Search results for 'Jessica Dubois' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
See also:
  1.  26
    Bertrand Thirion, Edouard Duchesnay, Edward M. Hubbard, Jessica Dubois, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Denis Lebihan & Stanislas Dehaene (2006). Inverse Retinotopy: Inferring the Visual Content of Images From Brain Activation Patterns. NeuroImage 33 (4):1104-1116.
  2. Pierre Dubois (1989). Essays on Berkeley: A Tercentennial Celebration. History of European Ideas 10 (5):603-605.
    This book-review was written by Professor Pierre Dubois just before his untimely death. The Editors are grateful to his wife, Dr Elfrieda Dubois, for preparing the text for publication in History of European Ideas.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  8
    W. E. B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   48 citations  
  4. Florian Cova, Maxime Bertoux, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Bruno Dubois (2012). Judgments About Moral Responsibility and Determinism in Patients with Behavioural Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia: Still Compatibilists. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):851-864.
    Do laypeople think that moral responsibility is compatible with determinism? Recently, philosophers and psychologists trying to answer this question have found contradictory results: while some experiments reveal people to have compatibilist intuitions, others suggest that people could in fact be incompatibilist. To account for this contradictory answers, Nichols and Knobe (2007) have advanced a ‘performance error model’ according to which people are genuine incompatibilist that are sometimes biased to give compatibilist answers by emotional reactions. To test for this hypothesis, we (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  5. W. E. Burghardt DuBois (1904). The Development of a People. International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):292-311.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Davide Ciucci & Didier Dubois (2012). Three-Valued Logics for Incomplete Information and Epistemic Logic. In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer 147--159.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  11
    Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (2012). From Blanché's Hexagonal Organization of Concepts to Formal Concept Analysis and Possibility Theory. Logica Universalis 6 (1-2):149-169.
    The paper first introduces a cube of opposition that associates the traditional square of opposition with the dual square obtained by Piaget’s reciprocation. It is then pointed out that Blanché’s extension of the square-of-opposition structure into an conceptual hexagonal structure always relies on an abstract tripartition. Considering quadripartitions leads to organize the 16 binary connectives into a regular tetrahedron. Lastly, the cube of opposition, once interpreted in modal terms, is shown to account for a recent generalization of formal concept analysis, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  8.  10
    J. M. Dubois (2010). The Ethics of Creating and Responding to Doubts About Death Criteria. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):365-380.
    Expressing doubts about death criteria can serve healthy purposes, but can also cause a number of harms, including decreased organ donation rates and distress for donor families and health care staff. This paper explores the various causes of doubts about death criteria—including religious beliefs, misinformation, mistrust, and intellectual questions—and recommends responses to each of these. Some recommended responses are relatively simple and noncontroversial, such as providing accurate information. However, other responses would require significant changes to the way we currently do (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  9.  22
    Ayanna K. Thomas, John B. Bulevich & Stacey J. Dubois (2012). An Analysis of the Determinants of the Feeling of Knowing. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1681-1694.
    Research has demonstrated that feeling-of-knowing judgments are affected by the amount of accessible information related to an inaccessible target. Further, studies have demonstrated that, in some situations, FOK judgment magnitude is not only related to the amount of accessed features, but also the correctness of those features . The present study examined the conditions under which the correctness of features would influence FOK judgment magnitude. We hypothesized that accuracy of retrieved features would influence FOK judgments, but only in situations where (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  10.  24
    Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (1997). Some Syntactic Approaches to the Handling of Inconsistent Knowledge Bases: A Comparative Study Part 1: The Flat Case. Studia Logica 58 (1):17-45.
    This paper presents and discusses several methods for reasoning from inconsistent knowledge bases. A so-called argued consequence relation, taking into account the existence of consistent arguments in favour of a conclusion and the absence of consistent arguments in favour of its contrary, is particularly investigated. Flat knowledge bases, i.e., without any priority between their elements, are studied under different inconsistency-tolerant consequence relations, namely the so-called argumentative, free, universal, existential, cardinality-based, and paraconsistent consequence relations. The syntax-sensitivity of these consequence relations is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  11.  16
    James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher (2011). Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases. Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  12.  4
    W. E. B. DuBois, Darkwater; Voices From Within the Veil.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  13.  10
    James M. DuBois (2011). Dead Tired of Repetitious Debates About Death Criteria. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):45-47.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14.  82
    Laurent Dubois (2013). ""Lambda Theory: Introduction of a Constant for" Nothing" Into Set Theory, a Model of Consistency and Most Noticeable Conclusions. Logique Et Analyse 222:165-181.
