Search results for 'Jessica Dubois' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Bertrand Thirion, Edouard Duchesnay, Edward M. Hubbard, Jessica Dubois, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Denis Lebihan & Stanislas Dehaene (2006). Inverse Retinotopy: Inferring the Visual Content of Images From Brain Activation Patterns. NeuroImage 33 (4):1104-1116.score: 240.0
  2. Florian Cova, Maxime Bertoux, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Bruno Dubois (2012). Judgments About Moral Responsibility and Determinism in Patients with Behavioural Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia: Still Compatibilists. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):851-864.score: 30.0
    Do laypeople think that moral responsibility is compatible with determinism? Recently, philosophers and psychologists trying to answer this question have found contradictory results: while some experiments reveal people to have compatibilist intuitions, others suggest that people could in fact be incompatibilist. To account for this contradictory answers, Nichols and Knobe (2007) have advanced a ‘performance error model’ according to which people are genuine incompatibilist that are sometimes biased to give compatibilist answers by emotional reactions. To test for this hypothesis, we (...)
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  3. Didier Dubois, Petr Hájek & Henri Prade (2000). Knowledge-Driven Versus Data-Driven Logics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (1):65--89.score: 30.0
    The starting point of this work is the gap between two distinct traditions in information engineering: knowledge representation and data-driven modelling. The first tradition emphasizes logic as a tool for representing beliefs held by an agent. The second tradition claims that the main source of knowledge is made of observed data, and generally does not use logic as a modelling tool. However, the emergence of fuzzy logic has blurred the boundaries between these two traditions by putting forward fuzzy rules as (...)
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  4. Thomas David Dubois (2005). Hegemony, Imperialism, and the Construction of Religion in East and Southeast Asia. History and Theory 44 (4):113–131.score: 30.0
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  5. Michel T. de Schotten, Marika Urbanski, Hugues Duffau, Emmanuelle Volle, Richard Lévy, Bruno Dubois & Paolo Bartolomeo (2005). Direct Evidence for a Parietal-Frontal Pathway Subserving Spatial Awareness in Humans. Science 309 (5744):2226-2228.score: 30.0
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  6. Laurent Dubois (2013). Lambda Theory: Introduction of a Constant for" Nothing" Into Set Theory, a Model of Consistency and Most Noticeable Conclusions. Logique Et Analyse 222:165-181.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this article is to present several immediate consequences of the introduction of a new constant called Lambda in order to represent the object ``nothing" or ``void" into a standard set theory. The use of Lambda will appear natural thanks to its role of condition of possibility of sets. On a conceptual level, the use of Lambda leads to a legitimation of the empty set and to a redefinition of the notion of set. It lets also clearly appear (...)
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  7. Penny J. Gilmer & Michael DuBois (2002). Teaching Social Responsibility: The Manhattan Project. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):206-210.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses the critical necessity of teaching students about the social and ethical responsibilities of scientists. Both a university scientist and a middle school science teacher reflect on the value of teaching the ethical issues that confront scientists. In the development of the atomic bomb in the US-led Manhattan Project, scientists faced the growing threat of atomic bombs by the Germans and Japanese and the ethical issues involved in successfully completing such a destructive weapon. The Manhattan Project is a (...)
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  8. J. M. DuBois (2008). Christian Versus Philosophical Natural Law Reasoning: Reply to Joseph Boyle. Christian Bioethics 14 (3):310-313.score: 30.0
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  9. James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher (2011). Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases. Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.score: 30.0
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  10. Daniele Dubois (1994). Identity and Autonomy of Psychology in Cognitive Sciences: Some Remarks From Language Processing and Knowledge Representation. World Futures 42 (1):71-78.score: 30.0
    (1994). Identity and autonomy of psychology in cognitive sciences: Some remarks from language processing and knowledge representation. World Futures: Vol. 42, No. 1-2, pp. 71-78.
