Search results for 'Jeffrey McCarthy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Timothy McCarthy (1984). Review: Richard Jeffrey, Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1408-1409.score: 360.0
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  2. Jeffrey McCarthy (2002). A Theory of Place in North American Mountaineering. Philosophy and Geography 5 (2):179 – 194.score: 240.0
    This essay examines mountaineering narratives in the light of recent eco-critical scholarship to assert that their tales of intense awareness and connection reveal a more fundamental integration between human subject and natural object than our culture has imagined. North American climbing narratives show three primary modes of imagining nature: first, as an object to conquer; second, as a picturesque setting to admire; third, as the extension of a self whose identity is shaped by the interpenetration of the human and the (...)
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  3. Charles R. Acland, Jeffrey Brison, Gisela Cramer, Julia L. Foulkes, Johannes C. Gall, Anna McCarthy, Manon Niquette, Theresa Richardson, Haidee Wasson & Marion Wrenn (2009). Patronizing the Public: American Philanthropy's Transformation of Culture, Communication, and the Humanities. Lexington Books.score: 240.0
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  4. María Herrera Lima & Thomas McCarthy (1993). Crítica de la Razón Impura: Entrevista Con Thomas McCarthy. Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 2:147-155.score: 180.0
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  5. Lance McCarthy (2007). Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia Author's Email: Lance. McCarthy@ Flinders. Edu. Au. Apeiron 14 (4):481.score: 180.0
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  6. D. E. Moore (1996). When Elephants Weep by Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson and Susan McCarthy. Society and Animals 4:98-99.score: 120.0
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  7. Timothy McCarthy (2002). Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    McCarthy develops a theory of radical interpretation--the project of characterizing from scratch the language and attitudes of an agent or population--and applies it to the problems of indeterminacy of interpretation first described by Quine. The major theme in McCarthy's study is that a relatively modest set of interpretive principles, properly applied, can serve to resolve the major indeterminacies of interpretation.
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  8. John McCarthy, Human-Level Ai Is Harder Than It Seemed.score: 60.0
    • alpha-beta pruning characterizes human play, but it ticed by early chess programmers—Turing, Shannon, Ulam, and Bernstein. We humans are not very good ing the heuristics we ourselves use. Approximations to used by Samuel, Newell and Simon, McCarthy. Proved lent to minimax by Hart and Levine, independently Knuth gives details.
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  9. John McCarthy, Human-Type Common Sense Needs Extensions to Logic.score: 60.0
    John McCarthy, Stanford University Logical AI (artificial intelligence) is based on programs that represent facts about the world in languages of mathematical logic and decide what actions will achieve goals by logical reasoning. A lot has been accomplished with logic as is.
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  10. John McCarthy, From Here to Human-Level Intelligence.score: 60.0
    This article is the basis of an invited talk at KR-96 in 1996 November. It has been modified from the version that appeared in the preprints of that meeting. There is an html version , a .dvi version , .pdf version and a .ps version. Up to: Main McCarthy page Up to: Send comments to mccarthy@stanford.edu. I sometimes make changes suggested in them. - John McCarthy..
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  11. Richard C. Jeffrey (2004). Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits. Hackett Pub..score: 60.0
    This brief paperback is designed for symbolic/formal logic courses. It features the tree method proof system developed by Jeffrey. The new edition contains many more examples and exercises and is reorganized for greater accessibility.
     
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  12. Richard C. Jeffrey (1992). Probability and the Art of Judgment. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Richard Jeffrey is beyond dispute one of the most distinguished and influential philosophers working in the field of decision theory and the theory of knowledge. His work is distinctive in showing the interplay of epistemological concerns with probability and utility theory. Not only has he made use of standard probabilistic and decision theoretic tools to clarify concepts of evidential support and informed choice, he has also proposed significant modifications of the standard Bayesian position in order that it provide a (...)
     
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  13. John McCarthy, John Searle's Chinese Room Argument.score: 30.0
    John Searle begins his (1990) ``Consciousness, Explanatory Inversion and Cognitive Science'' with
    ``Ten years ago in this journal I published an article (Searle, 1980a and 1980b) criticising what I call Strong
    AI, the view that for a system to have mental states it is sufficient for the system to implement the right sort of
    program with right inputs and outputs. Strong AI is rather easy to refute and the basic argument can be
    summarized in one sentence: {it a system, (...)
    The Chinese Room Argument can be refuted in one sentence. (shrink)
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  14. Thomas McCarthy (1994). Kantian Constructivism and Reconstructivism: Rawls and Habermas in Dialogue. Ethics 105 (1):44-63.score: 30.0
  15. John McCarthy, What is Artificial Intelligence?score: 30.0
  16. Timothy McCarthy (1981). The Idea of a Logical Constant. Journal of Philosophy 78 (9):499-523.score: 30.0
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  17. John McCarthy & Patrick Hayes (1969). Some Philosophical Problems From the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence. In B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press. 463--502.score: 30.0
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  18. Kit Fine & Timothy McCarthy (1984). Truth Without Satisfaction. Journal of Philosophical Logic 13 (4):397 - 421.score: 30.0
  19. David McCarthy (2000). Harming and Allowing Harm. Ethics 110 (4):749-779.score: 30.0
    The article takes as its starting point the assumption that (a) competing accounts of moral rules should be judged by the distribution of benefits and burdens which would arise from everyone accepting these rules, and that (b) these benefits and burdens are understood in a way which has a substantial resource or freedom-based component. This starting point is compatible with contractualism and various forms of rule consequentialism, and will yield a morality in which people have significant freedoms. The main claim (...)
