Search results for 'Jill Freedman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Combs Gene & Freedman Jill (2002). Relationships, Not Boundaries. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (3).
     
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  2.  25
    Gene Combs & Jill Freedman (2002). Relationships, Not Boundaries. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (3):203-217.
    The authors find it more useful to payattention to relationships than to boundaries.By focusing attention on bounded, individualpsychological issues, the metaphor ofboundaries can distract helping professionalsfrom thinking about inequities of power. Itoversimplifies a complex issue, inviting us toignore discourses around gender, race, class,culture, and the like that support injustice,abuse, and exploitation. Making boundaries acentral metaphor for ethical practice can keepus from critically examining the effects ofdistance, withdrawal, and non-participation.The authors describe how it is possible toexamine the practical, moral, and ethicaleffects (...)
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  3. Karyn L. Freedman (2006). The Epistemological Significance of Psychic Trauma. Hypatia 21 (2):104-125.
    This essay explores the epistemological significance of the kinds of beliefs that grow out of traumatic experiences, such as the rape survivor's belief that she is never safe. On current theories of justification, beliefs like this one are generally dismissed due to either insufficient evidence or insufficient propositional content. Here, Freedman distinguishes two discrete sides of the aftermath of psychic trauma, the shattered self and the shattered worldview. This move enables us to see these beliefs as beliefs; in other (...)
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  4.  34
    David Freedman & Paul Humphreys (1999). Are There Algorithms That Discover Causal Structure? Synthese 121 (1-2):29-54.
    There have been many efforts to infer causation from association byusing statistical models. Algorithms for automating this processare a more recent innovation. In Humphreys and Freedman[(1996) British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47, 113–123] we showed that one such approach, by Spirtes et al., was fatally flawed. Here we put our arguments in a broader context and reply to Korb and Wallace [(1997) British Journal for thePhilosophy of Science 48, 543–553] and to Spirtes et al.[(1997) British Journal for (...)
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  5. Karyn L. Freedman (2014). One Hour in Paris: A True Story of Rape and Recovery. University of Chicago Press.
    In this powerful memoir, philosopher Karyn L. Freedman travels back to a Paris night in 1990 when she was twenty-two and, in one violent hour, her life was changed forever by a brutal rape. _One Hour in Paris_ takes the reader on a harrowing yet inspirational journey through suffering and recovery both personal and global. We follow Freedman from an apartment in Paris to a French courtroom, then from a trauma center in Toronto to a rape clinic in (...)
     
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  6. Edward O. Wilson, Arthur L. Caplan, Daniel G. Freedman & Michael Ruse (1982). On Human Nature. Ethics 92 (2):327-340.
     
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  7.  67
    Karyn L. Freedman, Group Accountability Versus Justified Belief: A Reply to Kukla. Social Epistemology Reply and Review Collective.
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  8. Kathleen Cranley Glass, Charles Weijer, Denis Cournoyer, Trudo Lemmens, Roberta M. Palmour, Stanley H. Shapiro & Benjamin Freedman (1999). Structuring the Review of Human Genetics Protocols. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 21.
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  9.  7
    Jeffrey Lidz, Sandra Waxman & Jennifer Freedman (2003). What Infants Know About Syntax but Couldn't Have Learned: Experimental Evidence for Syntactic Structure at 18 Months. Cognition 89 (3):295-303.
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  10.  91
    Benjamin Freedman, Abraham Fuks & Charles Weijer (1993). In Loco Parentis: Minimal Risk as an Ethical Threshold for Research Upon Children. Hastings Center Report 23 (2):13-19.
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  11.  8
    Benjamin Freedman (forthcoming). Scientific Value and Validity as Ethical Requirements for Research: A Proposed Explication. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  12.  26
    Priti Shah & Eric G. Freedman (2011). Bar and Line Graph Comprehension: An Interaction of Top‐Down and Bottom‐Up Processes. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):560-578.