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  11. J. M. Dubois (2008). Is Anesthesia Intrinsically Wrong? On Moral Absolutes and Natural Law Methodology. Christian Bioethics 14 (2):206-216.score: 30.0
    This article engages two fundamentally different kinds of so-called natural law arguments in favor of specific moral absolutes: Elizabeth Anscombe's claim that certain actions are known to be intrinsically wrong through intuition (or mystical perceptions), and John Finnis's claim that such actions are known to be wrong because they involve acting directly against a basic human good. Both authors maintain, for example, that murder and contraceptive sexual acts are known to be wrong, always and everywhere, through their respective epistemological lens. (...)
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  12. James M. DuBois (1999). Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation: A Defense of the Required Determination of Death. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (2):126-136.score: 30.0
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  13. W. E. B. DuBois, Of the Training of Black Men.score: 30.0
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  14. Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (1997). Some Syntactic Approaches to the Handling of Inconsistent Knowledge Bases: A Comparative Study Part 1: The Flat Case. Studia Logica 58 (1):17-45.score: 30.0
    This paper presents and discusses several methods for reasoning from inconsistent knowledge bases. A so-called argued consequence relation, taking into account the existence of consistent arguments in favour of a conclusion and the absence of consistent arguments in favour of its contrary, is particularly investigated. Flat knowledge bases, i.e., without any priority between their elements, are studied under different inconsistency-tolerant consequence relations, namely the so-called argumentative, free, universal, existential, cardinality-based, and paraconsistent consequence relations. The syntax-sensitivity of these consequence relations is (...)
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  15. James M. DuBois (2011). Dead Tired of Repetitious Debates About Death Criteria. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):45-47.score: 30.0
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  16. Jean-Daniel Dubois (1983). Hypothèse sur I'origine de I'apocryphe Genna Marias. Augustinianum 23 (1-2):263-270.score: 30.0
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  17. Gina Bravo, Marcel Arcand, Daniele Blanchette, Anne-Marie Boire-Lavigne, Marie-France Dubois, Maryse Guay, Paule Hottin, Julie Lane, Judith Lauzon & Suzanne Bellemare (2012). Promoting Advance Planning for Health Care and Research Among Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):1-.score: 30.0
    Background: Family members are often required to act as substitute decision-makers when health care or research participation decisions must be made for an incapacitated relative. Yet most families are unable to accurately predict older adult preferences regarding future health care and willingness to engage in research studies. Discussion and documentation of preferences could improve proxies' abilities to decide for their loved ones. This trial assesses the efficacy of an advance planning intervention in improving the accuracy of substitute decision-making and increasing (...)
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  18. James DuBois (2008). Absurdity, God and the Sad Chimps We Are. Philosophy Now 66:14-17.score: 30.0
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  19. James M. Dubois (2003). Editor's Introduction - the Varieties of Clinical Consulting Experience. HEC Forum 15 (4):303-309.score: 30.0
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  20. W. E. B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk.score: 30.0
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  21. James M. DuBois (2004). Universal Ethical Principles in a Diverse Universe: A Commentary on Monshi and Zieglmayer's Case Study. Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):313 – 319.score: 30.0
    Monshi and Zieglmayer's case study presents Sri Lankan participants as having views on the privacy of health information that differ radically from those commonly found in Western nations. This article explores 2 questions that their case study raises for the ethical review of research in international settings: First, are allegedly universal ethical principles - of the sort promulgated in the Belmont Report (National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, 1978) - useful in international settings?, (...)
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  22. Jacques Dubois, Pamela V. Sing & Meaghan Emery (2000). Pierre Bourdieu and Literature. Substance 29 (3):84-102.score: 30.0
    Bourdieu’s thought is disturbing. Provocative. Scandalous even, at least for those who do not easily tolerate the unmitigated truth about the social. Nonetheless his ideas, among the most important and innovative of our time, are here to stay. This thought has taken form in the course of a career and through works on diverse subjects that have constructed a far-reaching analytical model of social life, which the author calls more readily an anthropology rather than a sociology. In their totality, they (...)
