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Profile: John Jefferson Davis (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary)
Profile: John Davis
Profile: John Davis
Profile: John K. Davis (California State University, Fullerton)
  1. John B. Davis, Identity and Individual Economic Agents: A Narrative Approach.
    This paper offers an account of how individuals act as agents when we employ a narrative approach to explaining their personal identities. It applies Korsgaard's idea of a "reflective structure of consciousness" to provide foundations for a richer account of the individual economic agent, and uses this to explain and distinguish the concepts of personal identity, individual identity, and social identity. The paper argues that individuals' personal identities may be in conflict with their socially constructed individual identities. Individuals' social identities (...)
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  2. John Davis (forthcoming). Economists' Dreams: Review of Machine Dreams by Phillip Mirowski. [REVIEW] Journal of Economic Methodology.
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  3. John Davis (forthcoming). Identity Economics by Akerlof and Kranton [Review]. Economics and Philosophy.
  4. John Davis (forthcoming). Review of [ Economic Theory and Cognitive Science by Don Ross]. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy.
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  5. John Davis (forthcoming). Review of [ Maynard Keynes, An Economist's Biography by D. Moggridge]. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy.
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  6. John Davis (forthcoming). The Idea of Public Reasoning:" The Idea of Justice" by Amartya Sen [Review]. Journal of Economic Methodology.
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  7. John B. Davis (forthcoming). The World in the Model and the Model in the World. Metascience:1-6.
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  8. Thomas Wells & John Davis (forthcoming). Identity Problems (An Interview with John B. Davis). Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics.
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  9. John K. Davis (2015). Faultless Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and Epistemic Peers. Synthese 192 (1):1-24.
    Relativism and contextualism are the most popular accounts of faultless disagreement, but Crispin Wright once argued for an account I call divergentism. According to divergentism, parties who possess all relevant information and use the same standards of assessment in the same context of utterance can disagree about the same proposition without either party being in epistemic fault, yet only one of them is right. This view is an alternative to relativism, indexical contextualism, and nonindexical contextualism, and has advantages over those (...)
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  10. John K. Davis (2015). Four Ways Life Extension Will Change Our Relationship with Death. Bioethics 29 (5):n/a-n/a.
    Discussions of life extension ethics have focused mainly on whether an extended life would be desirable to have, and on the social consequences of widely available life extension. I want to explore a different range of issues: four ways in which the advent of life extension will change our relationship with death, not only for those who live extended lives, but also for those who cannot or choose not to. Although I believe that, on balance, the reasons in favor of (...)
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  11. John B. Davis (2013). Person-Centered Health Care: Capabilities and Identity. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):61-62.
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  12. John B. Davis (2013). Soros's Reflexivity Concept in a Complex World: Cauchy Distributions, Rational Expectations, and Rational Addiction. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (4):368-376.
    George Soros makes an important analytical contribution to understanding the concept of reflexivity in social science by explaining reflexivity in terms of how his cognitive and manipulative causal functions are connected to one another by a pair of feedback loops (Soros, 2013). Fallibility, reflexivity and the human uncertainty principle. Here I put aside the issue of how the natural sciences and social sciences are related, an issue he discusses, and focus on how his thinking applies in economics. I argue that (...)
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  13. John Davis & Wade Hands (2013). Introduction: Methodology, Systemic Risk, and the Economics Profession. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (1):1 - 5.
    (2013). Introduction: Methodology, systemic risk, and the economics profession. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 20, Methodology, Systemic Risk, and the Economics Profession, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2013.774842.
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  14. John Davis (2012). Buddha, the Apostle Paul, and John Hick: The Challenge of Inter-Religious Epistemologies. Philosophia Christi 14 (1):145-164.
     
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  15. John B. Davis (2012). Introduction: Values and Justice. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):99 - 99.
  16. John B. Davis (2012). The Homo Economicus Conception of the Individual: An Ontological Approach. In Uskali Mäki, Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard & John Woods (eds.), Philosophy of Economics. North Holland. 459.
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  17. John B. Davis (2012). The Idea of Public Reasoning. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):169 - 172.
    Journal of Economic Methodology, Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 169-172, June 2012.
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  18. John K. Davis (2012). Applying Principles to Cases and the Problem of Judgment. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):563 - 577.
    We sometimes decide what to do by applying moral principles to cases, but this is harder than it looks. Principles are more general than cases, and sometimes it is hard to tell whether and how a principle applies to a given case. Sometimes two conflicting principles seem to apply to the same case. To handle these problems, we use a kind of judgment to ascertain whether and how a principle applies to a given case, or which principle to follow when (...)
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  19. John Davis (2011). How Personal Agents Are Located in Space: Implications for Worship, Eucharist, and Union with Christ. Philosophia Christi 13 (2):437-444.