    This experiment investigated the effect of format (line vs. bar), viewers’ familiarity with variables, and viewers’ graphicacy (graphical literacy) skills on the comprehension of multivariate (three variable) data presented in graphs. Fifty-five undergraduates provided written descriptions of data for a set of 14 line or bar graphs, half of which depicted variables familiar to the population and half of which depicted variables unfamiliar to the population. Participants then took a test of graphicacy skills. As predicted, the format influenced viewers’ interpretations (...)
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  13.  2
    Grant Gutheil, Paul Bloom, Nohemy Valderrama & Rebecca Freedman (2004). The Role of Historical Intuitions in Children's and Adults' Naming of Artifacts. Cognition 91 (1):23-42.
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  14. Leonard Freedman (2012). Wit as a Political Weapon: Satirists and Censors. Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (1):87-112.
     
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  15.  15
    Benjamin Freedman (1999). Duty and Healing: Foundations of a Jewish Bioethic. Routledge.
    Duty and Healing positions ethical issues commonly encountered in clinical situations within Jewish law. The concept of duty is significant in exploring bioethical issues, and this book presents an authentic and non-parochial Jewish approach to bioethics, while it includes critiques of both current secular and Jewish literatures. Among the issues the book explores are the role of family in medical decision-making, the question of informed consent as a personal religious duty, and the responsibilities of caretakers. The exploration of contemporary ethical (...)
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  16.  10
    Karyn L. Freedman (forthcoming). Quasi-Evidentialism: Interests, Justification and Epistemic Virtue. Episteme:1-14.
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  17.  80
    S. Freedman & E. Wigner (1973). On Bub's Misunderstanding of Bell's Locality Argument. Foundations of Physics 3 (4):457-458.
    Bub's criticism of Bell's locality postulate is discussed. The locality postulate is explained, and it is shown that Bub is in fact arguing against a class of theories which are subject to stronger restrictions than this postulate, and therefore his “refutation” of the latter is misleading.
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  18. P. Humphreys & D. Freedman (1996). The Grand Leap. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113-123.
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  19.  17
    Karyn L. Freedman (2015). Testimony and Epistemic Risk: The Dependence Account. Social Epistemology 29 (3):251-269.
    In this paper, I give an answer to the central epistemic question regarding the normative requirements for beliefs based on testimony. My suggestion here is that our best strategy for coming up with the conditions for justification is to look at cases where the adoption of the belief matters to the person considering it. This leads me to develop, in Part One of the paper, an interest-relative theory of justification, according to which our justification for a proposition p depends on (...)
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  20.  33
    Karyn L. Freedman (2009). Diversity and the Fate of Objectivity. Social Epistemology 23 (1):45-56.
    Helen Longino argues that the way to ensure scientific knowledge is objective is to have a diversity of scientific investigators. This is the best example of recent feminist arguments which hold that the real value of diversity is epistemic, and not political, but it only partly succeeds. In the end, Longino's objectivity amounts to intersubjective agreement about contextually based standards, and while her account gives us a good reason for wanting diversity in our scientific communities, this reason turns out to (...)
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  21.  10
    Benjamin Freedman, Kathleen Cranley Glass & Charles Weijer (1996). Placebo Orthodoxy in Clinical Research II: Ethical, Legal, and Regulatory Myths. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (3):252-259.
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  22.  8
    Persi Diaconis & David Freedman (1981). The Persistence of Cognitive Illusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):333-334.
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  23.  44
    Benjamin Freedman (1992). A Response to a Purported Ethical Difficulty with Randomized Clinical Trials Involving Cancer Patients. Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (3):231.
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  24. C. Barry Hoffmaster, Benjamin Freedman, Gwen Fraser & Westminster Institute for Ethics and Human Values (1989). Clinical Ethics Theory and Practice.
     
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  25.  85
    David Freedman (1995). Some Issues in the Foundation of Statistics. Foundations of Science 1 (1):19-39.
