Search results for 'Jijun Gao' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  34
    Jijun Gao & Pratima Bansal (2013). Instrumental and Integrative Logics in Business Sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics 112 (2):241-255.
    Prior research on sustainability in business often assumes that decisions on social and environmental investments are made for instrumental reasons, which points to causal relationships between corporate financial performance and corporate social and environmental commitment. In other words, social or environmental commitment should predict higher financial performance. The theoretical premise of sustainability, however, is based on a systems perspective, which implies a tighter integration between corporate financial performance and corporate commitment to social and environmental issues. In this paper, we describe (...)
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  2. Jijun Gao & Natalie Slawinski (2015). The Impact of Stakeholder Management on Corporate International Diversification. Business and Society Review 120 (3):409-433.
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  3. Heng Gao (2011). Gao Heng Zi Xue Yan Jiu Wei Kan Gao. Feng Huang Chu Ban She.
    Laozi zhe xue -- Zhuangzi zhe xue za lun -- Xian Qin zhu zi yan jiu wen xian mu lu.
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  4.  85
    Jie Gao (forthcoming). Rational Action Without Knowledge (and Vice Versa). Synthese:1-17.
    It has been argued recently that knowledge is the norm of practical reasoning. This norm can be formulated as a bi-conditional: it is appropriate to treat p as a reason for acting if and only if you know that p. Other proposals replace knowledge with warranted or justified belief. This paper gives counter-examples of both directions of any such bi-conditional. To the left-to-right direction: scientists can appropriately treat as reasons for action propositions of a theory they believe to be false (...)
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  5. Yabin Gao, Hongyi Li, Mohammed Chadli & Hak-Keung Lam (2016). Static Output-Feedback Control for Interval Type-2 Discrete-Time Fuzzy Systems. Complexity 21 (3):74-88.
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  6. Zhen Liu & Cunchen Gao (forthcoming). A New Result on robustH∞Control for Uncertain Time-Delay Singular Systems Via Sliding Mode Control. Complexity.
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  7.  95
    Jie Gao (2015). Advances in Experimental Epistemology. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (1):101-105.
  8. Yuki Yamada, Shinya Harada, Wonje Choi, Rika Fujino, Akinobu Tokunaga, YueYun Gao & Kayo Miura (2014). Weight Lifting Can Facilitate Appreciative Comprehension for Museum Exhibits. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  9. Qi Zhou, Ziran Chen, Xinchen Li & Yabin Gao (2015). Quantized Control for Polynomial Fuzzy Discrete-Time Systems. Complexity 21 (2):325-332.
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  10. Philip David Zelazo, Helena Hong Gao & Rebecca Todd (2007). The Development of Consciousness. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press 405-432.
     
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  11.  48
    Yongqiang Gao (2009). Corporate Social Performance in China: Evidence From Large Companies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):23 - 35.
    Based on a contest analysis of the official websites of top 100 companies in China in 2007, the paper reports the social performance of large Chinese companies. We try to focus on and answer the following three questions about CSP of large companies in China: (1) how is their overall social performance?; (2) what are the social issues they addressed?; and (3) what are the stakeholders they addressed? The results are also compared among different ownership companies and among different industrial (...)
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  12.  20
    Shan Gao, The Measurement Problem Revisited.
    It has been realized that in order to solve the measurement problem, the physical state representing the measurement result is required to be also the physical state on which the mental state of an observer supervenes. This introduces an additional restriction on the solutions to the measurement problem. In this paper, I give a new formulation of the measurement problem which lays more stress on psychophysical connection, and analyze whether Everett's theory, Bohm's theory and dynamical collapse theories can satisfy the (...)
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  13.  24
    Shan Gao, What Does It Feel Like to Be in a Quantum Superposition?
