Search results for 'Johan Evers' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  2
    Ties Hoomans, André J. H. A. Ament, Silvia M. A. A. Evers & Johan L. Severens (2011). Implementing Guidelines Into Clinical Practice: What is the Value? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):606-614.
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  2.  24
    Lieve Goorden, Michiel Van Oudheusden, Johan Evers & Marian Deblonde (2008). Lose One Another ... And Find One Another in Nanospace. 'Nanotechnologies for Tomorrow's Society: A Case for Reflective Action Research in Flanders (Nanosoc)'. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 2 (3):213-230.
    The main objective of the Flemish research project ‘Nanotechnologies for tomorrow’s society’ (NanoSoc) is to develop and try out an interactive process as a suitable methodology for rendering nanoresearchers aware of underlying assumptions that guide nanotech research and integrating social considerations into the research choices they face. In particular, the NanoSoc process should sustain scientists’ capacities to address growing uncertainties on the strategic, scientific and public acceptance level. The article elaborates on these uncertainties and involved dilemmas scientists are facing and (...)
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  3.  10
    Johan Evers, Stefan Aerts & Johan De Tavernier (2008). An Ethical Argument in Favor of Nano-Enabled Diagnostics in Livestock Disease Control. NanoEthics 2 (2):163-178.
    Livestock production has been confronted with several epidemics over the last decades. The morality of common animal disease strategies—stamping out and vaccination—is being debated and provokes controversies among farmers, authorities and the broader public. Given the complexity and controversy of choosing an appropriate control strategy, this article explores the potential of nano-enabled diagnostics in future livestock production. At first glance, these applications offer promising opportunities for better animal disease surveillance. By significantly shortening the reaction time from diagnosis to appropriate control, (...)
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  4.  2
    Kris Evers, Ilse Noens, Jean Steyaert & Johan Wagemans (2010). Embodied Simulation and the Meaning of Facial Expression in Autism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):445-446.
    We outline three possible shortcomings of the SIMS model and specify these by applying the model to autism. First, the SIMS model assigns a causal role to brain processes, thereby excluding individual and situational factors. Second, there is no room for subjective and high-level conceptual processes in the model. Third, disentangling the different stages in the model is very difficult.
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  5.  7
    Colin W. Evers (1988). Two Responses to Laura: Evers, and Phillips.. New Frontiers or Crossing the Bounds of Inference? Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (1):70–75.
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  6. C. W. Evers (2000). Doing Educational Administration: A Theory of Administrative Practice. Pergamon.
    Doing Educational Administration is the final part in a three volume series by Evers and Lakomski presenting their perspective on educational administration. The first volume, Knowing Educational Administration , established the importance of epistemological issues in the international field of educational administration and suggested a new, post-positivist approach to research. The theoretical approach presented in the first volume was further examined in Exploring Educational Administration, where the authors' theories were considered in an applied context. In this, the third and (...)
     
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  7.  1
    Sheila M. Evers (1994). FOCUS: Guidance for British Managers. Business Ethics 3 (1):23–24.
    In 1990‐92 Britain's Institute of Management commissioned a working party of its Professional Practice Committee to review the Institute's Code of Conduct and Guides to Professional Management Practice. Sheila Evers, currently Vice‐Chairman of the Institute of Management, chaired the working party; and based on further discussions she has now written and compiled a supporting document, “The Manager as a Professional”, with checklists for the individual manager. Copyright of the documents, reproduced here with permission, rests with The Institute of Management, (...)
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  8. Scott Eacott & Colin Evers (eds.) (2016). New Directions in Educational Leadership Theory. Routledge.
    Educational leadership has a rich history of epistemological debate. From the ‘Theory Movement’_ _of the 1950-1960s, through to Greenfield’s critique of logical empiricism in the 1970s, the emergence of Bates’ and Foster’s Critical Theory of educational administration in the 1980s, and Evers’ and Lakomski’s naturalistic coherentism from1990 to the present time, debates about ways of knowing, doing, and being in the social world have been central to advancing scholarship. However, since the publication of Evers’ and Lakomski’s work, questions (...)
