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Johan Graafland [13]Johan J. Graafland [11]
  1. Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten, Johan Graafland & Muel Kaptein (forthcoming). Religiosity, CSR Attitudes, and CSR Behavior: An Empirical Study of Executives' Religiosity and CSR. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  2. Johan Graafland & Lei Zhang (2014). Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Implementation and Challenges. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (1):34-49.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is becoming increasingly important in China. This paper investigates the implementation of instruments for dimensions of CSR that are relevant for the Chinese context and the challenges that Chinese companies face. Based on a survey among 109 Chinese companies, we find that formal instruments to implement CSR are rather common. Companies spend most effort in improving the economic aspects of CSR, such as competitiveness, product innovation and process innovation. Only a small minority of the companies set (...)
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  3. Thomas Wells & Johan Graafland (2012). Adam Smith's Bourgeois Virtues in Competition. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):319-350.
    Whether or not capitalism is compatible with ethics is a long standing dispute. We take up an approach to virtue ethics inspired by Adam Smith and consider how market competition influences the virtues most associated with modern commercial society. Up to a point, competition nurtures and supports such virtues as prudence, temperance, civility, industriousness and honesty. But there are also various mechanisms by which competition can have deleterious effects on the institutions and incentives necessary for sustaining even these most commercially (...)
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  4. Piet Eenkhoorn & Johan J. Graafland (2011). Lying in Business: Insights From Hannah Arendt's 'Lying in Politics'. Business Ethics 20 (4):359-374.
    The political philosopher Hannah Arendt develops several arguments regarding why truthfulness cannot be counted among the political virtues. This article shows that similar arguments apply to lying in business. Based on Hannah Arendt's theory, we distinguish five reasons why lying is a structural temptation to businessmen: business is about action to change the world and therefore businessmen need the capacity to deny current reality; commerce requires successful image-making and liars have the advantage to come up with plausible stories; business communication (...)
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  5. Johan J. Graafland & Bert W. van de Ven (2011). The Credit Crisis and the Moral Responsibility of Professionals in Finance. Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):605-619.
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  6. Johan J. Graafland & Bert W. Ven (2011). The Credit Crisis and the Moral Responsibility of Professionals in Finance. Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):605-619.
    Starting from MacIntyre’s virtue ethics, we investigate several codes of conduct of banks to identify the type of virtues that are needed to realize their mission. Based on this analysis, we define three core virtues: honesty, due care, and accuracy. We compare and contrast these codes of conduct with the actual behavior of banks that led to the credit crisis and find that in some cases banks did not behave according to the moral standards they set themselves. However, although banks (...)
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  7. Robert Gielissen & Johan Graafland (2009). Concepts of Price Fairness: Empirical Research Into the Dutch Coffee Market. Business Ethics 18 (2):165-178.
    This paper researches perceptions of the concept of price fairness in the Dutch coffee market. We distinguish four alternative standards of fair prices based on egalitarian, basic rights, capitalistic and libertarian approaches. We investigate which standards are guiding the perceptions of price fairness of citizens and coffee trade organizations. We find that there is a divergence in views between citizens and key players in the coffee market. Whereas citizens support the concept of fairness derived from the basic rights approach, holding (...)
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  8. Johan J. Graafland (2009). 62 Self-Interest. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar. 477.
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  9. Johan J. Graafland (2009). 72 Utilitarianism. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar.
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  10. Wim Dubbink, Johan Graafland & Luc van Liedekerke (2008). CSR, Transparency and the Role of Intermediate Organisations. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (2):391 - 406.
    Transparency is a crucial condition to implement a CSR policy based on the reputation mechanism. The central question of this contribution is how a transparency policy ought to be organised in order to enhance the CSR behaviour of companies. Governments endorsing CSR as a new means of governance have different strategies to foster CSR transparency. In this paper we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of two conventional policy strategies: the facilitation policy and the command and control strategy. Using three criteria (...)
