Search results for 'Joan Box' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  7
    Joan Box (2004). Placebos and the UK Medical Research Council — and the Consumer Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):95-101.
    The UK Medical Research Council, in order to further its mission of maintaining and improving human health, supports a substantial number of clinical trials on a wide variety of medical questions; some of these trials involve the use of placebos as controls or to maintain blinding. Before providing support, proposed trials are carefully reviewed to assess scientific quality, and to determine whether a placebo is required and is ethical — in addition to ethics review by independent Research Ethics Committees. Some (...)
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  2.  6
    M. A. Box (1990). The Suasive Art of David Hume. Princeton University Press.
    Recognized in his day as a man of letters equaling Rousseau and Voltaire in France and rivaling Samuel Johnson, David Hume passed from favor in the Victorian age--his work, it seemed, did not pursue Truth but rather indulged in popularization. Although Hume is once more considered as one of the greatest British philosophers, scholars now tend to focus on his thought rather than his writing. To round out our understanding of Hume, M. A. Box in this book charts the (...)
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  3.  87
    Erika Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan Roughgarden (2011). Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection. Metascience 20 (2):253-277.
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  4.  17
    M. A. Box, David Harvey & Michael Silverthorne (2003). A Diplomatic Transcription of Hume's “Volunteer Pamphlet” for Archibald Stewart: Political Whigs, Religious Whigs, and Jacobites. Hume Studies 29 (2):223-266.
  5.  8
    M. Houghton Susan, T. A. Gabel Joan & W. Williams David (2009). Connecting the Two Faces of Csr: Does Employee Volunteerism Improve Compliance? Journal of Business Ethics 87 (4).
    In 2004, the United States Sentencing Commission amended the Federal Sentencing Guidelines to allow firms that create “effective compliance and ethics programs” to receive better treatment if prosecuted for fraud. Effective compliance and ethics, however, appear to be limited to activities focused on complying with the firms’ internal legal and ethical standards. We explored a potential connection between the firms’ external corporate social responsibility (CSR) behaviors and internal compliance: Is there an organizationally valid relationship between these two firm activities? That (...)
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  6. Hubert S. Box (1937). God and the Modern Mind. New York, the Macmillan Company.
     
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  7. Hubert S. Box (1934). The World and God. New York, the Macmillan Company.
     
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  8.  49
    Timothy Morton (2011). Objects as Temporary Autonomous Zones. Continent 1 (3):149-155.
    continent. 1.3 (2011): 149-155. The world is teeming. Anything can happen. John Cage, “Silence” 1 Autonomy means that although something is part of something else, or related to it in some way, it has its own “law” or “tendency” (Greek, nomos ). In their book on life sciences, Medawar and Medawar state, “Organs and tissues…are composed of cells which…have a high measure of autonomy.”2 Autonomy also has ethical and political valences. De Grazia writes, “In Kant's enormously influential moral philosophy, autonomy (...)
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  9.  20
    Josée Johnston & Lauren Baker (2005). Eating Outside the Box: FoodShare's Good Food Box and the Challenge of Scale. Agriculture and Human Values 22 (3):313-325.
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  10. E. J. Capaldi & James E. Spivey (1963). Effect of Goal Box Similarity on the After-Effect of Nonreinforcement and Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (5):461-465.
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  11.  3
    T. R. Garth (1935). A Blind Puzzle-Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (2):280.
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  12.  2
    H. E. Klugh (1961). Speed of Running in Extinction as a Function of Differential Goal Box Retention Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (2):172.
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  13.  2
    Walter C. Stanley & Marc I. Rowe (1954). Extinction by Omission of Food as a Function of Goal-Box Confinement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (4):271.
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  14.  1
    Henry Gleitman & Magdalena M. Herman (1962). Replication Report: Latent Learning in a T Maze After Shock in One End Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):646.