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  9. Daan Evers, Relativism and the Metaphysics of Value.
    I argue that relativists about evaluative language face some of the same objections as non-naturalists in ethics. If these objections have force, there is reason to doubt the existence of relative evaluative states of affairs. In they do not exist, then relativism leads to an error theory. This is unattractive, as the position was specifically designed to preserve the truth of many evaluative claims.
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  10. Gary Wickham & Barbara Evers (2007). But Culture Can Also Be Dangerous: An Outline of a Research Project. Nexus 19 (3):3-5.
  11. Williamson M. Evers (1978). Rawls and Children. Journal of Libertarian Studies 2 (2):109-114.
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  12. Daan Evers (2011). Review of Mark Schroeder - Noncognitivism in Ethics. [REVIEW] Disputatio 4 (31):295-203.
    Review of Mark Schroeder's book Noncognitivism in Ethics.
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  13.  7
    Fritz Allhoff, Françoise Baylis, Richard Glen Boire, Christopher Buford, Tom Buller, Raymond DeVries, Hubert Doucet, Kathinka Evers, Joseph Fins & Ruth L. Fischbach (2005). First Page Preview. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2).
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  14.  77
    Daan Evers (2015). Street on Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons. Synthese 192 (11):3663-3676.
    Sharon Street argues that realism about epistemic normativity is false. Realists believe there are truths about epistemic reasons that hold independently of the agent’s attitudes. Street argues by dilemma. Either the realist accepts a certain account of the nature of belief, or she does not. If she does, then she cannot consistently accept realism. If she does not, then she has no scientifically credible explanation of the fact that our epistemic behaviours or beliefs about epistemic reasons align with independent (...)
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  15.  50
    Douglas Cumming & Sofia Johan (2007). Socially Responsible Institutional Investment in Private Equity. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):395 - 416.
    This article studies institutional investor allocations to the socially responsible asset class. We propose two elements influence socially responsible institutional investment in private equity: internal organizational structure, and internationalization. We study socially responsible investments from Dutch institutional investments into private equity funds, and compare socially responsible investment across different asset classes and different types of institutional investors (banks, insurance companies, and pension funds). The data indicate socially responsible investment in private equity is 40–50% more common when the decision to implement (...)
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  16. Daan Evers (2009). Humean Agent-Neutral Reasons? Philosophical Explorations 12 (1):55 – 67.
    In his recent book Slaves of the Passions , Mark Schroeder defends a Humean account of practical reasons ( hypotheticalism ). He argues that it is compatible with 'genuinely agent-neutral reasons'. These are reasons that any agent whatsoever has. According to Schroeder, they may well include moral reasons. Furthermore, he proposes a novel account of a reason's weight, which is supposed to vindicate the claim that agent-neutral reasons ( if they exist), would be weighty irrespective of anyone's desires. If the (...)
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  17.  26
    Frida Kuhlau, Stefan Eriksson, Kathinka Evers & Anna T. Höglund (2008). Taking Due Care: Moral Obligations in Dual Use Research. Bioethics 22 (9):477-487.
    In the past decade, the perception of a bioterrorist threat has increased and created a demand on life scientists to consider the potential security implications of dual use research. This article examines a selection of proposed moral obligations for life scientists that have emerged to meet these concerns and the extent to which they can be considered reasonable. It also describes the underlying reasons for the concerns, how they are managed, and their implications for scientific values. Five criteria for what (...)
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  18. Daan Evers (2014). Moral Contextualism and the Problem of Triviality. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):285-297.
    Moral contextualism is the view that claims like ‘A ought to X’ are implicitly relative to some (contextually variable) standard. This leads to a problem: what are fundamental moral claims like ‘You ought to maximize happiness’ relative to? If this claim is relative to a utilitarian standard, then its truth conditions are trivial: ‘Relative to utilitarianism, you ought to maximize happiness’. But it certainly doesn’t seem trivial that you ought to maximize happiness (utilitarianism is a highly controversial position). (...)
