Search results for 'Joanne Boucher' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joanne Boucher (2004). Ultrasound: A Window to the Womb?: Obstetric Ultrasound and the Abortion Rights Debate. Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (1):7-19.score: 240.0
    This paper explores the rhetoric of obstetric ultrasound technology as it relates to the abortion debate, specifically the interpretation given to ultrasound images by opponents of abortion. The tenor of the anti-abortion approach is precisely captured in the videotape, Ultrasound:A Window to the Womb. Aspects of this videotape are analyzed in order to tease out the assumptions about the (female) body and about the access to truth yielded by scientific technology (ultrasound) held by militant opponents of abortion. It is argued (...)
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  2. Geoff Boucher (2007). Chapter Three From the Desire for Recognition to a Politics of Resistance Geoff Boucher. In Julie Connolly, Michael Leach & Lucas Walsh (eds.), Recognition in Politics: Theory, Policy and Practice. Cambridge Scholars. 50.score: 120.0
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  3. David Boucher (2009). The Limits of Ethics in International Relations: Natural Law, Natural Rights, and Human Rights in Transition. OUP Oxford.score: 60.0
    Ethical constraints on relations among individuals within and between societies have always reflected or invoked a higher authority than the caprices of human will. For over two thousand years Natural Law and Natural Rights were the constellations of ideas and presuppositions that fulfilled this role in the west, and exhibited far greater similarities than most commentators want to admit. Such ideas were the lens through which Europeans evaluated the rest of the world. In his major new book David Boucher (...)
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  4. David Boucher (1989). The Social and Political Thought of R.G. Collingwood. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    This is the first comprehensive study of the political philosophy of the British philosopher R. G. Collingwood, best known for his contributions to aesthetics and the philosophy of history. However his political thought, and in particular his book The New Leviathan, have been neglected, even dismissed in some quarters. Professor Boucher argues for the importance of this political theory and provides a perspicuous account of its development and originality. He contends that The New Leviathan is an attempt to reconcile (...)
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  5. Geoff Boucher (2012). Adorno Reframed: Interpreting Key Thinkers for the Arts. I.B. Tauris.score: 60.0
    Dismissed as a miserable elitist who condemned popular culture in the name of 'high art', Theodor W. Adorno (1903–1969) is one of the most provocative and important yet least understood of contemporary thinkers. This book challenges this popular image and re-examines Adorno as a utopian philosopher who believed authentic art could save the world. Adorno Reframed is not only a comprehensive introduction to the reader coming to Adorno for the first time, but also an important re-evaluation of this founder of (...)
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  6. Wayne I. Boucher (1999). Spinoza: Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Discussions, 6 Vols. Thoemmes Press.score: 60.0
    "monumental work" - The North American Spinoza Society Newsletter , February 1999 "The sheer volume of this anthology makes it an indispensable asset to any serious scholar of Spinozism. Certainly no academic library can do without it. The quality of the material gathered here is extremely impressive. To the professional scholar of early modern philosophy many of the criticisms it contains may well look superficial and outworn, but even the best-informed experts will find much in it that will surprise and (...)
     
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  7. Andrew Boucher, Comments on Naming and Necessity.score: 30.0
    I recently had the occasion to reread Naming and Necessity by Saul Kripke. NaN struck me this time, as it always has, as breathtakingly clear and lucid. It also struck me this time, as it always has, as wrong-headed in several major ways, both in its methodology and its content. Herein is a brief explanation why.
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  8. Andrew Boucher, A Comprehensive Solution to the Paradoxes.score: 30.0
    A solution to the paradoxes has two sides: the philosophical and the technical. The paradoxes are, first and foremost, a philosophical problem. A philosophical solution must pinpoint the exact step where the reasoning that leads to contradiction is fallacious, and then explain why it is so.
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  9. Andrew Boucher, Three Theorems of Godel.score: 30.0
    It might seem that three of Godel’s results - the Completeness and the First and Second Incompleteness Theorems - assume so little that they are reasonably indisputable. A version of the Completeness Theorem, for instance, can be proven in RCA0, which is the weakest system studied extensively in Simpson’s encyclopaedic Subsystems of Second Order Arithmetic. And it often seems that the minimum requirements for a system just to express the Incompleteness Theorems are sufficient to prove them. However, it will be (...)
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  10. Peter Carruthers & Jill Boucher (eds.) (1998). Language and Thought: Interdisciplinary Themes. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    What is the place of language in human cognition? Do we sometimes think in natural language? Or is language for purposes of interpersonal communication only? Although these questions have been much debated in the past, they have almost dropped from sight in recent decades amongst those interested in the cognitive sciences. Language and Thought is intended to persuade such people to think again. It brings together essays by a distinguished interdisciplinary team of philosophers and psychologists, who discuss various ways in (...)
