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John B. Davis [41]John Davis [36]John W. Davis [16]John K. Davis [15]
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See also:
Profile: John Jefferson Davis (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary)
Profile: John Davis
Profile: John Davis
Profile: John K. Davis (California State University, Fullerton)
Profile: Johnathan Davis
  1. John K. Davis (2010). An Alternative to Relativism. Philosophical Topics 38 (2):17-37.
    Some moral disagreements are so persistent that we suspect they are deep : we would disagree even when we have all relevant information and no one makes any mistakes. The possibility of deep disagreement is thought to drive cognitivists toward relativism, but most cognitivists reject relativism. There is an alternative. According to divergentism, cognitivists can reject relativism while allowing for deep disagreement. This view has rarely been defended at length, but many philosophers have implicitly endorsed its elements. I will defend (...)
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  2.  44
    John K. Davis (2015). Faultless Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and Epistemic Peers. Synthese 192 (1):1-24.
    Relativism and contextualism are the most popular accounts of faultless disagreement, but Crispin Wright once argued for an account I call divergentism. According to divergentism, parties who possess all relevant information and use the same standards of assessment in the same context of utterance can disagree about the same proposition without either party being in epistemic fault, yet only one of them is right. This view is an alternative to relativism, indexical contextualism, and nonindexical contextualism, and has advantages over those (...)
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  3. John Bryan Davis (2003). The Theory of the Individual in Economics: Identity and Value. Routledge.
    The concept of the individual and his/her motivations is a bedrock of philosophy. All strands of thought at heart contain to a particular theory of the individual. Economics, though, is guilty of taking this hugely important concept without questioning how we theorize it. This superb book remedies this oversight. The new approach put forward by Davies is to pay more attention to what moral philosophy may offer us in the study of personal identity, self consciousness and will. This crosses the (...)
     
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  4. John Jefferson Davis (1987). The Design Argument, Cosmic “Fine Tuning,” and the Anthropic Principle. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 22 (3):139 - 150.
  5.  71
    John K. Davis (2007). Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the instant case. However, intuitions are widely thought to lack epistemic justification, and many ethicists urge that such decision procedures dispense with intuition in favor of forms of reasoning that provide discursive justification. I argue that discursive justification does not eliminate or minimize the need for intuition, or (...)
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  6. John Davis (2007). Identity and Commitment: Sen's Conception of the Individual. In Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), Rationality and Commitment. OUP Oxford
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  7.  26
    John B. Davis (2009). 35 Individualism. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar 261.
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  8.  19
    John W. Davis (1987). Going Out the Window. Hume Studies 13 (1):86-97.
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  9.  9
    John B. Davis & Robert McMaster (2007). The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. This provides (...)
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  10.  56
    John K. Davis (2004). Precedent Autonomy and Subsequent Consent. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):267-291.
    Honoring a living will typically involves treating an incompetent patient in accord with preferences she once had, but whose objects she can no longer understand. How do we respect her precedent autonomy by giving her what she used to want? There is a similar problem with subsequent consent: How can we justify interfering with someone''s autonomy on the grounds that she will later consent to the interference, if she refuses now?Both problems arise on the assumption that, to respect someone''s autonomy, (...)
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  11.  29
    John K. Davis (2004). Conscientious Refusal and a Doctors's Right to Quit. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):75 – 91.
    Patients sometimes request procedures their doctors find morally objectionable. Do doctors have a right of conscientious refusal? I argue that conscientious refusal is justified only if the doctor's refusal does not make the patient worse off than she would have been had she gone to another doctor in the first place. From this approach I derive conclusions about the duty to refer and facilitate transfer, whether doctors may provide 'moral counseling,' whether doctors are obligated to provide objectionable procedures when no (...)
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  12.  12
    John B. Davis (2007). The Turn in Economics and the Turn in Economic Methodology. Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):275-290.
  13.  32
    John K. Davis (2008). How to Justify Enforcing a Ulysses Contract When Ulysses is Competent to Refuse. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (1):pp. 87-106.
    Sometimes the mentally ill have sufficient mental capacity to refuse treatment competently, and others have a moral duty to respect their refusal. However, those with episodic mental disorders may wish to precommit themselves to treatment, using Ulysses contracts known as “mental health advance directives.” How can health care providers justify enforcing such contracts over an agent’s current, competent refusal? I argue that providers respect an agent’s autonomy not retrospectively—by reference to his or her past wishes—and not merely synchronically—so that the (...)