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  19.  21
    Frida Kuhlau, Anna T. Höglund, Kathinka Evers & Stefan Eriksson (2011). A Precautionary Principle for Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences. Bioethics 25 (1):1-8.
    Most life science research entails dual-use complexity and may be misused for harmful purposes, e.g. biological weapons. The Precautionary Principle applies to special problems characterized by complexity in the relationship between human activities and their consequences. This article examines whether the principle, so far mainly used in environmental and public health issues, is applicable and suitable to the field of dual-use life science research. Four central elements of the principle are examined: threat, uncertainty, prescription and action. Although (...)
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  20.  71
    David L. Evers, Carol B. Fowler, Jeffrey T. Mason & Rebecca K. Mimnall (2015). Deliberate Microbial Infection Research Reveals Limitations to Current Safety Protections of Healthy Human Subjects. Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1049-1064.
    Here we identify approximately 40,000 healthy human volunteers who were intentionally exposed to infectious pathogens in clinical research studies dating from late World War II to the early 2000s. Microbial challenge experiments continue today under contemporary human subject research requirements. In fact, we estimated 4,000 additional volunteers who were experimentally infected between 2010 and the present day. We examine the risks and benefits of these experiments and present areas for improvement in protections of participants with respect to safety. These are (...)
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  21.  44
    Williamson M. Evers (1977). Toward a Reformulation of the Law of Contracts. Journal of Libertarian Studies 1 (1):3-13.
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  22.  4
    Douglas Cumming, Grant Fleming, Sofia Johan & Mai Takeuchi (2010). Legal Protection, Corruption and Private Equity Returns in Asia. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):173 - 193.
    This article examines how private equity returns in Asia are related to levels of legal protection and corruption. We utilize a unique data set comprising over 750 returns to private equity transactions across 20 developing and developed countries in Asia. The data indicate that legal protections are an important determinant of private equity returns in Asia, but also that private equity managers are able to mitigate the potential for corruption. The quality of legal system (including legal protections) is positively related (...)
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  23.  23
    Kathinka Evers (2007). Perspectives on Memory Manipulation: Using Beta-Blockers to Cure Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (2):138-146.
    The human mind strives to maintain equilibrium between memory and oblivion and rejects irrelevant or disruptive memories. However, extensive amounts of stress hormones released at the time of a traumatic event can give rise to such powerful memory formation that traumatic memories cannot be rejected and do not vanish or diminish with time: Post-traumatic stress disorder may then develop. Recent scientific studies suggest that beta-blockers stopping the action of these stress hormones may reduce the emotional impact of disturbing memories or (...)
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  24. Daan Evers (2010). The End-Relational Theory of 'Ought' and the Weight of Reasons. Dialectica 64 (3):405-417.
    Stephen Finlay analyses ‘ought’ in terms of probability. According to him, normative ‘ought's are statements about the likelihood that an act will realize some (contextually supplied) end. I raise a problem for this theory. It concerns the relation between ‘ought’ and the balance of reasons. ‘A ought to Φ’ seems to entail that the balance of reasons favours that A Φ-es, and vice versa. Given Finlay's semantics for ‘ought’, it also makes sense to think of reasons and their weight in (...)
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  25. Daan Evers (2013). In Defence of Proportionalism. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):313-320.
    In his book Slaves of the Passions, Mark Schroeder defends a Humean theory of reasons. Humeanism is the view that you have a reason to X only if X-ing promotes at least one of your desires. But Schroeder rejects a natural companion theory of the weight of reasons, which he calls proportionalism. According to it, the weight of a reason is proportionate to the strength of the desire that grounds it and the extent to which the act promotes the object (...)
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  26. Daan Evers (2011). Two Objections to Wide-Scoping. Grazer Philosophische Studien 83 (13):251-255.
