Search results for 'John A. Friedman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Harvey Friedman, A Complete Theory of Everything: Satisfiability in the Universal Domain Harvey M. Friedman October 10, 1999 Friedman@Math.Ohio-State.Edu Www.Math.Ohio-State.Edu/~Friedman/. [REVIEW]score: 1320.0
    Here we take the view that LPC(=) is applicable to structures whose domain is too large to be a set. This is not just a matter of class theory versus set theory, although it can be interpreted as such, and this interpretation is discussed briefly at the end.
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  2. Harvey Friedman, A Complete Theory of Everything: Satisfiability in the Universal Domain Harvey M. Friedman October 10, 1999 Friedman@Math.Ohio-State.Edu. [REVIEW]score: 1320.0
    Here we take the view that LPC(=) is applicable to structures whose domain is too large to be a set. This is not just a matter of class theory versus set theory, although it can be interpreted as such, and this interpretation is discussed briefly at the end.
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  3. Milton Friedman (2006). Fanatical, Not Reasonable: A Short Correspondence Between Walter Block and Milton Friedman. Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (3):61-80.score: 1260.0
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  4. Julius Lipner, Dermot Killingley & David Friedman (eds.) (1986). A Net Cast Wide: Investigations Into Indian Thought in Memory of David Friedman. Grevatt & Grevatt.score: 1260.0
     
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  5. John A. Friedman (1979). The Nature of the Dialogue: Freud and Socrates. [REVIEW] Human Studies 2 (1):229 - 246.score: 870.0
  6. Daniel P. Johnson, Mark A. Whisman, Robin P. Corley, John K. Hewitt & Naomi P. Friedman (forthcoming). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Rumination and its Covariation with Depression. Cognition and Emotion:1-17.score: 870.0
  7. George J. Friedman & John G. Carlson (1973). Effects of a Stimulus Correlated with Positive Reinforcement Upon Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):281.score: 810.0
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  8. John Block Friedman (2001). Keiko Ikegami, Barlaam and Josaphat: A Transcription of MS Egerton 876 with Notes, Glossary, and Comparative Study of the Middle English and Japanese Versions.(AMS Studies in the Middle Ages, 21.) New York: AMS Press, 1999. Pp. Xvi, 243; Black-and-White Frontispiece, 1 Black-and-White Figure, and 2 Tables. $62.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 76 (4):1057-1058.score: 810.0
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  9. Bernard Friedman, H. Joanna Jiang, Claudia A. Steiner & John Bott (2012). Likelihood of Hospital Readmission After First Discharge: Medicare Advantage Vs. Fee-for-Service Patients. Inquiry 49 (3):202-213.score: 810.0
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  10. John Block Friedman (2006). Peter Dronke, Imagination in the Late Pagan and Early Christian World: The First Nine Centuries A.D. (Millennio Medievale, 42; Strumenti E Studi, N.S., 4.) Florence: SISMEL, Edizioni Del Galluzzo, 2003. Pp. Xiii, 263 Plus 22 Black-and-White Figures. €62. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (2):504-505.score: 810.0
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  11. Russell L. Friedman & Sten Ebbesen (eds.) (2004). John Buridan and Beyond: Topics in the Language Sciences, 1300-1700. Commission Agent, C.A. Reitzel.score: 630.0
    Introduction STEN EBBESEN In the second half of the 20th century scholarly research uncovered a wealth of interesting medieval discussions about issues ...
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  12. Marilyn Friedman (2008). Virtues and Oppression: A Complicated Relationship. Hypatia 23 (3):pp. 189-196.score: 600.0
    This paper raises some minor questions about Lisa Tessman’s book, Burdened Virtues. Friedman’s questions pertain, among other things, to the adequacy of a virtue ethical focus on character, the apparent implication of virtue ethics that oppressors suffer damaged characters and are not any better off than the oppressed, the importance of whether privileged persons may have earned their privileges, and the oppositional anger that movement feminists sometimes direct against each other.
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  13. Michael Friedman (2013). Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 600.0
    Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly and in great detail, explaining its relationship to both Newton's Principia and eighteenth-century scientific thinkers ...
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  14. Dayle A. Friedman (2008). Jewish Visions for Aging: A Professional Guide for Fostering Wholeness. Jewish Lights Pub..score: 600.0
    A timeless resource that probes Jewish texts, spirituality, and observance provides a unique approach to caring for the aging and elderly, helping today's ...