    The purpose of this article is to present several immediate consequences of the introduction of a new constant called Lambda in order to represent the object ``nothing" or ``void" into a standard set theory. The use of Lambda will appear natural thanks to its role of condition of possibility of sets. On a conceptual level, the use of Lambda leads to a legitimation of the empty set and to a redefinition of the notion of set. It lets also clearly appear (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Page DuBois (1991). Torture and Truth. Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  16.  9
    Jean-François Bonnefon, Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier & Sylvie Leblois (2008). Qualitative Heuristics For Balancing the Pros and Cons. Theory and Decision 65 (1):71-95.
    Balancing the pros and cons of two options is undoubtedly a very appealing decision procedure, but one that has received scarce scientific attention so far, either formally or empirically. We describe a formal framework for pros and cons decisions, where the arguments under consideration can be of varying importance, but whose importance cannot be precisely quantified. We then define eight heuristics for balancing these pros and cons, and compare the predictions of these to the choices made by 62 human participants (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  17.  11
    Gina Bravo, Marcel Arcand, Daniele Blanchette, Anne-Marie Boire-Lavigne, Marie-France Dubois, Maryse Guay, Paule Hottin, Julie Lane, Judith Lauzon & Suzanne Bellemare (2012). Promoting Advance Planning for Health Care and Research Among Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):1-.
    Background: Family members are often required to act as substitute decision-makers when health care or research participation decisions must be made for an incapacitated relative. Yet most families are unable to accurately predict older adult preferences regarding future health care and willingness to engage in research studies. Discussion and documentation of preferences could improve proxies' abilities to decide for their loved ones. This trial assesses the efficacy of an advance planning intervention in improving the accuracy of substitute decision-making and increasing (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  18.  14
    James M. DuBois (2004). Is Compliance a Professional Virtue of Researchers? Reflections on Promoting the Responsible Conduct of Research. Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):383 – 395.
    Evidence exists that behavioral and social science researchers have been frustrated with regulations and institutional review boards (IRBs) from the 1970s through today. Making matters worse, many human participants protection instruction programs - now mandated by IRBs - offer inadequate reasons why researchers should comply with regulations and IRBs. Promoting compliance either for its own sake or to avoid penalties is contrary to the developmental aims of moral education and may be ineffective in fostering the responsible conduct of research. This (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  19.  15
    Jean DuBois (1951). A Fountain in Kentucky. By John Frederick Nims. Renascence 4 (1):69-71.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  12
    Jean-Marie Dubois & Esther Belin-Ferrg (2011). Complex Metallic Alloys. Complexity 1:1.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  45
    Didier Dubois, Petr Hájek & Henri Prade (2000). Knowledge-Driven Versus Data-Driven Logics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (1):65--89.
    The starting point of this work is the gap between two distinct traditions in information engineering: knowledge representation and data - driven modelling. The first tradition emphasizes logic as a tool for representing beliefs held by an agent. The second tradition claims that the main source of knowledge is made of observed data, and generally does not use logic as a modelling tool. However, the emergence of fuzzy logic has blurred the boundaries between these two traditions by putting forward fuzzy (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  22.  8
    James DuBois (2007). Avoiding Common Pitfalls in the Determination of Death. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (3):545-550.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  2
    James M. DuBois (2009). Increasing Rates of Organ Donation: Exploring the Institute of Medicine's Boldest Recommendation. Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (1):13.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  24.  31
    Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois, Henri Prade & Mary-Anne Williams (2002). A Practical Approach to Revising Prioritized Knowledge Bases. Studia Logica 70 (1):105-130.
