Search results for 'Johannes Fehr' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  12
    Christoph Eisenegger, Johannes Haushofer & Ernst Fehr (2011). The Role of Testosterone in Social Interaction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (6):263-271.
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  2.  5
    Christoph Eisenegger, Johannes Haushofer & Ernst Fehr (2011). No Sound Evidence for a Gender-Specific Effect of Testosterone Administration on Aggressive Motivation Exists: Reply to Josephs Et Al. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):510-511.
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  3.  7
    Johannes Fehr (2012). “… The Art of Shaping a Democratic Reality and Being Directed by It …”—Philososophy of Science in Turbulent Times. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):81-89.
    This article has three objectives: First, it revises the history of the reception of Ludwik Fleck’s monograph Entstehung und Entwicklung einer wissenschaftlichen Tatsache (1935, Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact). Contrary to the established picture, Fleck’s book was largely discussed in the years before the outbreak of World War II. What becomes clear when reading these early reviews and especially Fleck’s comments to those written by representatives of Nazi Germany is, second, the political dimension of his epistemology. In this (...)
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  4.  59
    Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton (2005). “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  5.  42
    Kathryn S. Plaisance & Carla Fehr (2010). Socially Relevant Philosophy of Science: An Introduction. Synthese 177 (3):301-316.
    This paper provides an argument for a more socially relevant philosophy of science (SRPOS). Our aims in this paper are to characterize this body of work in philosophy of science, to argue for its importance, and to demonstrate that there are significant opportunities for philosophy of science to engage with and support this type of research. The impetus of this project was a keen sense of missed opportunities for philosophy of science to have a broader social impact. We illustrate various (...)
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  6. Carla Fehr (2001). Pluralism and Sex: More Than a Pragmatic Issue. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S237-.
    The evolution of sexual reproduction is a case of explanatory pluralism, meaning that there is more than one explanation for this phenomenon. I use the concept of a domain to more clearly explicate the various explananda that can be found in this case. I argue that although pluralism with respect to some types of domains can be decreased using van Fraassen’s pragmatics of explanation, there remains an important class of domain, an orthogonal domain, for which this is not the case.
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  7.  28
    Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer (2005). Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  8. Carla Fehr, Feminism and Science: Mechanism Without Reductionism.
    During the scientific revolution reductionism and mechanism were introduced together. These concepts remained intertwined through much of the ensuing history of philosophy and science, resulting in the privileging of approaches to research that focus on the smallest bits of nature. This combination of concepts has been the object of intense feminist criticism, as it encourages biological determinism, narrows researchers’ choices of problems and methods, and allows researchers to ignore the contextual features of the phenomena they investigate. I argue that the (...)
     
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  9.  33
    Carla Fehr (2001). The Evolution of Sex: Domains and Explanatory Pluralism. Biology and Philosophy 16 (2):145-170.
    The evolution of sexual reproduction is a striking case of explanatory pluralism, meaning that one needs to refer to more than one explanation in order to adequately account for it. I develop the concept a domain of phenomena in order to analysis this pluralism. Pluralism exists when a phenomenon can be included in more that one homogeneous domain or in a heterogeneous domain. I argue that in some cases domain partitioning can be used to decrease pluralism, but that in the (...)
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  10.  38
    Carla Fehr (2006). Explanations of the Evolution of Sex: A Plurality of Local Mechanisms. In Stephen H. Kellert, Helen E. Longino & C. Kenneth Waters (eds.), Scientific Pluralism, Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. University of Minnesota Press 167-189.
    The evolutionary maintenance of sexual reproduction is a case of explanatory pluralism of central importance to evolutionary biology. I analyze this pluralism from an epistemological perspective. My thesis is that the various explanations of sex are explanatory by virtue of local factors and hence are importantly distinct from one another and cannot be subsumed under a single unifying framework. A critic may argue that philosophical accounts of mechanism can provide just such a framework. I show that this attempt at unification (...)
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  11. Carla Fehr, Sex and Explanatory Pluralism: Is It a Case of Causal Mechanism Versus Unifying Theories of Explanation?
    There is more than one explanation for the evolution of sexual reproduction. This paper investigates the possibility that this pluralism exists because these different explanations rely on intuitions provided by different philosophical theories of explanation, namely unifying views and causal mechanical views. I conclude that this is not the case.
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  12.  2
    Fred S. Fehr (1991). Mind and Body: An Apparent Perceptual Error. Journal of Mind and Behavior 12 (3):393-405.