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  15. Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) (2010). Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.score: 600.0
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  16. Marilyn A. Friedman & Larry May (1985). Harming Women as a Group. Social Theory and Practice 11 (2):207-234.score: 540.0
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  17. Kimberly A. Urie, Alison Stanley & Jerold D. Friedman (2003). The Humane Imperative: A Moral Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):20 – 21.score: 540.0
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  18. Lee A. Friedman (1971). Introducing New Educational Game Principles: A Case For Education And Behavior Engineering. Educational Theory 21 (1):59-69.score: 540.0
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  19. Victor A. Friedman (2012). Enhancing National Solidarity Through the Deployment of Verbal Categories: How the Albanian Admirative Participates in the Construction of a Reliable Self and an Unreliable Other. Pragmatics and Society 3 (2):189-225.score: 540.0
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  20. Michael Friedman & Tradutor: Rogério Passos Severo (2010). Kant, Kuhn e a racionalidade da ciência. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 14 (1):175-209.score: 540.0
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  21. Akira Miyake, Naomi P. Friedman, David A. Rettinger, Priti Shah & Mary Hegarty (2001). How Are Visuospatial Working Memory, Executive Functioning, and Spatial Abilities Related? A Latent-Variable Analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):621.score: 540.0
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  22. Samantha Brennan, Claudia Card, Bernard Dauenhauer, Marilyn A. Friedman, Dale Jamieson, Richard Arneson, Clark Wolf, Robert Nagle, James Nickel, Christoph Fehige & Norman Daniels (2000). The Idea of a Political Liberalism: Essays on Rawls. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 540.0
     
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  23. Bella Gavish & Isaac A. Friedman (2011). Novice Teachers as Organisational People: Expectations of a Professional Work Environment, Collegiality, Recognition and Respect. Educational Studies 37 (4):451-467.score: 540.0
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  24. Solomon Feferman, Harvey M. Friedman, Penelope Maddy & John R. Steel (2000). Does Mathematics Need New Axioms? Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):401-446.score: 450.0
    Part of the ambiguity lies in the various points of view from which this question might be considered. The crudest di erence lies between the point of view of the working mathematician and that of the logician concerned with the foundations of mathematics. Now some of my fellow mathematical logicians might protest this distinction, since they consider themselves to be just more of those \working mathematicians". Certainly, modern logic has established itself as a very respectable branch of mathematics, and there (...)
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  25. John Turri & Ori Friedman (forthcoming). Winners and Losers in the Folk Epistemology of Lotteries. In James Beebe (ed.), Advances in Experimental Epistemology.score: 450.0
    We conducted five experiments that reveal some main contours of the folk epistemology of lotteries. The folk tend to think that you don't know that your lottery ticket lost, based on the long odds ("statistical cases"); by contrast, the folk tend to think that you do know that your lottery ticket lost, based on a news report ("testimonial cases"). We evaluate three previous explanations for why people deny knowledge in statistical cases: the justification account, the chance account, and the statistical (...)
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  26. Yaakov Friedman & Bernard Russo (2001). A New Approach to Spinors and Some Representations of the Lorentz Group on Them. Foundations of Physics 31 (12):1733-1766.score: 420.0
    We give a geometric realization of space-time spinors and associated representations, using the Jordan triple structure associated with the Cartan factors of type 4, the so-called spin factors. We construct certain representations of the Lorentz group, which at the same time realize bosonic spin-1 and fermionic spin- $${\raise0.7ex\hbox{$1$} \!\mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {1 2}}\right.\kern-0em}\!\lower0.7ex\hbox{$2$}}$$ wave equations of relativistic field theory, showing some unexpected relations between various low-dimensional Lorentz representations. We include a geometrically and physically motivated introduction to Jordan triples and spin factors.
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  27. Kenneth S. Friedman (1975). A Problem Posed. Foundations of Physics 5 (1):89-91.score: 420.0
    E. T. Jaynes' resolution of Bertrand's paradox in terms of invariance principles is criticized. An experimental setup is considered which generates general solutions to Bertrand's problem by rotating a line around a point a distancer+d from a circle of radiusr. The general solution obtained is neither translationally nor scale invariant, but depends on the value ofr/d. Only in the limitr/d » 0, when the line is just translating across the circle, is the distribution translationally invariant and scale invariant. In this (...)
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  28. Harvey Friedman, A Consistency Proof for Elementary Algebra and Geometry.score: 420.0
    We give a consistency proof within a weak fragment of arithmetic of elementary algebra and geometry. For this purpose, we use EFA (exponential function arithmetic), and various first order theories of algebraically closed fields and real closed fields.
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  29. Jeremy Avigad, Steven Kieffer & Harvey Friedman, A Language for Mathematical Knowledge Management.score: 420.0
    We argue that the language of Zermelo Fraenkel set theory with definitions and partial functions provides the most promising bedrock semantics for communicating and sharing mathematical knowledge. We then describe a syntactic sugaring of that language that provides a way of writing remarkably readable assertions without straying far from the set-theoretic semantics. We illustrate with some examples of formalized textbook definitions from elementary set theory and point-set topology. We also present statistics concerning the complexity of these definitions, under various complexity (...)
