Search results for 'Jeffrey Stephen Poland' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jeffrey Stephen Poland (1994). Physicalism, the Philosophical Foundations. Oxford University Press.score: 410.0
    Physicalism is a program for building a unified system of knowledge about the world on the basis of the view that everything is a manifestation of the physical aspects of existence. Jeffrey Poland presents a systematic and comprehensive exploration of the philosophical foundations of this program. He investigates the core ideas, motivating values, and presuppositions of physicalism; the constraints upon an adequate formulation of physicalist doctrine; the epistemological and modal status, the scope, and the methodological roles of physicalist (...)
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  2. Jeffrey S. Poland & Barbara Von Eckardt (2004). Mechanism and Explanation in Cognitive Neuroscience. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):972-984.score: 120.0
    The aim of this paper is to examine the usefulness of the Machamer, Darden, and Craver (2000) mechanism approach to gaining an understanding of explanation in cognitive neuroscience. We argue that although the mechanism approach can capture many aspects of explanation in cognitive neuroscience, it cannot capture everything. In particular, it cannot completely capture all aspects of the content and significance of mental representations or the evaluative features constitutive of psychopathology.
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  3. Jeffrey S. Poland (1994). Physicalism: The Empirical Foundations. Oxford University Press.score: 120.0
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  4. Barbara Eckardvont & Jeffrey S. Poland (2004). Mechanism and Explanation in Cognitive Neuroscience. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):972-984.score: 120.0
  5. Jeffrey Poland (2006). Étapes vers un monde sans schizophrénie. Philosophiques 33 (1):99-124.score: 120.0
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  6. Jeffrey Poland (ed.) (2011). . Mit Press.score: 120.0
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  7. Jeffrey Poland & George Graham (eds.) (2011). Addiction and Responsibility. The Mit Press.score: 120.0
     
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  8. Jeffrey Poland (2003). Chomsky's Challenge to Physicalism. In Louise M. Antony (ed.), Chomsky and His Critics. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing. 29--48.score: 120.0
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  9. Jeffrey Poland (2006). How to Move Beyond the Concept of Schizophrenia. In Man Cheung Chung, Bill Fulford & George Graham (eds.), Reconceiving Schizophrenia. Oup Oxford.score: 120.0
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  10. Jeffrey S. Poland, Barbara von Eckardt & Will Spaulding (1994). Problems with the DSM Approach to Classifying Psychopathology. In George Graham & G.L. Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.score: 120.0
     
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  11. Jeffrey S. Poland & Barbara Von Eckardt (2000). In Defense of the Standard View. Protosociology 14:312-331.score: 120.0
     
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  12. Hanna Pickard (2011). Book Review George Graham and Jeffrey Poland (Eds.) Addiction and Responsibility. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.score: 36.0
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  13. Daan Evers (2013). Weight for Stephen Finlay. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):737-749.score: 18.0
    According to Stephen Finlay, ‘A ought to X’ means that X-ing is more conducive to contextually salient ends than relevant alternatives. This in turn is analysed in terms of probability. I show why this theory of ‘ought’ is hard to square with a theory of a reason’s weight which could explain why ‘A ought to X’ logically entails that the balance of reasons favours that A X-es. I develop two theories of weight to illustrate my point. I first look (...)
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  14. Massimo Pigliucci (2007). Stephen Jay Gould. In T. Flynn (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief. Prometheus.score: 18.0
    A brief biography of evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould.
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  15. Carl Tighe (2010). Poland Translated: The Post-Communist Generation of Writers. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):169 - 195.score: 18.0
    This article is concerned with writing in Poland since the collapse of Communism. It focuses mainly on the generation of Polish writers who made their debut around the time of the collapse of Communism and whose work has since begun to appear in English translation. It considers the changing focus of the post-Communist generation of writers, asks how the translations of their work represent Poland to the world and what these works might indicate about changes within contemporary Polish (...)
