Search results for 'Jerrold S. Maxmen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  8
    Jerrold S. Maxmen (1986). "Rational" Hospital Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):135-141.
    When, in 1974, the authors chose to describe their approach to hospital psychiatry as "rational", they were departing from the prevailing psychiatric belief that treatment should be based on theories of behavior. Instead, the authors advocated that rational treatments should be based on empirical findings and on pragmatic considerations, a view which a decade later has found its way into mainstream American psychiatry. Keywords: rational, hospital psychiatry, theories of behavior CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  2. Robert W. Virtue (1978). The Role of Medicine: Dream, Mirage, or Nemesis? By Thomas McKeown, And: The Post-Physician Era: Medicine in the Twenty-First Century by Jerrold S. Maxmen. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (2):314-315.
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  3. G. J. Tucker & J. S. Maxmen (1986). "Rational" Hospital Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):135-141.
    When, in 1974, the authors chose to describe their approach to hospital psychiatry as “rational”, they were departing from the prevailing psychiatric belief that treatment should be based on theories of behavior. Instead, the authors advocated that rational treatments should be based on empirical findings and on pragmatic considerations, a view which a decade later has found its way into mainstream American psychiatry.
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  4. L. S. (2000). The Weak Reading of Authority in Hans Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law. Law and Philosophy 19 (2):131-171.
    Authority qua empowerment is the weak reading of authority in Hans Kelsen's writings. On the one hand, this reading appears to be unresponsive to the problem of authority as we know it from the tradition. On the other hand, it squares with legal positivism. Is Kelsen a legal positivist?Not without qualification. For he defends a normativity thesis along with the separation thesis, and it is at any rate arguable that the normativity thesis mandates a stronger reading of authority than that (...)
     
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  5. D. S. (2001). Of Stones, Men and Angels: The Competing Myth of Isabelle Duncan's Pre-Adamite Man (1860). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):59-104.
    Published within weeks of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, Isabelle Duncan's Pre-Adamite Man (1860) is the first full-length treatment of preadamism by an evangelical. Intended as a reconciliation of Genesis and geology, Duncan's work gained immediacy when it was published shortly after the September 1859 revelations that men had walked among the mammoths. Written in the tradition of evangelical 'Christian philosophy', Pre-Adamite Man deploys innovative biblical hermeneutics and recent trends in geology to set out both a biblical preadamite theory, and (...)
     
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  6. Roger Smith (2006). The Idea of the Self: Jerrold Seigel's, The Idea of the Self: Thought and Experience in Western Europe Since the Seventeenth Century. History of the Human Sciences 19 (2):93-100.
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  7.  30
    Robert Kraut (2001). Metaphysical Explanation and the Philosophy of Mathematics: Reflections on Jerrold Katz's Realistic Rationalism. Philosophia Mathematica 9 (2):154-183.
    Mathematical practice prompts theories about aprioricity, necessity, abstracta, and non-causal epistemic connections. But it is not clear what to count as the data: mathematical necessity or the appearance of mathematical necessity, abstractness or apparent abstractness, a prioricity or apparent aprioricity. Nor is it clear whether traditional metaphysical theories provide explanation or idle redescription. This paper suggests that abstract objects, rather than doing explanatory work, provide codifications of the data to be explained. It also suggests that traditional rivals—conceptualism, nominalism, realism—engage different (...)
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  8.  5
    Harris B. Savin (1973). Meanings and Concepts: A Review of Jerrold J. Katz's Semantic Theory. [REVIEW] Cognition 2 (2):212-238.
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  9.  4
    Gerald Izenberg (2005). The Self in Question: On Jerrold Seigel's the Idea of the Self. Modern Intellectual History 2 (3):387-408.
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  10. Helge Kragh (1993). Jack S. Goldstein, A Different Sort of Time: The Life of Jerrold R. Zacharias, Scientist, Engineer, Educator. Cambridge, Mass, and London: MIT Press, 1992. Pp. Xviii + 373. ISBN 0-262-07138. $31.50. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 26 (2):255.
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  11. H. R. V. Maes (2008). Art and Pornography. Essay Review of Jerrold Levinson's Contemplating Art. Journal of Aesthetic Education 42 (3).
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  12.  17
    Malgorzata A. Szyszkowska (2010). Messages in Art and Music: On Route to Understanding Musical Works with Jerrold Levinson. Dialogue and Universalism 20 (3-4):97.
    In his article untitled Messages in Art Jerrold Levinson discusses the idea of a message behind a work of art. He argues that despite certain disclaimers put forward by artists it is „hard to deny that artworks (...) very often do have messages, and far from inexpressible ones”. From given examples it would seem that Levinson assumes that musical work just as other artworks sometimes generate messages and that in order for a work of music to be successful in (...)