    We suggest a new answer to this intriguing question and argue that the answer may have implications for the solutions to the measurement problem. The main basis of our analysis is the doctrine of psychophysical supervenience. First of all, based on this doctrine, we argue that an observer in a quantum superposition or a quantum observer has a definite conscious experience, which is neither disjunctive nor illusive. The inconsistency of this result with the bare theory is further analyzed, and it (...)
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  14.  2
    Chengli Shu, Kevin Z. Zhou, Yazhen Xiao & Shanxing Gao (forthcoming). How Green Management Influences Product Innovation in China: The Role of Institutional Benefits. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  15.  10
    Jingyu Gao, Robert Greenberg & Bernard Wong-On-Wing (2015). Whistleblowing Intentions of Lower-Level Employees: The Effect of Reporting Channel, Bystanders, and Wrongdoer Power Status. Journal of Business Ethics 126 (1):85-99.
    It has been suggested that a reporting channel administered by a third-party may represent a stronger procedural safeguard of anonymity and avoids the appearance of impropriety. This study examines whistleblowing intentions among lower-tier employees, specifically examines whether an externally-administered reporting channel increases whistleblowing intentions compared to an internally-administered one. In contrast to the findings of an earlier study by Kaplan et al. :273–288, 2009), our results suggest that whistle-blowing intentions are higher when the reporting channel is administered externally than when (...)
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  16.  17
    Qiufang Fu, Guangyu Bin, Zoltan Dienes, Xiaolan Fu & Xiaorong Gao (2013). Learning Without Consciously Knowing: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials in Sequence Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):22-34.
    This paper investigated how implicit and explicit knowledge is reflected in event-related potentials in sequence learning. ERPs were recorded during a serial reaction time task. The results showed that there were greater RT benefits for standard compared with deviant stimuli later than early on, indicating sequence learning. After training, more standard triplets were generated under inclusion than exclusion tests and more standard triplets under exclusion than chance level, indicating that participants acquired both explicit and implicit knowledge. However, deviant targets elicited (...)
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  17. Shan Gao, An Exceptionally Simple Argument Against the Many-Worlds Interpretation.
    It is shown that the superposed wave function of a measuring device, in each branch of which there is a definite measurement result, does not correspond to many mutually unobservable but equally real worlds, as the superposed wave function can be observed in our world by protective measurement.
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  18. Shan Gao, Protective Measurement and the Meaning of the Wave Function.
    This article analyzes the implications of protective measurement for the meaning of the wave function. According to protective measurement, a charged quantum system has mass and charge density proportional to the modulus square of its wave function. It is shown that the mass and charge density is not real but effective, formed by the ergodic motion of a localized particle with the total mass and charge of the system. Moreover, it is argued that the ergodic motion is not continuous but (...)
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  19. Shan Gao, Three Possible Implications of Spacetime Discreteness.
    We analyze the possible implications of spacetime discreteness for the special and general relativity and quantum theory. It is argued that the existence of a minimum size of spacetime may explain the invariance of the speed of light in special relativity and Einstein’s equivalence principle in general relativity. Moreover, the discreteness of spacetime may also result in the collapse of the wave function in quantum mechanics, which may provide a possible solution to the quantum measurement problem. These interesting results might (...)
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  20. Shan Gao (2013). A Quantum Physical Argument for Panpsychism. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (1-2):1 - 2.
    It has been widely thought that consciousness has no causal efficacy in the physical world. However, this may be not the case. In this paper, we show that a conscious being can distinguish definite perceptions and their quantum superpositions, while a physical measuring system without consciousness cannot distinguish such nonorthogonal quantum states. The possible existence of this distinct quantum physical effect of consciousness may have interesting implications for the science of consciousness. In particular, it suggests that consciousness is not emergent (...)
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  21. Shan Gao, The Wave Function and Its Evolution.
    The meaning of the wave function and its evolution are investigated. First, we argue that the wave function in quantum mechanics is a description of random discontinuous motion of particles, and the modulus square of the wave function gives the probability density of the particles being in certain locations in space. Next, we show that the linear non-relativistic evolution of the wave function of an isolated system obeys the free Schrödinger equation due to the requirements of spacetime translation invariance and (...)
