Search results for 'Jeffrey S. Simons' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  8
    X. T. Wang & Jeffrey S. Simons (2005). Reference Point-Dependent Tradeoffs in Intertemporal Decision Making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):663-664.
    We agree with Ainslie's general approach to intertemporal choices and self-control. However, we argue that a concept of “will” is superfluous in explaining tradeoffs between SS (smaller and sooner) and LL (larger and later) rewards in a framework of temporal goal setting and goal aggregation. We provide an alternative framework of reference point-dependent tradeoffs between SS and LL options.
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  2.  2
    Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman (forthcoming). Keep Calm and Carry On: Maintaining Self-Control When Intoxicated, Upset, or Depleted. Cognition and Emotion:1-15.
  3.  3
    Margaret A. Simons (2003). Bergson's Influence on Beauvoir's Philosophical Methodology. In Claudia Card (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir. Cambridge University Press 107-128.
    The topic of this chapter, the early philosophical influence of Henri Bergson (1859-1941) on Simone de Beauvoir, may surprise those who remember Beauvoir’s reference to Bergson in her Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter where she denies Bergson’s importance. She writes there of her interests in 1926: “I preferred literature to philosophy, and I would not have been at all pleased if someone had prophesized that I would become a kind of Bergson; I didn’t want to speak with that abstract (...)
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  4.  10
    Margaret A. Simons (1999). Beauvoir and The Second Sex: Feminism, Race, and the Origins of Existentialism. Rowman & Littlefield.
    In a compelling chronicle of her search to understand Beauvoir's philosophy in The Second Sex, Margaret A. Simons offers a unique perspective on Beauvoir's wide-ranging contribution to twentieth-century thought. She details the discovery of the origins of Beauvoir's existential philosophy in her handwritten diary from 1927; uncovers evidence of the sexist exclusion of Beauvoir from the philosophical canon; reveals evidence that the African-American writer Richard Wright provided Beauvoir with the theoretical model of oppression that she used in The Second (...)
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  5. Kevin Mulligan, Peter Simons & Barry Smith (2006). What's Wrong with Contemporary Philosophy? Topoi 25 (1-2):63-67.
    Philosophy in the West divides into three parts: Analytic Philosophy (AP), Continental Philosophy (CP), and History of Philosophy (HP). But all three parts are in a bad way. AP is sceptical about the claim that philosophy can be a science, and hence is uninterested in the real world. CP is never pursued in a properly theoretical way, and its practice is tailor-made for particular political and ethical conclusions. HP is mostly developed on a regionalist basis: what is studied is determined (...)
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  6.  83
    Margaret A. Simons (2006). Beauvoir's Early Philosophy: 1926-27. In Simone de Beauvoir, Barbara Klaw, Margaret A. Simons & Marybeth Timmermann (eds.), Diary of a Philosophy Student, Volume 1: 1926-27. University of Illinois Press 29-50.
    For philosophers familiar with the traditional interpretation of Simone de Beauvoir as a literary writer and philosophical follower of Jean-Paul Sartre, Beauvoir’s 1926-27 student diary is a revelation. Inviting an exploration of Beauvoir’s early philosophy foreclosed by the traditional interpretation, the student diary reveals Beauvoir’s early dedication to becoming a philosopher and her early formulation of philosophical problems and positions usually attributed to Sartre’s influence, such as the central problem of “the opposition of self and other,” years before she first (...)
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  7.  64
    Margaret A. Simons & Helene N. Peters (2004). Introduction to Beauvoir's "Analysis of Claude Bernard's Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine". In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press 15-22.
    In December 1924 when Simone de Beauvoir almost certainly wrote her essay analyzing Claude Bernard's "Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine," a classic text in the philosophy of science, she was a 16 yr old student in a senior-level philosophy class at a private Catholic girls' school. Given the popular conception of existentialism as anti science, Beauvoir's early interest in science, reflected in her baccalaureate successes as well as her paper on Bernard, may be surprising. But her enthusiasm for (...)
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  8.  23
    Peter Simons (1995). Meinong's Theory of Sense and Reference. Grazer Philosophische Studien 50:171-186.
    Gilbert Ryle wrote that "Meaning-theory expanded just when and just in so far as it was released from that 'Fido'-Fido box, the lid of which was never even lifted by Meinong". This paper sets out to relieve Ryle's oversimplification about Meinong and the role of meaning theory in his thought. One step away from canine simplicity about meaning is the recognition of a distinction between sense and reference, such as we find in Frege, Husserl, and the early Russell. In Über (...)
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  9.  51
    Peter M. Simons (1987). Frege's Theory of Real Numbers. History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):25--44.
    Frege's theory of real numbers has undeservedly received almost no attention, in part because what we have is only a fragment. Yet his theory is interesting for the light it throws on logicism, and it is quite different from standard modern approaches. Frege polemicizes vigorously against his contemporaries, sketches the main features of his own radical alternative, and begins the formal development. This paper summarizes and expounds what he has to say, and goes on to reconstruct the most important steps (...)