     
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  20. John B. Davis (2011). Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, and Well-Being, George A. Akerlof and Rachel E. Kranton, Princeton University Press, Vi + 185 Pp. Economics and Philosophy 27 (03):331-338.
  21. John B. Davis & Wade Hands (2011). Introduction. Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (3):215-215.
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  22. John M. Davis, William J. Giakas, Jie Qu, Pavan Prasad & Stefan Leucht (2011). Should We Treat Depression with Drugs or Psychological Interventions? A Reply to Ioannidis. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):8.
    We reply to the Ioannidis's paper "Effectiveness of antidepressants; an evidence based myth constructed from a thousand controlled trials." We disagree that antidepressants have no greater efficacy than placebo. We present the efficacy from hundreds of trials in terms of the percentage of patients with a substantial clinical response (a 50% improvement or more symptomatic reduction). This meta-analysis finds that 42-70% of depressed patients improve with drug and 21%-39% improve with placebo. The response benefit of antidepressant treatment is 33%-11% greater (...)
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  23. John Davis, William Giakas, Jie Que, Pavan Passad & Stefan Leucht (2011). Should We Treat Depression with Drugs or Psychological Interventions? A Reply to Ioannidis. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):8-.
    We reply to the Ioannidis's paper "Effectiveness of antidepressants; an evidence based myth constructed from a thousand controlled trials." We disagree that antidepressants have no greater efficacy than placebo. We present the efficacy from hundreds of trials in terms of the percentage of patients with a substantial clinical response (a 50% improvement or more symptomatic reduction). This meta-analysis finds that 42-70% of depressed patients improve with drug and 21%-39% improve with placebo. The response benefit of antidepressant treatment is 33%-11% greater (...)
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  24. John B. Davis (2010). Uncertainty and Identity: A Post Keynesian Approach. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):33-49.
    Marshall’s asset equilibrium model provides a way ofexplaining the identity of entrepreneurs. Keynes adopted this model buttransformed it when he emphasized the short-period and volatilecharacter of long-term expectations. This entails a view of entrepreneuridentity in which radical uncertainty plays a central role. This in turndeepens the post Keynesian view of uncertainty as ontological in thatentrepreneurs’ survival plays into their behavior. This paper exploresthis role-based view of individual identity and uses the analysis tocomment on Keynes’s ideas for the socialization of investment (...)
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  25. John K. Davis (2010). An Alternative to Relativism. Philosophical Topics 38 (2):17-37.
    Some moral disagreements are so persistent that we suspect they are deep: we would disagree even when we have all relevant information and no one makes any mistakes (this is also known as faultless disagreement). The possibility of deep disagreement is thought to drive cognitivists toward relativism, but most cognitivists reject relativism. There is an alternative. According to divergentism, cognitivists can reject relativism while allowing for deep disagreement. This view has rarely been defended at length, but many philosophers have implicitly (...)
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  26. John B. Davis (2009). 35 Individualism. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar. 261.
  27. John K. Davis (2009). Subjectivity, Judgment, and the Basing Relationship. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (1):21-40.
    Moral and legal judgments sometimes depend on personal traits in this sense: the subject offers good reasons for her judgment, but if she had a different social or ideological background, her judgment would be different. If you would judge the constitutionality of restrictions on abortion differently if you were not a secular liberal, is your judgment really based on the arguments you find convincing, or do you find them so only because you are a secular liberal? I argue that a (...)
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  28. John Davis (2008). Selecting Potential Children and Unconditional Parental Love. Bioethics 22 (5):258–268.
    For now, the best way to select a child's genes is to select a potential child who has those genes, using genetic testing and either selective abortion, sperm and egg donors, or selecting embryos for implantation. Some people even wish to select against genes that are only mildly undesirable, or to select for superior genes. I call this selection drift– the standard for acceptable children is creeping upwards. The President's Council on Bioethics and others have raised the parental <span class='Hi'>love</span> (...)
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  29. John K. Davis (2008). Futility, Conscientious Refusal, and Who Gets to Decide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):356-373.
    Most discussions of medical futility try to answer the Futility Question: when is a medical procedure futile? No answer enjoys universal support. Some futility policies say that the health care provider will answer this question when the provider and patient cannot agree. This raises the Decision Question: who has the moral authority to decide what to do in cases where futility is disputed? I look for a procedural answer to this question, an answer that does not turn on whether a (...)
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  30. John K. Davis (2008). How to Justify Enforcing a Ulysses Contract When Ulysses is Competent to Refuse. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (1):pp. 87-106.