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  11. Johan Graafland, Muel Kaptein & Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten (2007). Conceptions of God, Normative Convictions, and Socially Responsible Business Conduct An Explorative Study Among Executives. Business and Society 46 (3):331-368.
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  12. Johan Graafland, Muel Kaptein & Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten (2006). Business Dilemmas and Religious Belief: An Explorative Study Among Dutch Executives. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):53-70.
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  13. Johan Graafland, Muel Kaptein & Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten (2006). Business Dilemmas and Religious Belief: An Explorative Study Among Dutch Executives. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):53 - 70.
    This paper explores the relationship between religious belief and the dilemmas Dutch executives confront in daily business practice. We find that the frequency with which dilemmas arise is directly related to various aspects of religious belief, such as the belief in a transcendental being and the intensity of religious practice. Despite this relationship, only 17% of the dilemmas examined involve a religious standard. Most dilemmas originate from a conflict between moral and practical standards. We also find that 79% of the (...)
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  14. Johan Graafland, Corrie Mazereeuw & Aziza Yahia (2006). Islam and Socially Responsible Business Conduct: An Empirical Study of Dutch Entrepreneurs. Business Ethics 15 (4):390–406.
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  15. Mathilde Blok & Johan Graafland (2004). Subsidiariteit, Soevereiniteit in Eigen Kring En de Bouwfraude. Philosophia Reformata 69 (1):2-13.
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  16. Johan J. Graafland (2004). Collusion, Reputation Damage and Interest in Codes of Conduct: The Case of a Dutch Construction Company. Business Ethics 13 (2-3):127-142.
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  17. Johan J. Graafland, S. C. W. Eijffinger & H. SmidJohan (2004). Benchmarking of Corporate Social Responsibility: Methodological Problems and Robustness. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):137-152.
    This paper investigates the possibilities and problems of benchmarking Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). After a methodological analysis of the advantages and problems of benchmarking, we develop a benchmark method that includes economic, social and environmental aspects as well as national and international aspects of CSR. The overall benchmark is based on a weighted average of these aspects. The weights are based on the opinions of companies and NGO's. Using different methods of weighting, we find that the outcome of the benchmark (...)
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  18. Johan J. Graafland (2003). Distribution of Responsibility, Ability and Competition. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):133 - 147.
    This paper considers the distribution of responsibility for prevention of negative social or ecological effects of production and consumption. Responsibility is related to ability and ability depends on welfare. An increase in competition between Western companies depresses their profitability, but increases the welfare of Western consumers and,hence, their ability to acknowledge social values. Therefore, an increase in competition on consumer markets shifts the balance in responsibility from companies to consumers to prevent negative external effects from production and consumption patterns. An (...)
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  19. Johan Graafland, Bert van de Ven & Nelleke Stoffele (2003). Strategies and Instruments for Organising CSR by Small and Large Businesses in the Netherlands. Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):45-60.
    This paper analyses the use of strategies and instruments for organising ethics by small and large business in the Netherlands. We find that large firms mostly prefer an integrity strategy to foster ethical behaviour in the organisation, whereas small enterprises prefer a dialogue strategy. Both large and small firms make least use of a compliance strategy that focuses on controlling and sanctioning the ethical behaviour of workers. The size of the business is found to have a positive impact on the (...)
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  20. Johan J. Graafland (2002). Profits and Principles: Four Perspectives. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 35 (4):293 - 305.
    This article clarifies the relationship between profits and principles by distinguishing four alternative perspectives: the win-win perspective in which ethical behaviour generates the highest profits; a licence-to-operate perspective in which a minimum ethical performance is required to receive legitimation from the society; an acceptable profits perspective, in which an acceptable profitability is required to assure the financial continuity; and an integrated perspective. These four perspectives are illustrated by statements from Shell reports and from interviews with managers of a large European (...)
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  21. Johan J. Graafland (2002). Sourcing Ethics in the Textile Sector: The Case of C&A. Business Ethics 11 (3):282–294.
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