    A process model of concept development is proposed as a means of understanding the mind body problem. This paper reviews some definitions and views of mind, reiterates Karl Popper's description of the development of scientific as compared to essentialist methods of concept definition, compares the development of physical and psychological concepts, notes an apparent illogic of the mind and body issue, and discusses a range of psychological theories in relation to this process model, that is, Skinner's behavior view, to Pribram's (...)
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  13.  14
    K. Boogaard Birgit, B. Bock Bettina, J. Oosting Simon, S. C. Wiskerke Johannes & J. der Zijpp Akkvane (forthcoming). Social Acceptance of Dairy Farming: The Ambivalence Between the Two Faces of Modernity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
    Society’s relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of modernity: the negative (exploitation of nature and loss of traditions) and the positive (progress, convenience, and efficiency). This article draws on a national survey carried out in the Netherlands that aimed at gaining (...)
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  14.  9
    Susanne Sleenhoff Daan Schuurbiers, F. Jacobs Johannes & Patricia Osseweijer (2009). Multidisciplinary Engagement with Nanoethics Through Education—the Nanobio-Raise Advanced Courses as a Case Study and Model. NanoEthics 3 (3).
    This paper presents and evaluates two advanced courses organised in Oxford as part of the European project Nanobio-RAISE and suggests using their format to encourage multidisciplinary engagement between nanoscientists and nanoethicists. Several nanoethicists have recently identified the need for ‘better’ ethics of emerging technologies, arguing that ethical reflection should become part and parcel of the research and development (R&D) process itself. Such new forms of ethical deliberation, it is argued, transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries and require the active engagement and involvement (...)
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  15. Klein Bluemink & Gerardus Johannes (2000). Kissingerian Realism in International Politics: Political Theory, Philosophy, and Practice. S.N..
     
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  16. Howard F. Fehr (1940). A Study of the Number Concept of Secondary School Mathematics. [New York]Teachers College, Columbia University.
     
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  17. James Jakob Fehr & A. Th Bouwman (eds.) (2004). Legatum Stolpianum: History and Archives of the Leiden Prize Competitions in Natural Theology and Moral Philosophy, 1754-2004. Leiden University Library.
     
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  18. J. Peterson-Overton Kristofer, D. Schmidt Johannes & Jaques Hersh (2010). Retooling Peace Philosophy : A Critical Look at Israel's Separation Strategy. In Candice C. Carter & Ravindra Kumar (eds.), Peace Philosophy in Action. Palgrave Macmillan
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  19.  5
    Sandy Zabell (2016). Johannes von Kries’s Principien: A Brief Guide for the Perplexed. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):131-150.
    This paper has the aim of making Johannes von Kries’s masterpiece, Die Principien der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung of 1886, a little more accessible to the modern reader in three modest ways: first, it discusses the historical background to the book ; next, it summarizes the basic elements of von Kries’s approach ; and finally, it examines the so-called “principle of cogent reason” with which von Kries’s name is often identified in the English literature.
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  20.  11
    Raf de Bont (2011). Poetry and Precision: Johannes Thienemann, the Bird Observatory in Rossitten and Civic Ornithology, 1900–1930. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (2):171-203.
    In the early twentieth century, ornithology underwent significant changes. So far, these changes, basically, have been studied by focussing on the elite of professional biologists working at universities or state museums. However, important developments also occurred in what Lynn Nyhart has called “the civic realm” of science – the sphere given form by private naturalist associations, nature writers, taxidermists and school teachers. This article studies the changing dynamics of civic ornithology, by looking at one particular case: the influential orinthological observatory (...)
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  21.  5
    Bernd Buldt (2016). Johannes von Kries: A Bio-Bibliography. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):217-235.
    A short biography of Johannes von Kries, followed by a bibliography of his works, containing more than 70 previously unknown works.
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  22.  12
    K. Schuhmann & B. Smith (1991). Neo-Kantianism and Phenomenology: The Case of Emil Lask and Johannes Daubert. Kant-Studien 82 (3):303-318.
    Johannes Daubert he was an acknowledged leader, and in some respects the founder, of the early phenomenological movement, and was considered – as much by its members as by Husserl himself – the most brilliant member of the group. In Daubert’s unpublished writings we find a series of reflections on Lask, and on Neo-Kantianism, which form the subject-matter of this paper. They range over topics such as the ontology of the ‘Sachverhalt’ or state of affairs, truthvalues (Wahrheitswerte) and (...)
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  23. Klaus Hartmann & Johannes Thyssen (1962). Lebendiger Realismus Festschrift Für Johannes Thyssen. H. Bouvier.
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  24. Johannes Huber (1861). Johannes Scotus Erigena Ein Beitrag Zur Geschichte der Philosophie Und Theologie Im Mittelalter. J. J. Lentner (L. Stahl).