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  23. Frederick T. Travis, Alarik T. Arenander & D. DuBois (2004). Psychological and Physiological Characteristics of a Proposed Object-Referral/Self-Referral Continuum of Self-Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):401-420.score: 30.0
  24. Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois, Henri Prade & Mary-Anne Williams (2002). A Practical Approach to Revising Prioritized Knowledge Bases. Studia Logica 70 (1):105-130.score: 30.0
    This paper investigates simple syntactic methods for revising prioritized belief bases, that are semantically meaningful in the frameworks of possibility theory and of Spohn''s ordinal conditional functions. Here, revising prioritized belief bases amounts to conditioning a distribution function on interpretations. The input information leading to the revision of a knowledge base can be sure or uncertain. Different types of scales for priorities are allowed: finite vs. infinite, numerical vs. ordinal. Syntactic revision is envisaged here as a process which transforms a (...)
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  25. Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (1996). New Trends and Open Problems in Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning. Theoria 11 (3):109-121.score: 30.0
    This short paper about fuzzy set-based approximate reasoning first emphasizes the three main semantics for fuzzy sets: similarity, preference and uncertainty. The difference between truth-functional many-valued logics of vague or gradual propositions and non fully compositional calculi such as possibilistic logic (which handles uncertainty) or similarity logics is stressed. Then, potentials of fuzzy set-based reasoning methods are briefly outlined for various kinds of approximate reasoning: deductive reasoning about flexible constraints, reasoning under uncertainty and inconsistency, hypothetical reasoning, exception-tolerant plausible reasoning using (...)
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  26. Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois (2012). IRB Decision-Making with Imperfect Knowledge: A Framework for Evidence-Based Research Ethics Review. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):951-969.score: 30.0
    Here we describe the five steps of evidence-based practice as applied to research ethics review and apply these steps to three exemplar dilemmas: incentive payments in substance abuse research; informed consent for biobanking; and placebo-controlled trials involving pregnant women in order to demonstrate the potential of empirical data to inform and improve IRB decision-making.
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  27. Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (2012). From Blanché's Hexagonal Organization of Concepts to Formal Concept Analysis and Possibility Theory. Logica Universalis 6 (1-2):149-169.score: 30.0
    The paper first introduces a cube of opposition that associates the traditional square of opposition with the dual square obtained by Piaget’s reciprocation. It is then pointed out that Blanché’s extension of the square-of-opposition structure into an conceptual hexagonal structure always relies on an abstract tripartition. Considering quadripartitions leads to organize the 16 binary connectives into a regular tetrahedron. Lastly, the cube of opposition, once interpreted in modal terms, is shown to account for a recent generalization of formal concept analysis, (...)
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  28. E. T. Dubois (1961). Some Aspects of Baroque Landscape in French Poetry of the Early Seventeenth Century. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (3):253-261.score: 30.0
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  29. Christian Dubois (1993). Sir Robert Filmer, Patriarcha ou le pouvoir naturel des rois, suivi des Observations sur Hobbes, tr. fr. de Michaël Biziou, Colas Duflo, Hélène Pharabod, Patrick Thierry (dir.) et Béatrice Trotignon, Paris, L'Harmattan, coll. « Logiques sociales », 1991, 205 pages.Sir Robert Filmer, Patriarcha ou le pouvoir naturel des rois, suivi des Observations sur Hobbes, tr. fr. de Michaël Biziou, Colas Duflo, Hélène Pharabod, Patrick Thierry (dir.) et Béatrice Trotignon, Paris, L'Harmattan, coll. « Logiques sociales », 1991, 205 pages. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 20 (2):511-512.score: 30.0
  30. J. M. Dubois (2010). The Ethics of Creating and Responding to Doubts About Death Criteria. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):365-380.score: 30.0
    Expressing doubts about death criteria can serve healthy purposes, but can also cause a number of harms, including decreased organ donation rates and distress for donor families and health care staff. This paper explores the various causes of doubts about death criteria—including religious beliefs, misinformation, mistrust, and intellectual questions—and recommends responses to each of these. Some recommended responses are relatively simple and noncontroversial, such as providing accurate information. However, other responses would require significant changes to the way we currently do (...)
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  31. Gerald P. Koocher, Thomas G. Plante, James M. DuBois, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Armin Paul Thies & Mary Marple Thies (2004). Colloquy: Introduction. Ethics and Behavior 14 (1):65 – 87.score: 30.0
    This article examines the clergy sexual abuse crisis in the Roman Catholic Church from an ethical point of view. The article uses the RRICC values model of ethical decision making (i.e., responsibility, respect, integrity, competence, concern) to review the behavior of Catholic bishops and other religious superiors as they have tried to manage clergy sex offenders and their victims. Hopefully, the recent press attention and resulting policy changes on these matters from the U.S. Council of Catholic Bishops will increase the (...)