    Wide-scopers argue that the detachment of intuitively false ‘ought’ claims from hypothetical imperatives is blocked because ‘ought’ takes wide, as opposed to narrow, scope. I present two arguments against this view. The first questions the premise that natural language conditionals are true just in case the antecedent is false. The second shows that intuitively false ‘ought’s can still be detached even WITH wide-scope readings. This weakens the motivation for wide-scoping.
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  27. Daan Evers (2011). The Standard-Relational Theory of 'Ought' and the Oughtistic Theory of Reasons. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):131-147.
    The idea that normative statements implicitly refer to standards has been around for quite some time. It is usually defended by normative antirealists, who tend to be attracted to Humean theories of reasons. But this is an awkward combination: 'A ought to X' entails that there are reasons for A to X, and 'A ought to X all things considered' entails that the balance of reasons favours X-ing. If the standards implicitly referred to are not those of the agent, then (...)
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  28. Daan Evers (2013). Weight for Stephen Finlay. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):737-749.
    According to Stephen Finlay, ‘A ought to X’ means that X-ing is more conducive to contextually salient ends than relevant alternatives. This in turn is analysed in terms of probability. I show why this theory of ‘ought’ is hard to square with a theory of a reason’s weight which could explain why ‘A ought to X’ logically entails that the balance of reasons favours that A X-es. I develop two theories of weight to illustrate my point. I first look (...)
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  29.  92
    F. Kuhlau, A. T. Hoglund, S. Eriksson & K. Evers (2013). The Ethics of Disseminating Dual-Use Knowledge. Research Ethics 9 (1):6-19.
    In 2011, for the first time ever, two scientific journals were asked not to publish research papers in full detail. The research in question was on the H5N1 influenza virus (bird flu), and the concern was that the expected public health benefits of disseminating the findings did not outweigh the potential harm should the knowledge be misused for malicious purposes. This constraint raises important ethical concerns as it collides with scientific freedom and openness. In this article, we argue that constraining (...)
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  30.  24
    Daan Evers (2015). Allan Gibbard Meaning and Normativity. Oxford University Press, 2012. Xiv + 310 Pp. Isbn 9780199646074. [REVIEW] Theoria 81 (1):82-86.
  31.  49
    Daan Evers (forthcoming). Review Allan Gibbard - Meaning and Normativity. [REVIEW] Theoria.
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  32.  5
    Kathinka Evers & Mariano Sigman (2013). Possibilities and Limits of Mind-Reading: A Neurophilosophical Perspective. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):887-897.
    Access to other minds once presupposed other individuals’ expressions and narrations. Today, several methods have been developed which can measure brain states relevant for assessments of mental states without 1st person overt external behavior or speech. Functional magnetic resonance imaging and trace conditioning are used clinically to identify patterns of activity in the brain that suggest the presence of consciousness in people suffering from severe consciousness disorders and methods to communicate cerebrally with patients who are motorically unable to communicate. The (...)
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  33.  44
    Williamson M. Evers (1978). Kropotkin's Ethics and the Public Good. Journal of Libertarian Studies 2 (3):225-232.
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  34.  1
    Sofia A. Johan & Dorra Najar (2010). The Role of Corruption, Culture, and Law in Investment Fund Manager Fees. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):147 - 172.
    This article considers an international sample of venture capital and private equity funds to assess the role of law, corruption, and culture in setting fund manager fees. With better legal conditions, fixed fees are lower, carried interest fees are higher, clawbacks are less likely, and share distributions are more likely. Countries with lower levels of corruption have lower fixed fees and higher performance fees, and are less likely to have clawbacks and cash-only distributions. Hofstede's measure of power distance is negatively (...)
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  35.  32
    Daan Evers (2014). Review of Moral Error Theory, by Jonas Olson. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  36.  4
    C. W. Evers & J. C. Walker (1983). Knowledge, Partitioned Sets and Extensionality: A Refutation of the Forms of Knowledge Thesis. Journal of Philosophy of Education 17 (2):155–170.