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  10.  17
    Kevin Mulligan, Peter Simons & Barry Smith (1987). Wahrmacher. In L. Bruno Puntel (ed.), Der Wahrheitsbegriff. Neue Explikationsversuche. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft
    German translation of Mulligan, Simons and Smith, "Truth-Makers" (1984) A realist theory of truth for a class of sentence holds that there are entities in virtue of which these sentences are true or false. We call such entities ‘truthmakers’ and contend that those for a wide range of sentences about the real world are moments (dependent particulars). Since moments are unfamiliar we provide a definition and a brief philosophical history, anchoring them in our ontology by showing that they are (...)
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  11. Peter M. Simons (1988). Brentano's Theory of Categories: A Critical Reappraisal. Brentano Studien 1:47-61.
    In his doctoral dissertation Von der mannigfachen Bedeutung des Seienden nach Aristoteles Brentano tried to show that (against criticism of this) one could indeed give a principle defense of Aristotle's table of categories as a coherent system. In later texts Brentano appears sharply critical of Aristotle, mainly in respect to Aristotle's mereology, or theory of part and whole, and to his theory of substance and accident. It is argued that Brentano hadn't observed that Aristotle's belief that there are as many (...)
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  12.  3
    Ewan Jeffrey & David Jeffrey (2012). I Could Never Quite Get It Together: Lessons for End-of –Life Care in Harold Pinter's The Caretaker. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 33 (2):117-126.
    Pinter’s play The Caretaker explores interpersonal tensions relating to terminal illness. This paper interrogates notions of care, suffering, ownership, dignity and the consequences of active intervention and inaction in two key sections of the play: Aston’s monologue concerning his own brutal treatment (active intervention) and Davies’s final rejection by the brothers who fail to provide accommodation and care (inaction). This interprofessional analysis combines theatrical and clinical perspectives to create insights which can enhance empathy improve decision-making in end of life care (...)
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  13.  5
    Anton Simons (1999). In the Name of the Spirits -- A Reading of Solov'ëv's Justification of the Good. Studies in East European Thought 51 (3):177-198.
    In this contribution, the author analyzes Vladimir Solov''ëv''s intention to study the idea of the Good as something relatively independent from religion and metaphysics. Some implications of Solov''ëv''s definition of moral philosophy in The Justification of the Good are investigated, and illustrated with his applied ethics of war in chapter 18 of this book. It appears that Solov''ëv''s moral philosophy and his account of war must be understood in connection with the central place of the cult of ancestors in his (...)
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  14. Peter M. Simons (1987/2000). Parts: A Study in Ontology. Oxford University Press.
    Although the relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is, this is the first full-length study of this key concept. Showing that mereology, or the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology, Simons surveys and critiques previous theories--especially the standard extensional view--and proposes a new account that encompasses both temporal and modal considerations. Simons's revised theory not only allows him to offer fresh solutions to long-standing problems, but also has far-reaching (...)
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  15.  73
    Peter Simons (2005). Negatives, Numbers, and Necessity Some Worries About Armstrong's Version of Truthmaking. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):253 – 261.
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  16.  90
    Herbert W. Simons (1990). Reviews : John S. Nelson, Allan Megill, and Donald N. McCloskey (Eds), The Rhetoric of the Human Sciences: Language and Argument in Scholarship and Public Affairs, London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988, $24.00, Xiii + 445 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 3 (2):305-310.
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  17.  20
    Peter Simons (2015). Bolzano's Monadology. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (6):1074-1084.
    Bernard Bolzano, known in his lifetime as ‘the Bohemian Leibniz’, is best known as a logician and mathematician, but he also developed a monadology in which the monads, which he called ‘atoms’, have spatial location and physical properties. This essay summarizes and assesses his monadology.
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  18. Margaret A. Simons (2000). Beauvoir's Philosophical Independence in a Dialogue with Sartre. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 14 (2):87-103.
  19. Peter Simons (1997). On Being the Same Ship(S)--Or Electron(S): Reply to Hughes. Mind 106 (424):761-767.
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  20. Richard C. Jeffrey (1966). Goodman's Query. Journal of Philosophy 63 (11):281-288.
  21. Wilhelm Baumgartner & Peter Simons (1994). Brentano's Mereology. Axiomathes 1 (1):55-76.
  22.  44
    Peter M. Simons (1987). Brentano's Reform of Logic. Topoi 6 (1):25-38.
  23.  20
    Richard Jeffrey (1992). Radical Probabilism (Prospectus for a User's Manual). Philosophical Issues 2:193-204.
  24.  37
    Peter Simons (2013). Alfred North Whitehead's Process and Reality. Topoi 34 (1):1-9.
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  25.  16
    Richard Jeffrey (1988). Biting the Bayesian Bullet: Zeckhauser's Problem. Theory and Decision 25 (2):117-122.
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  26.  8
    Gwenda Simons, Heiner Ellgring & Marcia Smith Pasqualini (2003). Disturbance of Spontaneous and Posed Facial Expressions in Parkinson's Disease. Cognition and Emotion 17 (5):759-778.