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  11. Andrew Boucher, "True" Arithmetic Can Prove its Own Consistency.score: 30.0
    Using an axiomatization of second-order arithmetic (essentially second-order Peano Arithmetic without the Successor Axiom), arithmetic's basic operations are defined and its fundamental laws, up to unique prime factorization, are proven. Two manners of expressing a system's consistency are presented - the "Godel" consistency, where a wff is represented by a natural number, and the "real" consistency, where a wff is represented as a second-order sequence, which is a stronger notion. It is shown that the system can prove at least its (...)
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  12. Andrew Boucher, The Solution to the Liar's Paradox.score: 30.0
    A solution to the Liar must do two things. First, it should say exactly which step in the Liar reasoning - the reasoning which leads to a contradiction - is invalid. Secondly, it should explains why this step is invalid.
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  13. Chris Jarrold, Peter Carruthers, Jill Boucher & Peter K. Smith (1994). Pretend Play. Mind and Language 9 (4):445-468.score: 30.0
    Children’s ability to pretend, and the apparent lack of pretence in children with autism, have become important issues in current research on ‘theory of mind’, on the assumption that pretend play may be an early indicator of metarepresentational abilities.
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  14. Andrew Boucher (1997). Parallel Machines. Minds and Machines 7 (4):543-551.score: 30.0
    Because it is time-dependent, parallel computation is fundamentally different from sequential computation. Parallel programs are non-deterministic and are not effective procedures. Given the brain operates in parallel, this casts doubt on AI's attempt to make sequential computers intelligent.
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  15. Andrew Boucher, The Existence of Numbers (Or: What is the Status of Arithmetic?) By V2.00 Created: 11 Oct 2001 Modified: 3 June 2002 Please Send Your Comments to Abo. [REVIEW]score: 30.0
    I begin with a personal confession. Philosophical discussions of existence have always bored me. When they occur, my eyes glaze over and my attention falters. Basically ontological questions often seem best decided by banging on the table--rocks exist, fairies do not. Argument can appear long-winded and miss the point. Sometimes a quick distinction resolves any apparent difficulty. Does a falling tree in an earless forest make noise, ie does the noise exist? Well, if noise means that an ear must be (...)
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  16. Andrew Boucher, Who Needs (to Assume) Hume's Principle?score: 30.0
    Neo-logicism uses definitions and Hume's Principle to derive arithmetic in second-order logic. This paper investigates how much arithmetic can be derived using definitions alone, without any additional principle such as Hume's.
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  17. Andrew Boucher, Who Needs (to Assume) Hume's Principle? July 2006.score: 30.0
    In the Foundations of Arithmetic, Frege famously developed a theory which today goes by the name of logicism - that it is possible to prove the truths of arithmetic using only logical principles and definitions. Logicism fell out of favor for various reasons, most spectacular of which was that the system, which Frege thought would definitively prove his thesis, turned out to be inconsistent. In the early 1980s a movement called neo-logicism was begun by Crispin Wright. Neo-logicism holds that Frege (...)
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  18. Andrew Boucher, A Natural First-Order System of Arithmetic Which Proves Its Own Consistency.score: 30.0
    Herein is presented a natural first-order arithmetic system which can prove its own consistency, both in the weaker Godelian sense using traditional Godel numbering and, more importantly, in a more robust and direct sense; yet it is strong enough to prove many arithmetic theorems, including the Euclidean Algorithm, Quadratic Reciprocity, and Bertrand’s Postulate.
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  19. Andrew Boucher, A Theory of Meaning.score: 30.0
    What an individual means by a word sometimes, if not always, is dependent on the individual, on what he believes, and on his memories; and so on what kind of life he has lived and what kind of experiences he has had, the manner in which he learned the word, and so forth. For instance, someone who lives in a hot climate will surely mean the word ʻcoldʼ in a different way than someone who comes from a cold one. Indeed (...)
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  20. David Boucher (1997). The Significance of R. G. Collingwood's Principles of History. Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (2):309-330.score: 30.0
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  21. Andrew Boucher, General Arithmetic.score: 30.0
    General Arithmetic is the theory consisting of induction on a successor function. Normal arithmetic, say in the system called Peano Arithmetic, makes certain additional demands on the successor function. First, that it be total. Secondly, that it be one-to-one. And thirdly, that there be a first element which is not in its image. General Arithmetic abandons all of these further assumptions, yet is still able to prove many meaningful arithmetic truths, such as, most basically, Commutativity and Associativity of Addition and (...)
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  22. Andrew Boucher, On Descriptive Ethics.score: 30.0
    In its descriptive sense ethical language allows one to make assertions, which like other assertions may be true or not. “One should not torture,” descriptively, makes an assertion about torture - that it is an act that one should not do. While the peculiar force of ethical language comes from its overloading of different types of uses - descriptive, imperative, and emotive -, our concern here will be with the descriptive. Many of our assertions will focus on the English word (...)
