Search results for 'John E. Roemer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Charles Wagner & Edna St John (1905). On Life's Threshold: Talks to Young People on Character and Conduct, Tr. By E. St. John.
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  2.  42
    John E. Roemer (2012). Ideology, Social Ethos, and the Financial Crisis. Journal of Ethics 16 (3):273-303.
    The crisis of 2008–2009 has been viewed primarily as a financial one, which has spilled over into the economy more generally. I want to argue that there is a much deeper crisis, of which the present one is a result. The deeper crisis is political: more specifically, it is a crisis in the ideology and social ethos of the American people. I refer to what has happened to the thinking of United States citizens since the Second World War, and the (...)
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  3. J. Roemer (2002). Value, Exploitation and Class. Taylor & Francis.
    John E. Roemer, one of the founders of analytical Marxism, draws on contemporary mathematical economics to put forward a refined extension of the Marxian theory of exploitation, labour value and class.
     
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  4.  62
    John E. Roemer (2012). On Several Approaches to Equality of Opportunity. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):165-200.
    The formal theory of equality of opportunity emerged as a response to Ronald Dworkin's characterization of resource egalitarianism, as defined by the allocation that would emerge from insurance contracts arrived at behind a thin veil of ignorance. This article compares several of the prominent versions of this response, put forth in the period 1993–2008. I argue that a generalization of Roemer's proposal is the most satisfactory approach. Inherent in that generalization is an indeterminism, which reflects a philosophical problem: that (...)
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  5.  30
    John E. Roemer (1994). Egalitarian Perspectives: Essays in Philosophical Economics. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents fifteen essays, written over the past dozen years, on egalitarianism. The essays explore contemporary philosophical debates on this subject, using the tools of modern economic theory, general equilibrium theory, game theory, and the theory of mechanism design. Egalitarian Perspectives is divided into four parts: the theory of exploitation; equality of resources; bargaining theory and distributive justice; and market socialism and public ownership. The first part presents Roemer's influential reconceptualisation of the Marxian theory of exploitation as a (...)
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  6.  29
    Juan D. Moreno-Ternero & John E. Roemer (2008). The Veil of Ignorance Violates Priority. Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):233-257.
    The veil of ignorance has been used often as a tool for recommending what justice requires with respect to the distribution of wealth. We complete Harsanyi's model of the veil of ignorance by appending information permitting objective comparisons among persons. In order to do so, we introduce the concept of objective empathy. We show that the veil-of-ignorance conception of John Harsanyi, so completed, and Ronald Dworkin's, when modelled formally, recommend wealth allocations in conflict with the prominently espoused view that (...)
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  7.  4
    John E. Roemer (1998). Igualdad de oportunidades. Isegoría 18:71-87.
    El autor explora en este artículo dos concepciones de la igualdad de oportunidades ampliamente difundidas en las democracias occidentales de nuestros días. Al clásico principio del mérito opone la igualdad de oportunidades en la adquisición del mérito, que discute apoyándose en la metáfora de la nivelación del terreno de juego. Roemer propone un modelo matemático elemental para analizar el peso del esfuerzo y las circunstancias individuales en la formación individual y, de acuerdo con éste, desarrolla un algoritmo para evaluar (...)
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  8. John E. Roemer (1989). Analytical Foundations of Marxian Economic Theory. Cambridge University Press.
    Professor Roemer's goal in this book is to give a rigorous view of classical Marxian economic theory by presenting specific analytic models. The theory is not extended to deal with new problems, but it is deepened: Marxian theory is given micro-foundations and upon those foundations the author begins to rebuild a tightly constructed Marxian economics. The book begins, after a methodological introduction, with an examination of the Marxian notion of equilibrium and the theory of exploitation, and goes on to (...)
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  9. John E. Roemer (2009). Analytical Foundations of Marxian Economic Theory. Cambridge University Press.
    Professor Roemer's goal in this book is to give a rigorous view of classical Marxian economic theory by presenting specific analytic models. The theory is not extended to deal with new problems, but it is deepened: Marxian theory is given micro-foundations and upon those foundations the author begins to rebuild a tightly constructed Marxian economics. The book begins, after a methodological introduction, with an examination of the Marxian notion of equilibrium and the theory of exploitation, and goes on to (...)
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  10. John E. Roemer (2009). Egalitarian Perspectives: Essays in Philosophical Economics. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents fifteen essays, written over the past dozen years, on egalitarianism. The essays explore contemporary philosophical debates on this subject, using the tools of modern economic theory, general equilibrium theory, game theory, and the theory of mechanism design. Egalitarian Perspectives is divided into four parts: the theory of exploitation; equality of resources; bargaining theory and distributive justice; and market socialism and public ownership. The first part presents Roemer's influential reconceptualisation of the Marxian theory of exploitation as a (...)
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  11. John E. Roemer (1993). A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner. Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  12.  4
    John E. Roemer (2000). [Book Review] Theories of Distributive Justice. [REVIEW] Social Theory and Practice 26 (2):327-345.