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  20. John McCarthy (1996). Making Robots Conscious of Their Mental States. In S. Muggleton (ed.), Machine Intelligence 15. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    In AI, consciousness of self consists in a program having certain kinds of facts about its own mental processes and state of mind. We discuss what consciousness of its own mental structures a robot will need in order to operate in the common sense world and accomplish the tasks humans will give it. It's quite a lot. Many features of human consciousness will be wanted, some will not, and some abilities not possessed by humans have already been found feasible and (...)
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  21. Dale Gottlieb & Timothy McCarthy (1979). Substitutional Quantification and Set Theory. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):315 - 331.score: 30.0
  22. Harold E. McCarthy (1952). T. S. Eliot and Buddhism. Philosophy East and West 2 (1):31-55.score: 30.0
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  23. Thomas McCarthy (1980). Rationality and Relativism in Habermas' Critical Theory. Noûs 14 (1):75-76.score: 30.0
  24. Richard C. Jeffrey (1956). Valuation and Acceptance of Scientific Hypotheses. Philosophy of Science 23 (3):237-246.score: 30.0
  25. Thomas McCarthy (2004). Coming to Terms with Our Past, Part II: On the Morality and Politics of Reparations for Slavery. Political Theory 32 (6):750-772.score: 30.0
    There has recently been a surge of interest, theoretical and political, in reparations for slavery. This essay takes up several moral-political issues from that intensifying debate: how to conceptualize and justify collective compensation and collective responsibility, and how to establish a plausible connection between past racial injustices and present racial inequalities. It concludes with some brief remarks on one aspect of the very complicated politics of reparations: the possible effects of hearings and trials on the public memory and political culture (...)
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  26. Richard C. Jeffrey (1974). Preference Among Preferences. Journal of Philosophy 71 (13):377-391.score: 30.0
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  27. John McCarthy (1995). Todd Moody's Zombies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):345-347.score: 30.0
    From the AI point of view, consciousness must be regarded as a collection of interacting processes rather than the unitary object of much philosophical speculation. We ask what kinds of propositions and other entities need to be designed for consciousness to be useful to an animal or a machine. We thereby assert that human consciousness is useful to human functioning and not just and epiphenomenon. Zombies in the sense of Todd Moody's article are merely the victims of Moody's prejudices. To (...)
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  28. David McCarthy (1997). Rights, Explanation, and Risks. Ethics 107 (2):205-225.score: 30.0
    Theories of rights seem well equipped to explain widely accepted claims about the morality of harming. But can they explain popular claims about the morality of imposing risks of harm? Many think not. But a plausible theory of rights can explain those claims if it says we have the right that others not impose risks of harm upon us. That is a good reason to believe we have that right. There are many objections to the claim that we have that (...)
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  29. John Mccarthy (1997). Modality, Si! Modal Logic, No! Studia Logica 59 (1):29-32.score: 30.0
    This article is oriented toward the use of modality in artificial intelligence (AI). An agent must reason about what it or other agents know, believe, want, intend or owe. Referentially opaque modalities are needed and must be formalized correctly. Unfortunately, modal logics seem too limited for many important purposes. This article contains examples of uses of modality for which modal logic seems inadequate.I have no proof that modal logic is inadequate, so I hope modal logicians will take the examples as (...)
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  30. Irene N. McCarthy (1997). Professional Ethics Code Conflict Situations: Ethical and Value Orientation of Collegiate Accounting Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1467-1473.score: 30.0
    Public accounting in the United States is generally guided by the Code of Professional Conduct of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). It has been suggested that education in understanding and accepting their ethical code would increase accountants' adherence and ethicality.This study was designed to examine the level of consensus to AICPA ethical standards by accounting students (ethical orientation). Situation ethics provided the theoretical rationale for this study.
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  31. Thomas McCarthy (2002). Vergangenheitsbewältigung in the USA: On the Politics of the Memory of Slavery. Political Theory 30 (5):623-648.score: 30.0
    The settlement of the North American continent was... a consequence not of any higher claim in a democratic or international sense, but rather of a consciousness of what is right which had its sole roots in the conviction of the superiority and thus of the right of the white race. —Adolf Hitler, 1932.
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  32. David McCarthy (1996). Liability and Risk. Philosophy and Public Affairs 25 (3):238-262.score: 30.0
    Standard theories of liability say that X is liable to Y only if Y was harmed, only if X caused Y harm, and (usually) only if X was at fault. This article offers a series of criticisms of each of these claims, and use them to construct an alternative theory of liability in which the nature of X's having imposed a risk of harm on Y is central to the question of when X is liable to Y, and for how (...)