    This paper investigates simple syntactic methods for revising prioritized belief bases, that are semantically meaningful in the frameworks of possibility theory and of Spohn''s ordinal conditional functions. Here, revising prioritized belief bases amounts to conditioning a distribution function on interpretations. The input information leading to the revision of a knowledge base can be sure or uncertain. Different types of scales for priorities are allowed: finite vs. infinite, numerical vs. ordinal. Syntactic revision is envisaged here as a process which transforms a (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  17
    James M. DuBois (1999). Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation: A Defense of the Required Determination of Death. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 27 (2):126-136.
    The family of a patient who is unconscious and respirator-dependent has made a decision to discontinue medical treatment. The patient had signed a donor card. The family wants to respect this decision, and agrees to non-heart-beating organ donation. Consequently, as the patient is weaned from the ventilator, he is prepped for organ explantation. Two minutes after the patient goes into cardiac arrest, he is declared dead and the transplant team arrives to begin organ procurement. At the time retrieval begins, it (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  26.  13
    J. M. Dubois (2008). Is Anesthesia Intrinsically Wrong? On Moral Absolutes and Natural Law Methodology. Christian Bioethics 14 (2):206-216.
    This article engages two fundamentally different kinds of so-called natural law arguments in favor of specific moral absolutes: Elizabeth Anscombe's claim that certain actions are known to be intrinsically wrong through intuition (or mystical perceptions), and John Finnis's claim that such actions are known to be wrong because they involve acting directly against a basic human good. Both authors maintain, for example, that murder and contraceptive sexual acts are known to be wrong, always and everywhere, through their respective epistemological lens. (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27.  2
    Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (2009). Accepted Beliefs, Revision and Bipolarity in the Possibilistic Framework. In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Springer 161--184.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  6
    W. E. B. DuBois, The Conservation of Races.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  4
    James DuBois, Adolf Reinach. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30.  2
    James DuBois (2009). What Counts as Empirical Research in Bioethics and Where Do We Find the Stuff? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):70-72.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  31.  51
    Thomas David Dubois (2005). Hegemony, Imperialism, and the Construction of Religion in East and Southeast Asia. History and Theory 44 (4):113–131.
    Edward Said’s concept of Orientalism portrays the high tide of nineteenth-century imperialism as the defining moment in the establishment of a global discursive hegemony, in which European attitudes and concepts gained a universal validity. The idea of “religion” was central to the civilizing mission of imperialism, and was shaped by the interests of a number of colonial actors in a way that remains visibly relevant today. In East and Southeast Asia, however, many of the concerns that statecraft, law, scholarship, and (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  14
    Frederick T. Travis, Alarik T. Arenander & D. DuBois (2004). Psychological and Physiological Characteristics of a Proposed Object-Referral/Self-Referral Continuum of Self-Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):401-420.
    This research extends and confirms recent brainwave findings that distinguished an individual’s sense-of-self along an Object-referral/Self-referral Continuum of self-awareness. Subjects were interviewed and were given tests measuring inner/outer orientation, moral reasoning, anxiety, and personality. Scores on the psychological tests were factor analyzed. The first unrotated PCA component of the test scores yielded a “Consciousness Factor,” analogous to the intelligence “g” factor, which accounted for over half of the variance among groups. Analysis of unstructured interviews of these subjects revealed fundamentally different (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  2
    Gerald P. Koocher, Thomas G. Plante, James M. DuBois, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Armin Paul Thies & Mary Marple Thies (2004). Colloquy. Ethics and Behavior 14 (1):65-87.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  10
    Gerald P. Koocher, Thomas G. Plante, James M. DuBois, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Armin Paul Thies & Mary Marple Thies (2004). Colloquy: Introduction. Ethics and Behavior 14 (1):65 – 87.
    This article examines the clergy sexual abuse crisis in the Roman Catholic Church from an ethical point of view. The article uses the RRICC values model of ethical decision making (i.e., responsibility, respect, integrity, competence, concern) to review the behavior of Catholic bishops and other religious superiors as they have tried to manage clergy sex offenders and their victims. Hopefully, the recent press attention and resulting policy changes on these matters from the U.S. Council of Catholic Bishops will increase the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  24
    James M. DuBois (1992). Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):391-392.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  7
    James M. DuBois (2002). Organ Transplantation: An Ethical Road Map. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (3):413-453.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  23
    Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (1996). New Trends and Open Problems in Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning. Theoria 11 (3):109-121.