    Sometimes the mentally ill have sufficient mental capacity to refuse treatment competently, and others have a moral duty to respect their refusal. However, those with episodic mental disorders may wish to precommit themselves to treatment, using Ulysses contracts known as “mental health advance directives.” How can health care providers justify enforcing such contracts over an agent’s current, competent refusal? I argue that providers respect an agent’s autonomy not retrospectively—by reference to his or her past wishes—and not merely synchronically—so that the (...)
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  31. John Davis (2007). Identity and Commitment: Sen's Fourth Aspect of the Self. In Fabienne Peter (ed.), Rationality and Commitment. Oxford University Press, Usa. 313--335.
     
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  32. John Davis (2007). Identity and Commitment: Sen's Conception of the Individual. In Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), Rationality and Commitment. Oup Oxford.
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  33. John Davis (2007). Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End-of-Life Care. In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
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  34. John B. Davis (2007). Economic Theory and Cognitive Science, by Don Ross. MIT Press, 2005, 384 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):245-252.
  35. John B. Davis (2007). The Turn in Economics and the Turn in Economic Methodology. Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):275-290.
  36. John B. Davis (2007). The Turn in Economics and the Turn in Economic Methodology: Past Chair Address: International Network for Economic Method Conference, Grinnell College, 22 June 2006. [REVIEW] Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):275-290.
    There is now considerable evidence that economics is undergoing significant change in which a collection of new research programs all at odds in important respects with standard neoclassical economics is increasingly dominating the economics research frontier (Davis 2006b). These new programs include game theory, evolutionary economics, behavioral economics, experimental economics, agent‐based complexity economics and neuroeconomics. All raise new issues for economics, and contest long‐held assumptions. Such a development, however, naturally raises questions about the nature and direction of economic methodology. Whereas (...)
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  37. John B. Davis & Robert McMaster (2007). The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. This provides (...)
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  38. John K. Davis (2007). Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the instant case. However, intuitions are widely thought to lack epistemic justification, and many ethicists urge that such decision procedures dispense with intuition in favor of forms of reasoning that provide discursive justification. I argue that discursive justification does not eliminate or minimize the need for intuition, or (...)
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  39. John B. Davis (2006). Social Identity Strategies in Recent Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (3):371-390.
    This paper reviews three distinct strategies in recent economics for using the concept of social identity in the explanation of individual behavior: Akerlof and Kranton's neoclassical approach, Sen's commitment approach and Kirman et al.'s complexity approach. The primary focus is the multiple selves problem and the difficulties associated with failing to explain social identity and personal identity together. The argument of the paper is that too narrow a scope for reflexivity in individual decision?making renders the problem intractable, but that enlarging (...)
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  40. John B. Davis (2006). 6 The Normative Significance of the Individual in Economics. In Betsy Jane Clary, Wilfred Dolfsma & Deborah M. Figart (eds.), Ethics and the Market: Insights From Social Economics. Routledge. 69.
     
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  41. John K. Davis (2006). Surviving Interests and Living Wills. Public Affairs Quarterly 20 (1):17-30.
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  42. John L. Davis (2006). Weather Foreasting and the Development of Meteorological Theory at the Paris Observatory, 1853–1878. Annals of Science 41 (4):359-382.
    (1984). Weather foreasting and the development of meteorological theory at the Paris Observatory, 1853–1878. Annals of Science: Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 359-382.
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  43. John Davis & Matthias Klaes (2006). Imprecise Precision: Rejoinder to Basbøll. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (1):121-123.
  44. John B. Davis (2005). Introduction. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (3):361-361.
  45. John K. Davis (2005). Life-Extension and the Malthusian Objection. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):27 – 44.
    The worst possible way to resolve this issue is to leave it up to individual choice. There is no known social good coming from the conquest of death (Bailey, 1999). - Daniel Callahan Dramatically extending the human lifespan seems increasingly possible. Many bioethicists object that life-extension will have Malthusian consequences as new Methuselahs accumulate, generation by generation. I argue for a Life-Years Response to the Malthusian Objection. If even a minority of each generation chooses life-extension, denying it to them deprives (...)
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  46. John Davis (2004). Kids Philosophy Slam. Questions: Philosophy for Young People 4:3-6.
    Essays, drawings, and poems by children in kindergarten through eighth grade in the subject “War or Peace? Is world peacepossible, or does human nature make war inevitable?" plus essays by the high school finalists and winners.
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  47. John B. Davis (2004). Collective Intentionality, Complex Economic Behavior, and Valuation. In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Publishers. 386-402.
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  48. John B. Davis (2004). Economists' Dreams: Machine Dreams. Journal of Economic Methodology 11:483-488.
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  49. John B. Davis (2004). Introduction. Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):273-273.
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  50. John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.) (2004). The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Pub..
    Read this excellent collection of informative papers in the field to stimulate your ow the field and readers interested in the nature of the discipline of ...
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