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  14.  20
    John B. Davis & Matthias Klaes (2003). Reflexivity: Curse or Cure? Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (3):329-352.
    Reflexivity has been argued to be self?defeating and potentially devastating for the sociology of scientific knowledge. We first survey various meanings associated with the concept of reflexivity and then provide an interpretation of Velázquez's Las Meñinas to generate a three?part taxonomy of reflexivity, distinguishing between ?immanent?, ?epistemic? and ?transcendent? reflexivity. This provides the basis for engaging with reflexivity as a problem in the economic methodology literature, focusing on recent contributions to the topic by Hands, Sent, Mäki and Mirowski. Employment of (...)
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  15. John B. Davis (2004). Collective Intentionality, Complex Economic Behavior, and Valuation. In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Publishers 386-402.
     
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  16.  4
    John B. Davis (2013). Person-Centered Health Care: Capabilities and Identity. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):61-62.
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  17.  21
    Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis (2012). Identity Problems: An Interview with John B. Davis. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (2):81-103.
    In this interview, professor Davis discusses the evolution of his career and research interests as a philosopher-economist and gives his perspective on a number of important issues in the field. He argues that historians and methodologists of economics should be engaged in the practice of economics, and that historians should be more open to philosophical analysis of the content of economic ideas. He suggests that the history of recent economics is a particularly fruitful and important area for research exactly because (...)
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  18.  46
    John B. Davis, Identity and Individual Economic Agents: A Narrative Approach.
    This paper offers an account of how individuals act as agents when we employ a narrative approach to explaining their personal identities. It applies Korsgaard's idea of a "reflective structure of consciousness" to provide foundations for a richer account of the individual economic agent, and uses this to explain and distinguish the concepts of personal identity, individual identity, and social identity. The paper argues that individuals' personal identities may be in conflict with their socially constructed individual identities. Individuals' social identities (...)
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  19.  5
    John B. Davis (2006). Social Identity Strategies in Recent Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (3):371-390.
    This paper reviews three distinct strategies in recent economics for using the concept of social identity in the explanation of individual behavior: Akerlof and Kranton's neoclassical approach, Sen's commitment approach and Kirman et al.'s complexity approach. The primary focus is the multiple selves problem and the difficulties associated with failing to explain social identity and personal identity together. The argument of the paper is that too narrow a scope for reflexivity in individual decision?making renders the problem intractable, but that enlarging (...)
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  20.  9
    John K. Davis (2016). Four Ways Life Extension Will Change Our Relationship with Death. Bioethics 30 (3):165-172.
    Discussions of life extension ethics have focused mainly on whether an extended life would be desirable to have, and on the social consequences of widely available life extension. I want to explore a different range of issues: four ways in which the advent of life extension will change our relationship with death, not only for those who live extended lives, but also for those who cannot or choose not to. Although I believe that, on balance, the reasons in favor of (...)
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  21.  54
    John K. Davis (2005). Life-Extension and the Malthusian Objection. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):27 – 44.
    The worst possible way to resolve this issue is to leave it up to individual choice. There is no known social good coming from the conquest of death (Bailey, 1999). - Daniel Callahan Dramatically extending the human lifespan seems increasingly possible. Many bioethicists object that life-extension will have Malthusian consequences as new Methuselahs accumulate, generation by generation. I argue for a Life-Years Response to the Malthusian Objection. If even a minority of each generation chooses life-extension, denying it to them deprives (...)
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  22.  69
    John Davis (2008). Selecting Potential Children and Unconditional Parental Love. Bioethics 22 (5):258–268.
    For now, the best way to select a child's genes is to select a potential child who has those genes, using genetic testing and either selective abortion, sperm and egg donors, or selecting embryos for implantation. Some people even wish to select against genes that are only mildly undesirable, or to select for superior genes. I call this selection drift– the standard for acceptable children is creeping upwards. The President's Council on Bioethics and others have raised the parental love objection: (...)
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  23.  44
    John K. Davis (2012). Applying Principles to Cases and the Problem of Judgment. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):563 - 577.