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  32. James M. DuBois (2005). Book Review. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 15 (4):361 – 365.score: 30.0
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  33. James M. DuBois (2004). Is Compliance a Professional Virtue of Researchers? Reflections on Promoting the Responsible Conduct of Research. Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):383 – 395.score: 30.0
    Evidence exists that behavioral and social science researchers have been frustrated with regulations and institutional review boards (IRBs) from the 1970s through today. Making matters worse, many human participants protection instruction programs - now mandated by IRBs - offer inadequate reasons why researchers should comply with regulations and IRBs. Promoting compliance either for its own sake or to avoid penalties is contrary to the developmental aims of moral education and may be ineffective in fostering the responsible conduct of research. This (...)
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  34. W. E. B. DuBois, The Freedmen's Bureau.score: 30.0
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  35. Jean-Luc Koning & Didier Dubois (2006). Suitable Properties for Any Electronic Voting System. Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (4):251-260.score: 30.0
    Numerous countries are heading toward digital infrastructures. In particular this new technology promises to help support methods for elections. However, one should be careful that such an infrastructure does not hinder the voting and representation issues. On the contrary, it should support those issues and help citizens have a clearer picture of the underlying mechanisms. This paper deals with the limits of voting procedures as they are described in classical collective choice theory and reflects on ways to aggregate electronic votes (...)
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  36. Asma Belhadi, Didier Dubois, Faiza Khellaf-Haned & Henri Prade (2013). Multiple Agent Possibilistic Logic. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 23 (4):299-320.score: 30.0
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  37. W. E. B. DuBois, A Negro Schoolmaster in the New South.score: 30.0
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  38. Danièle Dubois (1997). Cultural Beliefs as Nontrivial Constraints on Categorization: Evidence From Colors and Odors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):188-188.score: 30.0
    The following provides further arguments for the nonuniversality of color as an autonomous dimension. Research on odors suggests that there are cultural constraints on the abstraction of dimensions for objects. Color vision analysis leads to an overemphasis on the role of perceptual processes in categorization. The study of odors points to human activities as a more important principle of categorization that drives the perceptual processing and suggests a reconsideration of vision itself.
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  39. W. E. B. DuBois, Darkwater; Voices From Within the Veil.score: 30.0
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  40. Joël A. Dubois (2002). Each in its Proper Place: Śaṅkara's Approach to Diversity in Upaniṣadic Insight Texts. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):275-317.score: 30.0
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  41. James M. DuBois (1992). Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):391-392.score: 30.0
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  42. James M. DuBois (2011). Introduction: Conflicting Interest in Medicine: Stories by Physicians on How Financing Affects Their Work. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 1 (2):65-66.score: 30.0
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  43. Pierre Dubois (1968). Le problème moral dans la philosophie anglaise contemporaine. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 73 (2):193 - 198.score: 30.0
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  44. W. E. B. DuBois, Strivings of the Negro People.score: 30.0
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  45. Mikael Dubois (2007). The Individual or the Institution? Ethics and Behavioural Responses to Social Insurance. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):316–328.score: 30.0
  46. Marcel Dubois & Amédée Hauvette-Besnault (1881). Inscriptions de Carie. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 5 (1):179-194.score: 30.0
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  47. G. Bravo, S. Y. Kim, M. F. Dubois, C. A. Cohen, S. M. Wildeman & J. E. Graham (2012). Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research: Factors Influencing Five Stakeholder Groups From the SCORES Study. Irb 35 (4):1-11.score: 30.0
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  48. D. Dubois, J. C. Fodor, H. Prade & M. Roubens (1996). Aggregation of Decomposable Measures with Application to Utility Theory. Theory and Decision 41 (1):59-95.score: 30.0
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  49. James DuBois, Adolf Reinach. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  50. W. E. B. DuBois, The Black North: A Social Study.score: 30.0
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