    This short paper about fuzzy set-based approximate reasoning first emphasizes the three main semantics for fuzzy sets: similarity, preference and uncertainty. The difference between truth-functional many-valued logics of vague or gradual propositions and non fully compositional calculi such as possibilistic logic (which handles uncertainty) or similarity logics is stressed. Then, potentials of fuzzy set-based reasoning methods are briefly outlined for various kinds of approximate reasoning: deductive reasoning about flexible constraints, reasoning under uncertainty and inconsistency, hypothetical reasoning, exception-tolerant plausible reasoning using (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  11
    Gina Bravo, Marie-France Dubois & Mariane Paquet (2004). The Conduct of Canadian Researchers and Institutional Review Boards Regarding Substituted Consent for Research. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 26 (1):1-8.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  34
    Jean-Luc Koning & Didier Dubois (2006). Suitable Properties for Any Electronic Voting System. Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (4):251-260.
    Numerous countries are heading toward digital infrastructures. In particular this new technology promises to help support methods for elections. However, one should be careful that such an infrastructure does not hinder the voting and representation issues. On the contrary, it should support those issues and help citizens have a clearer picture of the underlying mechanisms. This paper deals with the limits of voting procedures as they are described in classical collective choice theory and reflects on ways to aggregate electronic votes (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  10
    Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (2001). Vérité incertaine – Vérité approximative. Rue Descartes 1 (1):105-126.
    Translate
      Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  10
    Joël A. Dubois (2002). Each in its Proper Place: Śaṅkara's Approach to Diversity in Upaniṣadic Insight Texts. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):275-317.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  12
    Asma Belhadi, Didier Dubois, Faiza Khellaf-Haned & Henri Prade (2013). Multiple Agent Possibilistic Logic. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 23 (4):299-320.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  12
    Jacques Dubois, Meaghan Emery & Pamela V. Sing (2000). Pierre Bourdieu and Literature. Substance 29 (3):84-102.
    Bourdieu’s thought is disturbing. Provocative. Scandalous even, at least for those who do not easily tolerate the unmitigated truth about the social. Nonetheless his ideas, among the most important and innovative of our time, are here to stay. This thought has taken form in the course of a career and through works on diverse subjects that have constructed a far-reaching analytical model of social life, which the author calls more readily an anthropology rather than a sociology. In their totality, they (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  8
    James M. DuBois & Tracy Schmidt (2002). Does the Public Support Organ Donation Using Higher Brain-Death Criteria? Journal of Clinical Ethics 14 (1-2):26-36.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  14
    Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois (2012). IRB Decision-Making with Imperfect Knowledge: A Framework for Evidence-Based Research Ethics Review. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40 (4):951-969.
    Here we describe the five steps of evidence-based practice as applied to research ethics review and apply these steps to three exemplar dilemmas: incentive payments in substance abuse research; informed consent for biobanking; and placebo-controlled trials involving pregnant women in order to demonstrate the potential of empirical data to inform and improve IRB decision-making.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Pasi Loman & P. Dubois (2004). Slaves and Other Objects. Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:202.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  29
    Penny J. Gilmer & Michael DuBois (2002). Teaching Social Responsibility: The Manhattan Project. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):206-210.
    This paper discusses the critical necessity of teaching students about the social and ethical responsibilities of scientists. Both a university scientist and a middle school science teacher reflect on the value of teaching the ethical issues that confront scientists. In the development of the atomic bomb in the US-led Manhattan Project, scientists faced the growing threat of atomic bombs by the Germans and Japanese and the ethical issues involved in successfully completing such a destructive weapon. The Manhattan Project is a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  13
    D. Dubois, J. C. Fodor, H. Prade & M. Roubens (1996). Aggregation of Decomposable Measures with Application to Utility Theory. Theory and Decision 41 (1):59-95.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  26
    James M. Dubois (2003). Editor's Introduction - the Varieties of Clinical Consulting Experience. HEC Forum 15 (4):303-309.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  5
    Jean-Francois Bonnefon, Didier Dubois & Hélène Fargier (2008). An Overview of Bipolar Qualitative Decision Rules. In Giacomo Della Riccia, Didier Dubois & Hans-Joachim Lenz (eds.), Preferences and Similarities. Springer 47--73.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000