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  22.  23
    Shan Gao, Interpreting Quantum Mechanics in Terms of Random Discontinuous Motion of Particles.
    This thesis is an attempt to reconstruct the conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics. First, we argue that the wave function in quantum mechanics is a description of random discontinuous motion of particles, and the modulus square of the wave function gives the probability density of the particles being in certain locations in space. Next, we show that the linear non-relativistic evolution of the wave function of an isolated system obeys the free Schrödinger equation due to the requirements of spacetime translation (...)
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  23.  2
    Zaifeng Gao, Qiyang Gao, Ning Tang, Rende Shui & Mowei Shen (2016). Organization Principles in Visual Working Memory: Evidence From Sequential Stimulus Display. Cognition 146:277-288.
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  24. Shan Gao, Why the de Broglie-Bohm Theory is Probably Wrong.
    We investigate the validity of the field explanation of the wave function by analyzing the mass and charge density distributions of a quantum system. It is argued that a charged quantum system has effective mass and charge density distributing in space, proportional to the square of the absolute value of its wave function. This is also a consequence of protective measurement. If the wave function is a physical field, then the mass and charge density will be distributed in space simultaneously (...)
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  25. Shan Gao, Meaning of the Wave Function.
    We investigate the meaning of the wave function by analyzing the mass and charge density distributions of a quantum system. According to protective measurement, a charged quantum system has effective mass and charge density distributing in space, proportional to the square of the absolute value of its wave function. In a realistic interpretation, the wave function of a quantum system can be taken as a description of either a physical field or the ergodic motion of a particle. The essential difference (...)
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  26. Shan Gao, Derivation of the Schrödinger Equation.
    It is shown that the heuristic "derivation" of the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics textbooks can be turned into a real derivation by resorting to spacetime translation invariance and relativistic invariance.
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  27.  1
    Brennan R. Payne, Sarah Grison, Xuefei Gao, Kiel Christianson, Daniel G. Morrow & Elizabeth A. L. Stine-Morrow (2014). Aging and Individual Differences in Binding During Sentence Understanding: Evidence From Temporary and Global Syntactic Attachment Ambiguities. Cognition 130 (2):157-173.
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  28.  9
    Zoltán Dienes, Gerry T. M. Altmann & Shi‐Ji Gao (1999). Mapping Across Domains Without Feedback: A Neural Network Model of Transfer of Implicit Knowledge. Cognitive Science 23 (1):53-82.
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  29. J. Gao (2013). The Wheel of Fortune Vs. The Mustard Seed: A Comparative Study of European and Chinese Painting. Diogenes 59 (1-2):101-117.
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  30. Shan Gao, Derivation of the Meaning of the Wave Function.
    We show that the physical meaning of the wave function can be derived based on the established parts of quantum mechanics. It turns out that the wave function represents the state of random discontinuous motion of particles, and its modulus square determines the probability density of the particles appearing in certain positions in space.
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  31. Shan Gao (2006). A Model of Wavefunction Collapse in Discrete Space-Time. International Journal of Theoretical Physics 45 (10):1965-1979.
    We give a new argument supporting a gravitational role in quantum collapse. It is demonstrated that the discreteness of space-time, which results from the proper combination of quantum theory and general relativity, may inevitably result in the dynamical collapse of thewave function. Moreover, the minimum size of discrete space-time yields a plausible collapse criterion consistent with experiments. By assuming that the source to collapse the wave function is the inherent random motion of particles described by the wave function, we further (...)
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  32.  64
    Shan Gao, Comment on "How to Protect the Interpretation of the Wave Function Against Protective Measurements" by Jos Uffink.
    It is shown that Uffink's attempt to protect the interpretation of the wave function against protective measurements fails due to several errors in his arguments.
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  33. Shan Gao, Why Gravity is Not an Entropic Force.
