Search results for 'Jill Gabrielle Klein' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Allan J. Kimmel, N. Craig Smith & Jill Gabrielle Klein (2011). Ethical Decision Making and Research Deception in the Behavioral Sciences: An Application of Social Contract Theory. Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):222 - 251.score: 290.0
    Despite significant ethical advances in recent years, including professional developments in ethical review and codification, research deception continues to be a pervasive practice and contentious focus of debate in the behavioral sciences. Given the disciplines' generally stated ethical standards regarding the use of deceptive procedures, researchers have little practical guidance as to their ethical acceptability in specific research contexts. We use social contract theory to identify the conditions under which deception may or may not be morally permissible and formulate practical (...)
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  2. Stanley B. Klein (2013). Klein and Loftus's Model of Trait Self-Knowledge: The Importance of Familiarizing Oneself with the Foundational Research Prior to Reading About its Neuropsychological Applications. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 150.0
    Klein and Loftus's model of trait self-knowledge: the importance of familiarizing oneself with the foundational research prior to reading about its neuropsychological applications.
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  3. Jacob Klein & Emmanuel Patard (2006). Ausgewählte Briefe von Jacob Klein an Gerhard Krüger, 1929-1933. New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 6 (1):308-329.score: 120.0
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  4. Melanie Klein (2007). 179 Melanie Klein. In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. 178.score: 120.0
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  5. Stan Klein (2013). The Sense of Diachronic Personal Identity. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):791-811.score: 60.0
    In this paper, I first consider a famous objection that the standard interpretation of the Lockean account of diachronicity (i.e., one’s sense of personal identity over time) via psychological connectedness falls prey to breaks in one’s personal narrative. I argue that recent case studies show that while this critique may hold with regard to some long-term autobiographical self-knowledge (e.g., episodic memory), it carries less warrant with respect to accounts based on trait-relevant, semantic self-knowledge. The second issue I address concerns the (...)
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  6. Jacob Klein (1965/1989). A Commentary on Plato's Meno. University of Chicago Press.score: 60.0
    The Meno , one of the most widely read of the Platonic dialogues, is seen afresh in this original interpretation that explores the dialogue as a theatrical presentation. Just as Socrates's listeners would have questioned and examined their own thinking in response to the presentation, so, Klein shows, should modern readers become involved in the drama of the dialogue. Klein offers a line-by-line commentary on the text of the Meno itself that animates the characters and conversation (...)
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  7. Colin Klein & Gabriel Love (2007). Kicking the Kohler Habit. Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):609 – 619.score: 60.0
    Kohler's experiments with inverting goggles are often thought to support enactivism by showing that visual re-inversion occurs simultaneous with the return of sensorimotor skill. Closer examination reveals that Kohler's work does not show this. Recent work by Linden et al. shows that re-inversion, if it occurs at all, does not occur when the enactivist predicts. As such, the empirical evidence weighs against enactivism.
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  8. Gunnar O. Klein & Barry Smith (2010). Concept Systems and Ontologies. Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25:433-441.score: 60.0
    This is the third draft of a paper that aims to clarify the apparent contradictions in the views presented in certain standards and other specifications of health informatics systems, contradictions which come to light when the latter are evaluated from the perspective of realist philosophy. One of the origins of this document was Klein’s discussion paper of 2005-07-02 entitled “Conceptology vs Reality” and the responses from Smith, as well as the several hours of discussions during the 2005 MIE meeting (...)
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  9. Lawrence Eliot Klein (1994). Shaftesbury and the Culture of Politeness: Moral Discourse and Cultural Politics in Early Eighteenth-Century England. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    The third Earl of Shaftesbury was a pivotal figure in eighteenth-century thought and culture. Professor Klein's study is the first to examine the extensive Shaftesbury manuscripts and offer an interpretation of his diverse writings as an attempt to comprehend contemporary society and politics and, in particular, to offer a legitimation for the new Whig political order established after 1688. As the focus of Shaftesbury's thinking was the idea of politeness, this study involves the first serious examination of the (...)
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  10. M. Klein (1990). Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This book casts new light on the traditional disagreement between those who hold that we cannot be morally responsible for our actions if they are causally determined, and those who deny this. Klein suggests that reflection on the relation between justice and deprivation offers a way out of this perplexity.
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  11. Marek Preiss, Helen A. Klein, Nancy M. Levenburg & Alena Nohavova (2013). A Cross-Country Evaluation of Cheating in Academia—A Comparison of Data From the US and the Czech Republic. Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (2):157-167.score: 60.0
    In this study, we examine differences in cheating behaviors in higher education between two countries, namely the United States and the Czech Republic, which differ in many social, cultural and political aspects. We compare a recent (2011) Czech Republic survey of 291 students to that of 268 students in the US (Klein et al., 2007). For all items surveyed, CR students showed a higher propensity to engage in cheating. Additionally, we found more forms of serious cheating present in the (...)
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  12. E. R. Klein (2002). Whither Academic Freedom? International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (1):41-53.score: 60.0
    Academic freedom has become the enemy of the individual professors working in colleges and universities across the United States. Despite its historical (and maybe even essential) roots in the First Amendment, contemporary case law has consistently shown that professors, unlike most members of society, have no rights to free speech on their respective campuses. (Ironically, this is especially true on our State campuses.) Outlined is the dramatic change in the history of the courts from recognizing “academic freedom” as a construct (...)
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  13. Renate Klein (2011). Surrogacy in Australia: New Legal Developments. Bioethics Research Notes 23 (2):23.score: 60.0
    Klein, Renate The practice of surrogacy in Australia has been controversial since its beginning in the late 1980s. In 1988, the famous 'Kirkman case' in the state of Victoria put surrogacy on the national map. This was a two-sisters surrogacy - Linda and Maggie Kirkman and the resulting baby Alice - in which power differences between the two women were extraordinarily stark: Maggie was the glamorous and well spoken woman of the world; Linda who carried the baby, was the (...)
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  14. Terrance W. Klein (2007). Wittgenstein and the Metaphysics of Grace. OUP Oxford.score: 60.0
    What is the meaning of the word `grace'? Can Wittgenstein's maxim that the meaning of a word is its usage help explicate the claims that Christians have made about grace? When Christians use the word, they reference within language the point of contact between humanity and the divine. Terrance W. Klein suggests that grace is not an occult object but rather an insight, a moment when we perceive God to be active on our behalf. Klein examines the biblical (...)
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  15. Stan Klein (2014). The Two Selves: Their Metaphysical Commitments and Functional Independence. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    The Two Selves takes the position that the self is not a "thing" easily reduced to an object of scientific analysis. Rather, the self consists in a multiplicity of aspects, some of which have a neuro-cognitive basis (and thus are amenable to scientific inquiry) while other aspects are best construed as first-person subjectivity, lacking material instantiation. As a consequence of their potential immateriality, the subjective aspect of self cannot be taken as an object and therefore is not easily amenable to (...)
     
