Search results for 'Jeffery Oakley' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  52
    Michael J. Shaffer & Jeffery Oakley (2005). Some Epistemological Concerns About Dissociative Identity Disorder and Diagnostic Practices in Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):1-29.
    In this paper we argue that dissociative identity disorder (DID) is best interpreted as a causal model of a (possible) post-traumatic psychological process, as a mechanical model of an abnormal psychological condition. From this perspective we examine and criticize the evidential status of DID, and we demonstrate that there is really no good reason to believe that anyone has ever suffered from DID so understood. This is so because the proponents of DID violate basic methodological principles of good causal modeling. (...)
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  2.  49
    Justin Oakley (2001). Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles. Cambridge University Press.
    Professionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous (...)
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  3. Francis Oakley (2010). Empty Bottles of Gentilism: Kingship and the Divine in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Yale University Press.
    In this book—the first volume in his groundbreaking trilogy on the emergence of western political thought—Francis Oakley explores the roots of secular political thinking by examining the political ideology and institutions of Hellenistic and late Roman antiquity and of the early European middle ages. By challenging the popular belief that the ancient Greek and Roman worlds provided the origins of our inherently secular politics, Oakley revises our understanding of the history of political theory in a fundamental and far-reaching (...)
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  4. Francis Oakley (2015). The Watershed of Modern Politics: Law, Virtue, Kingship, and Consent. Yale University Press.
    The concluding volume of Francis Oakley's authoritative trilogy moves on to engage the political thinkers of the later Middle Ages, Renaissance, Age of Reformation and religious wars, and the era that produced the Divine Right Theory of Kingship. Oakley's ground-breaking study probes the continuities and discontinuities between medieval and early modern modes of political thinking and dwells at length on the roots and nature of those contract theories that sought to legitimate political authority by grounding it in the (...)
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  5. Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking (2005). Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles. Cambridge University Press.
    Professionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous (...)
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  6. Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking (2009). Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles. Cambridge University Press.
    Professionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous (...)
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  7. Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking (2006). Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles. Cambridge University Press.
    Professionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous (...)
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  8.  18
    David A. Oakley (ed.) (1985). Brain and Mind. Methuen.
  9. David A. Oakley & Peter W. Halligan (2009). Hypnotic Suggestion and Cognitive Neuroscience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (6):264-270.
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  10. N. W. Oakley (2007). Jubilee Manifesto: A Framework, Agenda and Strategy for Christian Social Reform. Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (1):154-156.
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  11.  60
    Justin Oakley (1992). Morality and the Emotions. Routledge.
    Introduction In recent years there has been a welcome reawakening of philosophical interest in the emotions. A significant number of contemporary ...
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  12. Judith G. Oakley (2000). Gender-Based Barriers to Senior Management Positions: Understanding the Scarcity of Female CEOs. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):321 - 334.
    Although the number of women in middle management has grown quite rapidly in the last two decades, the number of female CEOs in large corporations remains extremely low. This article examines many explanations for why women have not risen to the top, including lack of line experience, inadequate career opportunities, gender differences in linguistic styles and socialization, gender-based stereotypes, the old boy network at the top, and tokenism. Alternative explanations are also presented and analyzed, such as differences between female leadership (...)
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  13. Patrick Haggard, P. Catledge, M. Dafydd & David A. Oakley (2004). Anomalous Control: When "Free Will" is Not Conscious. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):646-654.
    The conscious feeling of exercising ‘free-will’ is fundamental to our sense of self. However, in some psychopathological conditions actions may be experienced as involuntary or unwilled. We have used suggestion in hypnosis to create the experience of involuntariness in normal participants. We compared a voluntary finger movement, a passive movement and a voluntary movement suggested by hypnosis to be ‘involuntary.’ Hypnosis itself had no effect on the subjective experience of voluntariness associated with willed movements and passive movements or on time (...)
