Search results for 'Jeffrey Howard' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Jeffrey Howard (University College London)
  1.  27
    Jeffrey Howard (2013). Punishment, Socially Deprived Offenders, and Democratic Community. Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):121-136.
    The idea that victims of social injustice who commit crimes ought not to be subject to punishment has attracted serious attention in recent legal and political philosophy. R. A. Duff has argued, for example, a states that perpetrates social injustice lacks the standing to punish victims of such injustice who commit crimes. A crucial premiss in his argument concerns the fact that when courts in liberal society mete out legitimate criminal punishments, they are conceived as acting in the name of (...)
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  2.  24
    Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb (2005). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.
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  3.  10
    Paul Howard & Jeffrey Solski (1992). The Strength of the $\Delta$-System Lemma. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (1):100-106.
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  4.  13
    Jeffrey N. Howard, Charles G. Lambdin & Darcee L. Datteri (2007). Let's Make a Deal: Quality and Availability of Second-Stage Information as a Catalyst for Change. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):248 – 272.
    The Monty Hall Problem (MHP), a process of two-stage decision making, was presented in atypical form via a custom software game. Differing from the normal three-box MHP, the game added one additional box on-screen for each game—culminating on game 23 with 25 on-screen boxes to initially choose from. A total of 108 participants played 23 games (trials) in one of four conditions; (1) “Vanish” condition—all non-winning boxes totally removed from the screen; (2) “Empty” condition—all non-winning boxes remain on-screen, but with (...)
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  5.  1
    Jeffrey W. Howard (2016). Moral Subversion and Structural Entrapment. Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (1):24-46.
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  6. Jeffrey P. Lindstrom, Stephen C. Yanchar, Beyond Complementarity, Lisa M. Osbeck, Brent D. Slife, Adelbert H. Jenkins, Free Will & George S. Howard (1994). Division 24 Convention Program 1994. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Journal of Division 24 14 (1):107.
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  7.  75
    M. W. Howard (1984). Michael W. Howard -- Utopianism and Nuclear Deterrence. Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):53-65.
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  8. M. W. Howard (1980). Reviews : Mickael W. Howard -- From Commodity Fetishism to Market Socialism: Critical Notes on Stanley Moore. Philosophy and Social Criticism 7 (2):184-214.
  9.  11
    Rudolf Carnap & Richard C. Jeffrey (1972). Book Review:Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability Rudolf Carnap, Richard C. Jeffrey. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 39 (4):549-.
  10. Domenico Costantini, Maria Carla Galavotti & Richard C. Jeffrey (1997). Probability, Dynamics, and Causality Essays in Honour of Richard C. Jeffrey.
     
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  11. D. Howard (1976). Moral Development and Ego Identity: A Clarification by Dick Howard. Télos 1976 (27):176-182.
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  12. John Locke & Alfred Howard (1825). The Beauties of Locke, Selections, by A. Howard.
     
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  13. Jeremy Rifkin & Ted Howard (1980). Entropy a New World View /by Jeremy Rifkin with Ted Howard ; Afterword by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen. --. --. Viking Press,1980.
     
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  14. Barrie Dobson (2001). Jeffrey Howard Denton: A Personal Appreciation. Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 83 (3):9-26.
     
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  15.  21
    Richard C. Jeffrey (2004). Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits. Hackett Pub..
    This brief paperback is designed for symbolic/formal logic courses. It features the tree method proof system developed by Jeffrey. The new edition contains many more examples and exercises and is reorganized for greater accessibility.
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  16. Richard C. Jeffrey (1992). Probability and the Art of Judgment. Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Jeffrey is beyond dispute one of the most distinguished and influential philosophers working in the field of decision theory and the theory of knowledge. His work is distinctive in showing the interplay of epistemological concerns with probability and utility theory. Not only has he made use of standard probabilistic and decision theoretic tools to clarify concepts of evidential support and informed choice, he has also proposed significant modifications of the standard Bayesian position in order that it provide a (...)
     
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  17. W. A. Howard (1995). The Formulæ-as-Types Notion of Construction. In Philippe De Groote (ed.), The Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Academia
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  18.  21
    Martin Carrier, Don Howard & Janet A. Kourany (eds.) (2008). The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    ISBN-13: 978-0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Science — Philosophy. 2. Science — Social aspects. 3. Values. 4. Science and civilization. I. Carrier, Martin. II. Howard, Don, professor. III. Kourany ...
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  19. Don Howard, Bas van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause (2011). The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality. Metascience 20 (2):225-251.
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese (...)
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  20. Dick Howard (1972). The Development of the Marxian Dialectic. Carbondale,Southern Illinois University Press.
    Beginning as a philosopher, Marx turned in the space of a few short years to the study of political economy and to revolutionary practice. Howard argues that this shift can be understood only in terms of an analysis of the theoretical development of the Marxian dialectic. In explicating the systematic aspects of Marx’s theory, Howard has gone anew to the primary sources, the writings of Marx himself and those of Hegel and the Young Hegelians. Howard thus provides (...)
     