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  16. Stanley B. Klein, Tim P. German, Leda Cosmides & Rami Gabriel (2004). A Theory of Autobiographical Memory: Necessary Components and Disorders Resulting From Their Loss. Social Cognition 22:460-490.score: 40.0
    In this paper we argue that autobiographical memory can be conceptualized as a mental state resulting from the interplay of a set of psychological capacities?self-reflection, self-agency, self-ownership and personal temporality?that transform a memorial representation into an autobiographical personal experience. We first review evidence from a variety of clinical domains?for example, amnesia, autism, frontal lobe pathology, schizophrenia?showing that breakdowns in any of the proposed components can produce impairments in autobiographical recollection, and conclude that the self-reflection, agency, ownership, and personal temporality are (...)
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  17. Rami H. Gabriel, Stanley B. Klein & Cade McCall (2008). Affective Reactions to Facial Identity in a Prosopagnosic Patient. Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):977-983.score: 40.0
  18. Gabriele Klein (2003). » Bataillone menschlicher kollektivität «?: Zur tänzerischen praxis Des pop. Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 48 (2):223-236.score: 40.0
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  19. Peter D. Klein (1969). The Private Language Argument and the Sense-Datum Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 47 (3):325-343.score: 30.0
  20. Colin Klein (2008). An Ideal Solution to Disputes About Multiply Realized Kinds. Philosophical Studies 140 (2):161 - 177.score: 30.0
    Multiply realizable kinds are scientifically problematic, for it appears that we should not expect discoveries about them to hold of other members of that kind. As such, it looks like MR kinds should have no place in the ontology of the special sciences. Many resist this conclusion, however, because we lack a positive account of the role that certain realization-unrestricted terms play in special science explanations. I argue that many such terms actually pick out idealizing models. Idealizing explanation has many (...)
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  21. G. Klein (1959). Consciousness in Psychoanalytic Theory. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 7:5-34.score: 30.0
  22. Stanley Klein (2002). Libet's Research on the Timing of Conscious Intention to Act: A Commentary. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):273-279.score: 30.0
  23. Stanley Klein (1995). Is Quantum Mechanics Relevant to Understanding Consciousness? Psyche 2 (3).score: 30.0
  24. Stanley Klein (2002). Libet's Timing of Mental Events: Commentary on the Commentaries. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):326-333.score: 30.0
  25. Colin Klein (2008). Dispositional Implementation Solves the Superfluous Structure Problem. Synthese 165 (1):141 - 153.score: 30.0
    Consciousness supervenes on activity; computation supervenes on structure. Because of this, some argue, conscious states cannot supervene on computational ones. If true, this would present serious difficulties for computationalist analyses of consciousness (or, indeed, of any domain with properties that supervene on actual activity). I argue that the computationalist can avoid the Superfluous Structure Problem (SSP) by moving to a dispositional theory of implementation. On a dispositional theory, the activity of computation depends entirely on changes in the intrinsic properties of (...)
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  26. S. A. Klein (2002). Libet's Temporal Anomalies: A Reassessment of the Data. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):198-214.score: 30.0
  27. S. Klein (1991). The Duality of Psycho-Physics. In A. Gorea (ed.), Representations of Vision. Cambridge University Press. 231--249.score: 30.0
  28. Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.score: 30.0
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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  29. Ursula Klein (2005). Technoscience. Perspectives on Science 13 (2).score: 30.0
    : I argue and demonstrate in this essay that interconnected systems of science and technology, or technoscience, existed long before the late nineteenth century, and that eighteenth-century chemistry was such an early form of technoscience. Based on recent historical research on the early development of carbon chemistry from the late 1820s until the 1840s—which revealed that early carbon chemistry was an experimental expert culture that was largely detached from the mundane industrial world—I further examine the question of the internal preconditions (...)
