J. B. Kadane (1990). When Fair Betting Odds Are Not Degrees of Belief. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:517-524.
    The "Dutch Book" argument, tracing back to Ramsey and to deFinetti, offers prudential grounds for action in conformity with personal probability. Under several structural assumptions about combinations of stakes, your betting policy is coherent only if your fair odds are probabilities. The central question posed here is the following one: Besides providing an operational test of coherent betting, does the "Book" argument also provide for adequate measurement of the agents degrees of beliefs? That is, are an agent's fair odds also (...)
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  25.  9
    Martin Jay (1996). Between the Norm and the Exception. International Studies in Philosophy 28 (4):153-154.
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  26.  13
    Peter Jay (1999). Research Misconduct—Have We Reached the Turning Point at Last? Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (1):119-122.
    The laissez-faire attitude towards dishonesty in research has simply created an environment for widespread escalation of the problem. Can we now believe anything we read? Why should we have confidence in an author because of his eminence? Should we automatically accept that clinical trials are always conducted with total integrity? Why have we been afraid to tackle this crisis head-on?
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  27.  12
    Joseph B. Kadane (1986). Progress Toward a More Ethical Method for Clinical Trials. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (4):385-404.
    Methodology for conducting clinical trials of new drugs and treatments on people need not be regarded as fixed. After reviewing the currently most popular method (randomization) and its ethical problems, this paper explores the possibilities of a new method for conducting such trials. It relies on new Bayesian technology for eliciting the opinions of medical experts. These opinions are conditioned on specific predictor variables, and are held in a computer. At any stage in a trial, these opinions can be updated (...)
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  28.  13
    Robert F. Bordley & Joseph B. Kadane (1999). Experiment-Dependent Priors in Psychology and Physics. Theory and Decision 47 (3):213-227.
    Sometimes conducting an experiment to ascertain the state of a system changes the state of the system being measured. Kahneman & Tversky modelled this effect with ‘support theory’. Quantum physics models this effect with probability amplitude mechanics. As this paper shows, probability amplitude mechanics is similar to support theory. Additionally, Viscusi's proposed generalized expected utility model has an analogy in quantum mechanics.
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  29.  43
    Martin Jay (1995). Book Review: Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 19 (1):95-97.
  30.  10
    Emma Jay (2002). Thinking Philosophically. International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (2):271-272.
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  31.  23
    Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2013). The Effect of Exchange Rates on Statistical Decisions. Philosophy of Science 80 (4):504-532.
    Statistical decision theory, whether based on Bayesian principles or other concepts such as minimax or admissibility, relies on minimizing expected loss or maximizing expected utility. Loss and utility functions are generally treated as unit-less numerical measures of value for consequences. Here, we address the issue of the units in which loss and utility are settled and the implications that those units have on the rankings of potential decisions. When multiple currencies are available for paying the loss, one must take explicit (...)
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  32.  22
    Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane, Wahrscheinlichkeiistheorie.
    uniquely into a convex combination of a countably additive probability and a purely finitely additive (PFA) one. The coefficient of the PFA probability..
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  33.  18
    Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2002). A Rate of Incoherence Applied to Fixed‐Level Testing. Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S248-S264.
    It has long been known that the practice of testing all hypotheses at the same level , regardless of the distribution of the data, is not consistent with Bayesian expected utility maximization. According to de Finetti’s “Dutch Book” argument, procedures that are not consistent with expected utility maximization are incoherent and they lead to gambles that are sure to lose no matter what happens. In this paper, we use a method to measure the rate at which incoherent procedures are sure (...)
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  34.  18
    Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2002). A Rate of Incoherence Applied to Fixed-Level Testing. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S248-S264.
    It has long been known that the practice of testing all hypotheses at the same level , regardless of the distribution of the data, is not consistent with Bayesian expected utility maximization. According to de Finetti’s “Dutch Book” argument, procedures that are not consistent with expected utility maximization are incoherent and they lead to gambles that are sure to lose no matter what happens. In this paper, we use a method to measure the rate at which incoherent procedures are sure (...)
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  35.  19
    Christopher Jay (2009). Review: Ameriks, Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation. Heythrop Journal 50 (2):337-339.
  36.  23
    Joseph B. Kadane & Gaia Bellone (2009). De Finetti on Risk Aversion. Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):153-159.
    According to Mark Rubinstein (2006) The purpose of this note is to ascertain the extent to which this is true, and at the same time, to correct certain minor errors that appear in de Finetti's work.
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  37.  23
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark Schervish & Joseph Kadane, When Coherent Preferences May Not Preserve Indifference Between Equivalent Random Variables: A Price for Unbounded Utilities.