    After sketching the conflict between objectivists and subjectivists on the foundations of statistics, this paper discusses an issue facing statisticians of both schools, namely, model validation. Statistical models originate in the study of games of chance, and have been successfully applied in the physical and life sciences. However, there are basic problems in applying the models to social phenomena; some of the difficulties will be pointed out. Hooke's law will be contrasted with regression models for salary discrimination, the latter being (...)
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  26.  4
    Benjamin Freedman (1996). Where Are the Heroes of Bioethics? Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (4):297.
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  27.  9
    Jane Freedman (2008). Women's Right to Asylum: Protecting the Rights of Female Asylum Seekers in Europe? [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 9 (4):413-433.
    Criticisms have been made against international laws and conventions on asylum and refugees, arguing that these have been based on a male model of definition, which have ignored women’s persecutions. This article will argue that recent developments in European asylum policy have the potential to deepen this discrimination and to further reduce the rights of female asylum seekers. Although there have been some positive developments in jurisprudence that have recognised that gender-specific persecution may be the basis for granting asylum, these (...)
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  28.  7
    Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer & Kathleen Cranley Glass (1996). Placebo Orthodoxy in Clinical Research I: Empirical and Methodological Myths. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (3):243-251.
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  29.  74
    Paul Humphreys & David Freedman (1996). The Grand Leap. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113-123.
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  30.  9
    Benjamin Freedman (1975). A Moral Theory of Informed Consent. Hastings Center Report 5 (4):32-39.
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  31.  76
    Carol Freedman (1997). The Morality of Huck Finn. Philosophy and Literature 21 (1):102-113.
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  32.  48
    Benjamin Freedman (1978). A Meta-Ethics for Professional Morality. Ethics 89 (1):1-19.
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  33.  52
    Karyn Freedman (1999). Laudan's Naturalistic Axiology. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):537.
    Doppelt (1986,1990), Siegel (1990), and Rosenberg (1996) argue that the pivotal feature of Laudan's normative naturalism, namely his axiology, lacks a naturalistic foundation. In this paper I show that this objection turns on a misunderstanding of Laudan's use of the term 'naturalism'. Specifically, I argue that there are two important senses of naturalism running through Laudan's work. Once these two strands are made explicit, the objection raised by Doppelt and others simply disappears.
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  34.  60
    Benjamin Freedman (1978). On the Rights of the Voiceless. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (3):196-210.
  35.  1
    B. Freedman (1990). Placebo-Controlled Trials and the Logic of Scientific Purpose. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 12 (6):5.
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  36.  13
    Martin Freedman & A. J. Stagliano (2007). Accountability and Emissions Allowance Trading. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:312-313.
    This research concerns accountability by the U.S. electric utility industry for the financial impacts of cap-and-trade emissions allowance activity. We report findings from an extensive examination of disclosure practices for more than 100 facilities that were required to curb pollutant discharges and participate in a government-mandated program of emission allowance distribution and trading.
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  37.  19
    Joseph S. Freedman (2009). The Godfather of Ontology? Clemens Timpler, «All That is Intelligible», Academic Disciplines During the Late 16 Th and Early 17 Th Centuries, and Some Possible Ramifications for the Use of Ontology in Our Time. Quaestio 9 (1):3-40.
  38.  18
    Karyn L. Freedman (2010). The Limits of Internalism: A Case Study. Dialogue 49 (1):73-89.
    Looking at specific populations of knowers reveals that the presumption of sameness within knowledge communities can lead to a number of epistemological oversights. A good example of this is found in the case of survivors of sexual violence. In this paper I argue that this case study offers a new perspective on the debate between the epistemic internalist and externalist by providing us with a fresh insight into the complicated psychological dimensions of belief formation and the implications that this has (...)
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  39.  16
    Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer & Eugene Bereza (1993). Case Notes and Charting of Bioethical Case Consultations. HEC Forum 5 (3):176-195.