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  25. Tomasz Kubalica (2012). Johannes Volkelt a problem metafizyki. Estetyka I Krytyka 26:27-50.
    The aim of the paper is a historical analysis and evaluate of the metaphysic of Neo-Kantian philosopher Johannes Volkelt and of Postneo-Kantian Martin Heidegger. Heidegger's approach to Kant's critique of pure reason (transcendental philosophy) as the foundation of metaphysics is not new and it had a major precursor in the metaphysical Neo-Kantianism. In the Neo-Kantianism was taken inside the question of the possibility of metaphysics, not only as metaphysica specialis, but also as the ontology (metaphysica generalis).
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  26. Tomasz Kubalica (2014). Johannes Volkelt Und Heinrich Rickert Angesichts des Problems der Metaphysik. Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 59.
    Th e lecture elucidates and compares Johannes Volkelt’s and Heinrich Rickert’s positions on the problem of metaphysics. It comes to a reference of views representative of the metaphysical approach of early neo-Kantian Johannes Volkelt to representative of Baden School of late New-Kantian, Heinrich Rickert. In the lecture I would like to make the reconstruction and the analysis of philosophies of Volkelt and Rickert in the context of the problem of metaphysics. Th e object is the content, premises and (...)
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  27. Johannes Schwartländer, Heiner Bielefeldt, Winfried Brugger & Klaus Dicke (1988). Dimensionen Menschlicher Freiheit Johannes Schwartländer Zum 65. Geburtstag. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  28. Johannes Schwartländer, Heiner Bielefeldt, Winfried Brugger & Klaus Dicke (1992). Würde Und Recht des Menschen Festschrift Für Johannes Schwartländer Zum 70. Geburtstag.
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  29.  43
    Gregor Schiemann (2014). Johannes Keplers Entfernung von der modernen Wissenschaft. In M. Egger (ed.), Festschrift für Manfred Baum. De Gruyter 383-402.
    Nach einer kurzen Erinnerung an einige von Keplers Hauptwerken, in denen traditionelle und moderne Elemente eingehen (Abschnitt 1), wird zwei Beispielen die Differenz zwischen diesen beiden Elementen näher untersucht. Das erste Beispiel, Keplers Naturbegriff, dient zur Diskussion der Kritik qualitativer Unterscheidungen. Hierbei stehen Keplers Verhältnis zur aristotelischen Naturauffassung und die Relevanz dieser Relation für die moderne Wissenschaftsauffassung im Mittelpunkt (Abschnitt 2). Das andere Beispiel befasst sich mit dem absoluten Wahrheitsanspruch von Keplers Wissenschaft und rückt damit exemplarisch eine Differenz zur modernen (...)
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  30. André de Muralt, Urs Boschung & Gian Töndury (1983). Johannes von Muralt, 1645-1733 Arzt, Chirurg, Anatom, Naturforscher, Philosoph.
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  31.  3
    Helmut Pulte (2016). Johannes von Kries’s Objective Probability as a Semi-Classical Concept. Prehistory, Preconditions and Problems of a Progressive Idea. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):109-129.
    Johannes von Kries’s Spielraum-theory is regarded as one of the most important philosophical contributions of the nineteenth century to an objective interpretation of probability. This paper aims at a critical and contextual analysis of von Kries’s approach: It is contextual insofar as it reconstructs the Spielraum-theory in the historical setting that formed his scientific and philosophical outlook. It is critical insofar as it unfolds systematic tensions and inconsistencies which are rooted in this context, especially in the grave change of (...)
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  32. Catarina Dutilh Novaes (2007). Johannes Buridanus: Summulae de propositionibus (review). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):155-156.
    Catarina Dutilh Novaes - Johannes Buridanus: Summulae de Propositionibus - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 155-156 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Catarina Dutilh Novaes Fordham University Ria van der Lecq, editor. Johannes Buridanus: Summulae de Propositionibus. Artistarium 10–1. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005. Pp. xxv + 131. Paper, €40.00. John Buridan is now believed to be among the most influential later medieval philosophers, his philosophical analyses showing considerable acumen (...)
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  33.  4
    Bennett Gilbert (2014). Johannes Fontana’s Drawing for a Castellus Umbrarum, Udine or Padua, C. 1415–20. Mediaevalia 35 (1):255-277.