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  13.  51
    Jerrold Franklin (2010). Lorentz Contraction, Bell’s Spaceships and Rigid Body Motion in Special Relativity. European Journal of Physics 31:291-298.
    The meaning of Lorentz contraction in special relativity and its connection with Bell’s spaceships parable is discussed. The motion of Bell’s spaceships is then compared with the accelerated motion of a rigid body. We have tried to write this in a simple form that could be used to correct students’ misconceptions due to conflicting earlier treatments.
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  14.  8
    Daniel Wilson (2015). Can Levinson's Intentional‐Historical Definition of Art Accommodate Revolutionary Art? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (4):407-416.
    In this article, I examine whether Jerrold Levinson's intentional-historical definition of art can successfully accommodate revolutionary art. For Levinson, an item is art if it was intended to be regarded as some prior art was regarded. But revolutionary art involves a regard that is “completely distinct” from preexisting art regards. I consider and reject Levinson's proposed solutions to the problem of accommodating revolutionary art. I then defend an alternative account of transgressive art regard. Unfortunately for the intentional-historical definition, the (...)
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  15.  48
    Christopher Williams (2009). Teaching & Learning Guide For: Some Questions in Hume's Aesthetics. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):292-295.
    David Hume's relatively short essay 'Of the Standard of Taste' deals with some of the most difficult issues in aesthetic theory. Apart from giving a few pregnant remarks, near the end of his discussion, on the role of morality in aesthetic evaluation, Hume tries to reconcile the idea that tastes are subjective (in the sense of not being answerable to the facts) with the idea that some objects of taste are better than others. 'Tastes', in this context, are the pleasures (...)
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  16.  24
    Stephen Davies (2010). The Hypothetical Intentionalist's Dilemma: A Reply to Levinson. British Journal of Aesthetics 50 (3):307-312.
    In a recent essay, Jerrold Levinson defends his version of hypothetical intentionalism (HI), which is a theory of literary interpretation, from two criticisms. The first, argued by Stephen Davies, is that it is equivalent to the value-maximizing view. The second, argued by Robert Stecker, is that there are straightforward counterexamples to HI. We will argue that Levinson does not successfully fend off either criticism, and further, that in the process of attempting to do so, creates another dilemma for his (...)
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  17.  1
    Philipp Fehl (1976). Turner's Classicism and the Problem of Periodization in the History of Art. Critical Inquiry 3 (1):93-129.
    It was the general practice until not at all long ago to look at Turner as one of the moderns, if not as one of the founding fathers of modern art. He was a man straddling the fence between two periods, but he was looking forward. In a history of art that marches through time, forever endorsing what is about to be forgotten, wrapping up, as it were, one style to open eagerly the package of the next, such a position (...)
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  18.  12
    Jerrold J. Katz (1987). Descartes's 'Cogito'. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (3/4):175-196.
    THIS PAPER PRESENTS THE INTERPRETATION OF DESCARTES'S "COGITO" IN MY BOOK "COGITATIONS" IN A CONCISE AND SLIGHTLY EXTENDED FORM. THE EMPHASIS IS ON CONVEYING THE ESSENTIALS OF THE ARGUMENT THAT "COGITO ERGO SUM" IS AN ANALYTIC ENTAILMENT, BUT I HAVE TAKEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO IMPROVE MY ARGUMENT IN A FEW SMALL WAYS AND TO RELATE THE EXPLICIT FORM OF THE "COGITO" TO SIMILAR REASONING IN DESCARTES'S "SECOND MEDITATION". MY PRIMARY AIM IS TO EXPLAIN HOW THE "COGITO" CAN BOTH BE THE (...)
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  19.  20
    R. Stecker & S. Davies (2010). The Hypothetical Intentionalist's Dilemma: A Reply to Levinson. British Journal of Aesthetics 50 (3):307-312.
    In a recent essay, Jerrold Levinson defends his version of hypothetical intentionalism (HI), which is a theory of literary interpretation, from two criticisms. The first, argued by Stephen Davies, is that it is equivalent to the value-maximizing view. The second, argued by Robert Stecker, is that there are straightforward counterexamples to HI. We will argue that Levinson does not successfully fend off either criticism, and further, that in the process of attempting to do so, creates another dilemma for his (...)
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  20.  8
    Jerrold L. Aronson (1969). Connections: A Defense of Peirce's Category of Thirdness. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 5 (3):158 - 172.
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  21.  10
    R. Jerrold Coombs (1997). In Defense of Israel Scheffler's Conception of Moral Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (1/2):175-187.