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  30. Harvey M. Friedman, A Complete Theory of Everything: Satisfiability in the Universal Domain.score: 420.0
    Here we take the view that LPC(=) is applicable to structures whose domain is too large to be a set. This is not just a matter of class theory versus set theory, although it can be interpreted as such, and this interpretation is discussed briefly at the end.
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  31. Harvey Friedman, A Way Out.score: 420.0
    We present a way out of Russell’s paradox for sets in the form of a direct weakening of the usual inconsistent full comprehension axiom scheme, which, with no additional axioms, interprets ZFC. In fact, the resulting axiomatic theory 1) is a subsystem of ZFC + “there exists arbitrarily large subtle cardinals”, and 2) is mutually interpretable with ZFC + the scheme of subtlety.
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  32. Harvey Friedman & Lee Stanley (1989). A Borel Reducibility Theory for Classes of Countable Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (3):894-914.score: 420.0
    We introduce a reducibility preordering between classes of countable structures, each class containing only structures of a given similarity type (which is allowed to vary from class to class). Though we sometimes work in a slightly larger context, we are principally concerned with the case where each class is an invariant Borel class (i.e. the class of all models, with underlying set $= \omega$, of an $L_{\omega_1\omega}$ sentence; from this point of view, the reducibility can be thought of as a (...)
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  33. Harvey Friedman, A Theory of Strong Indiscernibles.score: 420.0
    The Complete Theory of Everything (CTE) is based on certain axioms of indiscernibility. Such axioms of indiscernibility have been given a philosophical justification by Kit Fine. I want to report on an attempt to give strong indiscernibility axioms which might also be subject to such philosophical analysis, and which prove the consistency of set theory; i.e., ZFC or more. In this way, we might obtain a (new kind of) philosophical consistency proof for mathematics.
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  34. Nir Friedman & Joseph Y. Halpern (1999). Belief Revision: A Critique. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (4):401-420.score: 420.0
    We examine carefully the rationale underlying the approaches to belief change taken in the literature, and highlight what we view as methodological problems. We argue that to study belief change carefully, we must be quite explicit about the ontology or scenario underlying the belief change process. This is something that has been missing in previous work, with its focus on postulates. Our analysis shows that we must pay particular attention to two issues that have often been taken for granted: the (...)
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  35. Hershey H. Friedman & Linda Weiser Friedman (1988). A Framework for Organizational Success. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (3):219 - 221.score: 420.0
    The contention of this paper is that the marketing concept is but one aspect of a philosophy of business referred to by the authors as the framework for organizational success. This framework maintains that the marketing concept must work together with good management approaches and with ethical business practices in order to satisfy the needs and wants of the various publics of the organization — customers, employees, suppliers, society — and, in the long run, ensure the satisfaction of the needs (...)
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  36. Jeffrey Friedman (2009). A Crisis of Politics, Not Economics: Complexity, Ignorance, and Policy Failure. Critical Review 21 (2-3):127-183.score: 420.0
    ABSTRACT The financial crisis was caused by the complex, constantly growing web of regulations designed to constrain and redirect modern capitalism. This complexity made investors, bankers, and perhaps regulators themselves ignorant of regulations promulgated across decades and in different ?fields? of regulation. These regulations interacted with each other to foster the issuance and securitization of subprime mortgages; their rating as AA or AAA; and previously their concentration on the balance sheets (and off the balance sheets) of many commercial and investment (...)
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  37. Marilyn Friedman (1988). Review: Individuality Without Individualism: Review of Janice Raymond's A Passion for Friends. [REVIEW] Hypatia 3 (2):131 - 137.score: 420.0
    This review of <span class='Hi'>Janice</span> Raymond's A Passion for Friends focuses on her strong sense of the individual and of individuality. However, and this is the central contention of my paper, her perspective is quite distinct from liberal individualism. It is also a complex variation on the feminist concern with selves in relationships.
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  38. Harvey M. Friedman, Friedman@Math.Ohio-State.Edu.score: 420.0
    It has been accepted since the early part of the Century that there is no problem formalizing mathematics in standard formal systems of axiomatic set theory. Most people feel that they know as much as they ever want to know about how one can reduce natural numbers, integers, rationals, reals, and complex numbers to sets, and prove all of their basic properties. Furthermore, that this can continue through more and more complicated material, and that there is never a real problem.
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  39. Joyce Friedman & David S. Warren (1978). A Parsing Method for Montague Grammars. Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (3):347 - 372.score: 420.0
    The main result in this paper is a method for obtaining derivation trees from sentences of certain formal grammars. No parsing algorithm was previously known to exist for these grammars.Applied to Montague's PTQ the method produces all parses that could correspond to different meanings. The technique directly addresses scope and reference and provides a framework for examining these phenomena. The solution for PTQ is implemented in an efficient and useful computer program.