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  23. Andrew Boucher, Proving Bertrand's Postulate.score: 30.0
    Bertand's Postulate is proved in Peano Arithmetic minus the Successor Axiom.
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  24. Andrew Boucher, Systems for a Foundation of Arithmetic.score: 30.0
    A new second-order axiomatization of arithmetic, with Frege's definition of successor replaced, is presented and compared to other systems in the field of Frege Arithmetic. The key in proving the Peano Axioms turns out to be a proposition about infinity, which a reduced subset of the axioms proves.
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  25. Wayne I. Boucher (1999). Spinoza in English: A Bibliography From the Seventeenth Century to the Present, 2nd Edn. Thoemmes.score: 30.0
  26. Andrew Boucher, A Note On the Berry Paradox.score: 30.0
    For those who have understood the solution to the Liarʼs Paradox and the Paradoxes of Predication, presented in A Comprehensive Solution to the Paradoxes and The Solution to the Liarʼs Paradox1, it will come as no surprise how the Berry Paradox should be solved. Nonetheless, the solution will be presented here in a short note, for completenessʼ sake.
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  27. Andrew Boucher, Arithmetic Without the Successor Axiom.score: 30.0
    Second-order Peano Arithmetic minus the Successor Axiom is developed from first principles through Quadratic Reciprocity and a proof of self-consistency. This paper combines 4 other papers of the author in a self-contained exposition.
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  28. Andrew Boucher, Proving Quadratic Reciprocity.score: 30.0
    The system of arithmetic considered in Consistency, which is essentially second-order Peano Arithmetic without the Successor Axiom, is used to prove more theorems of arithmetic, up to Quadratic Reciprocity.
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  29. P. Carruthers & J. Boucher (eds.) (1998). Language and Thought. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This distinguished collection of essays explores the place of natural language in human cognition.
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  30. Andrew Boucher, Against Angles and the Fregean-Cantorian Theory of Number.score: 30.0
    How-many numbers, such as 2 and 1000, relate or are capable of expressing the size of a group or set. Both Cantor and Frege analyzed how-many number in terms of one-to-one correspondence between two sets. That is to say, one arrived at numbers by either abstracting from the concept of correspondence, in the case of Cantor, or by using it to provide an out-and-out definition, in the case of Frege.
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  31. Andrew Boucher, Equivalence of F with a Sub-Theory of Peano Arithmetic.score: 30.0
    In a short, technical note, the system of arithmetic, F, introduced in Systems for a Foundation of Arithmetic and "True" Arithmetic Can Prove Its Own Consistency and Proving Quadratic Reciprocity, is demonstrated to be equivalent to a sub-theory of Peano Arithmetic; the sub-theory is missing, most notably, the Successor Axiom.
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  32. Andrew Boucher, Sub-Theory of Peano Arithmetic.score: 30.0
    The system called F is essentially a sub-theory of Frege Arithmetic without the ad infinitum assumption that there is always a next number. In a series of papers (Systems for a Foundation of Arithmetic, True” Arithmetic Can Prove Its Own Consistency and Proving Quadratic Reciprocity) it was shown that F proves a large number of basic arithmetic truths, such as the Euclidean Algorithm, Unique Prime Factorization (i.e. the Fundamental Law of Arithmetic), and Quadratic Reciprocity, indeed a sizable amount of arithmetic. (...)
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  33. Andrew Boucher, Introduction.score: 30.0
    The Successor Axiom asserts that every number has a successor, or in other words, that the number series goes on and on ad infinitum. The present work investigates a particular subsystem of Frege Arithmetic, called F, which turns out to be equivalent to second-order Peano Arithmetic minus the Successor Axiom, and shows how this system can develop arithmetic up through Gauss' Quadratic Reciprocity Law. It then goes on to represent questions of provability in F, and shows that F can prove (...)
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  34. David Boucher (1985). Texts in Context: Revisionist Methods for Studying the History of Ideas. Distributor for the U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 30.0
    Introduction History, Historicism and Hermeneutics In the Phaedrus Socrates argues that the written word is far inferior to the spoken word as a means of ...
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  35. Jill Boucher (1999). Time and the Implicit-Explicit Continuum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):758-759.score: 30.0
    Dienes & Perner's target article contains numerous but unsystematic references to the implicit or explicit knowledge of the temporal context of a known state of affairs such as may constitute the content of a propositional attitude. In this commentary, the forms of cognition that, according to D&P, require only implicit knowledge of time are contrasted with those for which explicit temporal knowledge is needed. It is suggested that the explicit representation of time may have been important in human evolution and (...)