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  16. Lydia McGrew (2014). Jeffrey Conditioning, Rigidity, and the Defeasible Red Jelly Bean. Philosophical Studies 168 (2):569-582.score: 18.0
    Jonathan Weisberg has argued that Jeffrey Conditioning is inherently “anti-holistic” By this he means, inter alia, that JC does not allow us to take proper account of after-the-fact defeaters for our beliefs. His central example concerns the discovery that the lighting in a room is red-tinted and the relationship of that discovery to the belief that a jelly bean in the room is red. Weisberg’s argument that the rigidity required for JC blocks the defeating role of the red-tinted light (...)
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  17. Robert W. Cooper & Mark S. Dorfman (2003). Business and Professional Ethics in Transitional Economies and Beyond: Considerations for the Insurance Industries of Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):381 - 392.score: 18.0
    This paper examines several key aspects of the ethical environment facing the insurance industries of Poland, The Czech Republic and Hungary as they complete the transition from Communist insurance systems built upon state-owned monopolies to viable private domestic insurance markets, and then seek to harmonize their markets with the single insurance market of the European Union. Since many types of ethical problems encountered during the transition are unlikely to diminish significantly as a result of either privatization or regulation of (...)
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  18. Ilho Park (2013). Simultaneous Belief Updates Via Successive Jeffrey Conditionalization. Synthese 190 (16):3511-3533.score: 18.0
    This paper discusses simultaneous belief updates. I argue here that modeling such belief updates using the Principle of Minimum Information can be regarded as applying Jeffrey conditionalization successively, and so that, contrary to what many probabilists have thought, the simultaneous belief updates can be successfully modeled by means of Jeffrey conditionalization.
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  19. Gerald J. Beyer (2007). A Theoretical Appreciation of the Ethic of Solidarity in Poland Twenty-Five Years After. Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (2):207 - 232.score: 18.0
    The remarkable movement known as Solidarity recently celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary in Poland. This essay provides a theoretical appreciation of the values and principles that guided and undergirded the movement, which greatly contributed to the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe. This systematic overview of the ethic of the Solidarity movement fills a lacuna in the field of ethics because ethicists who are interested in the concept of solidarity have largely overlooked the Polish experience of the 1980s. (...)
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  20. William Dejong-Lambert (2012). Lysenkoism in Poland. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):499 - 524.score: 18.0
    This article describes the impact of, and response to, Trofim D. Lysenko's anti-genetics campaign in Poland between the years 1949 and 1956. It focuses particularly upon the response of three individuals – Teodor Marchlewski, Waclaw Gajewski, and Aleksandra Putrament -who were central figures in the controversy in Poland. In addition to examining the responses and motivations of these individuals, the article also addresses the question of why the Lysenko-era in Poland ended relatively earlier than in neighboring Soviet-allied (...)
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  21. Jarka Chloupkova, Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsen & Gert Tinggaard Svendsen (2003). Building and Destroying Social Capital: The Case of Cooperative Movements in Denmark and Poland. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 20 (3):241-252.score: 18.0
    Social capital, measured as the level of trustamong people, may be regarded as a newproduction factor alongside the traditionalones of human and physical capital. Withappropriate levels of social capital,monitoring and transaction costs can be savedand thus economic growth stimulated. Vialinking social capital to rural development andcomparing the cases of agricultural cooperativemovements in Denmark and Poland, this paperidentifies possible roots of building socialcapital and suggests that social capital wasbuilt through a lengthy process in bothcountries during the 19th century. However,the comparison (...)
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  22. Brian Grodsky (2009). On the Other Side of the Curtain: A Reassessment of Non-Elite Human Rights Experiences and Values in Poland. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 10 (2):219-238.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I explore the formation of human rights attitudes among what I call the “silent majority” in the post-communist countries of Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. This is the large, diverse group of people never directly confronted with harsh methods of repression under communism. I argue here that the foundations for conceptualizing human rights are based on the degree and saliency of exposure to rights violations and that, for many citizens of Central and Eastern Europe, life (...)