  15.  1
    A. Michael (2010). Trapped Inside the Box? Five Questions for Ben Fine. Historical Materialism 18 (1):131-149.
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  16.  1
    Vincent Di Lollo & James Allison (1971). Relative Magnitude of End-Box Reward: Effects Upon Performance Throughout the Double Runway. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):248.
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  17.  1
    Dwight R. Kirkpatrick, William B. Pavlik & William F. Reynolds (1964). Partial-Reinforcement Extinction Effect as a Function of Size of Goal Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):515.
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  18. Jerry W. Koppman & Robert G. Grice (1963). Goal-Box and Alley Similarity in Latent Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (6):611.
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  19. Richard L. Patten (1971). Frustrative Facilitation Effects of Nonzero Reward Magnitude Reduction on Goal-Box Activity and Runway Locomotion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):160.
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  20. Ann W. Robinson & Keith N. Clayton (1963). Effect of Duration of Confinement in a Nonbaited Goal Box on the "Apparent Frustration Effect.". Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (6):613.
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  21. Thomas R. Trabasso & Richard W. Thompson (1962). Supplementary Report: Shock Intensity and Unconditioned Responding in a Shuttle Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (2):215.
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  22.  89
    Stephen Law (2015). The Pandora’s Box Objection to Skeptical Theism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (3):285-299.
    Skeptical theism is a leading response to the evidential argument from evil against the existence of God. Skeptical theists attempt to block the inference from the existence of inscrutable evils to gratuitous evils by insisting that given our cognitive limitations, it wouldn’t be surprising if there were God-justifying reasons we can’t think of. A well-known objection to skeptical theism is that it opens up a skeptical Pandora’s box, generating implausibly wide-ranging forms of skepticism, including skepticism about the external world and (...)
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  23.  5
    Andrea Frolic, Katherine Drolet, Kim Bryanton, Carole Caron, Cynthia Cupido, Barb Flaherty, Sylvia Fung & Lori McCall (2012). Opening the Black Box of Ethics Policy Work: Evaluating a Covert Practice. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):3-15.
    Hospital ethics committees (HECs) and ethicists generally describe themselves as engaged in four domains of practice: case consultation, research, education, and policy work. Despite the increasing attention to quality indicators, practice standards, and evaluation methods for the other domains, comparatively little is known or published about the policy work of HECs or ethicists. This article attempts to open the ?black box? of this health care ethics practice by providing two detailed case examples of ethics policy reviews. We also describe the (...)
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  24. Robert K. Garcia (2014). Bundle Theory's Black Box: Gap Challenges for the Bundle Theory of Substance. Philosophia 42 (1):115-126.
    My aim in this article is to contribute to the larger project of assessing the relative merits of different theories of substance. An important preliminary step in this project is assessing the explanatory resources of one main theory of substance, the so-called bundle theory. This article works towards such an assessment. I identify and explain three distinct explanatory challenges an adequate bundle theory must meet. Each points to a putative explanatory gap, so I call them the Gap Challenges. I consider (...)
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  25.  29
    Robert R. Ulmer & Timothy L. Sellnow (2000). Consistent Questions of Ambiguity in Organizational Crisis Communication: Jack in the Box as a Case Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 25 (2):143 - 155.
    The complexity of crisis situations allows for corporate responses to create multiple interpretations for organizational stakeholders concerning crisis evidence, the organization's intentions, and the locus of responsibility. Hence, organizations have the ability to emphasize an interpretation where the organization is viewed most favorably. Using Jack in the Box as a case study, we apply stakeholder theory to ascertain the ethical implications of employing strategic ambiguity in organizational crisis communication. We conclude that the crisis response provided by Jack in the Box's (...)
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  26. David Papineau (2003). Why You Don’T Want to Get in the Box with Schrödinger's Cat. Analysis 63 (277):51–58.
    By way of an example, Lewis imagines your being invited to join Schrödinger’s cat in its box for an hour. This box will either fill up with deadly poison fumes or not, depending on whether or not some radioactive atom decays, the probability of decay within an hour being 50%. The invitation is accompanied with some further incentive to comply (Lewis sets it up so there is a significant chance of some pretty bad but not life-threatening punishment if you don’t (...)