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  30. Alan M. Leslie, Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In P. Carruthers & P. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.score: 30.0
    In the last few years, off-line simulation has become an increasingly important alternative to standard explanations in cognitive science. The contemporary debate began with Gordon (1986) and Goldman's (1989) off-line simulation account of our capacity to predict behavior. On their view, in predicting people's behavior we take our own decision making system `off line' and supply it with the `pretend' beliefs and desires of the person whose behavior we are trying to predict; we then let the decision maker reach a (...)
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  31. Anne C. Klein (2002). On Love and Work: A Vow of Wholeness in Writing. Hypatia 17 (2):133-144.score: 30.0
    : Noting that academic writing typically falls in the category of work, this piece considers the relationship such writing might have with love. Animated by its observation that love's affinity with wholeness distinguishes it from work's tendency to divide a subject from herself, the essay playfully develops this contrast by telling a story of writing and wholeness. This story attempts to embody the contrasts of which it speaks, and in the process, to discover a counterpoint to the work of writing.
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  32. D. Shore & Raymond M. Klein (2000). The Effects of Scene Inversion on Change Blindness. Journal of General Psychology 127:27-43.score: 30.0
  33. Jason Ivanoff & Raymond M. Klein (2003). Orienting of Attention Without Awareness is Affected by Measurement-Induced Attentional Control Settings. Journal of Vision. Special Issue 3 (1):32-40.score: 30.0
  34. Jeanne Klein (2005). From Children's Perspectives: A Model of Aesthetic Processing in Theatre. Journal of Aesthetic Education 39 (4):40-57.score: 30.0
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  35. Laurence Aubry, Gérard Klein, Jean-Louis Martiel & Michel Satre (1995). Modelling of Fluid-Phase Endocytosis Kinetics in the Amoebae of the Cellular Slime Moulddictyostelium Discoideum. A Multicompartmental Approach. Acta Biotheoretica 43 (4).score: 30.0
    Fluid-phase endocytosis (pinocytosis) kinetics were studied inDictyostelium discoideum amoebae from the axenic strain Ax-2 that exhibits high rates of fluid-phase endocytosis when cultured in liquid nutrient media. Fluorescein-labelled dextran (FITC-dextran) was used as a marker in continuous uptake- and in pulse-chase exocytosis experiments. In the latter case, efflux of the marker was monitored on cells loaded for short periods of time and resuspended in marker-free medium. A multicompartmental model was developed which describes satisfactorily fluid-phase endocytosis kinetics. In particular, it accounts (...)
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  36. Ursula Klein (2005). Experiments at the Intersection of Experimental History, Technological Inquiry, and Conceptually Driven Analysis: A Case Study From Early Nineteenth-Century France. Perspectives on Science 13 (1):1-48.score: 30.0
    : The paper examines differences of styles of experimentation in the history of science. It presents arguments for a historization of our historial and philosophical notion of "experimentation," which question the common view that "experimental philosophy" was the only style of experimentation in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It argues, in particular, that "experimental history" and technological inquiry were accepted styles of academic experimentation at the time. These arguments are corroborated by a careful analysis of a case study, which (...)
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  37. M. Klein (1996). Externalism, Content, and Causation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96:159-76.score: 30.0
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  38. Peter D. Klein (1986). Radical Interpretation and Global Skepticism. In Truth and Interpretation: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Cambridge: Blackwell.score: 30.0
  39. C. K. Jansen, B. Bonke, J. Theodore Klein & J. Bezstarosti (1990). Unconscious Perception During Balanced Anesthesia? In B. Bonke, W. Fitch, K. Millar & 1990 Unconscious perception during balanced anesthesia? (eds.), Memory and Awareness in Anesthesia. Swets & Zeitlinger.score: 30.0
  40. John F. Kihlstrom & S. B. Klein (1997). Self-Knowledge and Self-Awareness. In James G. Snodgrass & R. Thompson (eds.), The Self Across Psychology: Self-Recognition, Self-Awareness, and the Self Concept. New York Academy of Sciences.score: 30.0
  41. Colin Klein, Aristotle on Functionalism.score: 30.0
     