    We extend de Finetti’s (1974) theory of coherence to apply also to unbounded random variables. We show that for random variables with mandated infinite prevision, such as for the St. Petersburg gamble, coherence precludes indifference between equivalent random quantities. That is, we demonstrate when the prevision of the difference between two such equivalent random variables must be positive. This result conflicts with the usual approach to theories of Subjective Expected Utility, where preference is defined over lotteries. In addition, we explore (...)
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  38.  21
    M. Valenzuela Leslier, P. Mulki Jay & Jorge Fernando Jaramillo (2010). Impact of Customer Orientation, Inducements and Ethics on Loyalty to the Firm: Customers' Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (2).
    Customer orientation (CO) and the development of long-term relationships with customers are known conditions for growth and profit sustainability. Businesses use special treatments, inducements, and personal gestures to show their appreciation to customers. However, there are concerns about whether these inducements really create the right perceptions in customer’s mind. This study suggests that when customers believe that the firm is ethical, the inducements and special treatments received are seen in a positive light and can help develop loyalty. The hypotheses were (...)
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  39.  19
    Martin Jay (2000). Diving Into the Wreck: Aesthetic Spectatorship at the Fin-de-Siècle. Critical Horizons 1 (1):93-111.
    The popularity of films like Titanic betokens a massive shift in the nature of aesthetic spectatorship in our time. The contemplative, distanced viewer who is able to judge from afar the spectacle before him or her, has been replaced by a more proximate, involved "kinaesthetic" subject whose body is stimulated as much as his or her eye. This is evident not only in mass culture with amusement thrill rides and the return of what has been called the "cinema of attractions"; (...)
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  40.  20
    C. Barry Jay (1989). A Note on Natural Numbers Objects in Monoidal Categories. Studia Logica 48 (3):389 - 393.
    The internal language of a monoidal category yields simple proofs of results about a natural numbers object therein.
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  41.  5
    Martin Jay (1973). Max Horkheimer (1895-1973). Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 47:219 - 220.
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  42.  12
    Joseph B. Kadane, Christopher A. Stone & Garrick Wallstrom (1999). The Donation Paradox for Peremptory Challenges. Theory and Decision 47 (2):139-155.
    A donation paradox occurs when a player gives an apparently valuable prerogative to another player, but ‘does better’, according to some criterion. Peremptory challenges, used in choosing a American jury, permit each side to veto a certain number of potential jurors. With even a very simple model of jury selection, it is shown that for one side to give a peremptory challenge to the other side may lead to a more favorable jury, an instance of the donation paradox. Both a (...)
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  43.  11
    C. Barry Jay (1991). Coherence in Category Theory and the Church-Rosser Property. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (1):140-143.
  44.  11
    A. Jay (2000). A Personal Response To: The Woman Who Walked Into Doors by Roddy Doyle. Medical Humanities 26 (1):58-59.
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  45.  12
    P. Mulki Jay, F. Jaramillo Jorge & B. Locander William (2008). Effect of Ethical Climate on Turnover Intention: Linking Attitudinal- and Stress Theory. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4).
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  46.  7
    Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane, Two Measures of Incoherence: How Not to Gamble If You Must.
    The degree of incoherence, when previsions are not made in accordance with a probability measure, is measured by either of two rates at which an incoherent bookie can be made a sure loser. Each bet is considered as an investment from the points of view of both the bookie and a gambler who takes the bet. From each viewpoint, we define an amount invested (or escrowed) for each bet, and the sure loss of incoherent previsions is divided by the escrow (...)
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  47.  6
    Martin Jay (2006). Review of Espen Hammer, Adorno and the Political. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (5).
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  48.  2
    A. Jay (2003). Fugitive Pieces: A Michaels. Bloomsbury, 1998, 6.99, Pp 294. ISBN 0 7475 3496. Medical Humanities 29 (1):21-21.
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  49. Martin Jay (2011). Essays From the Edge: Parerga and Paralipomena. University of Virginia Press.
    Taking on the stigma of inauthenticity : Adorno's critique of genuineness -- Is experience still in crisis? : reflections on a Frankfurt school lament -- Mourning a metaphor: the revolution is over -- Cultural relativism and the visual turn -- Scopic regimes of modernity revisited -- No state of grace : violence in the garden -- Visual parrhesia? : Foucault and the truth of the gaze -- The Kremlin of modernism -- Phenomenology and lived experience -- Aesthetic experience and historical (...)
     
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  50. Martin Jay (2009). Pseudology : Derrida on Arendt and Lying in Politics. In Pheng Cheah & Suzanne Guerlac (eds.), Derrida and the Time of the Political. Duke University Press
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