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  13. John E. Roemer (1985). Should Marxists Be Interested in Exploitation? Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  14.  9
    John E. Roemer (1988). Free to Lose: An Introduction to Marxist Economic Philosophy. Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism is a set of ideas from which sprang particular approaches to economics, sociology, anthropology, political theory, literature, art, ...
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  15. John E. Roemer (1982). Property Relations Vs. Surplus Value in Marxian Exploitation. Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (4):281-313.
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  16.  84
    John E. Roemer (1985). Equality of Talent. Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  17.  81
    John E. Roemer (2003). Defending Equality of Opportunity. The Monist 86 (2):261-282.
  18. David Copp, Jean Hampton & John E. Roemer (1995). The Idea of Democracy. Ethics 105 (2):425-426.
    In the wake of the recent expansion of democratic forms of government around the world, political theorists have begun to rethink the nature and justification of this form of government. The essays in this book address a variety of foundational questions about democracy: How effective is it? How stable can it be in a pluralist society? Does it deserve its current popularity? Can it successfully guide a socialist society?
     
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  19.  33
    Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.) (1991). Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being. Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume a diverse group of economists, philosophers, political scientists, and psychologists address the problems, principles, and practices involved in comparing the well-being of different individuals. A series of questions lie at the heart of this investigation: What is the relevant concept of well-being for the purposes of comparison? How could the comparisons be carried out for policy purposes? How are such comparisons made now? How do the difficulties involved in these comparisons affect the status of utilitarian theories? This (...)
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  20.  79
    John E. Roemer (2010). Jerry Cohens Why Not Socialism? Some Thoughts. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):255-262.
    In his book Why Not Socialism? , G.A. Cohen described several kinds of inequality that would be acceptable under socialism, yet nonetheless harmful to community. I describe another kind of inequality with this property, deriving from the legitimate transmission of preferences and values from parents to children. In the same book, Cohen proposes that the designing of a socialist allocation mechanism is a key problem for socialist theory. I maintain this is less of a problem than he believes. Finally, some (...)
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  21. John E. Roemer (2013). Thoughts on Arrangements of Property Rights in Productive Assets. Analyse & Kritik 35 (1):55-63.
    State ownership, worker ownership, and household ownership are the three main forms in which productive assets can be held. I argue that worker ownership is not wise in economies with high capital-labor ratios, for it forces the worker to concentrate all her assets in one firm. I review the coupon economy that I proposed in 1994, and express reservations that it could work: greedy people would be able to circumvent its purpose of preventing the concentration of corporate wealth. Although extremely (...)
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  22.  7
    John E. Roemer (1982). Methodological Individualism and Deductive Marxism. Theory and Society 11 (4):513.
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  23.  28
    John E. Roemer (2004). Eclectic Distributional Ethics. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):267-281.
    Utilitarians, maximinners, prioritarians, and sufficientarians each provide examples of situations demonstrating, often apparently compellingly, that a sensible ethical observer must adopt their view and reject the others. I argue, to the contrary, that an attractive ethic is eclectic or pluralistic, in the sense of coinciding with these apparently different views in different regions of the space of social states. I reject the view that an appealing ethic can be universally maximin, prioritarian, or utilitarian. Key Words: distributive justice • utilitarianism • (...)
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  24.  78
    John E. Roemer (2002). Egalitarianism Against the Veil of Ignorance. Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):167-184.
  25.  73
    John E. Roemer (2003). Review: If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich? [REVIEW] Mind 112 (445):106-112.
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  26.  35
    John E. Roemer (1989). A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons. Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
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  27.  27
    John E. Roemer (2001). Three Egalitarian Views and American Law. Law and Philosophy 20 (4):433 - 460.
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  28.  17
    John E. Roemer (1988). A Challenge to Neo-Lockeanism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):697 - 710.
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  29.  28
    John E. Roemer (1989). What is Exploitation? Reply to Jeffrey Reiman. Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (1):90-97.
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  30. John E. Roemer (2002). Egalitarianism Against the Veil of Ignorance. Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):167-184.
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  31.  9
    John E. Roemer (1992). Providing Equal Educational Opportunity: Public Vs. Voucher Schools. Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):291.
    All advanced societies maintain a commitment to equal educational opportunity, which they claim to implement through a public school system that is charged toprovide all children with an education up to a state-enforced standard. Indeed, what public schools do, even in the best of circumstances, is to provide all children with a more or less equal exposure to educational inputs, rather than to guarantee them equal educational attainment. Children, as the schools receive them, differ markedly in their docility — due (...)
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  32.  1
    John E. Roemer (2015). Thoughts on G. A. Cohen’s Final Testament. Analyse & Kritik 37 (1-2).
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    John E. Roemer (1992). The Morality and Efficiency of Market Socialism. Ethics 102 (3):448-464.