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  27. Winnifred Fallers Sullivan (2011). Joan's Two Bodies: A Study in Political Anthropology. Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (2):307-324.
    From all of the evidence, Joan of Arc was a conventionally pious Catholic and a patriotic Frenchman. Yet she was tried as a heretic and executed as a traitor. She unnerved both her friends and her enemies in the church and the state with her zeal. And she continues to fascinate. Almost six centuries after she was burned at the stake, her body still has life. This essay uses Kantorowicz's reading of the historical development of the legal fiction of (...)
     
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  28.  4
    Loy D. Watley (2014). Training in Ethical Judgment with a Modified Potter Box. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (1):1-14.
    After a brief review of the ethical judgment research, the Potter Box, a four-step ethical judgment tool used primarily in media ethics, is introduced. The paper proposes that the Potter Box's usefulness for evaluating ethical dilemmas could be improved by re-sequencing the steps, by incorporating philosophical intuitionism as a mechanism for structuring its inherent pluralism and by adding a post-decision, pre-action reflective step. The resulting modified Potter Box has five steps – analyze the situation, identify stakeholders, specify duties, weigh obligations (...)
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  29. Carl Knight (2010). Justice and the Grey Box of Responsibility. Theoria 57 (124):86-112.
    Even where an act appears to be responsible, and satisfies all the conditions for responsibility laid down by society, the response to it may be unjust where that appearance is false, and where those conditions are insufficient. This paper argues that those who want to place considerations of responsibility at the centre of distributive and criminal justice ought to take this concern seriously. The common strategy of relying on what Susan Hurley describes as a 'black box of responsibility' has the (...)
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  30. Alan Soble (2006). Review of Joan McGregor, Is It Rape? [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 25 (6).
  31.  30
    Brian K. Hall (2003). Unlocking the Black Box Between Genotype and Phenotype: Cell Condensations as Morphogenetic (Modular) Units. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 18 (2):219-247.
    Embryonic development and ontogeny occupy whatis often depicted as the black box betweengenes – the genotype – and the features(structures, functions, behaviors) of organisms– the phenotype; the phenotype is not merelya one-to-one readout of the genotype. Thegenes home, context, and locus of operation isthe cell. Initially, in ontogeny, that cell isthe single-celled zygote. As developmentensues, multicellular assemblages of like cells(modules) progressively organized as germlayers, embryonic fields, anlage,condensations, or blastemata, enable genes toplay their roles in development and evolution.As modules, condensations are (...)
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  32.  11
    Pamela Bjorklund (2004). Invisibility, Moral Knowledge and Nursing Work in the Writings of Joan Liaschenko and Patricia Rodney. Nursing Ethics 11 (2):110-121.
    The ethical ‘eye’ of nursing, that is, the particular moral vision and values inherent in nursing work, is constrained by the preoccupations and practices of the superordinate biomedical structure in which nursing as a practice discipline is embedded. The intimate, situated knowledge of particular persons who construct and attach meaning to their health experience in the presence of and with the active participation of the nurse, is the knowledge that provides the evidence for nurses’ ethical decision making. It is largely (...)
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  33.  66
    Daniel Nolan (2007). A Consistent Reading of "Sylvan's Box". Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):667 - 673.
    I argue that Graham Priest's story 'Sylvan's Box' has an attractive consistent reading. Priest's hope that this story can be used as an example of a non-trivial 'essentially inconsistent' story is thus threatened. I then make some observations about the role 'Sylvan's Box' might play in a theory of unreliable narrators.
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  34.  10
    Arthur Coleman Danto (1992). Beyond the Brillo Box: The Visual Arts in Post-Historical Perspective. Farrar Straus Giroux.
    In Danto's view, Andy Warhol's Brillo Box was not only a radical attack on traditional definitions of the art work; it brought the history of Western art to a close. In this collection of interconnected essays, he grapples with this and many more of the most challenging issues in art today, from the problems of contemporary pluralism to the dilemmas of censorship and state support for artists.