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  33. Richard Jeffrey (1987). Indefinite Probability Judgment: A Reply to Levi. Philosophy of Science 54 (4):586-591.score: 30.0
    Isaac Levi and I have different views of probability and decision making. Here, without addressing the merits, I will try to answer some questions recently asked by Levi (1985) about what my view is, and how it relates to his.
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  34. John McCarthy, Notes on Self-Awareness.score: 30.0
    These notes discuss self-awareness in humans and machines. The goal is to determine useful forms of machine self-awareness and also those that are on the road to human-level AI. This is a draft which is to be improved, and suggestions are solicited. There are a few formulas in this version. The final version will have more.
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  35. Timothy McCarthy (1987). Modality, Invariance, and Logical Truth. Journal of Philosophical Logic 16 (4):423 - 443.score: 30.0
    Let us sum up. We began with the question, “What is the interest of a model-theoretic definition of validity?” Model theoretic validity consists in truth under all reinterpretations of non-logical constants. In this paper, we have described for each necessity concept a corresponding modal invariance property. Exemplification of that property by the logical constants of a language leads to an explanation of the necessity, in the corresponding sense, of its valid sentences. I have fixed upon the epistemic modalities in characterizing (...)
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  36. Thomas McCarthy (1990). The Critique of Impure Reason: Foucault and the Frankfurt School. Political Theory 18 (3):437-469.score: 30.0
  37. E. Pronin, Daniel M. Wegner, K. McCarthy & S. Rodriguez (2006). Everyday Magical Powers: The Role of Apparent Mental Causation in the Overestimation of Personal Influence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 91:218-231.score: 30.0
    These studies examined whether having thoughts related to an event before it occurs leads people to infer that they caused the event— even when such causation might otherwise seem magical. In Study 1, people perceived that they had harmed another person via a voodoo hex. These perceptions were more likely among those who had first been induced to harbor evil thoughts about their victim. In Study 2, spectators of a peer’s basketball-shooting performance were more likely to perceive that they had (...)
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  38. Timothy G. Mccarthy (1994). Self-Reference and Incompleteness in a Non-Monotonic Setting. Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (4):423 - 449.score: 30.0
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  39. Richard C. Jeffrey (1971). On Interpersonal Utility Theory. Journal of Philosophy 68 (20):647-656.score: 30.0
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  40. Paul Masson-Oursel & Harold E. McCarthy (1951). True Philosophy is Comparative Philosophy. Philosophy East and West 1 (1):6-9.score: 30.0
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  41. John McCarthy (1979). Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines. In Martin Ringle (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence. Humanities Press.score: 30.0
    Ascribing mental qualities like beliefs, intentions and wants to a machine is sometimes correct if done conservatively and is sometimes necessary to express what is known about its state. We propose some new definitional tools for this: definitions relative to an approximate theory and second order structural definitions.
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  42. Richard Jeffrey (1993). Take Back the Day! Jon Dorling's Bayesian Solution of the Duhem Problem. Philosophical Issues 3:197-207.score: 30.0
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  43. Timothy McCarthy (1988). Ungroundedness in Classical Languages. Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (1):61 - 74.score: 30.0
  44. Timothy McCarthy (1986). Platonism and Possibility. Journal of Philosophy 83 (5):275-290.score: 30.0
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  45. Thomas McCarthy (1991). Reconstruction and Deconstruction in Contemporary Philosophy: Variations on a Kantian Theme. Noûs 25 (2):193-194.score: 30.0
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  46. Paul Sullivan & John Mccarthy (2004). Toward a Dialogical Perspective on Agency. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (3):291–309.score: 30.0
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  47. Richard Jeffrey (2002). Logicism Lite. Philosophy of Science 69 (3):474-496.score: 30.0
    Logicism Lite counts number‐theoretical laws as logical for the same sort of reason for which physical laws are counted as as empirical: because of the character of the data they are responsible to. In the case of number theory these are the data verifying or falsifying the simplest equations, which Logicism Lite counts as true or false depending on the logical validity or invalidity of first‐order argument forms in which no numbertheoretical notation appears.
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  48. Timothy McCarthy (1977). On an Aristotelian Model of Scientific Explanation. Philosophy of Science 44 (1):159-166.score: 30.0
  49. Harold E. McCarthy (1951). Poetry, Metaphysics, and the Spirit of Zen. Philosophy East and West 1 (1):16-34.score: 30.0
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  50. K. Ballestrem & A. McCarthy (1972). Thesen Zur Begründung Einer Kritischen Theorie der Gesellschaft. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 3 (1):49-62.score: 30.0
    Summary In this article the authors seek to broaden the scope of the methodological debates now underway in Germany between proponents of a critical theory of society — principally the late T. W. Adorno and J. Habermas — on the one side and proponents of an analytical theory of social science — principally Karl Popper and Hans Albert — on the other. An attempt is made to formulate and systematize some of the fundamental epistemological and methodological principles which are basic (...)
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