  37.  7
    Colin W. Evers (1979). Analytic Philosophy of Education: From a Logical Point of View. Educational Philosophy and Theory 11 (2):1–15.
  38.  13
    Mark Brady, Williamson M. Evers, David Henderson & John Majewski Be (2006). The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History. By Thomas E. Woods, Jr. Washington: Regnery, 2004. Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (2):65-86.
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  39.  10
    Colin W. Evers & W. U. H. (2006). On Generalising From Single Case Studies: Epistemological Reflections. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (4):511–526.
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  40.  5
    J. C. Walker & C. W. Evers (1982). Epistemology and Justifying the Curriculum of Educational Studies. British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):213 - 229.
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  41.  2
    Sofia Johan & Dorra Najar (2011). The Role of Law, Corruption and Culture in Investment Fund Manager Fees. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):147-172.
    This paper considers an international sample of venture capital and private equity funds to assess the role of law, corruption and culture in setting fund manager fees in terms of their fixed management fees, carried interest performance fees, clawbacks of fees and cash versus share distributions of fees. The data highlight a role of legal conditions in shaping fees paid to fund managers. In countries with better legal conditions, fixed fees are lower, carried interest fees are higher, clawbacks are less (...)
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  42.  12
    Colin W. Evers (1987). Naturalism and Philosophy of Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 19 (2):11–21.
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  43.  8
    Colin W. Evers (2009). Remembering Pesa: An Intellectual Journey. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (7):788-793.
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  44.  10
    Hans-Dieter Evers & Solvay Gerke (1997). Global Market Cultures and the Construction of Modernity in Southeast Asia. Thesis Eleven 50 (1):1-14.
    Belief in the benevolence of free markets has become a fundamental credo of professional experts, economists, business people and politicians. We regard this discourse as part of a new culture of markets, which has also taken root in Southeast Asia. Expanding markets and using high-tech devices of communication are interpreted as cultural systems that are used in the construction of modernity. An `unbridled romanticism of productivity' (Baudrillard) and a `romance of capitalism' are the meta-narratives underlying the culture of markets. This (...)
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  45.  4
    Colin W. Evers (2007). Culture, Cognitive Pluralism and Rationality. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (4):364–382.
    This paper considers the prospects for objectivity in reasoning strategies in response to empirical studies that apparently show systematic culture?based differences in patterns of reasoning. I argue that there is at least one modest class of exceptions to the claim that there are alternative, equally warranted standards of good reasoning: the class that entails the solution of certain well?structured problems which, suitably chosen, are common, or touchstone, to the sorts of culturally different viewpoints discussed. There is evidence that some cognitive (...)
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  46. Colin W. Evers (1998). Analytic and Post-Analytic Philosophy of Education: Methodological Reflections. In Paul Heywood Hirst & Patricia White (eds.), Philosophy of Education: Major Themes in the Analytic Tradition. Routledge 1--120.
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  47.  52
    Kathinka Evers (2005). Neuroethics: A Philosophical Challenge. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):31 – 33.
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  48.  4
    Allan Danzig, H. G. Evers, H. Frankfort, John Summerson & George Heard Hamilton (1971). Twentieth Century Interpretations of the "Eve of St. Agnes". Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 30 (1):140-141.
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  49.  25
    Kathinka Evers (2001). The Importance of Being a Self. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):65-83.
    A traditional belief is that there is but one self to a body, and that each of us has a single biography and personality. Varieties of this monistic view have dominated most of mankind’s intellectual history in philosophy, science, religion, and psychology, as well as legal and social theory. It has been challenged by appeal to those people whom psychiatry labels “multiple,” or “dissociated” personalities who, some claim, are “multiple selves.” This may be adequate if the self is explained by (...)
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  50.  3
    Williamson M. Evers (1980). Specialization and the Division of Labor in the Social Thought of Plato and Rousseau. Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (1):45-64.
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