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  14.  7
    Tim Oakley (forthcoming). How to Release Oneself From an Obligation: Good News for Duties to Oneself. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-11.
    ABSTRACTIn some cases, you may release someone from some obligation they have to you. For instance, you may release them from a promise they made to you, or an obligation to repay money they have borrowed from you. But most take it as clear that, if you have an obligation to someone else, you cannot in any way release yourself from that obligation. I shall argue the contrary. The issue is important because one standard problem for the idea of having (...)
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  15. Ann Oakley (2000). Experiments in Knowing: Gender and Method in the Social Sciences. New Press.
  16.  10
    Justin Oakley, A Virtue Ethics Analysis of Disclosure Requirements and Financial Incentives as Responses to Conflicts of Interest in Physician Prescribing.
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  17. Andrew V. Jeffery (1994). MA Corey, God and the New Cosmology: The Anthropic Design Argument Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 14 (4):246-248.
     
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  18.  63
    Justin Oakley (1996). Varieties of Virtue Ethics. Ratio 9 (2):128-152.
  19.  1
    Patricia L. Smith & I. I. I. Oakley (1997). Gender-Related Differences in Ethical and Social Values of Business Students: Implications for Management. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):37-45.
    This study investigated gender-related differences in ethical attitudes of 318 graduate and undergraduate business students. Significant differences were observed in male and female responses to questions concerning ethics in social and personal relationships. No differences were noted for survey items concerning rules-based obligations. Implications for future management are discussed.
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  20. J. Oakley (2015). Good Medical Ethics, From the Inside Out--And Back Again. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):48-51.
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  21.  11
    David A. Oakley & Peter W. Halligan (2011). Using Hypnosis to Gain Insights Into Healthy and Pathological Cognitive Functioning. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):328-331.
    The demonstration that hypnotic suggestion can inhibit word/colour Stroop highlights one of the benefits of using hypnosis to explore cognitive psychology and in particular attentional processes. The compelling results using a rigorous design have particular relevance for the presumed automaticity of some forms of information processing. Moreover the results support the potential that hypnotic suggestion offers for creating clinically informed analogues of relevant psychological and neuropsychological conditions. As with all novel research, the results of Raz and Campbell raise further operational (...)
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  22.  31
    Francis Oakley (2005). Natural Law, Laws of Nature, Natural Rights: Continuity and Discontinuity in the History of Ideas. Continuum.
    Metaphysical schemata and intellectual traditions -- Laws of nature : the scientific concept -- Natural law : disputed moments of transition -- Natural rights : origins and grounding.
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  23.  5
    Linda Jeffery, Ainsley Read & Gillian Rhodes (2013). Four Year-Olds Use Norm-Based Coding for Face Identity. Cognition 127 (2):258-263.
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  24.  4
    Justin Oakley (2016). Diagnosing True Virtue? Remote Scenarios, Warranted Virtue Attributions, and Virtuous Medical Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (1):85-96.
    Immanuel Kant argues in the Foundations that remote scenarios are diagnostic of genuine virtue. When agents commonly thought to have a particular virtue fail to exhibit that virtue in an extreme situation, he argues, they do not truly have the virtue at all, and our propensities to fail in such ways indicate that true virtue might never have existed. Kant’s suggestion that failure to show, say, courage in extraordinary circumstances necessarily silences one’s claim to have genuine courage seems to rely (...)
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  25.  1
    Iustin Oakley (2013). 9 Virtue Ethics and Bioethics. In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press 197.
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  26.  14
    Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.) (2011). Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press.
    Pathological Altruism presents a number of new, thought-provoking theses that explore a range of hurtful effects of altruism and empathy.
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  27.  28
    I. T. Oakley (2001). A Skeptic's Reply to Lewisian Contextualism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):309-332.