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  23. Józef Życinski (1992). The Role of Religious and Intellectual Elements in Overcoming Marxism in Poland. Studies in East European Thought 43 (2):139-157.score: 15.0
  24. Stephen Makin (2000). Aristotle on Modality: Stephen Makin. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):143-161.score: 15.0
    [Stephen Makin] Aristotle draws two sets of distinctions in Metaphysics 9.2, first between non-rational and rational capacities, and second between one way and two way capacities. He then argues for three claims: [A] if a capacity is rational, then it is a two way capacity [B] if a capacity is non-rational, then it is a one way capacity [C] a two way capacity is not indifferently related to the opposed outcomes to which it can give rise I provide explanations (...)
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  25. Leszek Koczanowicz (1997). Memory of Politics and Politics of Memory. Reflections on the Construction of the Past in Post-Totalitarian Poland. Studies in East European Thought 49 (4):259-270.score: 15.0
  26. Miłowit Kuninski (1997). Liberalism in Poland: What is Left? Studies in East European Thought 49 (4):241-257.score: 15.0
  27. Aaron Allen Schiller (2009). Colorblindness and Black Friends in Stephen Colbert’s America. In , Stephen Colbert and Philosophy. Open Court.score: 15.0
    Is there a contradiction in Stephen Colbert’s attitudes towards race? How can he consistently claim to be colorblind and yet hold a national search for a new "black friend"? I argue that Stephen is trying to claim rights and shirk responsibilities on matters of race relations in America, and that his famous notion of "truthiness" is an extension of this attitude to other areas of social and political discourse.
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  28. Włodzimierz Kubiak (2005). Medicine and Pharmacy — Facts and Myths About the Development of an Innovative Pharmaceutical Industry in Poland. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):41-51.score: 15.0
    Innovation is fundamental to the pharmaceutical industry and a key to improvements in healthcare. Its effectiveness depends on huge, constant investments in research. This innovative industry directly affects the course of studies in healthcare and medicine. Its efforts translate directly into the length and quality of our lives. For several years now, the progress underway in pharmaceutical industry has produced measurable benefits. Doctors have new pharmaceuticals at their disposal, including many types of antibiotics and anti-viral drugs, vaccines and a wide (...)
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  29. Jeffrey Church (2014). Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future Ed. By Jeffrey Metzger (Review). Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (3):495-497.score: 15.0
    In his introduction, Jeffrey Metzger states that “at some point in the past 20 or 30 years … Nietzsche’s name [became] no longer associated primarily with nihilism” (1). Metzger is pointing to the increasing contemporary scholarly interest in Nietzsche’s epistemology, naturalism, and metaethics. The worthy aim of this volume is to ask us to examine once again the underlying philosophical problem to which these views are a response, namely, nihilism. This volume helpfully reminds us that Nietzsche’s philosophical motivation still (...)
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  30. Kent Emery, Russell L. Friedman, Andreas Speer, Maxime Mauriege & Stephen F. Brown (eds.) (2011). Philosophy and Theology in the Long Middle Ages: A Tribute to Stephen F. Brown. Brill.score: 15.0
    The title of this Festschrift to Stephen Brown points to the understanding of medieval philosophy and theology in the longue durée of their traditions and discourses.
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  31. Wojciech Stanislawski (2003). Westerplatte or Jedwabne?: Debates on History and "Collective Guilt" in Poland. Filozofija I Drustvo 21:261-270.score: 15.0
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  32. Zenonas Norkus (2012). Modeling in Historical Research Practice and Methodology: Contributions From Poland. History and Theory 51 (2):292-304.score: 15.0
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  33. Graham Oppy (1995). Professor William Craig's Criticisms of Critiques of Kalam Cosmological Arguments By Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking, and Adolf Grunbaum. Faith and Philosophy 12 (2):237-250.score: 12.0
    Kalam cosmological arguments have recently been the subject of criticisms, at least inter alia, by physicists---Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking---and philosophers of science---Adolf Grunbaum. In a series of recent articles, William Craig has attempted to show that these criticisms are “superficial, iII-conceived, and based on misunderstanding.” I argue that, while some of the discussion of Davies and Hawking is not philosophically sophisticated, the points raised by Davies, Hawking and Grunbaum do suffice to undermine the dialectical efficacy of kalam cosmological arguments.