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  21.  10
    John Howard Yoder (1996). Meaning After Babble: With Jeffrey Stout Beyond Relativism. Journal of Religious Ethics 24 (1):125 - 139.
    Though there is no escape from the recognition of the community-dependent quality of moral knowledge, Jeffrey Stout is right to affirm the possibility of value-laden communication across community boundaries. My quarrel is not with his affirmation but with his effort to defend that affirmation by falling back on the project of establishing some universally recognized prohibition. I draw a contrasting model from the sixth century prophets in order to recast the question in light of the actual, powerful, transformative telling (...)
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  22. Randy Malamud, Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, Ollin Eugene Myers Jr, Barbara Orlans, Tom L. Beauchamp, Rebecca Dresser, David B. Morton, John P. Gluck, Kenneth D. Pimple & F. Barbara Orlans (1997). Ralph H. Lutts The Wild Animal Story Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998, 302 Pp. Howard Lyman Mad Cowboy. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 7:2.
     
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  23.  9
    Howard Cohen (1984). Book Review:Parents and Children: The Ethics of the Family. Jeffrey Blustein. [REVIEW] Ethics 94 (2):345-.
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  24.  5
    Jeffrey Williams (ed.) (1995). Pc Wars: Politics and Theory in the Academy. Routledge.
    PC Wars: Politics and Theory in the Academy addresses the very issue of political correctness and the current skirmishes in the culture wars. It includes statements from many of our leading contemporary public intellectuals, including Joan Wallach Scott, Michael Be;rube;, Bruce Robbins, Henry Giroux, and Gerald Graff. The collection marks a watershed in the debate about "pc" in that it presents serious considerations and analyses of the factors, causes, and consequences of the culture wars. Carefully examining the construction of "pc," (...)
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  25.  82
    Franz Dietrich, Christian List & Richard Bradley, Belief Revision Generalized: A Joint Characterization of Bayes's and Jeffrey's Rules.
    We present a general framework for representing belief-revision rules and use it to characterize Bayes's rule as a classical example and Jeffrey's rule as a non-classical one. In Jeffrey's rule, the input to a belief revision is not simply the information that some event has occurred, as in Bayes's rule, but a new assignment of probabilities to some events. Despite their differences, Bayes's and Jeffrey's rules can be characterized in terms of the same axioms: "responsiveness", which requires (...)
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  26.  22
    Morten Heine Sørensen (2007). Lectures on the Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Elsevier.
    The Curry-Howard isomorphism states an amazing correspondence between systems of formal logic as encountered in proof theory and computational calculi as found in type theory. For instance, minimal propositional logic corresponds to simply typed lambda-calculus, first-order logic corresponds to dependent types, second-order logic corresponds to polymorphic types, sequent calculus is related to explicit substitution, etc. The isomorphism has many aspects, even at the syntactic level: formulas correspond to types, proofs correspond to terms, provability corresponds to inhabitation, proof normalization corresponds (...)
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  27. Jordan Howard Sobel (2009). Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens for Conditional Probabilities, and Updating on Uncertain Evidence. Theory and Decision 66 (2):103 - 148.
    There are narrowest bounds for P(h) when P(e) = y and P(h/e) = x, which bounds collapse to x as y goes to 1. A theorem for these bounds -- bounds for probable modus ponens -- entails a principle for updating on possibly uncertain evidence subject to these bounds that is a generalization of the principle for updating by conditioning on certain evidence. This way of updating on possibly uncertain evidence is appropriate when updating by ’probability kinematics’ or ’Jeffrey-conditioning’ (...)
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  28.  4
    Paul Burcher & Jazmine Gabriel (2016). There Is No Place Like Home: Why Women Are Choosing Home Birth in the Era of "Homelike" Hospitals. Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 9 (1):149-165.
    In a recent article in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Frank Chervenak et al. argue that home birth is less safe than hospital birth, and that physicians have a dual duty to avoid any collaboration with home birth midwives and to make hospital birth more psychologically and socially supportive to accommodate women who want more choices during labor. The assertion that home birth is significantly less safe than hospital birth has been responded to by Howard Minkoff and (...)
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  29.  11
    Timothy Pawl (2015). Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects. By Jeffrey E. Brower. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (4):723-727.
    I review Jeffrey Brower's book, "Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World".
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  30.  95
    Ittay Nissan-Rozen (2013). Jeffrey Conditionalization, the Principal Principle, the Desire as Belief Thesis, and Adams's Thesis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):axs039.