    In his justifiedly famous paper, “Elusive Knowledge” (Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 74:4, 1996), David Lewis presents a contextualist account of knowledge, which, like other contextualist accounts, depicts sceptical claims as involving application of a higher standard of knowledge than is applied in everyday ascriptions of knowledge. On Lewis’ account, the sceptic’s denials and the everyday ascriptions are made in different contexts, which allows them both to be true. His account gives detailed specification of how contexts are to be determined. My (...)
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  28.  2
    Justin Oakley (2014). Virtue Ethics and Utilitarianism. In Stan van Hooft & Nafsika Athanassoulis (eds.), The Handbook of Virtue Ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.
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  29.  1
    E. Walsh, M. A. Mehta, D. A. Oakley, D. N. Guilmette, A. Gabay, P. W. Halligan & Q. Deeley (2014). Using Suggestion to Model Different Types of Automatic Writing. Consciousness and Cognition 26:24-36.
    Our sense of self includes awareness of our thoughts and movements, and our control over them. This feeling can be altered or lost in neuropsychiatric disorders as well as in phenomena such as “automatic writing” whereby writing is attributed to an external source. Here, we employed suggestion in highly hypnotically suggestible participants to model various experiences of automatic writing during a sentence completion task. Results showed that the induction of hypnosis, without additional suggestion, was associated with a small but significant (...)
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  30.  17
    Justin Oakley, Shame, Virtue, and Right Action.
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  31. Dean Cocking & Justin Oakley (1995). Indirect Consequentialism, Friendship, and the Problem of Alienation. Ethics 106 (1):86-111.
    In this article we argue that the worries about whether a consequentialist agent will be alienated from those who are special to her go deeper than has so far been appreciated. Rather than pointing to a problem with the consequentialist agent's motives or purposes, we argue that the problem facing a consequentialist agent in the case of friendship concerns the nature of the psychological disposition which such an agent would have and how this kind of disposition sits with those which (...)
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  32.  17
    Diana D. Jeffery & Janet Fries (2011). Unauthorized Uses of a Coauthored Work and a Doctoral Dissertation. Ethics and Behavior 21 (2):118-126.
    This article describes the unauthorized uses of a coauthored work and a copyrighted U.S. dissertation by European scientists. The case involves alleged infringements of copyright and plagiarism in 6 works that were published up to 19 years after completion of the dissertation and up to 11 years after publication of the coauthored work. Relevant copyright laws, international copyright agreements, and professional psychology ethics and definitions of scientific misconduct are presented. Graduate students and professionals are advised to protect themselves from copyright (...)
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  33.  21
    Gillian Rhodes, Rachel Robbins, Emma Jaquet, Elinor McKone, Linda Jeffery & Colin Wg Clifford (2005). Adaptation and Face Perception: How Aftereffects Implicate Norm-Based Coding of Faces. In Colin W. G. Clifford & Gillian Rhodes (eds.), Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision. OUP Oxford
  34.  1
    A. Einstein, G. B. Jeffery & W. Perrett (1925). Sidelights on Relativity. Philosophical Review 34 (2):204-205.
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  35. N. Oakley (2004). Book Review: Choosing the Good: Christian Ethics in a Complex World. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 17 (3):65-67.
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  36.  13
    Jeanne M. Serb & Todd H. Oakley (2005). Hierarchical Phylogenetics as a Quantitative Analytical Framework for Evolutionary Developmental Biology. Bioessays 27 (11):1158-1166.
  37. N. W. Oakley (2007). Short Review: Andreas Csepregi, Two Ways to Freedom: Christianity and Democracy in the Thought of Istvan Bibo and Dietrich Bonhoeffer (Budapest: Acta Theologica Lutherana Budapestinensia Il., 2003), 255 Pp. ISBN 963 210 760. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (2):315-316.
  38. Francis Oakley (1984). Omnipotence, Covenant & Order: An Excursion in the History of Ideas From Abelard to Leibniz. Cornell University Press.
  39.  13
    Kathryn J. Jeffery & Neil Burgess (2006). A Metric for the Cognitive Map: Found at Last? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):1-3.