    The remarkable connections between gravity and thermodynamics seem to imply that gravity is not fundamental but emergent, and in particular, as Verlinde suggested, gravity is probably an entropic force. In this paper, we will argue that the idea of gravity as an entropic force is debatable. It is shown that there is no convincing analogy between gravity and entropic force in Verlinde’s example. Neither holographic screen nor test particle satisfies all requirements for the existence of entropic force in a thermodynamics (...)
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  34. Yongqiang Gao & Taïeb Hafsi (2015). Government Intervention, Peers’ Giving and Corporate Philanthropy: Evidence From Chinese Private SMEs. Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):433-447.
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  35. Daniel J. G. Lahr, Haywood Dail Laughinghouse, Angela M. Oliverio, Feng Gao & Laura A. Katz (2014). How Discordant Morphological and Molecular Evolution Among Microorganisms Can Revise Our Notions of Biodiversity on Earth. Bioessays 36 (10):950-959.
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  36.  15
    Shan Gao, Reality of the Quantum State: A New Proof in Terms of Protective Measurements.
    The ontological model framework provides a rigorous approach to address the question of whether the quantum state is ontic or epistemic. When considering only conventional projective measurements, auxiliary assumptions are always needed to prove the reality of the quantum state in the framework. For example, the Pusey-Barrett-Rudolph theorem is based on an additional preparation independence assumption. In this paper, we give a new proof of psi-ontology in terms of protective measurements in the ontological model framework. It is argued that the (...)
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  37. Shan Gao (2003). A Possible Quantum Basis of Panpsychism. Neuroquantology 1 (1):4-9.
    We show that consciousness may violate the basic quantum principle, according to which the nonorthogonal quantum states can't be distinguished. This implies that the physical world is not causally closed without consciousness, and consciousness is a fundamental property of matter.
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  38.  11
    Yongqiang Gao (2011). Government Intervention, Perceived Benefit, and Bribery of Firms in Transitional China. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):175-184.
    This article examines whether (1) government intervention causes bribery (or corruption) as rent-seeking theory suggested; (2) a firm’s perceived benefit partially mediates the relationship between government intervention and its bribing behavior, as rational choice/behavior theory suggested; and (3) other firms’ bribing behavior moderates the relationship between government intervention and a firm’s perceived benefit. Our study shows that government intervention causes bribery/corruption indeed, but it exerts its effect on bribery/corruption through the firm’s perceived benefit. In other words, a firm’s perceived benefit (...)
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  39.  15
    Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman‐House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao‐Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, Leroy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart (2003). Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  40. Shan Gao, Protective Measurement and the de Broglie-Bohm Theory.
    We investigate the implications of protective measurement for de Broglie-Bohm theory, mainly focusing on the interpretation of the wave function. It has been argued that the de Broglie-Bohm theory gives the same predictions as quantum mechanics by means of quantum equilibrium hypothesis. However, this equivalence is based on the premise that the wave function, regarded as a Ψ-field, has no mass and charge density distributions. But this premise turns out to be wrong according to protective measurement; a charged quantum system (...)
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  41.  66
    Shan Gao, The Wave Function and Particle Ontology.
    In quantum mechanics, the wave function of a N-body system is a mathematical function defined in a 3N-dimensional configuration space. We argue that wave function realism implies particle ontology when assuming: (1) the wave function of a N-body system describes N physical entities; (2) each triple of the 3N coordinates of a point in configuration space that relates to one physical entity represents a point in ordinary three-dimensional space. Moreover, the motion of particles is random and discontinuous.
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  42.  11
    Anne Rowan-Legg, Charles Weijer, J. Gao & C. Fernandez (2009). A Comparison of Journal Instructions Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Conflict-of-Interest Disclosure Between 1995 and 2005. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):74-78.
