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Jeff Mcmahan [90]Jefferson McMahan [4]
  1.  259 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2004). The Ethics of Killing in War. Ethics 114 (4):693-733.
    The traditional theory of the just war comprises two sets of principles, one governing the resort to war ( jus ad bellum) and the other governing the conduct of war ( jus in bello). The two sets of principles are regarded, in Michael Walzer’s words, as “logically independent. It is perfectly possible for a just war to be fought unjustly and for an unjust war to be fought in strict accordance with the rules.”1 Let us say that those who fight (...)
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  2.  218 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2006). The Ethics of Killing in War. Philosophia 34 (1):693-733.
    This paper argues that certain central tenets of the traditional theory of the just war cannot be correct. It then advances an alternative account grounded in the same considerations of justice that govern self-defense at the individual level. The implications of this account are unorthodox. It implies that, with few exceptions, combatants who fight for an unjust cause act impermissibly when they attack enemy combatants, and that combatants who fight in a just war may, in certain circumstances, legitimately target noncombatants (...)
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  3.  210 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2007). Infanticide. Utilitas 19 (2):131-159.
    It is sometimes suggested that if a moral theory implies that infanticide can sometimes be permissible, that is sufficient to discredit the theory. I argue in this article that the common-sense belief that infanticide is wrong, and perhaps even worse than the killing of an adult, is challenged not so much by theoretical considerations as by common-sense beliefs about abortion, the killing of non-human animals, and so on. Because there are no intrinsic differences between premature infants and viable fetuses, it (...)
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  4.  190 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1995). The Metaphysics of Brain Death. Bioethics 9 (2):91–126.
    The dominant conception of brain death as the death of the whole brain constitutes an unstable compromise between the view that a person ceases to exist when she irreversibly loses the capacity for consciousness and the view that a human organism dies only when it ceases to function in an integrated way. I argue that no single criterion of death captures the importance we attribute both to the loss of the capacity for consciousness and to the loss of functioning of (...)
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  5.  181 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (2007). Killing Embryos for Stem Cell Research. Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):170–189.
    The main objection to human embryonic stem cell research is that it involves killing human embryos, which are essentially beings of the same sort that you and I are. This objection presupposes that we once existed as early embryos and that we had the same moral status then that we have now. This essay challenges both those presuppositions, but focuses primarily on the first. I argue first that these presuppositions are incompatible with widely accepted beliefs about both assisted conception and (...)
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  6.  177 DLs
    Jeff McMahan, 6. War, Terrorism, and the `War on Terror'.
    Most of us agree that terrorism is always, or almost always, wrong, which is hardly surprising, since the word is generally used to express disapproval. If an act of which we approve has features characteristic of terrorism, we will be careful to deny that it is in fact an act of terrorism. For example, those who believe that the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were morally justified tend to deny that they were instances of terrorism. So while we agree that (...)
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  7.  160 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2010). Pacifism and Moral Theory. Diametros 23:44-68.
    There is a nonabsolute or “contingent” form of pacifism that claims that war in contemporary conditions inevitably involves the killing of innocent people on a scale that is too great to be justified. Some contingent pacifists argue that war always involves a risk that virtually everyone that one might kill is innocent – either because one can never be sure that one’s cause is just or because even most of those who fight in wars that lack a just cause are (...)
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  8.  154 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2005). “Our Fellow Creatures”. Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):353 - 380.
    This paper defends “moral individualism” against various arguments that have been intended to show that membership in the human species or participation in our distinctively human form of life is a sufficient basis for a moral status higher than that of any animal. Among the arguments criticized are the “nature-of-the-kind argument,” which claims that it is the nature of all human beings to have certain higher psychological capacities, even if, contingently, some human beings lack them, and various versions of the (...)
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  9.  138 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2006). Killing in War: A Reply to Walzer. Philosophia 34 (1):47-51.
    Michael Walzer suggests that our common beliefs about individual responsibility and liability become largely irrelevant in the conduct of war. In conditions of war, everything is changed. Political realists have claimed that war eliminates morality; Walzer claims that war collectivizes it. I believe that conditions of war change nothing at all; they simply make it more difficult to ascertain relevant facts. This is not to say that the principles and laws that do or should govern the activity of war are (...)
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  10.  129 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1988). Death and the Value of Life. Ethics 99 (1):32-61.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  11.  123 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1994). Revising the Doctrine of Double Effect. Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (2):201-212.
    The Doctrine of Double Effect has been challenged by the claim that what an agent intends as a means may be limited to those effects that are precisely characterized by the descriptions under which the agent believes that they are minimally causally necessary for the production of other effects that the agent seeks to bring about. If based on so narrow a conception of an intended means, the traditional Doctrine of Double Effect becomes limitlessly permissive. In this paper I examine (...)
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  12.  118 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1993). Killing, Letting Die, and Withdrawing Aid. Ethics 103 (2):250-279.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  13.  108 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2006). On the Moral Equality of Combatants. Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (4):377–393.