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  42. S. A. Klein (1998). Double-Judgment Psychophysics for Research on Cosnciousness: Application to Blindsight. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press.score: 30.0
  43. Ursula Klein (2005). Introduction: Technoscientific Productivity. Perspectives on Science 13 (2):139-141.score: 30.0
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  44. J. Theodore Klein (1977). Knowledge of Other Minds. Midwestern Journal of Philosophy 5:31-37.score: 30.0
     
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  45. Barbara V. E. Klein (1976). Mind-Body Identity Relativized. Philosophical Forum (Boston) 7:126-138.score: 30.0
     
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  46. Colin Klein, Maudlin on Computation.score: 30.0
    I argue that computationalism is compatible with a plausible supervenience thesis about conscious states. The most plausible way of making it compatible, however, involves abandoning counterfactual conditions on implementation.
     
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  47. Colin Klein, Toward an Accurate Phenomenology of Pain.score: 30.0
     
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  48. Michael I. Posner & M. Klein (1973). On the Functions of Consciousness. In S. Kornblum (ed.), Attention and Performance. , Vol 4.score: 30.0
     
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  49. Brian Treanor (2012). Jill Graper Hernandez, Gabriel Marcel's Ethic of Hope: Evil, God and Virtue. Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 20 (1):143-146.score: 24.0
    Review of Jill Graper Hernandez, Gabriel Marcel's Ethic of Hope: Evil, God, and Virtue.
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  50. Peter Klein (2007). Human Knowledge and the Infinite Progress of Reasoning. Philosophical Studies 134 (1):1 - 17.score: 20.0
    The purpose of this paper is to explain how infinitism—the view that reasons are endless and non-repeating—solves the epistemic regress problem and to defend that solution against some objections. The first step is to explain what the epistemic regress problem is and, equally important, what it is not. Second, I will discuss the foundationalist and coherentist responses to the regress problem and offer some reasons for thinking that neither response can solve the problem, no matter how they are tweaked. Then, (...)
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