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  40. Daniel Friedman, Cheating in Markets: A Methodological Exploration.score: 420.0
    In the 1970s, experimental economics split from social psychology by embracing rational choice and equilibrium methods. Behavioral economics has recently narrowed the divide, to the dismay of some. The present paper argues that evolutionary dynamics provides a framework which unifies the best features of social psychology with equilibrium and rational choice. Ongoing research in cheating in markets illustrates the main points. A new equilibrium model provides distinctive testable predictions under three regimes: autarky, frictionless free trade, and anonymous foreign trade with (...)
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  41. Steven Kieffer, Jeremy Avigad & Harvey Friedman, A Language for Mathematical Knowledge Management.score: 420.0
    We argue that the language of Zermelo Fraenkel set theory with definitions and partial functions provides the most promising bedrock semantics for communicating and sharing mathematical knowledge. We then describe a syntactic sugaring of that language that provides a way of writing remarkably readable assertions without straying far from the set-theoretic semantics. We illustrate with some examples of formalized textbook definitions from elementary set theory and point-set topology. We also present statistics concerning the complexity of these definitions, under various complexity (...)
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  42. Don Waisanen, Hershey H. Friedman & Linda Weiser Friedman (forthcoming). What's So Funny About Arguing with God? A Case for Playful Argumentation From Jewish Literature. Argumentation:1-24.score: 420.0
    In this paper, we show that God is portrayed in the Hebrew Bible and in the Rabbinic literature—some of the very Hebrew texts that have influenced the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—as One who can be argued with and even changes his mind. Contrary to fundamentalist positions, in the Hebrew Bible and other Jewish texts God is omniscient but enjoys good, playful argumentation, broadening the possibilities for reasoning and reasonability. Arguing with God has also had a (...)
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  43. Harvey Friedman & Chris Miller, A Big Difference Between Interpretability and Definability in an Expansion of the Real Field.score: 420.0
    We say that E is R-sparse if f(Ek) has no interior, for each k 2 N and f : Rk ! R de nable in R. (Throughout, \de nable" means \de nable without parameters".) In this note, we consider the extent to which basic metric and topological properties of subsets of R de nable in (R;E)# are determined by the corresponding properties of subsets of R de nable in (R;E), when R is an o-minimal expansion of (R;<;+;0;1) and E is (...)
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  44. Edwina L. Rissland, David B. Skalak & M. Timur Friedman (1997). Evaluating a Legal Argument Program: The BankXX Experiments. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 5 (1-2):1-74.score: 420.0
    In this article we evaluate the BankXX program from several perspectives. BankXX is a case-based legal argument program that retrieves cases and other legal knowledge pertinent to a legal argument through a combination of heuristic search and knowledge-based indexing. The program is described in detail in a companion article in Artificial Intelligence and Law 4: 1--71, 1996. Three perspectives are used to evaluate BankXX:(1) classical information retrieval measures of precision and recall applied against a hand-coded baseline; (2) knowledge-representation and case-based (...)
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  45. Sy-David Friedman, Tapani Hyttinen & Agatha C. Walczak-Typke (2011). Potential Isomorphism of Elementary Substructures of a Strictly Stable Homogeneous Model. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (3):987 - 1004.score: 420.0
    The results herein form part of a larger project to characterize the classification properties of the class of submodels of a homogeneous stable diagram in terms of the solvability (in the sense of [1]) of the potential isomorphism problem for this class of submodels. We restrict ourselves to locally saturated submodels of the monster model m of some power π. We assume that in Gödel's constructible universe , π is a regular cardinal at least the successor of the first cardinal (...)
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  46. Michael Friedman (2000). Transcendental Philosophy and a Priori Knowledge: A Neo-Kantian Perspective. In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press.score: 420.0
  47. Michael Friedman (2010). Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori. In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Epsa Philosophical Issues in the Sciences. Springer. 65--73.score: 360.0
  48. Michael Friedman (1996). Exorcising the Philosophical Tradition: Comments on John McDowell's Mind and World. Philosophical Review 105 (4):427-467.score: 360.0
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  49. Randy L. Friedman (2011). Dewey's Naturalistic Metaphysics: Expostulations and Replies. Education and Culture 27 (2):48-73.score: 360.0
    Critics of Dewey’s metaphysics point to his dismissal of any philosophy which locates ideals in a realm beyond experience. However, Dewey’s sustained critique of dualistic philosophies is but a first step in his reconstruction and recovery of the function of the metaphysical. Detaching the discussion of values from inquiry, whether scientific, philosophical or educational, produces the same end as relegating values to a transcendent realm that is beyond ordinary human discourse. Dewey’s naturalistic metaphysics supports his progressive educational philosophy. The duty (...)
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  50. Lissy C. Friedman (2009). Tobacco Industry Use of Corporate Social Responsibility Tactics as a Sword and a Shield on Secondhand Smoke Issues. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):819-827.score: 360.0
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