    I show that David Lewis’s principal principle is not preserved under Jeffrey conditionalization. Using this observation, I argue that Lewis’s reason for rejecting the desire as belief thesis and Adams’s thesis applies also to his own principal principle. 1 Introduction2 Adams’s Thesis, the Desire as Belief Thesis, and the Principal Principle3 Jeffrey Conditionalization4 The Principal Principles Not Preserved under Jeffrey Conditionalization5 Inadmissible Experiences.
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  31.  9
    Susie Fisher (2010). Not Beyond Reasonable Doubt: Howard Temin's Provirus Hypothesis Revisited. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (4):661 - 696.
    During the 1960s, Howard M. Temin (1934-1994), dared to advocate a "heretical" hypothesis that appeared to be at variance with the central dogma of molecular biology, understood by many to imply that information transfer in nature occurred only from DNA to RNA. Temin's provirus hypothesis offered a simple explanation of both virus replication and viral-induced cancer and stated that Rous sarcoma virus, an RNA virus, is replicated via a DNA intermediate. Popular accounts of this scientific episode, written after the (...)
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  32.  21
    Lydia McGrew (2014). Jeffrey Conditioning, Rigidity, and the Defeasible Red Jelly Bean. Philosophical Studies 168 (2):569-582.
    Jonathan Weisberg has argued that Jeffrey Conditioning is inherently “anti-holistic” By this he means, inter alia, that JC does not allow us to take proper account of after-the-fact defeaters for our beliefs. His central example concerns the discovery that the lighting in a room is red-tinted and the relationship of that discovery to the belief that a jelly bean in the room is red. Weisberg’s argument that the rigidity required for JC blocks the defeating role of the red-tinted light (...)
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  33.  40
    Wlodek Rabinowicz (2010). In Memoriam: Jordan Howard Sobel (1929–2010). Theoria 76 (3):192-196.
    It's an obituary of Jordan Howard Sobel, a prominent American-Canadian moral philosopher and a decision theorist who died in 2010. The obituary focuses on Sobels' close contacts with the Swedish philosophical community and on his contributions to Theoria.
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  34.  36
    John C. Nugent (2011). The Politics of Yhwh: John Howard Yoder's Old Testament Narration and its Implications for Social Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (1):71-99.
    The apparent tension between the moral codes of the Old and New Testaments constitutes a perennial problem for Christian ethics. Scholars who have taken this problem seriously have often done so in ways that presume sharp discontinuity between the Testaments. They then proceed to devise a system for identifying what is or is not relevant today, or what pertains to this or that particular social sphere. John Howard Yoder brings fresh perspectives to this perennial problem by refuting the (...)
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  35.  12
    F. John Clendinnen (2010). Note on Howard Sankey's "Induction and Natural Kinds". Principia 2 (1):125-134.
    Note on Howard Sankey's "Induction and Natural Kinds".
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  36.  3
    Howard Carvajal, Jeffrey Kixmiller, Megan Knapp, Joseph Vitt & Kenneth A. Weaver (1991). The Use of the PPST and Intelligence Tests in Teacher Education Programs. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):192-194.
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  37.  7
    Tom L. Beauchamp, Howard Brody, Franklin G. Miller, Alexander S. Curtis, Martina Darragh, Patricia Milmoe, Ronald M. U. S. Green, Sharona Hoffman, Edmund G. Howe & Jeffrey P. Kahn (2003). By Author BAGHERI, Alireza. Criticism of “Brain. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (4):407-09.
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  38.  13
    Ilho Park (2013). Simultaneous Belief Updates Via Successive Jeffrey Conditionalization. Synthese 190 (16):3511-3533.
    This paper discusses simultaneous belief updates. I argue here that modeling such belief updates using the Principle of Minimum Information can be regarded as applying Jeffrey conditionalization successively, and so that, contrary to what many probabilists have thought, the simultaneous belief updates can be successfully modeled by means of Jeffrey conditionalization.
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  39.  4
    Eric Bronson, Jeffrey Bloechl, Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst, Francois Raffoul, John Llewelyn, David Sedley & Jordan Howard Sobel (2004). Ruth Abbey, Ed., Charles Taylor (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004). Thomas Baldwin, Ed., The Cambridge History of Philosophy (1870-1945)(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004). [REVIEW] Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 25 (1).
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  40.  15
    Moses L. Pava (2008). ‹Loving the Distance Between Them:' Thinking Beyond Howard Gardner's “Five Minds for the Future”. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):285 - 296.