    A finished sketch for a light-and-shadow projection device by the Paduan mechanical artisan Johannes de Fontana (c.1395–1455), in his manuscript book of drawings now known as Liber Bellicorum Instrumentorum, depicts a machine for communicating ideas or information through spectacle. The manuscript is fairly well known, and this sketch is just one of many interesting images worthy of study in its 70 leaves. A couple dozen manuscripts of the mechanical arts from this period survive, the best-studied of which fall (...)
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  34.  49
    Paul Muench (2007). Understanding Kierkegaard’s Johannes Climacus in the Postscript. In Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Hermann Deuser & K. Brian Söderquist (eds.), Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook. De Gruyter 424-440.
    In this paper I take issue with James Conant’s claim that Johannes Climacus seeks to engage his reader in the Postscript by himself enacting the confusions to which he thinks his reader is prone. I contend that Conant’s way of reading the Postscript fosters a hermeneutic of suspicion that leads him (and those who follow his approach) to be unduly suspicious of some of Climacus’ philosophical activity. I argue that instead of serving as a mirror of his reader’s faults, (...)
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  35.  16
    Anton Leist, Social Relations Instead of Altruistic Punishment. Comments on Ernst Fehr's Altruism Research.
    Experimental economists have been trying for some time to discover the laws of behaviour in micro-social situations. Fehr's experimental research on altruistic behaviour attempts to correct the egoistic version of the concept of homo oeconomicus by resorting to the notion of altruistic dispositions. This article discusses Fehr's results from two points of view, namely in regard to the conception of social acting that is associated with altruism, and in regard to the research strategy associated with the laboratory method. (...)
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  36.  23
    Mark S. Peacock (2007). The Conceptual Construction of Altruism: Ernst Fehr’s Experimental Approach to Human Conduct. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):3-23.
    I offer an appreciation and critique of Ernst Fehr’s altruism research in experimental economics that challenges the "selfishness axiom" as an account of human behavior. I describe examples of Fehr’s experiments and their results and consider his conceptual terminology, particularly his "biological" definition of altruism and its counterintuitive implications. I also look at Fehr’s experiments from a methodological perspective and examine his explanations of subjects’ behavior. In closing, I look at Fehr’s neuroscientific work in experimental economics (...)
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  37.  3
    Jacob Rosenthal (2016). Johannes von Kries’s Range Conception, the Method of Arbitrary Functions, and Related Modern Approaches to Probability. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):151-170.
    A conception of probability that can be traced back to Johannes von Kries is introduced: the “Spielraum” or range conception. Its close connection to the so-called method of arbitrary functions is highlighted. Possible interpretations of it are discussed, and likewise its scope and its relation to certain current interpretations of probability. Taken together, these approaches form a class of interpretations of probability in its own right, but also with its own problems. These, too, are introduced, discussed, and proposals in (...)
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  38.  13
    Jon Elster (2005). Fehr on Altruism, Emotion, and Norms. Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):197-210.
    I discuss recent work by Ernst Fehr and his collaborators on cooperation and reciprocity. Their work demonstrates conclusively the reality and importance of non-self-interested motivations. It allows for a useful distinction between trust and blind trust. It points to a category of quasi-moral norms, distinct both from social norms and moral norms. It demonstrates how social interactions can generate irrational belief formation. It shows the potential of punishment for sustaining social norms and for overcoming the second-order free rider problem (...)
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  39.  6
    J. Schickore (2003). The 'Philosophical Grasp of the Appearances' and Experimental Microscopy: Johannes Muller's Microscopical Research, 1824-1832. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (4):569-592.
    Romantic Naturphilosophie has been at the centre of almost every account of early nineteenth-century sciences, be it as an obstacle or as an aid for scientific advancement. The following paper suggests a change of perspective. I seek to read Naturphilosophie as one manifestation among others of a more general concern with the question of how experience enables the subject to acquire knowledge about objects. To illustrate such an approach, I focus on Johannes Muller's early work. Here one finds two (...)
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  40.  24
    K. Schuhmann & B. Smith (1985). Against Idealism: Johannes Daubert Vs. Husserl's Ideas I. Review of Metaphysics 38 (4):763 - 793.
    To seek to elucidate Husserl's phenomenology by contrasting it with that of the Munich phenomenologist Johannes Daubert (1877-1947) is to betray an intention to explain something well-known by reference to something that is wholly obscure. Thus most philosophers are somehow aware of Edmund Husserl. But Johannes Daubert?
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  41.  12
    Johannes Daubert, Mark van Atten & Karl Schuhmann (2004). Johannes Dauberts Notizen Zu Husserls Mathematisch-Philosophischen Übungen Vom SS 1905. New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 4 (1):288-317.
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  42.  1
    Maureen Robinson (2007). The Heritage of Medieval Errors in the Latin Manuscripts of Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville). Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 28 (1):41-71.