    OBJECTIVES: To compare 2005 and 1995 ethics guidelines from journal editors to authors regarding requirements for institutional review board (IRB) approval and conflict-of-interest (COI) disclosure. DESIGN: A descriptive study of the ethics guidelines published in 103 English-language biomedical journals listed in the Abridged Index Medicus in 1995 and 2005. Each journal was reviewed by the principal author and one of four independent reviewers. RESULTS: During the period, the proportion of journals requiring IRB approval increased from 42% (95% CI 32.2% to (...)
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  43.  9
    Shan Gao, A Discrete Model of Energy-Conserved Wavefunction Collapse.
    Energy nonconservation is a serious problem of dynamical collapse theories. In this paper, we propose a discrete model of energy-conserved wavefunction collapse. It is shown that the model is consistent with existing experiments and our macroscopic experience.
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  44.  63
    Shan Gao, Notes on the Reality of the Quantum State.
    Based on an analysis of protective measurements, we show that the quantum state represents the physical state of a single quantum system. This result is more definite than the PBR theorem [Pusey, Barrett, and Rudolph, Nature Phys. 8, 475 (2012)].
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  45.  19
    Shan Gao, Protective Measurement: A Paradigm Shift in Understanding Quantum Mechanics.
    This article introduces the method of protective measurement and discusses its deep implications for the foundations of quantum mechanics.
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  46.  14
    Tao Gao, Philip Siegel, J. S. Johar & M. Joseph Sirgy (2008). A Survey of Management Educators' Perceptions of Unethical Faculty Behavior. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2):129-152.
  47.  20
    Mingyi Qian, Jun Gao, Ping Yao & Marcus Arnold Rodriguez (2009). Professional Ethical Issues and the Development of Professional Ethical Standards in Counseling and Clinical Psychology in China. Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):290 – 309.
    This article aims to summarize the current ethical issues in the field of clinical and counseling psychology and the process of developing professional ethical standards in China. First, through a review of the history of counseling and psychotherapy in China, general background information is provided. Important ethical issues are then discussed based on the results from several empirical studies. Finally, the process of developing the new edition of the Chinese Psychological Society Code of Ethics for Clinical and Counseling Psychology, the (...)
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  48.  18
    Marcus Arnold Rodriguez, Ping Yao, Jun Gao & Mingyi Qian (2009). Professional Ethical Issues and the Development of Professional Ethical Standards in Counseling and Clinical Psychology in China. Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):290-309.
    This article aims to summarize the current ethical issues in the field of clinical and counseling psychology and the process of developing professional ethical standards in China. First, through a review of the history of counseling and psychotherapy in China, general background information is provided. Important ethical issues are then discussed based on the results from several empirical studies. Finally, the process of developing the new edition of the Chinese Psychological Society Code of Ethics for Clinical and Counseling Psychology, the (...)
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  49.  14
    Shan Gao, Quantum Collapse, Consciousness and Superluminal Communication.
    The relation between quantum collapse, consciousness and superluminal communication is analyzed. As we know, quantum collapse, if exists, can result in the appearance of quantum nonlocality, and requires the existence of a pre- ferred Lorentz frame. This may permit the realization of quantum superluminal communication, which will no longer result in the usual causal loop in case of the existence of a preferred Lorentz frame. The possibility of the existence of QSC is further analyzed under the assumption that quantum collapse (...)
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  50.  2
    Jiansheng Li, Qiyang Gao, Jifan Zhou, Xinyu Li, Meng Zhang & Mowei Shen (2014). Bias or Equality? Unconscious Thought Equally Integrates Temporally Scattered Information. Consciousness and Cognition 25 (1):77-87.
    In previous experiments on unconscious thought, information was presented to participants in one continuous session; however, in daily life, information is delivered in a temporally partitioned way. We examined whether unconscious thought could equally integrate temporally scattered information when making overall evaluations. When presenting participants with information in two temporally partitioned sessions, participants’ overall evaluation was based on neither the information in the first session nor that in the second session ; instead, information in both sessions were equally integrated to (...)
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