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  35.  7
    Magnus Frostenson (2009). Stakeholder Theory and the 'Black Box Problem'. Philosophy of Management 8 (3):37-46.
    Portraying the firm as a ‘black box’, as traditional conceptions of the firm tend to do, has been strongly criticised by stakeholder theorists. This article claims, however, that the ‘black box problem’ has not been satisfactorily resolved by stakeholder theory itself. The failure to bring clarity to the internal realities of the firm has led to unacceptable conceptions of the firm from a moral agency point of view. For example, stakeholder theory tends to portray the firm as an exchange system (...)
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  36.  6
    Colin Campbell (2009). Distinguishing the Power of Agency From Agentic Power: A Note on Weber and the "Black Box" of Personal Agency. Sociological Theory 27 (4):407 - 418.
    The concept of agency, although central to many sociological debates, has remained frustratingly elusive to pin down. This article is an attempt to open up what has been called the "black box" of personal agency by distinguishing clearly between two contrasting conceptions of the phenomenon. These two conceptions are very apparent in the manner in which the concept is defined in sociological reference works, resembling as it does a similar contrast in the treatment of the concept of power. The two (...)
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  37.  85
    Dennis Dieks & Sander Lam, Complementarity in the Bohr-Einstein Photon Box.
    The photon box thought experiment can be considered a forerunner of the EPR-experiment: by performing suitable measurements on the box it is possible to ``prepare'' the photon, long after it has escaped, in either of two complementary states. Consistency requires that the corresponding box measurements be complementary as well. At first sight it seems, however, that these measurements can be jointly performed with arbitrary precision: they pertain to different systems (the center of mass of the box and an internal clock, (...)
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  38.  1
    Douglas L. Berger (2016). Categorisation in Indian Philosophy: Thinking Inside the Box Ed. By Jessica Frazier. Philosophy East and West 66 (2):655-660.
    In Categorisation in Indian Philosophy: Thinking Inside the Box, Jessica Frazier has brought together an impressive array of scholars who have contributed nine essays, plus an introductory and concluding chapter, both written by her, which collectively provide a most fruitful perspective for examining classical South Asian traditions of thought. Creating categorial frameworks was certainly a prolific activity among the ancient and medieval authors of the darśanas, and indeed these authors drew heavily from pre-scholastic texts and language to build their systems. (...)
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  39.  42
    Michael J. Behe (2001). Reply to My Critics: A Response to Reviews of Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):683-707.
    In Darwin's Black Box: The BiochemicalChallenge to Evolution I argued thatpurposeful intelligent design, rather thanDarwinian natural selection, better explainssome aspects of the complexity that modernscience has discovered at the molecularfoundation of life. In the five years since itspublication the book has been widely discussedand has received considerable criticism. Here Irespond to what I deem to be the mostfundamental objections. In the first part ofthe article I address empirical criticismsbased on experimental studies alleging eitherthat biochemical systems I discussed are notirreducibly complex (...)
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  40.  5
    Sally Jackson (2008). Black Box Arguments. Argumentation 22 (3):437-446.
    “Black box argument” is a metaphor for modular components of argumentative discussion that are, within a particular discussion, not open to expansion. In public policy debate such as the controversy over abstinence-only sex education, scientific conclusions enter the discourse as black boxes consisting of a result returned from an external and largely impenetrable process. In one way of looking at black box arguments, there is nothing fundamentally new for the argumentation theorist: A black box argument is very like any other (...)
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  41.  58
    W. Henn (1999). Genetic Screening with the DNA Chip: A New Pandora's Box? Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):200-203.
    The ethically controversial option of genetic population screening used to be restricted to a small number of rather rare diseases by methodological limitations which are now about to be overcome. With the new technology of DNA microarrays ("DNA chip"), emerging from the synthesis of microelectronics and molecular biology, methods are now at hand for the development of mass screening programmes for a wide spectrum of genetic traits. Thus, the DNA chip may be the key technology for a refined preventive medicine (...)