    THERE’S a well-known scene in Shakespeare’s Henry V in which the King, disguised as an ordinary soldier, is conversing with some of his soldiers on the eve of the battle of Agincourt. Hoping to find or inspire support among them, he remarks: “Methinks I could not die anywhere so contented as in the King’s company, his cause being just and his quarrel honorable.” One soldier replies: “That’s more than we know,” whereupon a second says: “Ay, or more than we should (...)
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  14.  106 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1994). Innocence, Self-Defense and Killing in War. Journal of Political Philosophy 2 (3):193–221.
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  15.  106 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2005). Causing Disabled People to Exist and Causing People to Be Disabled. Ethics 116 (1):77-99.
    Attempts to determine or to select what kind of person or people to bring into existence are controversial. This is particularly true of “negative selection” or “selecting against” a certain type of person—that is, the attempt to prevent a person of a certain type, or people of that type, from existing. Virtually everyone agrees that some instances of negative selection are objectionable—for example, that selection against healthy people would be wrong, particularly if this were combined with positive selection of people (...)
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  16.  96 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2009). Intention, Permissibility, Terrorism, and War. Philosophical Perspectives 23 (1):345-372.
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  17.  94 DLs
    Jeff McMahan, I The Traditional Theory of the Just War.
    The traditional theory of the just war comprises two sets of principles, one governing the resort to war (jus ad bellum) and the other governing the conduct (...)
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  18.  88 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2008). Challenges to Human Equality. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):81 - 104.
    According to liberal egalitarian morality, all human beings are one another's moral equals. Nonhuman animals, by contrast, are not considered to be our moral equals. This essay considers two challenges to the liberal egalitarian view. One is the ``separation problem,'' which is the challenge to identify a morally significant intrinsic difference between all human beings and all nonhuman animals. The other is the “equality problem,” which is to explain how all human beings can be morally equal when there are some (...)
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  19.  80 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (2010). The Just Distribution of Harm Between Combatants and Noncombatants. Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (4):342-379.
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  20.  79 DLs
    Jeff McMahan, Hobbesian Defenses of Orthodox Just War Theory.
    Most of us accept that all persons have a right not to be killed, unless they forfeit or, perhaps, waive it. According to the currently dominant understanding of the just war, civilians retain the protection of this right in conditions of war but combatants do not. On one view, combatants forfeit the right by posing a threat to others; on another view, they waive it when they accept combatant status, which requires that they identify themselves visually and in other ways (...)
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  21.  75 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2005). The Basis of Moral Liability to Defensive Killing. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):386–405.
    There may be circumstances in which it is morally justifiable intentionally to kill a person who is morally innocent, threatens no one, rationally wishes not to die, and does not consent to be killed. Although the killing would wrong the victim, it might be justified by the necessity of averting some disaster that would otherwise occur. In other instances of permissible killing, however, the justification appeals to more than consequences. It may appeal to the claim that the person to be (...)
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  22.  74 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1994). Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker. Ethics 104 (2):252-290.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  23.  74 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2010). Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (4):285-301.
    We defend the view that we are not identical to organisms against the objection that it implies that there are two subjects of every conscious state one experiences: oneself and one’s organism. We then criticize animalism—the view that each of us is identical to a human organism—by showing that it has unacceptable implications for a range of actual and hypothetical cases of conjoined twinning: dicephalus, craniopagus parasiticus, and cephalopagus.
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  24.  70 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2006). Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury. Ethics 116 (4):625-655.
    Many people who believe that abortion may often be justified by appeal to the pregnant woman’s interests also believe that a woman’s infliction of significant but nonlethal injury on her fetus can seldom be justified by appeal to her interests. Yet the second of these beliefs can seem to cast doubt on the first. For the view that the infliction of prenatal injury is seriously morally objectionable may seem to presuppose a view about the status of the fetus that challenges (...)
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  25.  59 DLs
    Jefferson McMahan (1986). A Note on "Pure Defense". Journal of Philosophy 83 (11):640-641.
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  26.  56 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (1996). Cognitive Disability, Misfortune, and Justice. Philosophy and Public Affairs 25 (1):3–35.
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  27.  55 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2008). Torture in Principle and in Practice. Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (2):91-108.
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  28.  54 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (2009). Cognitive Disability and Cognitive Enhancement. Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):582-605.
  29.  54 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2007). Justice and Liability in Organ Allocation. Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (1):101-124.
    This essay argues that considerations of justice that govern the morality of self-defense are also relevant in some cases in which organs are allocated for transplantation in conditions of scarcity. The essay's main substantive claim is that in general alcoholics are morally liable to be assigned a lower priority in the distribution of livers for transplantation because of their own responsibility for their need for a transplant. There are, however, practical obstacles to giving lower priority in the distribution of medical (...)
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  30.  54 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2013). Causing People to Exist and Saving People's Lives. Journal of Ethics 17 (1-2):5-35.
    Most people are skeptical of the claim that the expectation that a person would have a life that would be well worth living provides a reason to cause that person to exist. In this essay I argue that to cause such a person to exist would be to confer a benefit of a noncomparative kind and that there is a moral reason to bestow benefits of this kind. But this conclusion raises many problems, among which is that it must be (...)
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  31.  53 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (2010). Responsibility, Permissibility, and Vicarious Agency. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (3):673-680.