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  40.  42
    I. T. Oakley (1976). An Argument for Scepticism Concerning Justified Beliefs. American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (3):221 - 228.
    This paper argues for a completely universal scepticism, according to which no beliefs at all are justified to the least degree. The argument starts with a version of the Agrippan trilemma, according to which, if we accept that a belief is justified, we must choose between foundationalism, coherentism of a particular sort, and an infinite regress of justified beliefs. Each of these theories is given a careful specification in terms of the relationship of “justifiedness in p depending on (...)
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  41.  11
    Justin Oakley, Response to Commentaries: Sketch of a Virtue Ethics Regulatory Model.
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  42.  37
    Kathryn J. Jeffery, Aleksandar Jovalekic, Madeleine Verriotis & Robin Hayman (forthcoming). Navigating in a 3D World. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
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  43.  9
    Paul Biegler, Jeanette Kennett, Justin Oakley & Patrick Vargas, Ethics of Implicit Persuasion in Pharmaceutical Advertising.
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  44.  13
    Steve Clarke & Justin Oakley (2004). Informed Consent and Surgeons' Performance. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):11 – 35.
    This paper argues that the provision of effective informed consent by surgical patients requires the disclosure of material information about the comparative clinical performance of available surgeons. We develop a new ethical argument for the conclusion that comparative information about surgeons' performance - surgeons' report cards - should be provided to patients, a conclusion that has already been supported by legal and economic arguments. We consider some recent institutional and legal developments in this area, and we respond to some common (...)
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  45.  5
    Nicholas Oakley & Tom Sorell (2012). Medical Repatriation: The Need for a Bigger Picture. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):8-9.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 9, Page 8-9, September 2012.
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  46.  40
    Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking (2005). Consequentialism, Complacency, and Slippery Slope Arguments. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):227-239.
    The standard problem with many slippery slope arguments is that they fail to provide us with the necessary evidence to warrant our believing that the significantly morally worse circumstances they predict will in fact come about. As such these arguments have widely been criticised as ‘scare-mongering’. Consequentialists have traditionally been at the forefront of such criticisms, demanding that we get serious about guiding our prescriptions for right action by a comprehensive appreciation of the empirical facts. This is not surprising, since (...)
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  47.  17
    Patricia L. Smith & Ellwood F. Oakley (1997). Gender-Related Differences in Ethical and Social Values of Business Students: Implications for Management. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):37-45.
    This study investigated gender-related differences in ethical attitudes of 318 graduate and undergraduate business students. Significant differences were observed in male and female responses to questions concerning ethics in social and personal relationships. No differences were noted for survey items concerning rules-based obligations. Implications for future management are discussed.
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  48.  58
    S. Oakley (2006). Defending Lewis's Local Miracle Compatibilism. Philosophical Studies 130 (2):337-349.
    Helen Beebee has recently argued that David Lewis’s account of compatibilism, so-called local miracle compatibilism, allows for the possibility that agents in deterministic worlds have the ability to break or cause the breaking of a law of nature. Because Lewis’s LMC allows for this consequence, Beebee claims that LMC is untenable and subsequently that Lewis’s criticism of van Inwagen’s Consequence Argument for incompatibilism is substantially weakened. I review Beebee’s argument against Lewis’s thesis and argue that Beebee has not (...)
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  49.  30
    Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking (1994). Consequentialism, Moral Responsibility, and the Intention/ Foresight Distinction. Utilitas 6 (2):201.
    In many recent discussions of the morality of actions where both good and bad consequences foreseeably ensue, the moral significance of the distinction between intended and foreseen consequences is rejected. This distinction is thought to bear on the moral status of actions by those who support the Doctrine of Double Effect. According to this doctrine, roughly speaking, to perform an action intending to bring about a particular bad effect as a means to some commensurate good end is impermissible, while performing (...)
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  50. David A. Oakley (1985). Animal Awareness, Consciousness, and Self-Image. In Brain and Mind. Methuen
     
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