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  42.  17
    Jordi Maragall Noble (1997). Joan Maragall: Pensamiento y Personalidad. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 14:153.
    Joan Maragall es representante del modernismo catalán, afín al simbolismo y al parnasianismo de Francia. En el poesía y vida van estrechamente ligados. Acentúa la dimensión ética y cultural de exigencia de fidelidad a la experiencia personal de sinceridad. Llega a la cuestión última sin dejar de profundizar la absoluta relación del sujeto con el mundo. Combina la profundidad unamuniana y la mundanidad orteguiana.
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  43.  17
    Joan Crewdson (1983). Joan Crewdson on Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue. Tradition and Discovery 11 (2):25-26.
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  44.  58
    Sanford C. Goldberg (2002). Belief and its Linguistic Expression: Toward a Belief Box Account of First-Person Authority. Philosophical Psychology 1 (1):65-76.
    In this paper I characterize the problem of first-person authority as it confronts the proponent of the belief box conception of belief, and I develop the groundwork for a belief box account of that authority. If acceptable, the belief box account calls into question (by undermining a popular motivation for) the thesis that first-person authority is not to be traced to a truth-tracking relation between first-person opinions themselves and the beliefs which they are about.
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  45.  56
    Michael Dickson (2007). Is Measurement a Black Box? On the Importance of Understanding Measurement Even in Quantum Information and Computation. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):1019–1032.
    It has been argued, partly from the lack of any widely accepted solution to the measurement problem, and partly from recent results from quantum information theory, that measurement in quantum theory is best treated as a black box. However, there is a crucial difference between ‘having no account of measurement' and ‘having no solution to the measurement problem'. We know a lot about measurements. Taking into account this knowledge sheds light on quantum theory as a theory of information and computation. (...)
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  46.  32
    S. Curry, A. Zucker & J. Trautmann (1981). Even Dying Must Be Edited: Further Thoughts on Joan Robinson. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (1):34-36.
    "Joan Robinson: One Woman's Story' is a cinéma vérité style record of a woman's losing struggle against ovarian cancer. The film has been shown now twice on the American Public Television Network. It has received good notices primarily from the lay press. Yet the film depicts much that is out-of-date and much that is debatable. In general, we feel that it presents a depressing picture of the cancer patient. This was not Joan Robinson's intention and her bravery only (...)
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  47.  40
    Mario Bunge (1963). A General Black Box Theory. Philosophy of Science 30 (4):346-358.
    A mathematical theory is proposed and exemplified, which covers an extended class of black boxes. Every kind of stimulus and response is pictured by a channel connecting the box with its environment. The input-output relation is given by a postulate schema according to which the response is, in general, a nonlinear functional of the input. Several examples are worked out: the perfectly transmitting box, the damping box, and the amplifying box. The theory is shown to be (a) an extension of (...)
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  48.  5
    Kevin Teo Kia-Choong (2006). Joan Mellen (2004) In the Realm of the Senses. Film-Philosophy 10 (1):78-82.
    Joan Mellen In the Realm of the Senses London: British Film Institute ISBN: 1 8445 7034 7.
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  49.  14
    Michael Clark (2003). Paradoxes 5: Bertrand's Box Paradox. Think 2 (5):73-74.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradaoxes. Here we examine the paradox of Bertrand's box.
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  50.  7
    Stephen Nathanson (2012). Terrorism and the Ethics of War: Responses to Joan McGregor, Sally Scholz, and Matthew Silliman. Social Philosophy Today 28:187-198.
    The primary thesis of Terrorism and the Ethics of War is that terrorist acts are always wrong. I begin this paper by describing two views that I criticize in the book The first condemns all terrorism but applies the term in a biased way; the second defends some terrorist acts. I then respond to issues raised by the commentators. I discuss Joan McGregor’s concerns about the definition of terrorism and about how terrorism differs from other forms of violence againstinnocent (...)
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