    Israel Scheffler views moral education as having two major objectives: inculcating minimum standards of decent conduct and developing rationality in moral deliberation and judgment. The latter is to be achieved by engaging students in discussions of moral issues in such a way that they come to appreciate and follow standards of rational deliberation and judgment – standards that Scheffler explicates primarily in terms of impartiality. This paper argues that the conception of rational moral deliberation and discussion underlying Scheffler's approach to (...)
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  22. Jerrold Levinson (2002). Hume's Standard of Taste: The Real Problem. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (3):227–238.
  23. Fritz J. McDonald (2009). Linguistics, Psychology, and the Ontology of Language. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):291-301.
    Noam Chomsky’s well-known claim that linguistics is a “branch of cognitive psychology” has generated a great deal of dissent—not from linguists or psychologists, but from philosophers. Jerrold Katz, Scott Soames, Michael Devitt, and Kim Sterelny have presented a number of arguments, intended to show that this Chomskian hypothesis is incorrect. On both sides of this debate, two distinct issues are often conflated: (1) the ontological status of language and (2) the relation between psychology and linguistics. The ontological issue is, (...)
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  24.  55
    Jerrold Katz & Jerry Fodor (1962). What's Wrong with the Philosophy of Language? Inquiry 5 (1-4):197 – 237.
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  25.  24
    Jerrold Aronson (1971). The Legacy of Hume's Analysis of Causation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 2 (2):135-156.
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  26. Jack S. Goldstein (1992). A Different Sort of Time: The Life of Jerrold R. Zacharias - Scientist, Engineer, Educator. The MIT Press.
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  27.  41
    Jerrold L. Aronson (1997). Dispositions as the Foundation for Feynman's Formulation of Quantum Mechanics. Dialectica 51 (1):35–64.
  28.  17
    Jerrold R. Caplan (1995). The Coherence of Plato's Ontology. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 69:171-189.
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  29.  17
    Jerrold Levin Son (2001). Who's Afraid Of A Paraphrase? Theoria 67 (1):7-23.
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  30.  8
    Jerrold Levinson (1990). A Refiner's Fire: Reply to Sartwell and Kolak. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (3):231-235.
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  31.  18
    Jerrold Ziff (1964). John Langhorne and Turner's 'Fallacies of Hope'. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 27:340-342.
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  32.  7
    Jerrold Kaufman (1977). Hegel's Concept of Personality in the Philosophy of Right. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 6 (1):75-105.
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  33.  6
    Jerrold Levinson (2013). Reply to Nicholas Riggle's “Levinson on the Aesthetic Ideal”. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (3):281-282.
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  34.  10
    Jerrold Levinson (1984). A Thousand Entities: Comments on Haugeland's Ontological Supervenience'. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (S1):13-17.
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  35.  3
    Jerrold Seigel (2008). Ambition, Commitment, and Subversion in Courbet's Realism. Modern Intellectual History 5 (2):389-398.
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  36.  3
    Jerrold J. Katz (1980). Fodor's Guide to Cognitive Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):85.
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  37.  4
    Bernard Roy (2003). Cogitations [1986]: In Language We Trust: J. J. Katz's Anatomy of the Cartesian Cogito. Philosophical Forum 34 (3-4):439–450.
    Book reviewed:;Jerrold J. Katz, Cogitations: A Study of the Cogito in Relation to the Philosophy of Language and a Study of It in Relation to the Cogito;Book reviewed:;Jerrold J. Katz, Cogitations: A Study of the Cogito in Relation to the Philosophy of Language and a Study of It in Relation to the Cogito;Book reviewed:;Jerrold J. Katz, Cogitations: A Study of the Cogito in Relation to the Philosophy of Language and a Study of It in Relation to the (...)
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  38.  3
    Jerrold D. Green (1991). Usaid's Democratic Pluralism Initiative: Pragmatism or Altruism? Ethics and International Affairs 5 (1):215–231.
    Green evaluates the efficacy of USAID against the ethical and practical issues likely to influence its future success.
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  39. Jerrold Levinson (1983). Response: A Thousand Entities: Comments on Haugeland’s ‘Ontological Supervenience’. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (Supplement):13-17.
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  40. Nancy S. Struever (1972). JERROLD, E. SEIGEL, "Rhetoric and Philosophy in Renaissance Humanism". [REVIEW] History and Theory 11 (1):64.
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  41.  53
    Jerrold Levinson (2011). Music, Art, and Metaphysics. OUP Oxford.
    This is a long-awaited reissue of Jerrold Levinson's 1990 book which gathers together the writings that made him a leading figure in contemporary aesthetics. These highly influential essays are essential reading for debates on the definition of art, the ontology of art, emotional response to art, expression in art, and the nature of art forms.