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  34. Kenneth S. Pope (2007). Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling: A Practical Guide. Jossey-Bass.score: 12.0
    Praise for Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling, Third Edition "This is absolutely the best text on professional ethics around. . . . This is a refreshingly open and inviting text that has become a classic in the field." —Derald Wing Sue, professor of psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University "I love this book! And so will therapists, supervisors, and trainees. In fact, it really should be required reading for every mental health professional and aspiring professional. . . . And it is (...)
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  35. Louise M. Antony (ed.) (2003). Chomsky and His Critics. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.score: 12.0
    In this compelling volume, ten distinguished thinkers – William G. Lycan, Jeffrey Poland, Galen Strawson, Frances Egan, Georges Rey, Peter Ludlow, Paul ...
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  36. Peter Hanks (2009). Teaching and Learning Guide For: Recent Work on Propositions. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):889-892.score: 12.0
    Some of the most interesting recent work in philosophy of language and metaphysics is focused on questions about propositions, the abstract, truth-bearing contents of sentences and beliefs. The aim of this guide is to give instructors and students a road map for some significant work on propositions since the mid-1990s. This work falls roughly into two areas: challenges to the existence of propositions and theories about the nature and structure of propositions. The former includes both a widely discussed puzzle about (...)
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  37. Zoltán Gendler Szabó (ed.) (2005). Semantics Vs. Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    Leading scholars in the philosophy of language and theoretical linguistics present brand-new papers on a major topic at the intersection of the two fields, the distinction between semantics and pragmatics. Anyone engaged with this issue in either discipline will find much to reward their attention here. Contributors: Kent Bach, Herman Cappelen, Michael Glanzberg, Jeffrey C. King, Ernie Lepore, Stephen Neale, F. Recanati, Nathan Salmon, Mandy Simons, Scott Soames, Robert J. Stainton, Jason Stanley, Zoltan Gendler Szabo.
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  38. Hartry Field (1978). A Note on Jeffrey Conditionalization. Philosophy of Science 45 (3):361-367.score: 12.0
    Bayesian decision theory can be viewed as the core of psychological theory for idealized agents. To get a complete psychological theory for such agents, you have to supplement it with input and output laws. On a Bayesian theory that employs strict conditionalization, the input laws are easy to give. On a Bayesian theory that employs Jeffrey conditionalization, there appears to be a considerable problem with giving the input laws. However, Jeffrey conditionalization can be reformulated so that the problem (...)
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  39. John McDowell (2009). Response to Stephen Houlgate. The Owl of Minerva 41 (1-2):27-38.score: 12.0
    I argue that Stephen Houlgate misstates an element in the Kantian background to my reading of “Lordship and Bondage” (§2). He misreads my remarks about the need to see Hegel’s moves there in the context of the progression towards absolute knowing (§3), and, partly consequently, he fails to engage with the motivation for my reading (§4). And he does not understand the way my reading exploits the concept of allegory (§5).
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  40. Jonardon Ganeri (2010). The Study of Indian Epistemology: Questions of Method—a Reply to Matthew Dasti and Stephen H. Phillips. Philosophy East and West 60 (4):541-550.score: 12.0
    I would like to thank the editors of Philosophy East and West for courteously asking me if I would like to respond to Matthew Dasti and Stephen Phillips' very thoughtful remarks about the review I wrote of Phillips' translation and commentary on the pratyakṣa chapter of Gaṅgeśa's Tattvacintāmaṇi, prepared in collaboration with N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya (Phillips and Tatacharya 2004). Let me begin by reaffirming what I said at the beginning of my review, that the book is "a monumental (...)