  27.  24
    Richard C. Jeffrey (1973). Carnap's Inductive Logic. Synthese 25 (3-4):299 - 306.
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  28.  3
    Margaret A. Simons (1990). Sexism and the Philosophical Canon: On Reading Beauvoir's «The Second Sex». Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (3):487-504.
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  29.  50
    Peter Simons (1989). Determinacy of Abstract Objects: The Platonist's Dilemma. Topoi 8 (1):35-42.
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  30.  63
    Peter Simons (2008). Modes of Extension: Comments on Kit Fine's 'In Defence of Three-Dimensionalism'. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83 (62):17-21.
    The debate between 3- and 4-dimensionalists is one of the most lively and pervasive in current metaphysics. At stake is a glittering prize: the correct metaphysical analysis of material things and other objects commonly thought to persist in time by enduring. Since we count ourselves among such objects the outcome of the debate is of more than merely academic interest to us. Obviously the ramifications of the debate, even of the points raised by Kit Fine, go far beyond what I (...)
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  31. Richard C. Jeffrey (1975). Carnap's Empiricism. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 6.
  32.  22
    Peter Simons (1993). Who's Afraid of Higher-Order Logic? Grazer Philosophische Studien 44:253-264.
    Suppose you hold the following opinions in the philosophy of logic. First-order predicate logic is expressively inadequate to regiment concepts of mathematic and natural language; logicism is plausible and attractive; set theory as an adjunct to logic is unnatural and ontologically extravagant; humanly usable languages are finite in lexicon and syntax; it is worth striving for a Tarskian semantics for mathematics; there are no Platonic abstract objects. Then you are probably already in cognitive distress. One way to decease your unhappiness, (...)
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  33. Richard C. Jeffrey (1994). Carnap’s Voluntarism. In D. Prawitz, B. Skyrms & D. Westerståhl (eds.), Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Elsevier: Amsterdam 847--866.
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  34.  18
    Richard Jeffrey (1984). De Finetti's Probabilism. Synthese 60 (1):73 - 90.
  35.  3
    Peter Simons (2015). How to Do Things with Things: Brentano’s Reism and its Limits. In Denis Seron, Sebastien Richard & Bruno Leclercq (eds.), Objects and Pseudo-Objects: Ontological Deserts and Jungles From Brentano to Carnap. De Gruyter 3-16.
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  36.  23
    Peter Simons (2002). Reasoning on a Tight Budget: Lesniewski's Nominalistic Metalogic. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 56 (1):99-122.
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  37.  3
    Margaret Simons & Steven Crowell (2002). Editor's Introduction. Philosophy Today 46 (5):3-9.
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  38.  7
    Peter M. Simons (2009). Leśniewski's Logic. In Dov Gabbay (ed.), The Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier 5--305.
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  39.  7
    Richard Jeffrey (1976). Savage's Omelet. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:361 - 371.
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  40.  2
    Ronald C. Simons (1980). Eibl-Eibesfeldt's Human Ethology: The Problem of Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):629.
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  41.  19
    Richard Jeffrey (1993). Take Back the Day! Jon Dorling's Bayesian Solution of the Duhem Problem. Philosophical Issues 3:197-207.
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  42.  4
    Jon Simons (2000). Modernist Misapprehensions of Foucault's Aesthetics. Cultural Values 4 (1):40-57.
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  43. Peter Simons (1985). Lesniewski's Logic and its Relation to Classical and Free Logic. In G. Dorn & P. Weingarten (eds.), Foundations of Logic and Linguistics. Problems and Solutions. Plenum 369-400.
     
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  44.  8
    Martin Simons (1990). Why Can't a Man Be More Like a Woman?(A Note on John Locke's Educational Thought). Educational Theory 40 (1):135-146.
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  45.  1
    Jan Simons (1999). Image and Mind: But Where's the Body? Film-Philosophy 3 (1).
    Gregory Currie _Image and Mind: Film, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science_ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995 ISBN 0-521-45356-9 (hbk) xxiv + 301 pp.
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  46.  2
    Joan Simons (2011). Above All Else Do No Harm: An Ethical Evaluation of Paediatric Nurses Management of Children's Pain. In Gosia M. Brykczyńska & Joan Simons (eds.), Ethical and Philosophical Aspects of Nursing Children and Young People. John Wiley & Sons 155.
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  47.  4
    Richard C. Jeffrey (1959). A Note on Finch's "an Explication of Counterfactuals by Probability Theory". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (1):116.
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  48.  3
    Leo Simons (1953). New Axiomatizations of S3 and S. Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (4):309-316.
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  49.  1
    Matthias Hild, Richard Jeffrey & Mathias Risse (1999). Aumann's “No Agreement” Theorem Generalized. In Cristina Bicchieri, Richard C. Jeffrey & Brian Skyrms (eds.), The Logic of Strategy. Oxford University Press 92--100.
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  50.  1
    Herbert W. Simons & Michael Billig (1995). Editor's Introduction. Argumentation 9 (1):1-4.
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