    In his book, Five Minds for the Future (2006), Howard Gardner offers both a constructive critique of current educational practices and an alternative vision for the future of education. Gardner, best known for his seminal work on multiple intelligences, grounds his major conclusions primarily on the results of his impressive, decade-long, and massive Good Works Project. Despite my several agreements and significant overlap with Howard Gardner, I believe that there is insufficient evidence to accept fully his policy prescriptions. (...)
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  41.  2
    David Albrecht, Frank A. Bäuerle, John N. Crossley & John S. Jeavons (1998). Curry-Howard Terms for Linear Logic. Studia Logica 61 (2):223-235.
    In this paper we 1. provide a natural deduction system for full first-order linear logic, 2. introduce Curry- Howard -style terms for this version of linear logic, 3. extend the notion of substitution of Curry- Howard terms for term variables, 4. define the reduction rules for the Curry- Howard terms and 5. outline a proof of the strong normalization for the full system of linear logic using a development of Girard's candidates for reducibility, thereby providing an alternative (...)
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  42.  1
    Graham Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.) (2009). The History Of Western Philosophy of Religion. Acumen.
    Five-volume history of western philosophy of religion. 106 chapters, each focused on a significant figure in the history of western philosophy of religion. The chapters--and the volumes--are arranged chronologically. -/- CONTENTS: Volume 1: Ancient Philosophy and Religion Introduction, Georg Boys-Stones; 1. Pythagoras, Constantinos Macris; 2. Xenophanes, James H. Lesher; 3. Socrates and Plato, Mark McPherran; 4. Aristotle, Sarah Broadie; 5. Epicurus, John Penwill; 6. The Stoics, Tad Brennan; 7. Cicero, Margaret Graver; 8. Philo of Alexandria, David T. Runia; 9. (...)
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  43. Don Ross, David Spurrett, Harold Kincaid & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.) (2007). Distributed Cognition and the Will: Individual Volition and Social Context. A Bradford Book.
    Recent scientific findings about human decision making would seem to threaten the traditional concept of the individual conscious will. The will is threatened from "below" by the discovery that our apparently spontaneous actions are actually controlled and initiated from below the level of our conscious awareness, and from "above" by the recognition that we adapt our actions according to social dynamics of which we are seldom aware. In Distributed Cognition and the Will, leading philosophers and behavioral scientists consider how much, (...)
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  44. William Lane Craig (2006). J. Howard Sobel on the Kalam Cosmological Argument. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):565-84.
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  45. Paul A. Nelson (1999). Is "Intelligent Design" Unavoidable-Even by Howard Van Till? A Response. Zygon 34 (4):677-682.
  46.  95
    Howard Gardner (2006). The Development and Education of the Mind: The Selected Works of Howard Gardner. Routledge.
    In the World Library of Educationalists series, international experts themselves compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces--extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and/practical contributions--so the work can read them in a single manageable volume. Readers will be able to follow the themes and strands of their work and see their contribution to the development of a field. A developmental psychologist by training, Howard Gardner has spent the last 30 years researching, (...)
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  47.  6
    Christopher F. French (2015). Explicating Formal Epistemology: Carnap's Legacy as Jeffrey's Radical Probabilism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:33–42.
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  48.  8
    Harold Simmons (2000). Derivation and Computation: Taking the Curry-Howard Correspondence Seriously. Cambridge University Press.
    Mathematics is about proofs, that is the derivation of correct statements; and calculations, that is the production of results according to well-defined sets of rules. The two notions are intimately related. Proofs can involve calculations, and the algorithm underlying a calculation should be proved correct. The aim of the author is to explore this relationship. The book itself forms an introduction to simple type theory. Starting from the familiar propositional calculus the author develops the central idea of an applied lambda-calculus. (...)
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  49.  7
    Pimpen Vejjajiva (2013). Extended Curry‐Howard Terms for Second‐Order Logic. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 59 (4-5):274-285.
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  50.  7
    Jeffrey Church (2014). Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future Ed. By Jeffrey Metzger (Review). Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (3):495-497.
    In his introduction, Jeffrey Metzger states that “at some point in the past 20 or 30 years … Nietzsche’s name [became] no longer associated primarily with nihilism” (1). Metzger is pointing to the increasing contemporary scholarly interest in Nietzsche’s epistemology, naturalism, and metaethics. The worthy aim of this volume is to ask us to examine once again the underlying philosophical problem to which these views are a response, namely, nihilism. This volume helpfully reminds us that Nietzsche’s philosophical (...)
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