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  32.  53 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2006). Liability and Collective Identity: A Response to Walzer. Philosophia 34 (1):13-17.
    There is much to admire in Michael Walzer’s discussion of terrorism and just war. I particularly applaud his insistence that liability to attack is a matter of action rather than membership or collective identity. “It is,” he writes, “the extension of violence or the threat..
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  33.  39 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2005). Just Cause for War. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):1–21.
    which I will argue must ultimately be ment that there be a good or compelling assessed by reference to the moral plausireason to go to war—and then to observe bility both of these implications and of that, at least until quite recently, contemthe larger understanding of a just war in porary just war theory and international which the conception is embedded. As I law have recognized only one just cause..
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  34.  39 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2005). Self-Defense and Culpability. Law and Philosophy 24 (6):751-774.
    Moral agents sometimes have to act on the basis of beliefs that are reasonable in the context but are in fact false. In these circumstances, agents often act in ways that would be right if their beliefs were true but that they would recognize as wrong if they could see that their beliefs were false. Sometimes our tendency is to think that what these agents do is justified – for example, in the case discussed by Ferzan in which one person, (...)
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  35.  39 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2008). Debate: Justification and Liability in War. Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (2):227–244.
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  36.  39 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2004). War as Self-Defense. Ethics and International Affairs 18 (1):75–80.
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  37.  38 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2006). Alternative to Brain Death. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (1):44-48.
    This article criticizes a range of assumptions that proponents of brain death usually share. It argues that one of the main contentions made in defense of brain death – that the brain is necessary for integrated functioning in a human organism – is mistaken. It then sketches an alternative account of human death that distinguishes between the biological death of a human organism and the death or ceasing to exist of a person.
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  38.  38 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2009/2011). Killing in War. Oxford University Press.
    Jeff McMahan urges us to reject the view, dominant throughout history, that mere participation in an unjust war is not wrong.
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  39.  33 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1989). Is Nuclear Deterrence Paradoxical?:Nuclear Deterrence, Morality, and Realism. John Finnis, Joseph M. Boyle, Jr., Germain Grisez; Moral Paradoxes of Nuclear Deterrence. Gregory Kavka. [REVIEW] Ethics 99 (2):407-.
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  40.  33 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2011). Duty, Obedience, Desert, and Proportionality in War: A Response. Ethics 122 (1):135-167.
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  41.  33 DLs
    N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen & Jeff McMahan (eds.) (2010). Ethics and Humanity: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover. Oxford University Press.
    Ethics and Humanity pays to tribute to Jonathan Glover, a pioneering figure whose thought and personal influence have had a significant impact on applied ...
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  42.  30 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1998). Wrongful Life: Paradoxes in the Morality of Causing People to Exist. In Jules L. Coleman, Christopher W. Morris & Gregory S. Kavka (eds.), Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka. Cambridge University Press 208--47.
  43.  29 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (2011). Summary. [REVIEW] Analysis 71 (3):511 - 512.
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  44.  29 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (1996). Intervention and Collective Self-Determination. Ethics and International Affairs 10 (1):1–24.
    McMahan challenges the assumption that respect for self-determination requires an almost exceptionless doctrine of nonintervention by first defining the notions of "intervention" and "self-determination," and then analyzing Walzer's doctrine of nonintervention.
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  45.  28 DLs
    Jefferson McMahan (1981). Problems of Population Theory:Obligations to Future Generations. R. I. Sikora, Brian Barry. Ethics 92 (1):96-.
  46.  28 DLs
    Jeff McMahan, The Lucretian Argument.
    Lucretius wrote: “Look back at the eternity that passed before we were born, and mark how utterly it counts to us as nothing. This is a mirror that Nature holds up to us, in which we may see the time that shall be after we are dead. Is there anything terrifying in the sight – anything depressing – anything that is not more restful than the soundest sleep?”1 The argument is repeated, a couple of millennia later, by Vladimir Nabokov, who (...)
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  47.  27 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2000). Moral Intuition. In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory. Blackwell Publishers 92--110.
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  48.  27 DLs
    Tim Campbell & Jeff McMahan (2010). Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (4):285-301.
    We defend the view that we are not identical to organisms against the objection that it implies that there are two subjects of every conscious state one experiences: oneself and one’s organism. We then criticize animalism—the view that each of us is identical to a human organism—by showing that it has unacceptable implications for a range of actual and hypothetical cases of conjoined twinning: dicephalus, craniopagus parasiticus, and cephalopagus.
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  49.  26 DLs
    Jeff Mcmahan (2012). Individual Liability in War: A Response to Fabre, Leveringhaus and Tadros. Utilitas 24 (02):278-299.
    This article is a response to commentaries on my book, Killing in War, by Cécile Fabre, Alex Leveringhaus and Victor Tadros. It discusses the implications of the approach I have defended for the morality of war for such issues as internecine killing in war, humanitarian intervention and the bases of individual liability to attack in war.
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  50.  25 DLs
    Jeff McMahan (2007). Collectivist Defenses of the Moral Equality of Combatants. Journal of Military Ethics 6 (1):50-59.
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