    In summary, the usual elements of a typical health care ethics consultation note might reasonably accommodate the needs and expectations of relevant parties, and would therefore include: 1. identification of the relevant ethical issues, questions, or dilemmas; 2. reference to any relevant facts--medical, nursing, social, psychological, spiritual, legal, political, etc.; 3. a prioritized list of recommendations to improve coordinated care; 4. a clear and concise articulation of relevant arguments, wtih specific reference to the list of recommendations as well as to (...)
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  40.  2
    David F. Bean & M. D. Jill (2003). Accounting Students as Surrogates for Accounting Professionals When Studying Ethical Dilemmas: A Cautionary Note. Teaching Business Ethics 7 (3):187-204.
  41.  3
    Sandra E. Freedman & Kenneth I. Forster (1985). The Psychological Status of Overgenerated Sentences. Cognition 19 (2):101-131.
  42.  24
    Joseph S. Freedman (2001). "Professionalization" and "Confessionalization": The Place of Physics, Philosophy, and Arts Instruction At Central European Academic Institutions During the Reformation Era. Early Science and Medicine 6 (4):334-352.
    During the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, physics was regularly taught as part of instruction in philosophy and the arts at Central European schools and universities. However, physics did not have a special or privileged status within that instruction. Three general indicators of this lack of special status are suggested in this article. First, teachers of physics usually were paid less than teachers of most other university-level subject-matters. Second, very few Central European academics during this period appear to have made (...)
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  43.  13
    Eric M. Freedman (1997). Achieving Political Adulthood. Nexus 2:67.
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  44.  27
    Benjamin Freedman, Abraham Fuks & Charles Weijer, Demarcating Research and Treatment: A Systematic Approach for the Analysis of the Ethics of Clinical Research.
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  45.  22
    Joseph S. Freedman (1994). Classifications of Philosophy, the Sciences, and the Arts in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Europe. Modern Schoolman 72 (1):37-65.
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  46.  8
    Karyn L. Freedman (2006). Disquotationalism, Truth and Justification: The Pragmatist's Wrong Turn. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):371-386.
    Cheryl Misak argues that since disquotationalism cannot distinguish between different kinds of declarative sentences it cannot make sense of the disciplined nature of moral discourse. This apparent weakness is overcome by her pragmatist theory of truth, which reinflates truth by linking it to our everyday practices of justification and verification. In this paper I argue that the criticism that a deflated notion of truth cannot capture our justificatory practices has no purchase with someone who has no such aspirations for the (...)
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  47.  20
    Benjamin Freedman (1994). Multicenter Trials and Subject Eligibility: Should Local IRBs Play a Role? IRB: Ethics & Human Research 16 (1-2):1.
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  48.  25
    Rona Abramovitch, Jonathan L. Freedman, Kate Henry & Michelle Van Brunschot (1995). Children's Capacity to Agree to Psychological Research: Knowledge of Risks and Benefits and Voluntariness. Ethics and Behavior 5 (1):25 – 48.
    A series of studies investigated the capacity of children between the ages of 7 and 12 to give free and informed consent to participation in psychological research. Children were reasonably accurate in describing the purpose of studies, but many did not understand the possible benefits or especially the possible risks of participating. In several studies children's consent was not affected by the knowledge that their parents had given their permission or by the parents saying that they would not be upset (...)
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  49.  56
    Karyn L. Freedman (2006). Normative Naturalism and Epistemic Relativism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):309 – 322.
    In previous work, I defended Larry Laudan against the criticism that the axiological component of his normative naturalism lacks a naturalistic justification. I argued that this criticism depends on an equivocation over the term 'naturalism' and that it begs the question against what we are entitled to include in our concept of nature. In this paper, I generalize that argument and explore its implications for Laudan and other proponents of epistemic naturalism. Here, I argue that a commitment to naturalism in (...)
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  50.  20
    Karyn L. Freedman (2006). Disquotationalism, Truth and Justification: The Pragmatist's Wrong Turn. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):371-386.
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