    Después de la Reconquista, se tuvieron que traducir al latín muchos textos árabes en la España del siglo XII. La mayoría de los copistas necesitaban colaboradores para concluir el proceso, sin embargo, Johannes Hispalensis (Juan de Sevilla) conocía tanto la lengua árabe como el latín, por lo que podía trabajar solo. La duplicación de textos latinos se popularizó y divulgó rápidamente. Durante los siglos siguientes, los copistas medievales hicieron múltiples copias, y durante el proceso de reproducción cometieron muchos errores (...)
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  43.  4
    Bert Bos (2008). Johannes Duns Scotus: leven en werken; enkele centrale opvattingen. Wijsgerig Perspectief 48 (4):7-17.
    Aan velen, onder wie een groot aantal filosofen, is uit de middeleeuwse wijsbegeerte slechts Thomas van Aquino enigszins bekend. Johannes Duns Scotus valt vaak achter Thomas weg. Ten onrechte: Duns Scotus is een briljant denker van de eerste orde. Weinig denkers uit oudheid en middeleeuwen zijn tegelijk zo constructief en kritisch als hij.
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  44.  24
    Thomas F. O'Meara (2010). Johannes B. Lotz, SJ, and Martin Heidegger in Conversation. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (1):125 - 131.
    This article by Johannes B. Lotz, S.J., never before translated into English, describes his contacts with Martin Heidegger. First it describes his arrival, along with Karl Rahner, S.J., to pursue doctoral studies in Freiburg im Breisgau and their first experiences with the famous professor. Lotz continues his narrative by mentioning times he met with Heidegger over the subsequent forty years up to the philosopher’s death. With Gustav Siewerth, Max Müller, Bernhard Welte, and Karl Rahner, Lotz belonged to a group (...)
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  45.  1
    Eberhard Knobloch (1997). „Die Gesamte Philosophie Ist Eine Neuerung In Alter Unkenntnis” Johannes Keplers Neuorientierung Der Astronomie Um 1600†. Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 20 (2-3):135-146.
    Johannes Kepler belonged to a long tradition of inquiring into nature with reference to God. This applies to Ptolemy, N. Copernicus, Chr. Clavius. Kepler's „new kind of poem” is analyzed in five sections which are based on Keplerian key words: Innovation, Hypothesis, Cause, Soul, Picture. Kepler consciously adhered to new questions, new answers, new methods. He relied on a new notion of hypothesis. His celestial dynamics included a celestial psychology whereby he used a visual conception of astronomy.
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  46.  24
    Dermot Moran (1999). Idealism in Medieval Philosophy: The Case of Johannes Scottus Eriugena. Medieval Philosophy and Theology 8 (1):53-82.
    In this article I wish to re-examine the vexed issue of the possibility of idealism in ancient and medieval philosophy with particular reference to the case of Johannes Scottus Eriugena (c. 800idealisms immaterialism as his standard for idealism, and it is this decision, coupled with his failure to acknowledge the legacy of German idealism, which prevents him from seeing the classical and medieval roots of idealism more broadly understood.
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  47.  8
    Joke Spruyt (2008). In de voetsporen van Johannes Duns Scotus. De vrijheid voorbij? Wijsgerig Perspectief 48 (4):39-47.
    Johannes Duns Scotus is begonnen met het onderzoek naar de werkelijkheid als ‘het volstrekt mogelijke’. In Kant zien we een radicale voortzetting van deze beweging, die echter tot een nieuw noodzakelijkheidsdenken heeft geleid. In de theorievorming over het menselijk individu, een onderwerp dat Duns Scotus zeer aan het hart ging, is dat determinisme nog niet overwonnen.
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  48.  5
    Johannes Kepler (2003). Letter From Johannes Kepler to Michael Mästlin. Scientiae Studia 1 (2):207-215.
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  49.  30
    Alessandro D. Conti (2005). Johannes Sharpe's Ontology and Semantics: Oxford Realism Revisited. Vivarium 43 (1):156-186.
    The German Johannes Sharpe is the most important and original author of the so called "Oxford Realists": his semantic and metaphysical theories are the end product of the two main medieval philosophical traditions, realism and nominalism, for he contributed to the new form of realism inaugurated by Wyclif, but was receptive to many nominalist criticisms. Starting from the main thesis of Wyclif's metaphysics, that the universal and individual are really identical but formally distinct, Oxford Realists introduced a new type (...)
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    Johannes Kepler (2003). Carta de Johannes Kepler a Michael Mästlin em Tübingen. Scientiae Studia 1 (2):207-215.
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