    We sometimes decide what to do by applying moral principles to cases, but this is harder than it looks. Principles are more general than cases, and sometimes it is hard to tell whether and how a principle applies to a given case. Sometimes two conflicting principles seem to apply to the same case. To handle these problems, we use a kind of judgment to ascertain whether and how a principle applies to a given case, or which principle to follow when (...)
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  24.  10
    John B. Davis (2010). Uncertainty and Identity: A Post Keynesian Approach. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):33-49.
    Marshall’s asset equilibrium model provides a way ofexplaining the identity of entrepreneurs. Keynes adopted this model buttransformed it when he emphasized the short-period and volatilecharacter of long-term expectations. This entails a view of entrepreneuridentity in which radical uncertainty plays a central role. This in turndeepens the post Keynesian view of uncertainty as ontological in thatentrepreneurs’ survival plays into their behavior. This paper exploresthis role-based view of individual identity and uses the analysis tocomment on Keynes’s ideas for the socialization of investment (...)
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  25.  49
    John K. Davis (2009). Subjectivity, Judgment, and the Basing Relationship. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (1):21-40.
    Moral and legal judgments sometimes depend on personal traits in this sense: the subject offers good reasons for her judgment, but if she had a different social or ideological background, her judgment would be different. If you would judge the constitutionality of restrictions on abortion differently if you were not a secular liberal, is your judgment really based on the arguments you find convincing, or do you find them so only because you are a secular liberal? I argue that a (...)
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  26.  4
    John M. Davis, William J. Giakas, Jie Qu, Pavan Prasad & Stefan Leucht (2011). Should We Treat Depression with Drugs or Psychological Interventions? A Reply to Ioannidis. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):8.
    We reply to the Ioannidis's paper "Effectiveness of antidepressants; an evidence based myth constructed from a thousand controlled trials." We disagree that antidepressants have no greater efficacy than placebo. We present the efficacy from hundreds of trials in terms of the percentage of patients with a substantial clinical response (a 50% improvement or more symptomatic reduction). This meta-analysis finds that 42-70% of depressed patients improve with drug and 21%-39% improve with placebo. The response benefit of antidepressant treatment is 33%-11% greater (...)
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  27.  6
    John Davis (1980). Social Anthropology and the Consumption of History. Theory and Society 9 (3):519-537.
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  28.  13
    John Davis (2007). Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End-of-Life Care. In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press
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  29.  18
    John B. Davis (1995). Personal Identity and Standard Economic Theory. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (1):35-52.
    This paper investigates the topic of personal identity in standard neoclassical theory. It looks first at the traditional utility theory of maximizing consumers and then at the extension of that analysis in the time-allocation-household-production model to see how relatively settled ontological commitments in the neoclassical research program undergo modification with its development. David Hume's skeptical treatment of personal identity is employed to assess the traditional view. The time-allocation model is shown to escape some of Hume's problems, but encounters difficulties of (...)
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  30. John Davis (1991). The Napoleonic Era in Southern Italy: An Ambiguous Legacy? Proceedings of the British Academy 80:133-48.
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  31.  12
    John R. Davis (1997). A Reconsideration of Britain as Commercial Hegemon in the Nineteenth Century. Synthese 113 (2):195-203.
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  32.  13
    John W. Davis (1959). Berkeley's Doctrine of the Notion. Review of Metaphysics 12 (3):378 - 389.
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  33. John Davis (2011). How Personal Agents Are Located in Space: Implications for Worship, Eucharist, and Union with Christ. Philosophia Christi 13 (2):437-444.
     
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  34.  22
    John Davis (2004). Kids Philosophy Slam. Questions: Philosophy for Young People 4:3-6.
    Essays, drawings, and poems by children in kindergarten through eighth grade in the subject “War or Peace? Is world peacepossible, or does human nature make war inevitable?" plus essays by the high school finalists and winners.
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  35.  25
    John Davis, William Giakas, Jie Que, Pavan Passad & Stefan Leucht (2011). Should We Treat Depression with Drugs or Psychological Interventions? A Reply to Ioannidis. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):8-.
    We reply to the Ioannidis's paper "Effectiveness of antidepressants; an evidence based myth constructed from a thousand controlled trials." We disagree that antidepressants have no greater efficacy than placebo. We present the efficacy from hundreds of trials in terms of the percentage of patients with a substantial clinical response (a 50% improvement or more symptomatic reduction). This meta-analysis finds that 42-70% of depressed patients improve with drug and 21%-39% improve with placebo. The response benefit of antidepressant treatment is 33%-11% greater (...)
