Search results for 'John E. Sarnecki' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: John Sarnecki (University of Toledo)
  1. John E. Sarnecki (2008). Sortals for Dummies. Erkenntnis 69 (2):145 - 164.score: 870.0
    Advocates of sortal essentialism have argued that concepts like “thing” or “object” lack the unambiguous individuative criteria necessary to play the role of genuine sortals in reference. Instead, they function as “dummy sortals” which are placeholders or incomplete designations. In disqualifying apparent placeholder sortals, however, these philosophers have posed insuperable problems for accounts of childhood conceptual development. I argue that recent evidence in psychology demonstrates that children do possess simple or basic sortals of physical objects or things. I contend that (...)
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  2. John Sarnecki, Rebecca Traynor & Michael Clune (2008). Cue Fascination: A New Vulnerability in Drug Addiction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):458-459.score: 240.0
    Redish et al. propose a constellation of vulnerabilities inherent in the brain's decision-making system. They allow over-attention to cues a minor role in drug addiction. We think this is inadequate. Using the established links among drug cues, dopamine, and novelty, we propose a fuller account of this key feature of addiction, which we call the phenomenon of cue fascination.
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  3. John Sarnecki (2004). The Multimedia Mnd: An Analysis of Prinz on Concepts. Philosophical Psychology 17 (3):403-18.score: 240.0
    In his new book, Furnishing the mind, Jesse Prinz argues that a new form of empiricism can break the logjam that currently frustrates attempts to develop a theory of concepts. I argue that Prinz's new way with empiricism is ultimately unsuccessful. In maintaining that all cognition is reducible to perceptual constructs, Prinz is unable to provide an effective model of the nature of individual concepts or their role in thought. Three major problems are addressed in reverse order. Prinz does not (...)
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  4. John Sarnecki (2006). Retracing Our Steps: Fodor's New Old Way with Concept Acquisition. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 21 (40):41-73.score: 240.0
    The acquisition of concepts has proven especially difficult for philosophers and psychologists to explain. In this paper, I examine Jerry Fodor’s most recent attempt to explain the acquisition of concepts relative to experiences of their referents. In reevaluating his earlier position, Fodor attempts to co-opt informational semantics into an account of concept acquisition that avoids the radical nativism of his earlier views. I argue that Fodor’s attempts ultimately fail to be persuasive. He must either accept his earlier nativism or adopt (...)
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  5. John Sarnecki (2007). Developmental Objections to Evolutionary Modularity. Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):529-546.score: 240.0
    Evolutionary psychologists argue that selective pressures in our ancestral environment yield a highly specialized set of modular cognitive capacities. However, recent papers in developmental psychology and neuroscience claim that evolutionary accounts of modularity are incompatible with the flexibility and plasticity of the developing brain. Instead, they propose cortical and neuronal brain structures are fixed through interactions with our developmental environment. Buller and Gray Hardcastle contend that evolutionary accounts of cognitive development are unacceptably rigid in light of evidence of cortical plasticity. (...)
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  6. D. Gene Witmer & John Sarnecki (1998). Is Natural Kindness a Natural Kind? Philosophical Studies 90 (3):245-264.score: 240.0
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  7. John Sarnecki (2008). Content and Contagion in Yawning. Philosophical Psychology 21 (6):721 – 737.score: 240.0
    Yawning has a well documented contagious effect: viewing or hearing a yawn—as well as talking or thinking about yawns—causes human subjects to yawn. While comparative ethological and neurological accounts suggest that yawning is a function of primitive biological structures in the brain stem, these analyses do not account for infectious yawning caused by representational and semantic states. Investigating the relationship between perceptual and cognitive avenues of yawn induction affords a unique opportunity to examine how higher level cognitive faculties interact with (...)
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  8. John Sarnecki & Matthew Sponheimer (2002). Why Neanderthals Hate Poetry: A Critical Notice of Steven Mithen's the Prehistory of Mind. Philosophical Psychology 15 (2):173 – 184.score: 240.0
    The significance of historical advances in human development has been widely debated within cognitive science. Steven Mithen's recent book, The prehistory of mind (London: Thames & Hudson, 1996), presents an archeologist's attempt to explain the details of cognitive development within the framework of modern anthropology and cognitive psychology. We argue that Mithen's attempt fails for a number of different reasons. The relationship between the archeological evidence he considers and his conclusions is problematic. We maintain that it is difficult to draw (...)
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  9. John Sarnecki, Bertram F. Malle, Christopher H. Ramey & Marion Ledwig (2007). Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):539 – 555.score: 240.0
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  10. John Sarnecki (2005). Hume Variations. Dialogue 44 (4):809-811.score: 240.0
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  11. John Sarnecki (2005). Hume Variations Jerry A. Fodor Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003, 165 Pp., $22.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 44 (04):809-.score: 240.0
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  12. John Sarnecki (2013). The Emergence of Empathy in the Context of Cross-Species Mind Reading. In. In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. 129--142.score: 240.0
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  13. John Sarnecki (2012). Weaving a Web: Concept Acquisition and Inferential Role. Veritas 57 (3).score: 240.0
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