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  42.  77
    Declan Smithies (forthcoming). Belief and Self-Knowledge: Lessons From Moore's Paradox. Philosophical Issues 26.
    The aim of this paper is to argue that what I call the simple theory of introspection can be extended to account for our introspective knowledge of what we believe as well as what we consciously experience. In section one, I present the simple theory of introspection and motivate the extension from experience to belief. In section two, I argue that extending the simple theory provides a solution to Moore’s paradox by explaining why believing Moorean conjunctions always involves some degree (...)
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  43. Jerrold Levinson (2005). What Are Aesthetic Properties? Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79:191 - 227.
    [Derek Matravers] Jerrold Levinson maintains that he is a realist about aesthetic properties. This paper considers his positive arguments for such a view. An argument from Roger Scruton, that aesthetic realism would entail the absurd claim that many aesthetic predicates were ambiguous, is also considered and it is argued that Levinson is in no worse position with respect to this argument than anyone else. However, Levinson cannot account for the phenomenon of aesthetic autonomy: namely, that we cannot be put (...)
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  44. Jerrold Levinson (2011). Music, Art, and Metaphysics. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This is a long-awaited reissue of Jerrold Levinson's 1990 book Music, Art, and Metaphysics, which gathers together the writings that made him a leading figure in contemporary aesthetics.. Most of the essays are distinguished by a concern with metaphysical questions about artworks and their properties, but other essays address the problem of art's definition, the psychology of aesthetic response, and the logic of interpreting and evaluating works of art. The focus of about half of the essays is the art (...)
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  45.  59
    Derek Matravers & Jerrold Levinson, Aesthetic Properties 1 - Derek Matravers.
    Jerrold Levinson maintains that he is a realist about aesthetic properties. This paper considers his positive arguments for such a view. An argument from Roger Scruton, that aesthetic realism would entail the absurd claim that many aesthetic predicates were ambiguous, is also considered and it is argued that Levinson is in no worse position with respect to this argument than anyone else. However, Levinson cannot account for the phenomenon of aesthetic autonomy: namely, that we cannot be put in a (...)
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  46. Jerrold J. Katz (1986). Cogitations: A Study of the Cogito in Relation to the Philosophy of Logic and Language and a Study of Them in Relation to the Cogito. Oxford University Press.
    The cogito ergo sum of Descartes is one of the best-known--and simplest--of all philosophical formulations, but ever since it was first propounded it has defied any formal accounting of its validity. How is it that so simple and important an argument has caused such difficulty and such philosophical controversy? In this pioneering work, Jerrold Katz argues that the problem with the cogito lies where it is least suspected--in a deficiency in the theory of language and logic that Cartesian scholars (...)
     
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  47. Derek Matravers & Jerrold Levinson (2005). Aesthetic Properties. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79:191-227.
    Jerrold Levinson maintains that he is a realist about aesthetic properties. This paper considers his positive arguments for such a view. An argument from Roger Scruton, that aesthetic realism would entail the absurd claim that many aesthetic predicates were ambiguous, is also considered and it is argued that Levinson is in no worse position with respect to this argument than anyone else. However, Levinson cannot account for the phenomenon of aesthetic autonomy: namely, that we cannot be put in a (...)
     
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  48. Jerrold J. Katz (1988). Cogitations: A Study of the Cogito in Relation to the Philosophy of Logic and Language and a Study of Them in Relation to the Cogito. Oxford University Press Usa.
    The cogito ergo sum of Descartes is one of the best-known of all philosophical formulations, but ever since it was first propounded it has defied any formal accounting of its validity. How is it that so simple and important an argument has caused such difficulty and such philosophical controversy? In this pioneering work, Jerrold Katz argues that the problem with the cogito lies where it is least suspected--in a deficiency in the theory of language and logic that Cartesian scholars (...)
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  49. Robert Northcott & A. Alexandrova (2015). Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn't Explain Much. In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner’s Dilemma. Cambridge 64-84.
    We make the case that the Prisoner’s Dilemma, notwithstanding its fame and the quantity of intellectual resources devoted to it, has largely failed to explain any phenomena of social scientific or biological interest. In the heart of the paper we examine in detail a famous purported example of Prisoner’s Dilemma empirical success, namely Axelrod’s analysis of WWI trench warfare, and argue that this success is greatly overstated. Further, we explain why this negative verdict is likely true generally and not just (...)
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  50. Melinda A. Novak & Jerrold S. Meyer (1990). Seeking the Sources of Simian Suffering. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):31-32.
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