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  41. Stephen Darwall (2009). The Second-Person Standpoint An Interview with Stephen Darwall. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 16 (1):118-138.score: 12.0
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  42. Miklós Rédei & Stephen Jeffrey Summers (2007). Quantum Probability Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (2):390-417.score: 12.0
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  43. Justin Tiwald (2011). Stephen C. Angle: Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (2):231-235.score: 12.0
    Review of Stephen C. Angle's Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy.
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  44. A. Max Jarvie (2007). Unwrinkling the Carpet of Meaning: Stephen Schiffer, the Things We Mean. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):85-99.score: 12.0
    This article is a critical review of Stephen Schiffer’s monograph The Things We Mean . The text discusses some novel contributions made by Schiffer to the philosophy of meaning, in particular, Schiffer’s proposal for the reification of certain abstract entities and the application of his argument to the philosophical problem of vagueness in natural language. Special attention is paid both to Schiffer’s ingenious use of the notion of conservative extension , here employed as a criterion for distinguishing legitimate from (...)
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  45. Peter Pagin (2005). Review of Stephen Schiffer, The Things We Mean. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7).score: 12.0
    After Meaning, 1972, and The Remnants of Meaning , 1987, The Things We Mean is Stephen Schiffer's third major work on the foundations of the theory of linguistic meaning. In simplest possible outline, the development started with a positive attempt to base a meaning theory on a modified Gricean account of utterance meaning, but took a negative turn, with the problems of belief sentences as a major reason for thinking that a systematic (compositional) semantic theory for natural language was (...)
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  46. Hans Joas (1988). The Antinomies of Neofunctionalism: A Critical Essay on Jeffrey Alexander. Inquiry 31 (4):471 – 494.score: 12.0
    Since the beginning of the ?eighties of the present century, a circle of relatively young American sociologists who are followers of Jeffrey Alexander are making energetic and spectacular efforts to supply sociology with a uniform and comprehensive theoretical framework by continuing Talcott Parsons' lifework. The present article is an appreciation of Alexander's achievements in the justification of a general sociological theory (especially a theory of action and social order) while pointing to objections that can be raised against the character (...)
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  47. Glenn Shafer (1981). Jeffrey's Rule of Conditioning. Philosophy of Science 48 (3):337-362.score: 12.0
    Richard Jeffrey's generalization of Bayes' rule of conditioning follows, within the theory of belief functions, from Dempster's rule of combination and the rule of minimal extension. Both Jeffrey's rule and the theory of belief functions can and should be construed constructively, rather than normatively or descriptively. The theory of belief functions gives a more thorough analysis of how beliefs might be constructed than Jeffrey's rule does. The inadequacy of Bayesian conditioning is much more general than Jeffrey's (...)
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  48. Marcelo Tsuji (2000). Partial Structures and Jeffrey-Keynes Algebras. Synthese 125 (1-2):283-299.score: 12.0
    In Tsuji 1997 the concept of Jeffrey-Keynes algebras was introduced in order to construct a paraconsistent theory of decision under uncertainty. In the present paper we show that these algebras can be used to develop a theory of decision under uncertainty that measures the degree of belief on the quasi (or partial) truth of the propositions. As applications of this new theory of decision, we use it to analyze Popper's paradox of ideal evidence and to indicate a possible way (...)
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  49. Alan Hájek (2006). In Memory of Richard Jeffrey: Some Reminiscences and Some Reflections onThe Logic of Decision. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):947-958.score: 12.0
    This paper is partly a tribute to Richard Jeffrey, partly a reflection on some of his writings, The Logic of Decision in particular. I begin with a brief biography and some fond reminiscences of Dick. I turn to some of the key tenets of his version of Bayesianism. All of these tenets are deployed in my discussion of his response to the St. Petersburg paradox, a notorious problem for decision theory that involves a game of infinite expectation. Prompted by (...)
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  50. William Dembski, An Analysis of Homer Simpson and Stephen Jay Gould.score: 12.0
    Note: The Simpson's, television's popular prime-time cartoon known for its satirical commentary on various social issues, recently took a shot at the creation-evolution debate by featuring Stephen Jay Gould prominently in one of its episodes. Here is Bill Dembski's review and observations of that episode.
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