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  36. David Boucher (1994). David Gauthier and Robert Sugden, Eds., Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes From 'Morals by Agreement', London, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993, Pp. Xii + 201. Utilitas 6 (02):317-.score: 30.0
  37. Maureen A. O'Malley & Yan Boucher (2005). Paradigm Change in Evolutionary Microbiology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (1):183-208.score: 30.0
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  38. Geoff Boucher (2010). Review. [REVIEW] Critical Horizons 11 (2):315-321.score: 30.0
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  39. Philip Boucher (2011). What Next After Determinism in the Ontology of Technology? Distributing Responsibility in the Biofuel Debate. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):525-538.score: 30.0
    This article builds upon previous discussion of social and technical determinisms as implicit positions in the biofuel debate. To ensure these debates are balanced, it has been suggested that they should be designed to contain a variety of deterministic positions. Whilst it is agreed that determinism does not feature strongly in contemporary academic literatures, it is found that they have generally been superseded by an absence of any substantive conceptualisation of how the social shaping of technology may be related to, (...)
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  40. David Boucher (1997). Julia Stapleton, Englishness and the Study of Politics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994, Pp. Xiv + 251. Utilitas 9 (01):156-.score: 30.0
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  41. Andrew Boucher, Consistency and Existence by V1.00 Last Updated: 1 Oct 2000 Please Send Your Comments to Abo.score: 30.0
    On the one hand, first-order theories are able to assert the existence of objects. For instance, ZF set theory asserts the existence of objects called the power set, while Peano Arithmetic asserts the existence of zero. On the other hand, a first-order theory may or not be consistent: it is if and only if no contradiction is a theorem. Let us ask, What is the connection between consistency and existence?
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  42. Andrew Boucher, Depression in a One-Good Barter Economy.score: 30.0
    Consider a one-good economy where money is not used and only barter holds. As is traditional, the unique good can be exchanged for labor, which itself is used to produce the good; and there are capitalists, who own the means of production, who contract for the labor and keep whatever of the good is left from production after paying the workers. The only unusual feature of the economy is that the various economic agents can also make promises of future delivery (...)
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  43. David Boucher (1986). W. H. Greenleaf, Idealism and the Triadic Conception of the History of Political Thought. Idealistic Studies 16 (3):237-252.score: 30.0
  44. Geneviève Dumas & Caroline Boucher (2012). Medical Translations and Practical Compilations: A Necessary Coincidence? Early Science and Medicine 17 (3):273-308.score: 30.0
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  45. Sandy C. Boucher (forthcoming). Functionalism and Structuralism as Philosophical Stances: Van Fraassen Meets the Philosophy of Biology. Biology and Philosophy:1-21.score: 30.0
    I consider the broad perspectives in biology known as ‘functionalism’ and ‘structuralism’, as well as a modern version of functionalism, ‘adaptationism’. I do not take a position on which of these perspectives is preferable; my concern is with the prior question, how should they be understood? Adapting van Fraassen’s argument for treating materialism as a stance, rather than a factual belief with propositional content, in the first part of the paper I offer an argument for construing functionalism and structuralism as (...)
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  46. Caroline Boucher & Genevieve Dumas (2012). Medical Translations and Practical Compilations: A Necessary Coincidence? Early Science and Medicine 17 (3):273-308.score: 30.0
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  47. D. Boucher (2012). The Just War Tradition and its Modern Legacy: Jus Ad Bellum and Jus in Bello. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (2):92-111.score: 30.0
    The relationship between jus ad bellum and jus in bello has been characterized differently throughout European history. There have been three main positions exemplified by Hugo Grotius, Samuel von Pufendorf and Emer de Vattel. They are, first, both the cause and the conduct of warfare must be just; second, the cause must be just, but the conduct of the war is unconstrained in order to achieve the goal of peace; and, third, we must assume justice on both sides, and concentrate (...)
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  48. Camilla Boison & David Boucher, Hobbes and the Subjection of International Relations to Law and Morality.score: 30.0
  49. D. Boucher (2002). Collingwood and Anthropology as a Historical Science. History of Political Thought 23 (2):303-332.score: 30.0
  50. Geoff Boucher (2005). One Hand Clapping: The Phoneme and the Nothing. Filozofski Vestnik 2 (2):83-93.score: 30.0
    In Écrits, Lacan proposes an "unthinkable list" of objects (a) that includes "the phoneme, the gaze, the voice – the nothing". While the gaze and the voice have received extensive critical commentary, the phoneme and the nothing have gone practically unnoticed. I propose to theoretically construct the object (a) by means of an explication of Lacan’s enigmatic allusion to the phoneme and the nothing. I contend that the phoneme is the "ur-form" of the object (a), whose ontological status is nothing. (...)
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