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  34. John E. Roemer (2003). If Youre an Egalitarian, How Come Youre So Rich? Mind 112 (445):106-112.
     
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  35.  21
    John E. Roemer (1983). R. P. Wolff's Reinterpretation of Marx's Labor Theory of Value: Comment. Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (1):70-83.
  36.  6
    John E. Roemer (1989). Second Thoughts on Property Relations and Exploitation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (sup1):255-266.
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  37. John E. Roemer (1983). Are Socialist Economics Consistent with Efficiency? Philosophical Forum 14 (3):369.
     
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  38.  11
    John E. Roemer (1987). Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information. Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  39.  1
    John E. Roemer (2010). Jerry Cohen’s Why Not Socialism? Some Thoughts. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):255-262.
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  40. David Copp, Jean Hampton & John E. Roemer (eds.) (1995). The Idea of Democracy. Cambridge University Press.
    In the wake of the recent expansion of democratic forms of government around the world, political theorists have begun to rethink the nature and justification of this form of government. The essays in this book address a variety of foundational questions about democracy: How effective is it? How stable can it be in a pluralist society? Does it deserve its current popularity? Can it successfully guide a socialist society?
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  41. Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.) (2012). Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being. Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume a diverse group of economists, philosophers, political scientists, and psychologists address the problems, principles, and practices involved in comparing the well-being of different individuals. A series of questions lie at the heart of this investigation: What is the relevant concept of well-being for the purposes of comparison? How could the comparisons be carried out for policy purposes? How are such comparisons made now? How do the difficulties involved in these comparisons affect the status of utilitarian theories? This (...)
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  42. John E. Roemer (1987). Book Review:Superfairness. William Baumol. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (3):661-.
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  43. John E. Roemer (2009). Concepts and Theories of Inequality. In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. OUP Oxford
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  44. John E. Roemer (2006). Democracy, Education, and Equality: Graz-Schumpeter Lectures. Cambridge University Press.
    Many believe that equality of opportunity will be achieved when the prospects of children no longer depend upon the wealth and education of their parents. The institution through which the link between child and parental prospects may be weakened is public education. Many also believe that democracy is the political institution that will bring about justice. This study, first published in 2006, asks whether democracy, modeled as competition between political parties that represent different interests in the polity, will result in (...)
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  45. John E. Roemer (2013). Democracy, Education, and Equality: Graz-Schumpeter Lectures. Cambridge University Press.
    Many believe that equality of opportunity will be achieved when the prospects of children no longer depend upon the wealth and education of their parents. The institution through which the link between child and parental prospects may be weakened is public education. Many also believe that democracy is the political institution that will bring about justice. This study, first published in 2006, asks whether democracy, modeled as competition between political parties that represent different interests in the polity, will result in (...)
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  46. John E. Roemer (2009). Prospects for Achieving Equality in Market Economies. In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. OUP Oxford
    This article considers the possibility of attaining equality in principle. It begins by proposing the degree of equality that we can expect or hope to achieve in the foreseeable future. It defines the two grand strategies for achieving equality in the last century: socialism and social democracy. Markets are necessary in any complex society, and they perform both a coordination function and an incentive function. It is argued that an understanding of the relative importance of these functions is necessary in (...)
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  47. Glenn Negley, Pierre Versins, Utopian and Critical Thinking, Martin G. Plattel, John Ferguson, Frank E. Manuel, Melvin J. Lasky, Jack I. Biles, Louis Marin & Kenneth M. Roemer (1979). Recent Works on Utopian LiteratureEncyclopedie de I'Utopie, des Voyages Extraordinaires, Et de la Science FictionUtopias of the Classical World Ithaca."The Philosophes in Doubt," in Theories of HistoryUtopias and RevolutionStudies in the Literary Imagination"Disneyland: A Degenerate Utopia," in Glyph IThe Obsolete Necessity. Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (2):315.
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  48. John R. Thelin, Thomas R. Mcdaniel, Bruce Beezer, Joseph Watras, Sally Schumacher, Wagoner Jr, James M. Giarelli, Rodney P. Riegle, Richard Labrecque, Robert E. Roemer, John Martin Rich, John R. Palmer, Scott Enright & David Bensman (1982). Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW] Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 13 (3&4):442-500.
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  49. Ellen Widmer, Cao Xueqin, Gao E. & John Minford (1988). The Story of the Stone, Volume 5: The Dreamer Wakes. By Cao Xueqin and Gao E. Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (4):650.
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  50. John Roemer (ed.) (1986). Analytical Marxism. Cambridge University Press.
    As John Roemer says in his introduction to this volume, 'During the past decade, what now appears as a new species in social theory has been forming: analytically sophisticated Marxism. Its practitioners are largely inspired by Marxian questions which they pursue with contemporary tools of logic, mathematics, and model building … These writers are, self-consciously, products of both the Marxian and non-Marxian traditions.' This volume assembles substantial and original essays, both published and unpublished, by some of the leading (...)
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