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  36.  3
    John K. Davis (2008). Futility, Conscientious Refusal, and Who Gets to Decide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):356-373.
    Most discussions of medical futility try to answer the Futility Question: when is a medical procedure futile? No answer enjoys universal support. Some futility policies say that the health care provider will answer this question when the provider and patient cannot agree. This raises the Decision Question: who has the moral authority to decide what to do in cases where futility is disputed? I look for a procedural answer to this question, an answer that does not turn on whether a (...)
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  37.  7
    John W. Davis (1966). Is There a Logic for Ethics? Southern Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):1-8.
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  38.  8
    Sheila Dow, Roger Backhouse, John Davis, Daniel Hausman, Tony Lawson, Mary Morgan & Esther-Mirjam Sent (2003). International Network for Economic Method. Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (1):99-101.
  39. John Davis (2003). Collective Intentionality Analysis, Complex Economic Behavior, and Valuation. ProtoSociology 18.
     
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  40.  8
    John Davis (forthcoming). Identity Economics by Akerlof and Kranton [Review]. Economics and Philosophy.
  41.  8
    John B. Davis (2013). Soros's Reflexivity Concept in a Complex World: Cauchy Distributions, Rational Expectations, and Rational Addiction. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (4):368-376.
    George Soros makes an important analytical contribution to understanding the concept of reflexivity in social science by explaining reflexivity in terms of how his cognitive and manipulative causal functions are connected to one another by a pair of feedback loops (Soros, 2013). Fallibility, reflexivity and the human uncertainty principle. Here I put aside the issue of how the natural sciences and social sciences are related, an issue he discusses, and focus on how his thinking applies in economics. I argue that (...)
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  42.  9
    John Davis (forthcoming). The Idea of Public Reasoning:" The Idea of Justice" by Amartya Sen [Review]. Journal of Economic Methodology.
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  43.  4
    John B. Davis (1990). Cooter and Rappoport on the Normative. Economics and Philosophy 6 (1):139.
    In a recent examination of the origins of ordinal utility theory in neoclassical economics, Robert D. Cooter and Peter Rappoport argue that the ordinalist revolution of the 1930s, after which most economists abandoned interpersonal utility comparisons as normative and unscientific, constituted neither unambiguous progress in economic science nor the abandonment of normative theorizing, as many economists and historians of economic thought have generally believed. Rather, the widespread acceptance of ordinalism, with its focus on Pareto optimality, simply represented the emergence of (...)
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  44.  1
    John Davis (1992). Exchange. Univ of Minnesota Press.
    In the introduction to Geography and Ethics: Journeys in a Moral Terrain, Proctor claims that 'there is a strong resonance among all the essays [in the edited volume] as to the geographical embeddedness of ethics, an argument made implicitly or explicitly that geography matters in finding clarifications of, or solutions to, ethical questions'. There is no doubt that geography, broadly enough construed, can function so as to clarify not only ethical questions but political, social and legal ones as well. While (...)
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  45.  9
    John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.) (2004). The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Pub..
    Read this excellent collection of informative papers in the field to stimulate your ow the field and readers interested in the nature of the discipline of ...
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  46.  2
    John L. Davis (2006). Weather Foreasting and the Development of Meteorological Theory at the Paris Observatory, 1853–1878. Annals of Science 41 (4):359-382.
    (1984). Weather foreasting and the development of meteorological theory at the Paris Observatory, 1853–1878. Annals of Science: Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 359-382.
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  47.  4
    John W. Davis (1964). Is Good Only Good? Southern Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):3-7.
  48.  8
    John Davis & Nick Watson (2002). Countering Stereotypes of Disability: Disabled Children and Resistance. In Mairian Corker Tom Shakespeare (ed.), Disability/Postmodernity: Embodying Disability Theory. 159--174.
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  49.  7
    John B. Davis (1976). Cultures in Conflict. Philosophical Studies 25:296-299.
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  50.  14
    John B. Davis (2012). The Idea of Public Reasoning. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):169 - 172.
    Journal of Economic Methodology, Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 169-172, June 2012.
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